Renal Tubular Acidosis Types

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Review of the types of renal tubular acidosis and they distinctive features of each type. Follow us on twitter: https://twitter.com/iMedSchool Follow us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Imedicalscho... iTunes Podcast: https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/i... Website: www.medpulse.org iMedicalSchool is a channel dedicated to helping you understand complex medical topics in a simple manner. We are dedicated to making sure that you understand every topic presented. We are happy to answer questions and take suggestions. No matter if you are in medical school, nursing school or physician assistant school we are here to serve you.

Renal Tubular Acidosis | Definition Of Renal Tubular Acidosis By Medical Dictionary

Renal tubular acidosis | definition of renal tubular acidosis by Medical dictionary Renal tubular acidosis (RTA) is a condition characterized by too much acid in the body due to a defect in kidney function. Chemical balance is critical to the body's functioning. Therefore, the body controls its chemicals very strictly. The acid-base balance must be between a pH of 7.35 and 7.45 or trouble will start. Every other chemical in the body is affected by the acid-base balance. The most important chemicals in this system are sodium, chloride, potassium, calcium, ammonium, carbon dioxide, oxygen, and phosphates. The lungs rapidly adjust acid-base balance by the speed of breathing, because carbon dioxide dissolved in water is an acidcarbonic acid. Faster breathing eliminates more carbon dioxide, decreases the carbonic acid in the blood and increases the pH. Holding your breath does the opposite. Blood acidity from carbon dioxide controls the rate of breathing, not oxygen. The kidneys also regulate acid-base balance somewhat more slowly than the lungs. They handle all the chemicals, often trading one for another that is more or less acidic. The trading takes place between the blood and the u Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. atcgirl

    I started 5:2 in september and initially tried to spread my 500 calories accross the day, but I lost no weight and couldn’t cope with the hunger pangs. Then I started just having all my 500 calories at dinner, with zero calories during the day (just a green tea in the morning for the caffeine), and I started losing a pound a week. I figure that my body needed to go into ketosis to actually shift the pounds.
    I am sick of green tea, I actually hate it. Black coffee isn’t an option because it gives me bad breath, so I’m going to need to go back to black tea with milk (no sugar). I figure semi skimmed is better than skimmed because having more fat in it leave less room for lactose and I only have a splash of milk, but will this bring me out of ketosis for any significant period?
    I know that my body will use some of the lactose as energy, I figure it can’t be for that long, but it’s going to try and do that as efficiently as possible; I don’t know enough about the science behind all this.
    Body building forums state all sorts of numbers from 10 calories to 50 and most of my googling has been fruitless. Anyone know?

  2. Pot-bellied Heron

    My understanding is that you won’t get into ketosis on the 5:2 though I haven’t really looked into it.

  3. atcgirl

    Some sites I’ve read suggest ketosis starts 8 to 12 hours after your last meal, others suggest it’s actually much longer – 48 hours. Which had me confused anyway.
    Normally i’d just experiment but I have a month until my love handles need to not show under my wedding dress and would prefer not to delay further weightloss
    It’s so little milk I have to believe it won’t make a difference! Also hoping it won’t affect IGF-1 levels but I think lots of people on here have already proved that it doesn’t because their levels have dropped even though they spread the calories out during the day.

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Dr Kumud Mehta talks about Renal Tubular Acidosis Types, Distal RTA, anion gap, Urinary ph level, tests for suspicion, sonography, Pointers for treatment, nephrocalcinosis, Solutions & chemist role Vitamin D & renal tubular acidosis - rickets as per age, clinical points -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "Dr. Rakesh Kumar : About India's Vaccine Scenario | pediatric Oncall " https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UVn6k... -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-

Orphanet: Distal Renal Tubular Acidosis

Prevalence of dRTA is unknown but is often underreported. The hereditary forms of dRTA are more prevalent in areas of high consanguinity (Arabic peninsula and North Africa) whereas acquired dRTA has been reported more frequently in Western countries. Disease onset can occur at any age, depending on cause. Hereditary dRTA subtypes include autosomal dominant (AD) and autosomal recessive (AR) dRTA (see these terms). A recessive subtype of dRTA associated with anemia has also been described in Southeast Asia. AR forms are frequently diagnosed in infants and young children. AD dRTA is mostly diagnosed in adolescents and young adults. Patients with dRTA can be asymptomatic or can present with polyuria, polydipsia, weakness and fatigue (symptoms associated with hypokalemia). Failure to thrive, rickets, stunting of growth (seen in children) and osteomalacia or osteopenia (seen in adults) are a result of urinary calcium wastage and a loss of calcium salts from the bones. Hypercalciuria, nephrolithiasis and nephrocalcinosis usually occur. Low plasma potassium levels in those with the classic form of dRTA can also cause cardiac arrhythmias, paralysis and even death. In the recessive forms of Continue reading >>

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  1. Heather

    I've been on the diet now for 7 days. Day 1 and 2 I dropped 2 kilos, and since that I haven't budged.
    I check my pee twice a day and am always in the top or second top keto reading...
    Is it possible to be in ketosis, but still doing something wrong ?

  2. Helen

    Ketosis just means that you are burning fat instead of carbs/glucose for energy. If you are having too many calories (or even not enough), you may find that you do not lose weight.
    Also, if you only have a few kgs to lose, then your weight loss will be slower than someone who has a lot of weight to lose. What is your BMI?
    Are you doing a lot of intensive exercise? Sometimes you may be losing fat, but building muscle, so the scales appear to not move.
    Regardless of what diet you follow, you will not lose weight each and every day. 2 kgs in 1 week is a pretty good loss, especially if you don't have a lot of weight to lose.
    Chances are that if you continue to follow the program properly and keep avoiding carbs, you will lose more weight in the next few days. Some call it the "whoosh" effect, lol. Some people lose weight slowly and steadily. Many more of us, lose it in stops and starts. We lose a bit, then a few days of nothing and then another "whoosh".
    Keep at, and you should get results.
    [ed. note: Helen (1169825) last edited this post 3 years, 7 months ago.]

  3. Heather

    My Bmi is 30.51. I've got about 15 kilos to lose, but on a bazillion diets I never seem to get past 6 or 7kg.
    I'm not currently exercising because I'm just too tired. I'm hoping to get back to the gym soon though.
    I'll stick it out in hopes for this whoosh hehe. Thanks Helen.

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Renal Tubular Disorders

Renal tubular disorders are a very heterogeneous group of hereditary and acquired diseases that involve singular or complex dysfunctions of transporters and channels in the renal tubular system. The disorders may lead to fluid loss and abnormalities in electrolyte and acid-base homeostasis. Renal tubular acidosis ( RTA ) refers to normal anion gap (hyperchloremic) metabolic acidosis in the presence of normal or almost normal renal function. The various types of RTA include proximal tubular bicarbonate wasting (type II), distal tubular acid secretion (type I), very rarely carbonic anhydrase deficiency (type III) , and aldosterone deficiency/resistance (type IV). X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets , the most common form of hereditary hypophosphatemic rickets , is caused by phosphate wasting and presents with hypophosphatemia and symptoms related to rickets . Bartter syndrome , Liddle, and Gitelman syndrome are inherited disorders of tubular function that are characterized by hypokalemia and metabolic alkalosis . Renal tubular disorders are suspected when characteristic clinical features and/or laboratory findings are present. The diagnosis of hereditary conditions is usually confirme Continue reading >>

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