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What Are The Negatives Of Ketosis

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This video provides an overview of the most important reactions of alkenes that you need to know for your test. This video quickly shows you how to find the major product. It discusses which reactions proceed via markovnikov and antimarkovnikov addition as well as syn vs anti addition. It also shows you how to tell if the product of a reaction will be a single meso compound or a pair of enantiomers. It provides a ton of examples and practice problems. New Updated Alkene Reactions Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ue8Vp... Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/MathScienceT... Premium Videos: https://www.patreon.com/MathScienceTutor Here is a list of reactions that are covered: addition of hydrogen halide to an alkene: alkene to alkyl halide 1-butene + HBr = 2-bromobutane 1-butene + HBr + H2O2 = 1-bromobutane 1-butene + HCl = 2-chlorobutane 3-methyl-1-butene + HBr = 2-bromo-2-methylbutane Alkene to Alcohol: Hydroboration Oxidation: vinyl cyclopentane + BH3 THF H2O2 OH- Oxymercuration Demercuration: Hg(OAc)2 + H2O + NaBH4 Acid Catalyzed Hydriation: H3O+ or H2O and H+ Alkene to Cis / Syn Diol - Cyclohexene + KMnO4 + OH- cold dilute Alkene to Alkane - H2 & Pt or D2 & Pd/C Alkene to Vicinal Dihalide - Br2 + CH2Cl2 & Cl2 + CH2Cl2 Alkene to Cyclopropane Ring - Simmons Smith Reaction Zn(Cu) + CH2I2, CHCl3 + KOH, CHBr3 + NaOH (alpha elimination) Alcohol to Ether - Vinyl Cyclopentane + Hg(OAc)2 / CH3OH + NaBH4 Vinyl Cyclopentane + CH3CH2OH / H+ Alkene to Aldehydes, Ketones, & Carboxylic Acids: Ozonolysis 1-ethylcyclohexene + O3 + (CH3)2S 2-butene + KmO4 + H3O+ 2-methyl-2-pentene + O3 + (CH3)2S Alkene to Cis / Syn Diol 1-methylcyclohexene + OsO4 + H2O2 Alkene to Halohydrin to Epoxide 1-methylcyclohexene + Br2 + H2O Followed By NaOH 1-methylcyclohexene + Cl2 + H2O Followed By a Strong Base Alkene to Epoxide to Trans / Anti Diol: Cyclohexene + Peroxyacid RCO3H or MCPBA followed by H3O+ MCPBA stands for meta-chloroperoxybenzoic acid

Adverse Reactions To Ketogenic Diets: Caution Advised

As the ketogenic diet gains popularity, it’s important to have a balanced discussion regarding the merits of this diet. Let me emphasize right out of the gate that this is not a diet without merits (excuse the double negative); in fact, it has significant therapeutic potential for some clinical pathologies. However, it is also a diet with inherent risk, as evidenced by the extensive list of adverse reactions reported in the scientific literature—and this has not yet been a thorough enough part of the public discussion on ketogenic diets. The AIP Lecture Series is a 6-week video-based, self-directed online course that will teach you the scientific foundation for the diet and lifestyle tenets of the Autoimmune Protocol. This is the first of a series of articles discussing various facets of a ketogenic diet with an inclination toward balancing the discussion of the pros and cons of this high-fat, low-carb, low/moderate-protein diet. My interest in this topic stems from concerns I have over its general applicability and safety, simultaneous with its growing popularity. I feel a moral and social obligation to share what I understand of these diets, from my perspective as a medical r Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. kimiko242

    So I've been doing some research on the Keto diet and so far it looks like a diet that can bring me the results I need, however I've never been on a diet before. Personally I don't believe in diets and usually watch what I eat on a regular basis but recently I realized that I needed some type of drive or diet to improve my metabolism.
    I used to be a huge athlete (volleyball, swimming, softball, dance) for as long as I could remember and stopped once I entered my 2nd year of college due to the heavy work load I was given from both work and school. Ever since then my weight fluctuated.
    So my questions are should I do the keto diet and if so will it effect my metabolism and what should I watch out for while doing this diet?

  2. hornwort

    I wouldn't even call it a "diet", really. It's more of a nutritional system, living life without the inefficient sugars that cause us to operate day-to-day in a series of crashes.
    It will massively transform your metabolism, because your body will start using all the calories you give it for fuel, instead of directing them into fat storage to avoid spiking your blood sugar. Insulin is what makes us fat, because without it, sugar would kill us. From a biological and evolutionary point of view, the only capacity our bodies have to even deal with carbs is as a last-resort for calories, to prevent starvation.
    I have led an active lifestyle and eaten healthy my entire life, and while I've always been "healthy", that is, able to outmatch people who look far fitter than me in running, strength, agility and etc., I've been overweight my entire life. To expand and elaborate, I have eaten less calories, less processed food, while being far more active than friends and family you would call "thin" or "fit", and the only time I have ever been able to lose weight is during times of unemployment where I can work out for 6-8 hours per day while eating nothing but a steamed chicken breast and spinach/celergy/arugala each day.
    Now, on Keto, I see the fat melting off, I have far more energy, I enjoy food more and cook more elaborately, my moods are better, and even my concentration is better.
    Now for the cons:

    The induction period is hard for some people. You have to really plan ahead, using calorie and cabohydrate calculators (myfitnesspal.com is a godsend). Google "fat bombs" and think about investing in a carb-free protein powder -- these make it extremely easy to hit your fat and protein percentages (65% and 30% of calorie intake, if you're muscled). You will likely experience some digestive issues while your body gets used to it, and some experience temporary loss of energy and/or lightheadedness during the induction phase. Some people find they get bad breath in the beginning -- this can be due either to having too much protein and not enough fat, or dehydration.

    And speaking of dehydration. Because carbs are what causes our body to store water, you will find yourself drinking A LOT without them. They say we should drink 8 glasses a day? Try 30, on keto. Minimum. This is probably the most dangerous part of keto. And obviously, this also means killer hangovers. Be sure to drink a minimum of one glass of water between drinks. I drink gin and soda with lime a lot, to offset this a bit... but it's still the biggest "con" of keto for me, as a very social person and historically heavy drinker.

    You will also have to be very careful about nutrition -- without fruit and with such limited carb intake, it's very easy to get low on things like potassium, magnesium and vitamin C. So take a multivitamin, get some carb-free electrolyte powder, and make sure to eat a lot of broccoli/asparagus/cauliflower/spinach/arugala. Those are the 5 staple veggies to rely on for nutrition.

    You will likely experience massive cravings for carbs and sugar. For me this happened about a week after I started keto, and lasted for about a week. I had higher calorie intake as a result, trying to stave off those cravings -- feelings like I would murder just for a slice of sourdough. I still managed a minimum daily deficit of 300 though, with the help of my two favourite indulgences: good liquor and cigars (carb free).

    You will find it harder to build muscle on keto. I did primal for a month before starting to build it up, but there's been a noticeable (though not huge) drop in the rate at which I increase weight in my resistance workouts. This is mainly due to the fact that carbs help with the absorption of protein into muscle, whereas fat slows it down. The best remedy I've found is to have a few carbs immediately after a workout - oats are best.
    If you can live with those, keto may be for you. It's certainly not for everyone. But if you're up to the challenge of induction, it will change your life in very positive ways. Even the first few days without carbs, it's like a curtain of fog peels away, and you realize what "energy" really is. I remember when it occurred to me that I hadn't yawned in a week -- it was a joyous fuckin' realization.

  3. HuntTheShunt

    A high carbohydrate diet increases the demands of vitamin C because carbohydrate consumption hinders Vitamin C absorption.
    It's why sailors got scurvy but the Inuit did not, despite neither consuming Vitamin C rich food. Sailors had a higher percentage of their diet from carbohydrates, meanwhile the small levels of Vitamin C available from animal sources was sufficient to keep the Inuit healthy on their low carbohydrate diets.
    Still, eat your green veggies as you said.

  4. -> Continue reading
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The Keto Diet (aka Ketogenic Diet) is rapidly gaining popularity, but its applicability to the health & fitness lifestyle is often contested. In this video, Joe & Joel discuss the truth about the keto diet, specifically addressing the following topics: 1. What Is A Keto Diet 2. What Happens When You Are In Ketosis 3. The Benefits Of Being In Ketosis 4. The Disadvantages Of Being In Ketosis 5. Why Most People Who Think They Are In Ketosis Are Not In Ketosis 6. Keto Supplements Watch All Episodes of The GAINZ Trust Here: https://massivejoes.com/video-library... Visit our Website: http://MassiveJoes.com Like us on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/MassiveJoes.com Follow us on Instagram: http://instagram.com/massivejoes Follow us on Snap Chat: @MassiveJoes Follow us on Periscope: @MassiveJoes Buy our Apparel: http://massivejoes.com/shop/training-... Like TMJ Apparel on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/TMJApparel Follow TMJ Apparel on Instagram: http://instagram.com/TMJApparel The GAINZ Trust is a video series in which MassiveJoes.com Managing Director, Joseph Mencel, along with MassiveJoes.com Wholesale Account Manager, Joel Bate, address current affairs and topics of interest in the fitness industry. The GAINZ Trust will feature on the MassiveJoes.com YouTube Channel, Facebook Page and website beginning in September 2015.

Pros & Cons Of A Ketogenic Diet—many Benefits Including Fat Loss & Better Health!

This article will give you the pros and cons and show you how to safely adjust your body to ketosis so you achieve the many benefits this lifestyle has to offer. The ketogenic diet was first designed as a therapeutic diet to treat epilepsy that mimicked the benefits of severe calorie restriction without the drawbacks of literal starvation. Based on the fact that fasting relieved epileptic symptoms by forcing the body to produce ATP (the energy source for the body) from fat instead of glucose, a doctor at the Mayo clinic designed the ketogenic diet to have a similar effect. Original recommendations for a ketogenic diet were to radically reduce carbohydrates to less than 20 grams per day, while providing a moderate protein intake of 1 g/kg/bw with the rest of the calories coming from fat. This makes fat the primary fuel source, with protein providing just enough amino acid building blocks to sustain lean tissue and produce other compounds in the body, including transmitters and enzymes. In the last 15 years, the ketogenic diet has been modernized to allow for higher carb intakes (around 50 grams a day). It has gained in popularity, with a wealth of research showing many benefits, whi Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. kimiko242

    So I've been doing some research on the Keto diet and so far it looks like a diet that can bring me the results I need, however I've never been on a diet before. Personally I don't believe in diets and usually watch what I eat on a regular basis but recently I realized that I needed some type of drive or diet to improve my metabolism.
    I used to be a huge athlete (volleyball, swimming, softball, dance) for as long as I could remember and stopped once I entered my 2nd year of college due to the heavy work load I was given from both work and school. Ever since then my weight fluctuated.
    So my questions are should I do the keto diet and if so will it effect my metabolism and what should I watch out for while doing this diet?

  2. hornwort

    I wouldn't even call it a "diet", really. It's more of a nutritional system, living life without the inefficient sugars that cause us to operate day-to-day in a series of crashes.
    It will massively transform your metabolism, because your body will start using all the calories you give it for fuel, instead of directing them into fat storage to avoid spiking your blood sugar. Insulin is what makes us fat, because without it, sugar would kill us. From a biological and evolutionary point of view, the only capacity our bodies have to even deal with carbs is as a last-resort for calories, to prevent starvation.
    I have led an active lifestyle and eaten healthy my entire life, and while I've always been "healthy", that is, able to outmatch people who look far fitter than me in running, strength, agility and etc., I've been overweight my entire life. To expand and elaborate, I have eaten less calories, less processed food, while being far more active than friends and family you would call "thin" or "fit", and the only time I have ever been able to lose weight is during times of unemployment where I can work out for 6-8 hours per day while eating nothing but a steamed chicken breast and spinach/celergy/arugala each day.
    Now, on Keto, I see the fat melting off, I have far more energy, I enjoy food more and cook more elaborately, my moods are better, and even my concentration is better.
    Now for the cons:

    The induction period is hard for some people. You have to really plan ahead, using calorie and cabohydrate calculators (myfitnesspal.com is a godsend). Google "fat bombs" and think about investing in a carb-free protein powder -- these make it extremely easy to hit your fat and protein percentages (65% and 30% of calorie intake, if you're muscled). You will likely experience some digestive issues while your body gets used to it, and some experience temporary loss of energy and/or lightheadedness during the induction phase. Some people find they get bad breath in the beginning -- this can be due either to having too much protein and not enough fat, or dehydration.

    And speaking of dehydration. Because carbs are what causes our body to store water, you will find yourself drinking A LOT without them. They say we should drink 8 glasses a day? Try 30, on keto. Minimum. This is probably the most dangerous part of keto. And obviously, this also means killer hangovers. Be sure to drink a minimum of one glass of water between drinks. I drink gin and soda with lime a lot, to offset this a bit... but it's still the biggest "con" of keto for me, as a very social person and historically heavy drinker.

    You will also have to be very careful about nutrition -- without fruit and with such limited carb intake, it's very easy to get low on things like potassium, magnesium and vitamin C. So take a multivitamin, get some carb-free electrolyte powder, and make sure to eat a lot of broccoli/asparagus/cauliflower/spinach/arugala. Those are the 5 staple veggies to rely on for nutrition.

    You will likely experience massive cravings for carbs and sugar. For me this happened about a week after I started keto, and lasted for about a week. I had higher calorie intake as a result, trying to stave off those cravings -- feelings like I would murder just for a slice of sourdough. I still managed a minimum daily deficit of 300 though, with the help of my two favourite indulgences: good liquor and cigars (carb free).

    You will find it harder to build muscle on keto. I did primal for a month before starting to build it up, but there's been a noticeable (though not huge) drop in the rate at which I increase weight in my resistance workouts. This is mainly due to the fact that carbs help with the absorption of protein into muscle, whereas fat slows it down. The best remedy I've found is to have a few carbs immediately after a workout - oats are best.
    If you can live with those, keto may be for you. It's certainly not for everyone. But if you're up to the challenge of induction, it will change your life in very positive ways. Even the first few days without carbs, it's like a curtain of fog peels away, and you realize what "energy" really is. I remember when it occurred to me that I hadn't yawned in a week -- it was a joyous fuckin' realization.

  3. HuntTheShunt

    A high carbohydrate diet increases the demands of vitamin C because carbohydrate consumption hinders Vitamin C absorption.
    It's why sailors got scurvy but the Inuit did not, despite neither consuming Vitamin C rich food. Sailors had a higher percentage of their diet from carbohydrates, meanwhile the small levels of Vitamin C available from animal sources was sufficient to keep the Inuit healthy on their low carbohydrate diets.
    Still, eat your green veggies as you said.

  4. -> Continue reading
read more
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Thinking about starting a Ketogenic Diet? Here are the pros and cons of a keto diet. Dr. Keith has been following a ketogenic diet for the past year with phenomenal weight loss results (80 pounds). Dr. Becky (Keith's wife) does not follow a ketogenic diet and explains why in this week's episode. In the video, you'll learn about: *Food choices on a keto diet *How keto stacks up when it comes to fat loss *How strict you must be with testing and tracking (i.e. ketones, calories, carb grams) *How easy (or hard) it is to eat keto at restaurants *Who might not be able to go keto To get the Free 2 Fit Doc Starter Kit that shares the foods Keith added and subtracted from his diet, visit: http://2fitdocs.com/get-started/ Ready to change your diet? Take our 21-Day Challenge: http://2fitdocs.com/2-fit-docs-21-day... Would you like even more help with your low-carb or keto diet? Check out our Weight Loss Coaching Program: http://www.drbeckyfitness.com/coaching To watch Keith lose weight on camera from start to finish, watch "Keith's Progress" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U7i19... For the keto testing supplies that Keith uses, see our Amazon Affiliate Shop: http://www.amazon.com/shop/beckygillaspy

Pros And Cons Of The Ketogenic Diet

The obesity epidemic is overwhelming, to say the least. With so many diets circulating around, it can be tough to keep track of which is best. One minute it’s recommended that you cut fat out of your diet — while the next minute, carbs are the enemy. Although frustrating, maintaining a healthy weight does not need to be this complicated. If you have been trying to lose the same 20 pounds for the last five years, it’s time that you take your weight loss journey to the next level — starting with your diet. Today, the ketogenic diet is on my radar. I’m going to break down the ways you can benefit, but also what you should be weary of. Why try the ketogenic diet? For those of you who have not yet heard of the ketogenic diet, it was actually created in order to potentially treat epilepsy in children. Focusing on a high-fat, adequate protein and low-carb intake, this diet forces your body to burn fats instead of available carbohydrates. As overall carb intake is reduced, your body goes into a metabolic state, known as ketosis. Forcing your body to burn fat for energy, you experience reduced blood sugar and insulin levels. Sounds pretty good, right? Well, in many ways it is — Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. kimiko242

    So I've been doing some research on the Keto diet and so far it looks like a diet that can bring me the results I need, however I've never been on a diet before. Personally I don't believe in diets and usually watch what I eat on a regular basis but recently I realized that I needed some type of drive or diet to improve my metabolism.
    I used to be a huge athlete (volleyball, swimming, softball, dance) for as long as I could remember and stopped once I entered my 2nd year of college due to the heavy work load I was given from both work and school. Ever since then my weight fluctuated.
    So my questions are should I do the keto diet and if so will it effect my metabolism and what should I watch out for while doing this diet?

  2. hornwort

    I wouldn't even call it a "diet", really. It's more of a nutritional system, living life without the inefficient sugars that cause us to operate day-to-day in a series of crashes.
    It will massively transform your metabolism, because your body will start using all the calories you give it for fuel, instead of directing them into fat storage to avoid spiking your blood sugar. Insulin is what makes us fat, because without it, sugar would kill us. From a biological and evolutionary point of view, the only capacity our bodies have to even deal with carbs is as a last-resort for calories, to prevent starvation.
    I have led an active lifestyle and eaten healthy my entire life, and while I've always been "healthy", that is, able to outmatch people who look far fitter than me in running, strength, agility and etc., I've been overweight my entire life. To expand and elaborate, I have eaten less calories, less processed food, while being far more active than friends and family you would call "thin" or "fit", and the only time I have ever been able to lose weight is during times of unemployment where I can work out for 6-8 hours per day while eating nothing but a steamed chicken breast and spinach/celergy/arugala each day.
    Now, on Keto, I see the fat melting off, I have far more energy, I enjoy food more and cook more elaborately, my moods are better, and even my concentration is better.
    Now for the cons:

    The induction period is hard for some people. You have to really plan ahead, using calorie and cabohydrate calculators (myfitnesspal.com is a godsend). Google "fat bombs" and think about investing in a carb-free protein powder -- these make it extremely easy to hit your fat and protein percentages (65% and 30% of calorie intake, if you're muscled). You will likely experience some digestive issues while your body gets used to it, and some experience temporary loss of energy and/or lightheadedness during the induction phase. Some people find they get bad breath in the beginning -- this can be due either to having too much protein and not enough fat, or dehydration.

    And speaking of dehydration. Because carbs are what causes our body to store water, you will find yourself drinking A LOT without them. They say we should drink 8 glasses a day? Try 30, on keto. Minimum. This is probably the most dangerous part of keto. And obviously, this also means killer hangovers. Be sure to drink a minimum of one glass of water between drinks. I drink gin and soda with lime a lot, to offset this a bit... but it's still the biggest "con" of keto for me, as a very social person and historically heavy drinker.

    You will also have to be very careful about nutrition -- without fruit and with such limited carb intake, it's very easy to get low on things like potassium, magnesium and vitamin C. So take a multivitamin, get some carb-free electrolyte powder, and make sure to eat a lot of broccoli/asparagus/cauliflower/spinach/arugala. Those are the 5 staple veggies to rely on for nutrition.

    You will likely experience massive cravings for carbs and sugar. For me this happened about a week after I started keto, and lasted for about a week. I had higher calorie intake as a result, trying to stave off those cravings -- feelings like I would murder just for a slice of sourdough. I still managed a minimum daily deficit of 300 though, with the help of my two favourite indulgences: good liquor and cigars (carb free).

    You will find it harder to build muscle on keto. I did primal for a month before starting to build it up, but there's been a noticeable (though not huge) drop in the rate at which I increase weight in my resistance workouts. This is mainly due to the fact that carbs help with the absorption of protein into muscle, whereas fat slows it down. The best remedy I've found is to have a few carbs immediately after a workout - oats are best.
    If you can live with those, keto may be for you. It's certainly not for everyone. But if you're up to the challenge of induction, it will change your life in very positive ways. Even the first few days without carbs, it's like a curtain of fog peels away, and you realize what "energy" really is. I remember when it occurred to me that I hadn't yawned in a week -- it was a joyous fuckin' realization.

  3. HuntTheShunt

    A high carbohydrate diet increases the demands of vitamin C because carbohydrate consumption hinders Vitamin C absorption.
    It's why sailors got scurvy but the Inuit did not, despite neither consuming Vitamin C rich food. Sailors had a higher percentage of their diet from carbohydrates, meanwhile the small levels of Vitamin C available from animal sources was sufficient to keep the Inuit healthy on their low carbohydrate diets.
    Still, eat your green veggies as you said.

  4. -> Continue reading
read more

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