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Starvation Ketoacidosis Signs And Symptoms

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What is DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS? What does DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS mean? DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS meaning - DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS definition - DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... license. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6Uu... Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus. Signs and symptoms may include vomiting, abdominal pain, deep gasping breathing, increased urination, weakness, confusion, and occasionally loss of consciousness. A person's breath may develop a specific smell. Onset of symptoms is usually rapid. In some cases people may not realize they previously had diabetes. DKA happens most often in those with type 1 diabetes, but can also occur in those with other types of diabetes under certain circumstances. Triggers may include infection, not taking insulin correctly, stroke, and certain medications such as steroids. DKA results from a shortage of insulin; in response the body switches to burning fatty acids which produces acidic ketone bodies. DKA is typically diagnosed when testing finds high blood sugar, low blood pH, and ketoacids in either the blood or urine. The primary treatment of DKA is with intravenous fluids and insulin. Depending on the severity, insulin may be given intravenously or by injection under the skin. Usually potassium is also needed to prevent the development of low blood potassium. Throughout treatment blood sugar and potassium levels should be regularly checked. Antibiotics may be required in those with an underlying infection. In those with severely low blood pH, sodium bicarbonate may be given; however, its use is of unclear benefit and typically not recommended. Rates of DKA vary around the world. About 4% of people with type 1 diabetes in United Kingdom develop DKA a year, while in Malaysia the condition affects about 25% a year. DKA was first described in 1886 and, until the introduction of insulin therapy in the 1920s, it was almost universally fatal. The risk of death with adequate and timely treatment is currently around 1–4%. Up to 1% of children with DKA develop a complication known as cerebral edema. The symptoms of an episode of diabetic ketoacidosis usually evolve over a period of about 24 hours. Predominant symptoms are nausea and vomiting, pronounced thirst, excessive urine production and abdominal pain that may be severe. Those who measure their glucose levels themselves may notice hyperglycemia (high blood sugar levels). In severe DKA, breathing becomes labored and of a deep, gasping character (a state referred to as "Kussmaul respiration"). The abdomen may be tender to the point that an acute abdomen may be suspected, such as acute pancreatitis, appendicitis or gastrointestinal perforation. Coffee ground vomiting (vomiting of altered blood) occurs in a minority of people; this tends to originate from erosion of the esophagus. In severe DKA, there may be confusion, lethargy, stupor or even coma (a marked decrease in the level of consciousness). On physical examination there is usually clinical evidence of dehydration, such as a dry mouth and decreased skin turgor. If the dehydration is profound enough to cause a decrease in the circulating blood volume, tachycardia (a fast heart rate) and low blood pressure may be observed. Often, a "ketotic" odor is present, which is often described as "fruity", often compared to the smell of pear drops whose scent is a ketone. If Kussmaul respiration is present, this is reflected in an increased respiratory rate.....

A Rare Cause Of Metabolic Acidosis: Ketoacidosis In A Non-diabetic Lactating Woman

Gordon Sloan1, Amjad Ali1 and Jonathan Webster1[1] Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Sheffield Teaching Hospital, Sheffield, UK Summary Ketoacidosis occurring during lactation has been described infrequently. The condition is incompletely understood, but it appears to be associated with a combination of increased metabolic demands during lactation, reduction in carbohydrate intake and acute illness. We present a case of a 27-year-old woman, 8 weeks post-partum, who was exclusively breastfeeding her child whilst following a low carbohydrate diet. She developed gastroenteritis and was unable to tolerate an oral diet for several days. She presented with severe metabolic acidosis on admission with a blood 3-hydroxybutyrate of 5.4 mmol/L. She was treated with intravenous dextrose and intravenous sodium bicarbonate, and given dietary advice to increase her carbohydrate intake. She made a rapid and full recovery. We provide a summary of the common causes of ketoacidosis and compare our case with other presentations of lactation ketoacidosis. Learning points: Ketoacidosis in the lactating woman is a rare cause of raised anion gap metabolic acidosis. Low carbohydrate intake, starvat Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. CrazyCaper

    We have recently transitioned our cats to a keto diet and our vet is thrilled with the changes in their heath so I wanted to share what we settled on for feeding them.
    http://www.weruva.com/
    437
    And we usually buy the Cats in the Kitchen line.
    If you have cats that are keto please share what you are feeding them, recipes or products.

    We have a few finicky eaters and are looking for options to try, especially as they seem to stop loving the foods that they love about every 5-6 weeks. Thanks!

  2. xandtrek

    I haven't seen that brand around -- I always try one can to see if they'll eat it. I have 4 rescues and have been trying to turn them into Keto Kats for awhile now. They are on grain-free food, but can be quite picky, as you know. We tried raw food, but they'll have none of that.

  3. becsta

    I buy the Weruva for my cat, but am trying to get him away from tinned. He eats a lot of what I eat, most times he eats more from my plate than I do.
    I give him raw chicken giblets that he loves and raw diced chicken as well. He is nearly 12 years old and the last few years has been sick he has some kidney problems, nearly 2 years ago when I went away on holidays and my parents were looking after him they booked him in to be put down, but he is still going, I don't know how many of his 9 lives he used then.
    Dessie enjoying some of the roast duck I cooked the other day.
    And this is what I did to my thumb when cutting up his giblets.

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Ketosis

Tweet Ketosis is a state the body may find itself in either as a result of raised blood glucose levels or as a part of low carb dieting. Low levels of ketosis is perfectly normal. However, high levels of ketosis in the short term can be serious and the long term effects of regular moderate ketosis are only partially known at the moment. What is ketosis? Ketosis is a state the body goes into if it needs to break down body fat for energy. The state is marked by raised levels of ketones in the blood which can be used by the body as fuel. Ketones which are not used for fuel are excreted out of the body via the kidneys and the urine. Is ketosis the same as ketoacidosis? There is often confusion as to the difference between ketosis and ketoacidosis. Ketosis is the state whereby the body is producing ketones. In ketosis, the level of ketones in the blood can be anything between normal to very high. Diabetic ketoacidosis, also known as DKA, only describes the state in which the level of ketones is either high or very high. In ketoacidosis, the amount of ketones in the blood is sufficient to turn the blood acidic, which is a dangerous medical state. When does ketosis occur? Ketosis will tak Continue reading >>

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  1. 2ndChance

    It's hard for me to describe the way I feel... I can feel the fat draining from my face, I become really aware of my thyroid's existence, I sort of feel like my body is attempting to figure out what bare minimum things it needs to survive, and then it starts burning everything else for fuel. This seems like a very good thing in the prevention of disease to me--when I think of cancer cells, I think of things that shouldn't exist. Cells in our bodies that shouldn't be there. Hopefully with a ketogenic diet, malicious extra cells will be the first to be burned? I can definitely tell that the primal way of life is better for me than any other eating/lifestyle plan I have ever followed. I haven't eaten since breakfast, and yeah, food sounds nice right now, but at the same time I'm mentally stable. I feel very aware of the realities being ignored by those around me, who eat SAD foods unquestioningly and never have the thought, "I am my body." Each time I fast I believe I become a more efficient beast, reduced to my essential self, my "essence," and free of unnecessary things. It's very meditative for me.
    What does it feel like to you?

  2. Paleobird

    To me it feels exceptionally awake and aware. I can feel my heart beating and hear my breath. I feel like I could chase down a woolly mammoth for dinner or run like hell to avoid being dinner for a saber toothed tiger.
    Keto-land has been my permanent home for a while now so this feeling has become the new normal. I wouldn't want to go back to life without it. This is why I wonder at all the people saying how the cookies at the office are such a "temptation", etc. I am not in the least tempted. Why would I want to leave this awesome place even temporarily? For a cookie? Why?
    Also being in ketosis for me means perfect seizure control on 25% less medication than before and I plan to cut that back further gradually. The medication I'm cutting back is a barbiturate so getting some of that out of my system is an added bonus.
    And I hope what you said about cancer cells is true as well. Five and a half years cancer free and planning to stay that way.

  3. Derpamix

    While I was in ketosis I felt like I was going to die. I was in more pain in ketosis than I was when I was stabbed in the stomach. Not even exaggerating.

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Ketosis Vs. Ketoacidosis (dka): What Is The Difference?

Let’s break it down so that you can understand exactly what ketosis is and how it differs from ketoacidosis. But the states they refer to are nothing alike. In this case, maybe mistakes are understandable. Many people who believe that ketosis is dangerous are mixing it up with another state called "ketoacidosis." The two words do sound very similar. And some people simply make mistakes. Profit motives tend to muddy up the works when it comes to getting clear, factual information about your health. Well, there are a lot of individuals and companies which all have their own goals and motivations. Where do these misperceptions come from? Here’s the thing though … that is all misinformation. You then Googled something like, "low carb dangerous" and found a list of link-bait articles informing you that low-carb is a ketogenic diet, and ketosis is a dangerous metabolic state which can be fatal. And then maybe someone said something to you like, "What are you thinking? Low-carb is a dangerous diet." If you are thinking about starting a low-carb diet, maybe you have mentioned it to some of your family or friends. By the time you finish reading this article, you will understand why lo Continue reading >>

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  1. BakerBitch

    I have only started keto a few weeks ago. Since that first week, I've averaged about 2 to 2 1/2 pounds per week. I do "cheat" from time to time, but not with high carb foods. Only by going over my daily calorie limit.
    What is your average weekly weight loss?
    Does it seem like you lose weight easier or more consistently than other diet plans you've tried?

  2. anbeav

    Studies show no metabolic weight loss advantage to a keto diet. Most lose 1 to 2 lbs a week with many pauses in between. People with more weight to lose often lose faster and some lose slower. Many have more consistent weight loss then other diet plans because of insulin resistance but still for most it's slow and steady and not much faster than other diet plans but rather that they lose on keto vs. other diet plans where they don't really lose weight.

  3. ScaredOfTheL

    well when i actually lose weight its something like 0,5-1kg per week, but 50% of the time i dont lose anything. it averages out at ~0,5kg per week.

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