What Can Cause Metabolic Acidosis?

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What is BASAL METABOLIC RATE? What does BASAL METABOLIC RATE mean? BASAL METABOLIC RATE meaning - BASAL METABOLIC RATE definition - BASAL METABOLIC RATE explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... license. Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the minimal rate of energy expenditure per unit time by endothermic animals at rest. It is reported in energy units per unit time ranging from watt (joule/second) to ml O2/min or joule per hour per kg body mass J/(hkg)). Proper measurement requires a strict set of criteria be met. These criteria include being in a physically and psychologically undisturbed state, in a thermally neutral environment, while in the post-absorptive state (i.e., not actively digesting food). In bradymetabolic animals, such as fish and reptiles, the equivalent term standard metabolic rate (SMR) is used. It follows the same criteria as BMR, but requires the documentation of the temperature at which the metabolic rate was measured. This makes BMR a variant of standard metabolic rate measurement that excludes the temperature data, a practice that has led to problems in defining "standard" rates of metabolism for many mammals. Metabolism comprises the processes that the body needs to function. Basal metabolic rate is the amount of energy expressed in calories that a person needs to keep the body functioning at rest. Some of those processes are breathing, blood circulation, controlling body temperature, cell growth, brain and nerve function, and contraction of muscles. Basal metabolic rate (BMR) affects the rate that a person burns calories and ultimately whether that individual maintains, gains, or loses weight. The basal metabolic rate accounts for about 60 to 75% of the daily calorie expenditure by individuals. It is influenced by several factors. BMR typically declines by 12% per decade after age 20, mostly due to loss of fat-free mass, although the variability between individuals is high. The body's generation of heat is known as thermogenesis and it can be measured to determine the amount of energy expended. BMR generally decreases with age and with the decrease in lean body mass (as may happen with aging). Increasing muscle mass has the effect of increasing BMR. Aerobic (resistance) fitness level, a product of cardiovascular exercise, while previously thought to have effect on BMR, has been shown in the 1990s not to correlate with BMR when adjusted for fat-free body mass. But anaerobic exercise does increase resting energy consumption (see "aerobic vs. anaerobic exercise"). Illness, previously consumed food and beverages, environmental temperature, and stress levels can affect one's overall energy expenditure as well as one's BMR. BMR is measured under very restrictive circumstances when a person is awake. An accurate BMR measurement requires that the person's sympathetic nervous system not be stimulated, a condition which requires complete rest. A more common measurement, which uses less strict criteria, is resting metabolic rate (RMR).

Metabolic Acidosis

Patient professional reference Professional Reference articles are written by UK doctors and are based on research evidence, UK and European Guidelines. They are designed for health professionals to use. You may find one of our health articles more useful. See also separate Lactic Acidosis and Arterial Blood Gases - Indications and Interpretations articles. Description Metabolic acidosis is defined as an arterial blood pH <7.35 with plasma bicarbonate <22 mmol/L. Respiratory compensation occurs normally immediately, unless there is respiratory pathology. Pure metabolic acidosis is a term used to describe when there is not another primary acid-base derangement - ie there is not a mixed acid-base disorder. Compensation may be partial (very early in time course, limited by other acid-base derangements, or the acidosis exceeds the maximum compensation possible) or full. The Winter formula can be helpful here - the formula allows calculation of the expected compensating pCO2: If the measured pCO2 is >expected pCO2 then additional respiratory acidosis may also be present. It is important to remember that metabolic acidosis is not a diagnosis; rather, it is a metabolic derangement that in Continue reading >>

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  1. Bret Scher

    Nutritional ketosis can be very beneficial. Ketosis is when your internal glucose and insulin levels are low enough that your body no longer wants to store excess energy as fat, and instead, breaks down your fat stores and converts them into energy in the form of ketones. A ketone body is actually a more efficient fuel source than glucose (ketones require 2 molecules of oxygen to produce ATP, the main chemical source of energy, whereas glucose requires 4 molecules of oxygen). You can achieve nutritional ketosis by limiting your carbohydrate intake to less than 20grams per day, and instead eating a very high fat diet with >80% of your calories coming form fat. Starvation ketosis is another way to get into ketosis, and as the name implies, requires not eating at all. That could be anywhere from 14–48 hours and still be potentially healthy. After 48 hours, however, you likely get more harm than good from starvation ketosis. Once in ketosis, many people experience greater energy levels, improved mental clarity, and increased fat loss just to name a few. There is a well describes adaptation period of about 2 weeks called the “keto flu” where your body adjusts to ketosis and you may actually feel worse at first. But once your body adapts, you will start to feel the benefits. There are also ketone supplements available now that can help you get in to ketosis. Ket-OS by Pruvit is one supplement. Check out Dustin Schaffer’s website to learn more about the keto lifestyle and exogenous ketone supplements

  2. Marcel Hartmann.

    Everyone reacts differently. Theoretically, there is nothing wrong with ketones being the primary source of fuel for the body. In-fact, It has been proven to be more adequate in supplying energy that carbohydrates.

  3. Taylor Baker

    The difference between "Ketosis" and "Ketoacidosis" is that the latter is the extreme ketosis that has developed so much that it has acidified the blood, which in effect, will kill you. A lot of people THINK that ketoacidosis is only caused by diabetes, but this is not true. It can also be caused by things like Alcohol, etc. that mess with the liver (though the Diabetic form, called DKA, is the most common that is seen in practice.) Essentially what this means is that if your in "Ketosis", you are sort of half way to a state of ketoacidosis, though still in a controlled state. This means that your more likely to end up in a state of ketoacidosis, if exposed to anything which could cause it. (the acidosis part comes from the fact that when ketones are burnt at the cellular level, they release by-product acids similar in chemical structure to acetone.) You also have to remember, that Ketosis is an Altered state, which one is not in by default, (a healthy newborn will NEVER be in a state of ketosis upon birth, regardless of whether the mother is on a ketogenic diet or not.) Therefore, one could reasonably conclude that this is probably not a good idea, or we would have been born doing it.

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Anion gap usmle - anion gap metabolic acidosis normal anion gap metabolic acidosis

What Is Metabolic Acidosis?

Metabolic acidosis happens when the chemical balance of acids and bases in your blood gets thrown off. Your body: Is making too much acid Isn't getting rid of enough acid Doesn't have enough base to offset a normal amount of acid When any of these happen, chemical reactions and processes in your body don't work right. Although severe episodes can be life-threatening, sometimes metabolic acidosis is a mild condition. You can treat it, but how depends on what's causing it. Causes of Metabolic Acidosis Different things can set up an acid-base imbalance in your blood. Ketoacidosis. When you have diabetes and don't get enough insulin and get dehydrated, your body burns fat instead of carbs as fuel, and that makes ketones. Lots of ketones in your blood turn it acidic. People who drink a lot of alcohol for a long time and don't eat enough also build up ketones. It can happen when you aren't eating at all, too. Lactic acidosis. The cells in your body make lactic acid when they don't have a lot of oxygen to use. This acid can build up, too. It might happen when you're exercising intensely. Big drops in blood pressure, heart failure, cardiac arrest, and an overwhelming infection can also cau Continue reading >>

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  1. Ramra

    I've managed to stay in Ketosis for a week now, and I even dropped a few pounds. But last night I went to my mom's, and ate quite a bit. It was all induction-friendly foods, such as turkey and salads. I weighed myself this morning and I'm up 6 lbs! I'm hoping this is just water weight, but I don't understand how this could happen as I only do light excerise and I'm nowhere near my TOM. It couldn't have been that much food!
    Is it possible to gain weight during ketosis?

  2. Sunshine73

    It is possible to gain weight in ketosis - calories still matter. However, I think I can confidently say that you did NOT eat enough last night to gain 6.5 pounds. Most likely it's water weight - which can be caused by a million different things - for me one of the biggest culprits is sodium. Just hang in there and ride out this fluctuation.

  3. Mikani

    It sounds to me as if something you ate had too many carbs, possibly hidden sugar, or you simply ate too many carbs from legal food. When you do this, your body will flood your tissues with glucose and water, and you magically gain a Ton of weight overnight. Don't fret too much, just drink your 64 ounces of pure water + an extra few glasses every day until the weight comes off, and you body will let go of that water over the next few days. You might see most of it suddenly come off in a "whoosh", or it may take two-four days, but it will come off. Just get in your water.

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In this video I discuss what is metabolic rate, how to calculate metabolic rate, and how to calculate calories burned, and how many calories burned in a day. I also discuss basal metabolic rate, and resting metabolic rate. Transcript (partial with notes) In this video, I am going to show you the formula on how to calculate your calories burned in a day (metabolic rate). And give some examples. Lets start off with the term metabolic rate. In this video we are defining metabolic rate as the amount of calories you would burn off in a day (24 hours) while at rest. So, not moving around or being active. In the fitness community, There are 2 popular formulas to calculate this. BMR, basal metabolic rate, and RMR, resting metabolic rate. BMR is taken after 8 hours of sleep and 12 hours of fasting. RMR is taken under less restrictions, and has been shown to be statistically more accurate. Lets look at a couple of examples. Here we have kyle and Samantha, and their metrics are here. Kyle is 44 yrs old, is 58 tall, and weighs 160 pounds. Samantha is 33 yrs old, 54 tall, and weighs 126 pounds. The RMR equation for men is (4.55 x Weight in pounds) + (15.88 x Height in inches) - (5*age) + 5, for women the equation is (4.55 x Weight in pounds) + (15.88 x Height in inches) - (5*age) -161. When we plug in Kyles and Sams #s, we see that Kyles RMR is 1592.84 cal/day, and Sams is 1263.62 cal/day. So, after rounding up, this tells us that if Kyle and Sam were to sit around all day, they would need 1583 and 1264 calories per day to maintain their weights. We know that neither Kyle or Samantha are going to sit around all day. So there is a multiplication factor that we must use next. It is based on each of their lifestyles. The factor is as follows 1.200 = sedentary (little or no exercise) 1.375 = lightly active (light exercise/sports 1-3 days/week, approx. 590 Cal/day) 1.550 = moderately active (moderate exercise/sports 3-5 days/week, approx. 870 Cal/day) 1.725 = very active (hard exercise/sports 6-7 days a week, approx. 1150 Cal/day) 1.900 = extra active (very hard exercise/sports and physical job, approx. 1580 Cal/day) Lets say Kyle is very sedentary, so if we multiply his RMR by 1.2 we have .1911.6 cal/day. Now, Samantha is in the very active category, so we need to multiply her RMR by 1.725, and we get2180.4 cal/day . So, based on these calculations Kyle can consume 1912 calories per day to maintain his current weight, and Samantha can consume 2180 calories per day to maintain her weight. Now, You can use the RMR equation and lifestyle multiplication factor to calculate your baseline. Drawbacks A few of things I need to mention. First, this and any other formula used to calculate your metabolic rate is just an estimate. There is a margin for error. Second, muscle mass is very important. Lets look at Kyle, and Jack, who both weigh the same. However, Jack has much more muscle mass than K, since muscle burns more calories than fat, J will have a higher metabolic rate. Third, the type of diet ( for example consuming whole vs processed foods) is not factored either. Bottom Line I dont believe that counting calories is a path to successfully sustaining weight loss in the long run. However, Using the RMR formula and the lifestyle multiplication factor is extremely helpful in increasing your awareness to how many calories you need to consume per day. Which In turn can lead to a higher awareness of how quickly calories you consume add up. Other sources... http://www.scientificpsychic.com/heal... http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15...

Metabolic Acidosis

Metabolic acidosis occurs when the body produces too much acid. It can also occur when the kidneys are not removing enough acid from the body. There are several types of metabolic acidosis. Diabetic acidosis develops when acidic substances, known as ketone bodies, build up in the body. This most often occurs with uncontrolled type 1 diabetes. It is also called diabetic ketoacidosis and DKA. Hyperchloremic acidosis results from excessive loss of sodium bicarbonate from the body. This can occur with severe diarrhea. Lactic acidosis results from a buildup of lactic acid. It can be caused by: Alcohol Cancer Exercising intensely Liver failure Medicines, such as salicylates Other causes of metabolic acidosis include: Kidney disease (distal renal tubular acidosis and proximal renal tubular acidosis) Poisoning by aspirin, ethylene glycol (found in antifreeze), or methanol Continue reading >>

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  1. ta7832549

    I've been dealing with daily bad insomnia for a while now - waking up with a racing heartbeat in the middle of the night, unable to go back to sleep. Never had these problems before keto, unwilling to give up the latter. I had my thyroid and hormone levels checked out, and the length and frequency of recurrence ruled out stress as a cause.
    Turns out, once I stopped drinking coffee and tea entirely, the insomnia went away and I've now slept through three full nights of blissful sleep. Posting under a throw-away because I feel a bit stupid for not ruling out such an obvious cause earlier, in the hope that it'll help the occasional other ketoer.

  2. WillowWagner

    No reason to feel stupid. If you could drink tea and coffee for years with no problem, why would you suspect they had suddenly "turned" on you? You know how people say their tolerance for alcohol is vastly diminished? I wonder if the same is true for lots of people with caffeine. (I have no science for this, and I offer no explanation, I have just noticed and I wonder.)
    Good for you for figuring it out!

  3. SparkleToGetFit

    Just posted an eerily similar comment to yours before scrolling down to read the rest of the comments. Lol, whoops. Glad I'm not the only one who's curious. I'll share if I find anything!

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