Type 1 Diabetes Quiz

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Pltw Biomed Unit 2: Diabetes Quiz

Sort Symptoms of Diabetes(10) Frequent urination Unusual thirst Extreme hunger Extreme Fatigue Irritability Cuts/bruises slow to heal Tingling in hands/feet Recurring skin/gum infection Bladder infection. Unusual weight loss. Continue reading >>

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  1. Mary Alice - 18741


    I have been diagnosed with pre-diabetes and have been put on Metformin ER, 500mg once a day to begin with.
    In reading different messages and concerns, I have seen several comments on other sites that one has to be careful and watch carbs when taking this medication.
    Can anyone tell me why? What effect does it have on carbs, or vice versa? I have seen comments, but nothing that explains it. I am trying to watch what I eat and follow cooking and dieting guidelines and have done fairly well so far, loosing 15 lbs. in my first 2 months. I worry about the "carb factor" and Metformin. Can someone help me, please?

  2. JP - 14811

    I just found this regarding Metformin and how it works.
    Metformin appears to work in three ways. First, it decreases the absorption of dietary carbohydrates through the intestines.
    Second, it reduces the production of glucose by the liver.(2) The liver uses the raw material in your food to create a reserve supply of blood sugar. When your body experiences stress, the liver releases the reserve glucose to supply your brain and muscles with an immediate source of energy to cope with the stress. Glucophage suppresses the production of this reserve fuel.
    Third, and perhaps most importantly, metformin increases the sensitivity of muscle cells to insulin.(2) Insulin is the hormone that delivers glucose into your cells to be burned as fuel, or stored. Many type 2 Diabetics have "insulin resistance", a condition where excessive amounts of insulin are required in order to get blood glucose moved into cells, where it belongs. Glucophage helps your body to transport glucose with relatively less insulin, thus lowering your insulin levels. Chronically high levels of either glucose or insulin in your blood contributes to obesity, heart disease, infertility, and certain cancers, as well as the development of diabetes.

  3. JP - 14811

    Another thing I just read about Metformin and carbs is that if you don't eat enough carbs you are at higher risk for Lactic Acidosis. Hmmm that could explain why 6 years ago I got so sick from it.
    So my take from all of this is that you should eat the carbs but controlled serving sizes.
    *Judy (JP)
    PS I'm not looking up anything else on this I promise LOL

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