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What Are The Causes Of Acidosis In Cattle?

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Acute And Subacute Ruminal Acidosis In Cattle

Ruminal acidosis is a fermentative disorder of the ruminants in which the ruminal pH decreases below the normal range. The condition is usually associated with the ingestion of large amounts of highly fermentable starch rich feeds. Feeding high grain diets to the dairy cows by the farmers for maximum milk production increases the risk of acidosis which can reduce milk production and affects the health of the cow. The nature of ruminal acidosis ranges from life-threatening peracute forms to subacute chronic illness. In peracute cases severe metabolic acidosis and toxaemia may occur leading to recumbancy, coma and death within few hours. Acute ruminal acidosis is a serious condition, occurs quickly and characterised by the anorexia, abdominal pain, rapid breathing, diarrhoea, dehydration, ruminal hypotony, staggering, recumbancy and severe depression in ruminal pH. The subacute form is less intense but more common in the herd. During subacute ruminal acidosis the pH depression is slight and the clinical sign are poorly expressed which may go unnoticed for longer. The subacute cases has long-term devastating health and economic impacts to the dairy farmers due to reduced feed digestib Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. Anguscollegekid

    What exactly is acidosis, how does it occur and what determines if they live or quick death?

  2. milkmaid

    Good grief... there's no such thing as a short answer to that question. Best suggestion would be to run a search on the boards and/or on google before asking here.
    My very concise answers to your questions... acidosis is a state where the pH of the animal's rumen and/or body organs, blood, etc, drop below normal levels to an acidic pH. Usually caused by grain overload, can also be caused by diarrhea (loss of electrolytes). As with any problem, the level of severity and prompt treatment determine the outcome.

  3. 1982vett

    I find this to be a pretty good source of information.
    http://www.merckvetmanual.com/mvm/index ... d=acidosis

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