What Are The Two Main Areas In The Human Body Where Excess Glucose Is Stored As Glycogen?

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What Happens To Excess Glucose?

Science Biology When the body detects increased levels of glucose or amino acids in the small intestine, beta cells in the pancreas secrete a hormone called insulin that promotes the absorption of glucose by cells in the body. Insulin is also responsible for signalling the conversion of glucose into glycogen. Another method the body has for handling excess glucose is to eliminate some of the glucose in the urine. In most cases, the glucose that makes its way to the urine is reabsorbed through the sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 channels in the kidney nephrons. These transporters reabsorb glucose and send it back into the bloodstream. If these transporters become saturated by high levels of glucose, the excess glucose is excreted in the urine. Certain medications, like the anti-diabetic drug canagliflozin, are specifically designed to inhibit the action of SGLT-2 and promote glucose loss. One of the hallmark symptoms of diabetes is glucose in the urine. Learn more about Biology Continue reading >>

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  1. [deleted]

    I'm not going to buy sticks or strips to pee on to tell me if I am in a state of ketosis or if there are ketones in my urine, however, I have a question
    For the first 7-10 days, I could (I believe) taste in my mouth when my body would go into ketosis. It's a fruity, almost metallic, something in between sort of taste.
    Sadly, I have no one I can breath on to sniff and tell me what it smells like to them to know if I managed to make it into ketosis. So my question is, what other means can I know if my body is properly dropping into Ketosis?
    I only ask because ever since my Meatza from 2 nights ago, I havn't tasted that familiar sensation a single time. And that worries me. I love this sort of diet because I get to just scarf down meat and cheese (and bacon!) like it's going out of style. TBH, I'm not even bothering to watch my total caloric intake yet, because I am simply watching my portion sizes and really acting as scared of carbs as I can be, and I'm hoping that takes makes the weight fall off. But I really like that taste in my mouth which I believe to be my body entering and maintaining a state of Ketosis, and am curious for anything else I might be able to tell from.
    Other than that, I am also beginning a fairly aggressive gym routine to coincide with the Keto, it will consists of 3 days of running, and 2-3 days of 'Muscle Failure'. The last time I was on a High Protein Low Carb diet it's what I did, and it worked out great before. It's also really simple to follow, 1 hour of running treadmill (or walking) on Mondays and Fridays, on Wednesday you do a 30 minute session. Then on Tuesday Thursday Saturday, you work the muscles. I started last night with the run (but since it was the first day I did the hour long session) and made it 4.11 miles on a treadmill, with a 1.0 incline to compensate for indoor running on a treadmill. My "goal" is to run 6 miles in an hour @ a 1.0 incline, without having to 'slow down' to a walk like I had to do numerous times yesterday. And then just build from there. As far as the muscle failure goes, I just want some muscle to look good in the mirror, and to look good for the ladies. I'm not going to kid myself, I'm doing this as much for myself as I am to bag a hottie. Plus being in shape and healthy is always a huge plus.
    TL:DR ; besides distinct taste / breath, and peeing on sticks to look for ketones, are there any other solid signs of Ketosis?

  2. Targash

    simply consuming 20g or less net carbs a day ensures ketosis. some people can handle more but 20g seems to be the point of assurance.

  3. [deleted]

    That's my problem, I used as 'low carb' of a sauce as I had in my cupboards, so it was this weird off brand I must've bought at some 'cheap grocery store' like a Aldi's or something. It had a lot less sugar than the Hunt's in my cupboards. So for the meatza, I did only eat 1/4th of the entire meatza, but it still ... I don't know, I know nothing else I really eat through the day has any carbs in it. And then I made some Caveman Keto Chili last night, so more tomato sauce (couldn't find my paste) from the same can I had transferred to a fridge safe container, so more 'not a lot of sugar but definitely sugar in it' and that just worries me.
    Like today, I'll eat
    This for both my breakfast and my lunch
    And tonight I'll eat
    So I'll hit 27 total carbs today, assuming I followed the recipes appropriately, but I'm not doing any amazing job of keeping the numbers solid. I pretty much use one entire green pepper to prepare these dishes, so for the breakfast dish it's one half of an onion , and one entire green pepper
    The same goes for the dinner dish, I use the OTHER half of the onion that was left over, and one more green pepper.

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Is Glucose Stored In The Human Body?

Glucose is a sugar that serves as a primary energy source for your body. It also provides fuel for optimal brain and nervous system activity, which may help support cognitive functions such as learning and memory. The human body stores glucose in several forms to meet immediate and future energy requirements. Video of the Day Glucose is not present in food sources. Instead, your body converts carbohydrates from foods into glucose with the help of amylase, an enzyme produced by your saliva glands and pancreas. Carbohydrates are found in all plant-based foods -- grains and starchy vegetables such as corn and potatoes are particularly abundant in carbohydrates. Beans, vegetables, seeds, fruits and nuts also supply carbohydrates. Dairy products are the only animal-based foods that contain this nutrient. As you body breaks down carbohydrates into glucose, it delivers it to your bloodstream to supply your body's cells with fuel for energy. Insulin, which is produced by your pancreas, aids in the transfer of glucose through cell walls. Unused glucose is converted to glycogen by a chemical process called glycogenesis, and is stored in muscle tissues and your liver. Glycogen serves as a bac Continue reading >>

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  1. MarvinW

    Prediabetic Fasting Blood Glucose Level on Keto Diet

    Anyone ever take a fasting blood glucose test and get disappointing results?
    My wife had a kit leftover from her last pregnancy and struggle with gestational diabetes. Out of curiosity I decided to try it. I was disappointed to see that it showed me 113 mg/dL. In the past I've had results in the upper 90s before, but never over 100. I later found out that it is the result of a very low carb diet and that physiological insulin resistance starts as a method to preserve what little glucose is in the body for the brain by preventing your muscles from absorbing it. What sucks is that you could potentially be branded "diabetic" by a doctor because of these results even though the number shouldn't really apply because it is based on a reaction of those with a higher-carb diet. This could affect you should you ever try to get on an individual insurance plan.

  2. lawrencep93

    If your body is doing that, it means you are still burning sugar not ketones for brain fuel, look at your keto diet and get it correct.
    Buy a ketone meter and get yourself into the 1-3 millimolar range to be in proper keto.

  3. MarvinW

    Originally Posted by lawrencep93
    If your body is doing that, it means you are still burning sugar not ketones for brain fuel, look at your keto diet and get it correct.
    Buy a ketone meter and get yourself into the 1-3 millimolar range to be in proper keto.

    Perhaps, but I am not inclined to agree. I've been keeping net carbs <20 and protein at a level just enough to maintain my lean mass. Whether you are in ketosis or not you will still have glucose in your system- whether it is from protein synthesis (dietary or taken from lean mass) or from net carbs that you consume. And some glucose is
    still required by your brain, though it can operate primarily on ketones. Having a slightly higher fasting blood glucose level does not necessarily mean that I am burning sugar primarily rather than ketones for brain fuel. The effect of physiological insulin resistance is documented as having an association with VLC diets and fasting. Here are a few references you might find interesting:
    To get an accurate read not affected by hydration levels the blood glucose measurement would be best, but I'm not going to spend $2-5 a test strip to make that happen. Unless you have a good source of cheap strips? I'd definitely be interested there.

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In this video I discuss the major functions of carbohydrates in the body. Transcript (partial and notes) In this video I am going to discuss the functions of carbs in the body. Carbs are one of the macronutrients, along with fat and protein. Carb rich foods include fruits, vegetables, grains. The function of carbs The 1st function of carbs is energy production. Carbs are broken down and transported through the bloodstream to supply energy to muscles and other tissues. Carbs are the preferred fuel for the body, and they provide 4 calories per gram. 2nd, They spare protein from being used as energy. While protein can provide energy, it has many other life-sustaining functions. Having enough energy from carbs allows protein to be used for its other jobs. 3th, energy storage. Carbs can be stored as glycogen, which is an excellent storage form because it can be easily converted back to glucose and used for energy. The body does have limited storage space for glycogen, about 2000 calories worth. 4th, Aide in digestion. Fiber is a type of carbohydrate that acts like a trash bag, and allows you to remove large amounts of waste from your body. Bottom lineAs with any nutrient it comes down to moderation, and the food source. Not allowing carbs to completely dominate your diet, and getting them from a whole food, or minimally processed food is the best option. Other sources... http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/role-... http://2012books.lardbucket.org/books... http://www.livestrong.com/article/468...

What Are The Key Functions Of Carbohydrates?

Biologically speaking, carbohydrates are molecules that contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms in specific ratios. But in the nutrition world, they’re one of the most controversial topics. Some believe eating fewer carbohydrates is the way to optimal health, while others prefer higher-carb diets. Still, others insist moderation is the way to go. No matter where you fall in this debate, it’s hard to deny that carbohydrates play an important role in the human body. This article highlights their key functions. One of the primary functions of carbohydrates is to provide your body with energy. Most of the carbohydrates in the foods you eat are digested and broken down into glucose before entering the bloodstream. Glucose in the blood is taken up into your body’s cells and used to produce a fuel molecule called adenosine triphosphate (ATP) through a series of complex processes known as cellular respiration. Cells can then use ATP to power a variety of metabolic tasks. Most cells in the body can produce ATP from several sources, including dietary carbohydrates and fats. But if you are consuming a diet with a mix of these nutrients, most of your body’s cells will prefer to use c Continue reading >>

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  1. Cassie

    I’ve had a cheat day yesterday. This isn’t common. No so much with food but with alcohol as my partner and I went out and saw live music and had a dinner out for the first time in a while. So What’s the best thing to do after a cheat day to get back into ketosis as soon as possible.

  2. nalien2000

    Others with more experience and knowledge can probably give a more in-depth answer, but a few things that should help are intermittent fasting and/or extended fasting; moderate to heavy aerobic or resistance exercise; mct oil consumption; maybe even exogenous ketones though I have never tried those.

  3. afblangley

    If you want to do an intervention, do a water only fast for a day or two.

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