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What Are The Stages Of Ketosis

Getting Started With A Ketogenic Diet

Getting Started With A Ketogenic Diet

Ketosis is a fascinating response to dietary conditions that has shown to have benefits regarding diet management and weight loss. In our carb-centric world, it might seem impossible to reduce your carb intake to less than 30g of net carbs per day. Thoughts of doing so might bring to mind outrageously restrictive diet that takes all the fun out of food. On the other hand, for some who delve into ketogenic diets it becomes a pleasant surprise. The best part about ketogenic diets is that they allow you to eat (and eat well) without having to starve yourself for your weight loss and nutritional goals. Not to mention there is a large variety of savoury flavors and foods. Here is what approaching your ketogenic diet might look like. Plan for Success There are some things you can also do to help the transition in the early stages. When it comes to starting a ketogenic diet, you could just try to dive right in. But why not set yourself up for a better experience and success with ketosis? Try the following: Finish/remove your carb-rich foods: If they are lying around, they will be tempting you. Finish what you have so you can stock up with keto-friendly ingredients that will keep you in line with your keto diet. Determine your caloric needs: There are plenty of resources online that can help you calculate you total daily energy expenditure (TDEE) which is the amount of calories needed to maintain your current weight. Sure you can go to the grocery store and load up with keto friendly foods, but having a snapshot of how much you will need each day can also help to manage the early stages of the transition (and save on grocery bill). This can also help you for buying and portioning your food as well as meal planning. Meal Prep: Preparing multiple meals all at once will make it mu Continue reading >>

The Process Of Ketosis

The Process Of Ketosis

Ketosis is a form of acidosis, a disruption in the pH balance of your body, that results from the presence of excessive ketones in your blood. Ketones, or ketone bodies, are a byproduct of fat metabolism. They are released when fat is broken down for energy. Ketosis is a condition that is common during starvation and acute attacks of diabetes. The presence of large amounts of ketone bodies in your bloodstream may lead to a condition called ketoacidosis, which may result in adverse side effects. Ketogenic diets, when supervised by qualified medical professionals, can lead to significant amounts of weight loss in obese individuals, and they have proved promising in the treatment and management of epilepsy and certain forms of cancer. Video of the Day Ketosis results from the buildup of ketone bodies, which are a byproduct of fat metabolism. When blood sugar is not available for your body to be used as energy, your body will begin breaking down fat instead. When fat is broken down into glucose to be used for energy, ketone bodies are produced as a result, and circulate throughout your bloodstream, causing a state of ketosis. The ketone bodies are produced in your liver, and can be re-used for other metabolic processes involved in energy production, or excreted from your body through your urine. Ketone bodies have a positive ionic charge, making them very acidic. Your body normally maintains the acid-base balance in your bloodstream by bi-carbonate buffering and varying the amounts of CO2 in your bloodstream through respiration. However, when too many ketone bodies are present in your bloodstream, your body will not be able to balance the acids and bases, making your blood slightly acidic, a condition known as ketoacidosis. Ketoacidosis may place excess stress on your liver Continue reading >>

Ketogenic Diet Benefits For Weight Loss, Fighting Disease & More

Ketogenic Diet Benefits For Weight Loss, Fighting Disease & More

Unlike many fad diets that come and go with very limited rates of long-term success, the ketogenic diet (or keto diet) has been practiced for more than nine decades (since the 1920s) and is based upon a solid understanding of physiology and nutrition science. Rather than relying on counting calories, limiting portion sizes, resorting to extreme exercise or requiring lots of willpower (even in the face of drastically low energy levels), the ketogenic diet takes an entirely different approach to weight loss and health improvement. It works because it changes the very “fuel source” that the body uses to stay energized — namely, from burning glucose (or sugar) for energy to dietary fat and, critically, your own body fat after the stage of “ketosis” is reached. Meanwhile, beyond its outstanding potential to help people lose weight and burn off fat stores, research shows that the ketogenic diet helps to fight serious diseases, including cancer and Alzheimer’s. Table of Contents 1. What Is the Keto Diet? What Is Ketosis? How to Get Into Ketosis What Are the Stages of Ketosis? Does the Keto Diet Work for Women? 2. Benefits of the Ketogenic Diet 3. What Is the Ketogenic Diet Plan? 5. Keto Side Effects and the Keto Flu What Is the Keto Diet? The ketogenic diet is a very low-carb diet plan that was originally designed in the 1920s for patients with epilepsy by researchers working at Johns Hopkins Medical Center. (1) Researchers found that fasting — avoiding consumption of all foods for a brief period of time, including those that provide carbohydrates — helped reduce the amount of seizures patients suffered, in addition to having other positive effects on body fat, blood sugar, cholesterol and hunger levels. (4) Unfortunately, long-term fasting is not a feasible op Continue reading >>

Ketogenic Diet Shows Promising Results For All Dementia Stages

Ketogenic Diet Shows Promising Results For All Dementia Stages

Studies show a ketogenic diet can slow and even reverse symptoms of memory loss and cognitive impairment throughout all the dementia stages. You might be asking, “What is a ketogenic diet?” A ketogenic diet is a high-fat, adequate-protein, and low-carbohydrate diet that produces ketones—compounds the body can use to produce energy. Ketones have been shown in studies to be neuroprotective, meaning they “defend” your brain from degenerating. In short, a ketogenic diet is a great way to reverse dementia naturally. Dementia Prevention with a Ketogenic Diet Why does a ketogenic diet show promise? Research clearly establishes a strong link between blood sugar disorders and the various dementia stages, including memory loss, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and Alzheimer’s. The most predominate blood sugar disorders are insulin resistance and diabetes. In fact, the link is so obvious some researchers have labeled Alzheimer’s disease as “type 3 diabetes.” For the majority of Americans, the blood sugar handling system functions poorly thanks to diets heavy on breads, pastas, pastries, cereals, grains, potatoes, sweet coffee drinks, sodas and energy drinks, and desserts of all kinds. The human body simply wasn’t designed to eat sweets and starchy foods in the quantities most people consume today, and the consequences are obvious in the form of overweight and obesity. However, underlying the accumulation of excess body fat is something far more insidious: the swift degeneration and abnormal function of the brain, which leads to the dementia stages of memory loss, MCI, and Alzheimer’s disease. Because glucose and insulin mechanisms in the brain are so impaired by the time one enters into the dementia stages, a ketogenic diet may be a great natural cure for Alz Continue reading >>

Phases To Water Fasting

Phases To Water Fasting

Water fasting is an intensive form of voluntary diet restriction. During a water fast, no foods or liquids are consumed except for water. Because it is a strenuous process in which your body needs to adapt to taking in no food for energy, proper preparation and body treatment during a fast are necessary. During the fasting stage, there are several periods of adaptation, but just as important are the times before and after a water fast. Preparing properly for a water fast can help ease your body into the rigors of fasting, reducing the shock and stress of fasting, according to Dr. Ben Kim, a chiropractor and acupuncturist based in Toronto. Before a fast, prepare yourself mentally for the challenges of fasting, and start by cutting out all caffeine, added sugars and most fats from your diet the week before. Do not consume processed or preserved foods; instead, choose whole grains and raw fruits and vegetables. This will help cleanse your body, getting it ready for the fast. Speak with a medical professional before you decide to undertake a water fast of longer than five days. During the Fasting Period The first six hours after your final meal, the remaining glucose, amino acids and fats are absorbed by your body as you digest what you last ate. Over the first two days, your body begins to use glycogen, or stored glucose, to fuel your body. The period will last for 12 to 24 hours depending on your metabolism and overall physical activity. While your body does make use of proteins during the first week of a fast, including during fasts shorter than a week, the amount decreases by over one-half by the end of the second week of a fast. If your fast lasts longer than two days, you will progress from glycogenolysis to ketosis. This is the stage where your liver starts changing Continue reading >>

Ketosis & Measuring Ketones

Ketosis & Measuring Ketones

Generally, ketone concentrations are lower in the morning and higher in the evening. Whatever time you pick to measure ketone levels, make sure to keep it consistent. Also, do not measure your ketone levels right after exercise. Ketone levels tend to be lower while your glucose levels higher so you won't get representative numbers. Keep in mind there are daily fluctuations caused by changes in hormone levels. Don't get discouraged! Another aspect that affects the level of ketones is the amount of fat in your diet. Some of you may show higher concentration of ketones after a high-fat meal. Coconut oil contains MCTs that will help you boost ketones. To easily increase your fat intake on a ketogenic diet, try fat bombs - snacks with at least 80% fat content. Ketone levels tend to be higher after extensive aerobic exercise as your body depletes glycogen stores. Exercise may help you get into ketosis faster. ketogenic "fruity" breath is not pleasant for most people. To avoid this, drink a lot of water, mint tea and make sure you eat foods rich in electrolytes. Avoid too many chewing gums and mints, as it may put you out of ketosis; there may be hidden carbs affecting your blood sugar. Increase your electrolyte intake, especially potassium. You are likely going to lose some sodium and potassium when switching to the keto diet. Finally, if you find it hard to lose weight on a ketogenic diet, there may be plenty other reasons than the level of ketone bodies: Not Losing Weight on Low-Carb Ketogenic Diet? Don’t Give Up and Read Further. Continue reading >>

The Beginners Guide To Ketosis: Investigating Low-carb, High-fat Eating

The Beginners Guide To Ketosis: Investigating Low-carb, High-fat Eating

The only hard and fast rule of health is that health is personal and what works well for one person may not work for someone else. Aside from that rule, there are “frameworks” that seem to benefit large groups of people. One more level down from that are alternative strategies that benefit smaller groups. Ketosis is likely one of those alternative strategies that works well for certain, smaller groups of people. So, right off the bat I want you to understand that Ketosis might not be for everyone. I’m going to lay out the case for potential benefits of Ketosis. If it sounds interesting and beneficial to you, then consider trying it. (see our free cheat sheet to help you). What is Ketosis Ketosis occurs when liver glycogen gets depleted and the body burns fatty acids for fuel. The primary driver of this state is a very low carbohydrate intake. Often, it also requires a low protein, higher fat intake. You can also achieve a state of ketosis by not eating altogether. The creation of ketones is a byproduct of this metabolic state. Ketones are a source of fuel, just as glucose is a source of fuel. Ketones tend to have some added benefits, though. What role does Ketosis play in human health? Ketosis allows our bodies to function in the absence of carbohydrates, both physically and mentally. Instead of burning carbohydrates, or converting protein to glucose, the body burns ketones. This is pretty much a survival mechanism. It allows your body to function in a state of caloric deprivation. This is why ketosis often gets bad press (as it’s linked to “starvation”). Being a survival mechanism doesn’t make it invalid as a strategy, though. There can still be potential benefits to be had. Let’s cover a few of them… Ketosis and Accelerated Fat Loss Being in ketosis Continue reading >>

My Six-week Keto Diet Experiment

My Six-week Keto Diet Experiment

When Ros Lawrence first heard of a diet that allowed her to eat foods she normally denied herself, especially peanut butter, she immediately decided to give it a go. What would you say if I told you there's a diet where you can eat all the food you normally deny yourself, stop counting tedious calories, shift some weight, gain extra muscle and get an energy boost too? If you're anything like me you'd be asking 'where do I sign up?'! So when I heard about the ketogenic diet from a colleague I was immediately intrigued. This simply sounded too good to be true. Could I really eat fat and get lean? Enjoy peanut butter treats and squeeze into my skinny jeans? Never one to shy away from a challenge, I decided to see for myself, and so began my six-week experiment with the ketogenic diet… What is a ketogenic diet? In its simplest form, this is an extremely low-carb, high-fat diet. It's based on the principle that by lowering your carb intake your body is pushed into a metabolic state known as ketosis (pronounced key -tow -sis), where it switches from burning carbs as its primary energy source to burning fat. To be more precise, it uses ketone bodies or ketones from the breakdown of fatty acids in the liver – hence the name, ketosis. Now that fatty fuel can come from a meal you've just eaten or from the stores of fat on your body (aka, the evil muffin top). Ketosis is a metabolic process that the body initiates to help us survive when our food intake is low. Typically our bodies run on glucose derived from the breakdown of carbs – this is because glucose is the easiest molecule for the body to convert and use as energy, so it will be chosen over any other energy source. But when your body doesn't have enough carbs for your energy needs it will switch to ketosis to keep yo Continue reading >>

Keto Rash: The Low Carb Diet Itch

Keto Rash: The Low Carb Diet Itch

The keto diet is known for fast results when it comes to fat loss, improved athletic performance, mental focus, and all-day energy. However, one of the few ‘side effects’ of the keto diet it’s worth knowing about is the low carb diet itch, the keto rash. Before these itchy red bumps alarm you, let’s look closer at what the keto rash is: its causes, symptoms, and what you can do right now to begin healing it naturally. What is the Keto Rash and What Causes it? There’s a scientific term for the keto rash: prurigo pigmentosa. One study describes prurigo pigmentosa as a rare inflammatory skin disease with an unknown cause, but notes that ketosis and prolonged periods of fasting seem to be the common denominators. 8 out of the 16 patients observed in this study who had the rash were either fasting or in ketosis (1). The keto rash is characterized by itching and discomfort, and typically appears on the chest, torso, back, and neck. It’s unclear exactly what causes the keto rash, and there’s a lack of scientific research done on prurigo pigmentosa, which can make it harder to pinpoint the cause and solutions. There is good reason to believe that the itching that some people experience in ketosis is caused by ketones in sweat, perhaps as this dries on the body. Dr. Andreas Eenfeldt explains that the keto rash tends to appear only in areas where sweat accumulates and usually occurs in the early stages of ketosis, which may cause irritation in some people when the ketones come in contact with the skin. Online keto-diet forums and keto dieters have listed other potential causes of the keto rash: Candida die off and fungal infections Allergies or histamine intolerance Nutrient deficiencies Detoxification during ketosis Founder of the keto-friendly Bulletproof Coffee, Continue reading >>

Fasting Ketosis Symptoms: Common Side Effects

Fasting Ketosis Symptoms: Common Side Effects

Ketosis is one of the natural, physiological effects of the body when fasting. When we’re eating a ketogenic diet or have gone on an extended period of time without food, our bodies will enter ketosis. This is because the body no longer has glucose available and begins breaking down the body’s fatty tissues for energy. With the ketogenic diet, we’re inducing ketosis by “starving” the body of carbohydrates so that it must turn to fat burning, which has many benefits. Simply fasting by not eating any food can have the same effect. Many people on the ketogenic diet will incorporate fasting to speed up ketosis and also reap the benefits of fasting on keto. Whether you’re eating a ketogenic diet, simply fasting, or combining the two, your body is entering ketosis. Since the symptoms can be similar, this article covers the common fasting ketosis symptoms, as well as how to deal with them. Fasting Ketosis Symptoms It’s important to note that most of these symptoms are temporary as your body is getting adapted to being in ketosis and can be remedied by the tips we cover below. Ketosis Flu If you’re using fasting as a way to get into (or get back into) ketosis, you might experience what’s commonly known as the “keto flu” as the body adapts to fat burning. The keto flu typically includes symptoms like: Water Flushing As your body burns through its glucose and stored glycogen during a fast, a lot of water is released. Your kidneys will also excrete more sodium as insulin drops. This is why people who start low-carb often experience a big initial loss of water weight and reduced bloating. Fatigue With the loss of excess water, the body also flushes out electrolytes like sodium, potassium, and magnesium. This can cause you to feel lightheaded and fatigued more Continue reading >>

Optimizing Cycling Stage Race Performance Using Nutritional Ketosis

Optimizing Cycling Stage Race Performance Using Nutritional Ketosis

There’s very little published material – and no peer-reviewed scientific publications that I’m aware of – about multi-day stage race performance under nutritional ketosis, which I thought could be a performance maximizing tool when rapid recovery and ability to keep going are essential. I raced an 8-day Mountain Biking stage race, riding a total of more than 40 hours, almost 400 miles and climbing more than 50,000 vertical feet in those eight consecutive days. Here’s what I learned through this N=1 person and N=8 day experience. Going into the stage race, I was simply trying to optimize the following: Rapid recovery given the back to back racing days Overall race performance each day The challenges that I knew I’d have to overcome: Sleep (=performance enhancer #1) would be difficult in tent camps Potential GI distress with 6+ hours of racing per day in African heat, so I’d want to avoid eating large quantities while racing Despite super long days, mountain biking requires frequent, all-out an-aerobic efforts, where one can’t be grinding in “fat burning zone” Approach I had already trained my body to utilize fat as the primary energy source even at higher intensities and I knew from our Pacific rowing adventure that it’d be possible to keep exercising 10+ hours a day while limiting inflammation, recovering fast and getting quality sleep even in questionable conditions. So I hypothesized I would maximize my performance if I could stay in nutritional ketosis, while loading up my glycogen stores and doing race-time feeding with limited carbohydrates to be able to “attack” on all those technical hills where an-aerobic efforts would be impossible to avoid. In other words, my goal was to rely primarily on fat utilization for energy (fuel that is pract Continue reading >>

P-r-o-f-i-l-e Yourself.

P-r-o-f-i-l-e Yourself.

To kick off National Nutrition Month we’re breaking down Profile so you can better understand what our program means to us and the thousands of individuals who are achieving success every day through the help of Profile. Plan The plan is one of the most valuable assets to our program. Developed by the Profile Clinical and Scientific Advisory Board, which consists of Sanford researchers, physicians ranging from OBGYN to internal medicine, diabetes educators and more. With this board, we built the plan to be tailored and personalized to fit the weight loss needs of all who join, ensuring a high quality experience that is simple, effective and sustainable. Results Profile focuses on setting short-term and long-term weight loss goals for members to see real results. The Profile plan uses three phases to help you lose weight responsibly. Phase one, a low-carb, high-protein meal plan that puts your body into a state of ketosis, changing the way energy is used in your body. The second phase is a transition period where you’ll lose weight gradually while working more grocery foods back into your meal plan. The final phase of the Profile program is a long-term plan for sustaining and managing your weight. A line of great tasting Profile products that are nutritionally formulated to accommodate your plan are a key component to results. One-on-One From the beginning, each Profile member will receive one-on-one coaching from a Certified Profile Coach. These individuals go through comprehensive training on nutrition, activity and lifestyle skills to help members get the most out of the program. Coaches answer questions, provide advice and help you address success and struggles. Through weekly meetings with your coach, you will create a relationship that results in accountability Continue reading >>

How To Detect Ketosis

How To Detect Ketosis

How can you tell if your low-carbing efforts have been effective enough to induce ketosis? Learn how to check your ketones! The state of ketosis The state of ketosis means that the body has switched from depending on carbohydrates for energy to burning fats for fuel. This means not only dietary fats (olive oil, guacamole, deep-fried pig ears), but also all the jiggly bits around your waist — clearly a desirable state for anyone looking to shed extra weight. When the body metabolizes fat, it generates molecules called ketones (also known as ketone bodies). As you restrict carbohydrate intake and amp up the dietary fat, more fat is metabolized and a greater quantity of ketones are created. Most of the cells in your body — including those in your brain — are able to use ketones for energy, although many people experience a few days’ adjustment period, often called the low carb flu. One of the varieties of ketones generated — acetone — cannot be used by the body and is excreted as waste, mostly in the urine and the breath. Conveniently, this makes it very simple to measure whether or not you are in ketosis. Upon entering ketosis, some people report a distinct change in the smell of their breath as a result of the extra released acetone. It could be “fruity” — it’s been likened to overripe apples — or even “metallic.” If you notice this happening during your first few days of changing your diet, it could be a good sign you’re in ketosis. The unusual smell isn’t anything dangerous, but it could be annoying. Drinking plenty of water should help, or get yourself some sugar-free gum. Most people report “keto-breath” diminishing after the first few weeks. Detecting ketones in urine The more accurate way — and the one we recommend — to check f Continue reading >>

How Does It Work?

How Does It Work?

PronoKal® Method Stages The method is divided into three stages: Active, Physiological Adaptation and Maintenance. In the first stage, the Active Stage, duration varies according to the weight loss that is required. This is when 80% of excess weight is lost by combining PronoKal® products with permitted foods. At this stage, the patient enters a state of controlled ketosis in which the body expends its energy reserves due to a low intake of fats and carbohydrates. Weight is lost at the expense of accumulated fat, whilst preserving the muscle mass. In the next stage, Physiological Adaptation, the remaining weight (20% of excess weight) is lost, while the body adapts to the physiological changes it is undergoing. Specifically, the patient’s hormonal system, basal metabolism and insulin levels will become stabilised. These changes, together with the gradual reintroduction of all types of foods and the incorporation of new dietary habits and a healthy lifestyle will help the patient maintain weight loss in the long term. During the laststage –the Maintenance Stage– the patient, after reaching their target weight, is regularly monitored to help to maintain his or her long-term weight goal. This stage is adapted to the energy characteristics of each patient and combines traditional food products and PronoKal® Maintenance products. From the start, and up to two years after the end of treatment, the patient receives the support and advice from the PronoKal® team of dietitians, experts in physical activity and experts in coaching (emotional reinforcement). Continue reading >>

Symptoms Of Ketosis:

Symptoms Of Ketosis:

If you are considering the ketogenic diet or have already started down this carb-free road, you may wonder what you can expect. Here’s the thing. Ketosis looks different for everyone, but I will share many of the most common symptoms with you today. If something other than what’s listed here is happening to you, just do a quick Google search for that symptom and keto. You should be able to find what you’re looking for! The Early Signs: The early signs of ketosis vary from person to person. The biggest impact on how quickly you notice the symptoms of ketosis will have a lot to do with how you ate before you started the diet. If your diet was very high carb, you might get hit pretty quickly and furiously with what we like to call the “Keto Flu.” This can last anywhere from 3 days to a week or more. Once your body has adapted to burning ketones for energy instead of glucose, you’ll be golden so don’t give up! Here’s what you can expect within the first 2-3 days of starting the Ketogenic Diet: Fatigue & Weakness (lack of concentration) Headaches Metallic taste or sweet taste in your mouth (I experienced this, and it tasted like blood in my mouth) Lightheaded / Dizzy upon standing Heightened Thirst Hunger / Sweet or Carb Cravings Dry Mouth possibly paired with “Keto Breath.” Stomach Discomfort / Mild Nausea / Cramping Trouble Sleeping or Staying Asleep (early waking) Water weight loss (perhaps an excessive loss of weight within the first two weeks) Frequent Urination Allergies or cold like symptoms may flair up For the ladies: Period issues: You may experience a longer, shorter, earlier, later period because of Keto. Seriously it causes all of that. Each woman is different, and I have experienced every one of those issues with my period since starting ket Continue reading >>

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