What Are The Most Commonly Seen Blood Glucose Levels In Dka?

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What is DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS? What does DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS mean? DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS meaning - DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS definition - DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... license. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6Uu... Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus. Signs and symptoms may include vomiting, abdominal pain, deep gasping breathing, increased urination, weakness, confusion, and occasionally loss of consciousness. A person's breath may develop a specific smell. Onset of symptoms is usually rapid. In some cases people may not realize they previously had diabetes. DKA happens most often in those with type 1 diabetes, but can also occur in those with other types of diabetes under certain circumstances. Triggers may include infection, not taking insulin correctly, stroke, and certain medications such as steroids. DKA results from a shortage of insulin; in response the body switches to burning fatty acids which produces acidic ketone bodies. DKA is typically diagnosed when testing finds high b

Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Author: Osama Hamdy, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP more... Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is an acute, major, life-threatening complication of diabetes that mainly occurs in patients with type 1 diabetes, but it is not uncommon in some patients with type 2 diabetes. This condition is a complex disordered metabolic state characterized by hyperglycemia, ketoacidosis, and ketonuria. The most common early symptoms of DKA are the insidious increase in polydipsia and polyuria. The following are other signs and symptoms of DKA: Malaise, generalized weakness, and fatigability Nausea and vomiting; may be associated with diffuse abdominal pain, decreased appetite, and anorexia Rapid weight loss in patients newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes History of failure to comply with insulin therapy or missed insulin injections due to vomiting or psychological reasons or history of mechanical failure of insulin infusion pump Altered consciousness (eg, mild disorientation, confusion); frank coma is uncommon but may occur when the condition is neglected or with severe dehydration/acidosis Signs and symptoms of DKA associated with possible intercurrent infection are as follows: Gl Continue reading >>

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  1. Andy12345

    Hi forgive me if this is dumb, I am following a 30-40g carbs a day diet, I thought ketosis was a good thing but reading this article it doesn't sound all that good, have I got the wrong end of the stick? Thanks
    Below is what I read not me saying it
    Our body produces energy from the glucose we get from the consumed carbohydrates. But when glucose is not available, the liver produces ketone bodies to provide the body with the required energy. Although ketones are always present in the body, their levels can rise during a period of prolonged fasting. This condition is called ketosis.
    The most common cause of ketosis is following a low-carb diet. When one switches over from a high-glycemic diet to a low-glycemic diet, their body enters into a stage of ketosis. The body does not immediately start producing ketones, but if carbohydrates are not included in the diet for a long time, say two days or more, the body starts utilizing the energy from its fat stores. The glucose is thus preserved only for dire conditions like preventing protein and muscle breakdown.
    The initial stage of ketosis is considered relatively harmless. In fact, ketosis has also been deliberately induced through a ketogenic diet to treat epilepsy. However, prolonged ketosis is harmful for the body and is highly discouraged.
    The most common symptoms of ketosis include:
    Note: Ketosis and its symptoms are often confused with diabetic ketoacidosis. However, diabetic ketoacidosis is a life-threatening condition, where a severe deficiency of insulin, leads to a toxic buildup of blood glucose, accompanied by excessive breakdown of fat and muscle tissues. However, such alarming levels of ketone bodies are not usually seen in healthy individuals.
    Excessive thirst
    Nausea accompanied by abdominal pain
    Problems with sleeping
    Bad breath
    Cold hands and feet
    Metallic, sweet, or fruity taste in the mouth
    Strong smelling urine
    Loss of appetite
    Temporary sense of euphoria
    A confirmatory urine test can be done to see whether the body is in a state of ketosis. One can purchase ketosis strips that are easily available in the market. The strip changes color if ketone bodies are present in the urine.
    Side Effects
    A prolonged state of ketosis can cause major health problems like:
    Calcium deficiency
    Kidney stones
    Liver damage
    Controversy Surrounding Ketosis and its Symptoms
    Most people claim that going into ketosis and exhibiting its symptoms is no reason for alarm, and simply denotes a different and specific phase of metabolism that the body is going through. This is the main reason that people still strongly advocate going in for low-carb diets, and even go to the extent of claiming that certain organs function better during the state of ketosis. However, research says that ketone bodies are acidic compounds, and their accumulation in the blood could lead to toxicity. It is an aggravation of symptoms that lead to the potentially life-threatening condition called ketoacidosis.
    Doing Away With Ketosis
    The easiest way of reversing ketosis is by including carbohydrates in the diet. One has to make sure that they do not start consuming carbohydrates suddenly, but increase the intake gradually, after consulting a health professional. Eating smaller and frequent meals help mitigate the symptoms to a large extent. Another important thing is to keep the body hydrated to help dilute the urine and, in turn, flush out the ketone bodies.
    To avoid conditions like ketosis and other medical complications, it is always advisable that you consult a health professional before making any extreme changes in your diet. He/she would best know what is suitable for you and guide you accordingly.

  2. Claire87

    It could just be me, but that sounds like an advert from a bread company. But then I've seen a lot of conflicting information on the internet about lots of things. There was massive slush campaign on soya when it first came out because the meat production industry feared soya products taking over and putting them out of business.
    From my personal experience: I went through Ketosis. The only feeling I had was tiredness while it was happening for a couple of days, then I felt amazing. I managed to avoid getting insulin tablets because my blood sugar and weight loss in two weeks was such a big change, and the only thing I can credit that to is a low carb diet and going through ketosis. Ketosis saved me from a life of medication and made me feel great. I'm an advocate of it.
    But I'm not an expert on the low carb diet, so I asked my nutritionist friend. She'll know the answer. She always does. I'll post it up when she gets back to me.

  3. Andy12345

    Thankyou, I have been trying to get lower and this week I managed 30g by cutting out bread altogether ,I used to have a sandwich for lunch but now salads with ham egg etc. I have no idea if I have been through or am going through ketosis, I've been on or under 100g for the last couple of months, a month at about 150g before that, I have my 3 month since diag anniversary on Thursday and I've lost 2 stone 10lb and am getting fit, going to the gym all the time, is there a sign that I'm in ketosis and is it a permanent state or do you pass through it, if so how do you know?

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What is KETOACIDOSIS? What does KETOACIDOSIS mean? KETOACIDOSIS meaning - KETOACIDOSIS definition - KETOACIDOSIS explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... license. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6Uu... Ketoacidosis is a metabolic state associated with high concentrations of ketone bodies, formed by the breakdown of fatty acids and the deamination of amino acids. The two common ketones produced in humans are acetoacetic acid and ß-hydroxybutyrate. Ketoacidosis is a pathological metabolic state marked by extreme and uncontrolled ketosis. In ketoacidosis, the body fails to adequately regulate ketone production causing such a severe accumulation of keto acids that the pH of the blood is substantially decreased. In extreme cases ketoacidosis can be fatal. Ketoacidosis is most common in untreated type 1 diabetes mellitus, when the liver breaks down fat and proteins in response to a perceived need for respiratory substrate. Prolonged alcoholism may lead to alcoholic ketoacidosis. Ketoacidosis can be smelled on a person's breath. This is due to acetone, a direct by-product of the sp

Hyperglycemia And Diabetic Ketoacidosis

When blood glucose levels (also called blood sugar levels) are too high, it's called hyperglycemia. Glucose is a sugar that comes from foods, and is formed and stored inside the body. It's the main source of energy for the body's cells and is carried to each through the bloodstream. But even though we need glucose for energy, too much glucose in the blood can be unhealthy. Hyperglycemia is the hallmark of diabetes — it happens when the body either can't make insulin ( type 1 diabetes ) or can't respond to insulin properly ( type 2 diabetes ). The body needs insulin so glucose in the blood can enter the cells to be used for energy. In people who have developed diabetes, glucose builds up in the blood, resulting in hyperglycemia. If it's not treated, hyperglycemia can cause serious health problems. Too much sugar in the bloodstream for long periods of time can damage the vessels that supply blood to vital organs. And, too much sugar in the bloodstream can cause other types of damage to body tissues, which can increase the risk of heart disease and stroke, kidney disease, vision problems, and nerve problems in people with diabetes. These problems don't usually show up in kids or te Continue reading >>

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  1. tk421

    Sorry if this doesn't belong in this part of the forum, but it seems better here than the other places in the forum.
    I am having trouble finding a solid answer to this. Everywhere I look online tells me something different. I see some say around 50 mg/dl which I would think is totally hypoglycemic. So I don’t really believe that. I see others saying as long as you are below about 97 mg/dl. I see others that say in the 80s. Some say other things. I just want a straight answer. So I need some advice from a successful keto person.
    What is proper blood glucose levels for someone who is in ketosis? I got this blood glucose monitor and I think it may be defective or just a crappy brand. Yesterday my fasting blood glucose (after a 14 hour fast) was 83 mg/dl. Today (again after a 14 hour fast) was 97. I couldn’t believe it so I took my blood glucose again and it said 92. Then I ate exactly 3 pieces of bacon and a piece of cheese, and two hours later my blood glucose was 102. I thought WTF, so I immediately took it again and it said 109.
    So maybe I have a defective monitor (the Nova Max Plus), but regardless, there is probably at least a little bit of truth to it. But I seriously eat 25 grams or less of carbs per day. Usually less.
    Could someone please explain glucose levels to me in regards to ketosis.

  2. JBean

    In the absence of dietary carbohydrates, your body will break down fats and proteins to maintain your blood glucose in the normal range. Here's an explanation:

  3. tk421

    Originally posted by JBean
    In the absence of dietary carbohydrates, your body will break down fats and proteins to maintain your blood glucose in the normal range. Here's an explanation:
    https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gluconeogenesis Very interesting. Thanks for the info, that helps me a lot!!

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Dr. Laughlin shares the symptoms of hyperglycemia. For more information on diabetes visit http://www.empowher.com/condition/dia...

Dka | Blood Sugar | Hyperglycemia

1. Describe the pathophysiologic changes in DKA. a. Why do blood glucose levels increase? DKA is caused when the body has little or no insulin to use. The blood glucose level keeps rising to dangerous levels. This is called hyperglycemia. DKA most often starts from infection. Hormonal changes lead to increased liver and renal glucose production and decreased glucose use in peripheral tissues. Increased production of counterregulary hormones leads to the production of ketoacids and resultant ketonemia and metabolic acidosis. DKA most commonly occurs in a person with type 1 diabetes. The lack of insulin leads to mobilization of fatty acids from adipose tissue because of the unsuppressed adipose cell lipase activity that breaks down triglycerides into fatty acids and glycerol. b. What are commonly seen blood glucose levels? The definitive diagnosis of DKA consists of blood glucose levels >250 mg/d, but is usually much higher. c. What fluid and electrolyte disturbances commonly occur? Typical overall electrolyte loss includes 200-500 mEq/L of potassium, 300-700 mEq/L of sodium, and 350-500 mEq/L of chloride. The combined effects of serum hyperosmolarity, dehydration, and acidosis resu Continue reading >>

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  1. pengbear

    I've been on Atkins for the last couple years, and in ketosis most of that time. But I did decide to go off plan around the holidays, and just worry about portions. I didn't lose any weight, but I didn't gain either. I just ate very little carbs, and filled up on veggies and meat instead of the chocolates, breads, potatoes, etc that were available. I was pretty pleased!
    However, I got back into ketosis a couple weeks ago, and also back on the treadmill after several months off. I am in very deep ketosis, like the crazy deep purple stage. On the upside, my skin is gorgeous, I'm drinking lots of water so I feel good, I'm losing weight, and I have high energy. But, I just lay awake in bed at night, I can't sleep! If I do drift off, I wake up around a dozen times a night. I'm about to go nuts!
    As far as caffeine, I have about 2 cans of diet mountain dew a day, no coffee, no tea, nothing else. I don't drink caffeine after 1 pm, so I know it's not that stuff still in my system. Has anyone else run into this problem?

  2. ale2121

    doesn't the dark purple sometimes mean that you're dehydrated? Maybe drink more water? I know this sounds silly, but drinking lots of water makes me really sleepy. Maybe I'm retaining it, I don't know.

  3. DCHound

    How much exercise are you getting (you said treadmill)? This has nothing to do with ketosis but sometimes when I have trouble sleeping I take valerian ("nature's valium"). I get the high-quality stuff from GNC. One capsule does it. I take melatonin nightly for severe insomnia but the valerian's good for the nights that melatonin doesn't do it. Not often, but it does happen.

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