What Are The Negatives Of Ketosis

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The Keto Diet Is Gaining Popularity, But Is It Safe?

A new twist on extreme weight loss is catching on in some parts of the United States. It’s called the "keto diet." People promoting the diet say it uses the body’s own fat burning system to help people lose significant weight in as little as 10 days. It has also been known to help moderate the symptoms of children with epilepsy, although experts are not quite sure why it works. Proponents say the diet can produce quick weight loss and provide a person with more energy. However, critics say the diet is an unhealthy way to lose weight and in some instances it can be downright dangerous. Read More: What is the “Caveman Diet?” » What Is Ketosis? The “keto” diet is any extremely low- or no-carbohydrate diet that forces the body into a state of ketosis. Ketosis occurs when people eat a low- or no-carb diet and molecules called ketones build up in their bloodstream. Low carbohydrate levels cause blood sugar levels to drop and the body begins breaking down fat to use as energy. Ketosis is actually a mild form of ketoacidosis. Ketoacidosis mostly affects people with type 1 diabetes. In fact, it is the leading cause of death of people with diabetes who are under 24 years of age. Continue reading >>

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  1. kimiko242

    So I've been doing some research on the Keto diet and so far it looks like a diet that can bring me the results I need, however I've never been on a diet before. Personally I don't believe in diets and usually watch what I eat on a regular basis but recently I realized that I needed some type of drive or diet to improve my metabolism.
    I used to be a huge athlete (volleyball, swimming, softball, dance) for as long as I could remember and stopped once I entered my 2nd year of college due to the heavy work load I was given from both work and school. Ever since then my weight fluctuated.
    So my questions are should I do the keto diet and if so will it effect my metabolism and what should I watch out for while doing this diet?

  2. hornwort

    I wouldn't even call it a "diet", really. It's more of a nutritional system, living life without the inefficient sugars that cause us to operate day-to-day in a series of crashes.
    It will massively transform your metabolism, because your body will start using all the calories you give it for fuel, instead of directing them into fat storage to avoid spiking your blood sugar. Insulin is what makes us fat, because without it, sugar would kill us. From a biological and evolutionary point of view, the only capacity our bodies have to even deal with carbs is as a last-resort for calories, to prevent starvation.
    I have led an active lifestyle and eaten healthy my entire life, and while I've always been "healthy", that is, able to outmatch people who look far fitter than me in running, strength, agility and etc., I've been overweight my entire life. To expand and elaborate, I have eaten less calories, less processed food, while being far more active than friends and family you would call "thin" or "fit", and the only time I have ever been able to lose weight is during times of unemployment where I can work out for 6-8 hours per day while eating nothing but a steamed chicken breast and spinach/celergy/arugala each day.
    Now, on Keto, I see the fat melting off, I have far more energy, I enjoy food more and cook more elaborately, my moods are better, and even my concentration is better.
    Now for the cons:

    The induction period is hard for some people. You have to really plan ahead, using calorie and cabohydrate calculators (myfitnesspal.com is a godsend). Google "fat bombs" and think about investing in a carb-free protein powder -- these make it extremely easy to hit your fat and protein percentages (65% and 30% of calorie intake, if you're muscled). You will likely experience some digestive issues while your body gets used to it, and some experience temporary loss of energy and/or lightheadedness during the induction phase. Some people find they get bad breath in the beginning -- this can be due either to having too much protein and not enough fat, or dehydration.

    And speaking of dehydration. Because carbs are what causes our body to store water, you will find yourself drinking A LOT without them. They say we should drink 8 glasses a day? Try 30, on keto. Minimum. This is probably the most dangerous part of keto. And obviously, this also means killer hangovers. Be sure to drink a minimum of one glass of water between drinks. I drink gin and soda with lime a lot, to offset this a bit... but it's still the biggest "con" of keto for me, as a very social person and historically heavy drinker.

    You will also have to be very careful about nutrition -- without fruit and with such limited carb intake, it's very easy to get low on things like potassium, magnesium and vitamin C. So take a multivitamin, get some carb-free electrolyte powder, and make sure to eat a lot of broccoli/asparagus/cauliflower/spinach/arugala. Those are the 5 staple veggies to rely on for nutrition.

    You will likely experience massive cravings for carbs and sugar. For me this happened about a week after I started keto, and lasted for about a week. I had higher calorie intake as a result, trying to stave off those cravings -- feelings like I would murder just for a slice of sourdough. I still managed a minimum daily deficit of 300 though, with the help of my two favourite indulgences: good liquor and cigars (carb free).

    You will find it harder to build muscle on keto. I did primal for a month before starting to build it up, but there's been a noticeable (though not huge) drop in the rate at which I increase weight in my resistance workouts. This is mainly due to the fact that carbs help with the absorption of protein into muscle, whereas fat slows it down. The best remedy I've found is to have a few carbs immediately after a workout - oats are best.
    If you can live with those, keto may be for you. It's certainly not for everyone. But if you're up to the challenge of induction, it will change your life in very positive ways. Even the first few days without carbs, it's like a curtain of fog peels away, and you realize what "energy" really is. I remember when it occurred to me that I hadn't yawned in a week -- it was a joyous fuckin' realization.

  3. HuntTheShunt

    A high carbohydrate diet increases the demands of vitamin C because carbohydrate consumption hinders Vitamin C absorption.
    It's why sailors got scurvy but the Inuit did not, despite neither consuming Vitamin C rich food. Sailors had a higher percentage of their diet from carbohydrates, meanwhile the small levels of Vitamin C available from animal sources was sufficient to keep the Inuit healthy on their low carbohydrate diets.
    Still, eat your green veggies as you said.

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