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Partially Compensated Metabolic Acidosis Causes

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ilmkidunya.com has brought to you Lecture of Usama Qamar on "9th Class Biology Chapter 1 Introduction to Biology. Topic 1 Introduction Chapter 1". In this video following sub topics have been taught: - Division of Biology - Main Branches of Biology For more videos of Usama Qamar visit https://www.ilmkidunya.com/study This lecture is specially recorded for students of 9th class, 9th class from all Punjab Boards and is based on the current curriculum of study for Biology book. All these lectures are conducted in Urdu/English medium to facilitate Pakistani students.

Patil81, Chapter 2

Fig. 6. Comparison of hypotheses 1 & 2 at intermediate level This is a 40 year old 70.0 kg male patient. His electrolytes are: ... The patient has moderate metabolic acidosis, mild hypokalemia and moderate hypobicarbonatemia. The metabolic acidosis along with moderate hypocapnia causes hypobicarbonatemia. The hypobicarbonatemia along with hypocapnia causes mild acidemia. The acidemia partly compensates thesuspected moderate hypokalemia leading to the observed hypokalemia. The metabolic acidosis remains to be accounted for. The hypokalemia has only been partially accounted for. Hypothesis 2: Chronic Reap. Alkalosis & Acute Reap. Acidosis This is a 40 year old 70.0 kg male patient. His electrolytes are: ... The patient has moderate acute respiratory acidosis, moderate chronic respiratory alkalosis, mild hypokalemia and moderate hypobicarbonatemia. The chronic respiratory alkalosis and acute respiratory acidosis along with mild acidemia cause moderate hypocapnia, which causes hypobicarbonatemia. Thehypobicarbonatemia and hypocapnia cause acidemia. The acidemia partly compensates the suspectedmoderate hypokalemia leading to the observed hypokalemia. The acute respiratory acidosis and Continue reading >>

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  1. MariaMia816

    Can anyone tell me what an average weight loss per week or month is for 20 carbs a day? Im loosing soooooo slow.

  2. GSD_Mama

    I guess it will be different for everyone. My first two weeks I've lost about 10, of which water was probably 5-7lb. I'm going on my third month now and losing slow, sometimes I gain sometimes I lose, no rhyme or reason.

  3. stevieedge2015

    10lbs in a month. I'm trying to keep my calories to under 1500. I smoke like a chimney though so...aiming to get to 130 so I can quit and not worry about gaining 10lbs

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Respiratory acidosis #sign and symptoms of Respiratory acidosis Respiratory acidosis ABGs Analyse https://youtu.be/L5MWy1iHacI Plz share n subscribe my chanel is a condition that occurs when the lungs cant remove enough of the Suctioning https://youtu.be/hMJGkxvXTW0 carbon dioxide (CO2) produced by the body. Excess CO2 causes the pH of blood and other bodily fluids to decrease, making them too acidic. Normally, the body is able to balance the ions that control acidity. This balance is measured on a pH scale from 0 to 14. Acidosis occurs when the pH of the blood falls below 7.35 (normal blood pH is between 7.35 and 7.45).Rinku Chaudhary NSG officer AMU ALIGARH https://www.facebook.com/rinkutch/ Respiratory acidosis is typically caused by an underlying disease or condition. This is also called respiratory failure or ventilatory failure. Suctioning https://youtu.be/hMJGkxvXTW0 Normally, the lungs take in oxygen and exhale CO2. Oxygen passes from the lungs into the blood. CO2 passes from the blood into the lungs. However, sometimes the lungs cant remove enough CO2. This may be due to a decrease in respiratory rate or decrease in air movement due to an underlying condition such as: asth

Respiratory Acidosis

Respiratory acidosis is an abnormal clinical process that causes the arterial Pco2 to increase to greater than 40 mm Hg. Increased CO2 concentration in the blood may be secondary to increased CO2 production or decreased ventilation. Larry R. Engelking, in Textbook of Veterinary Physiological Chemistry (Third Edition) , 2015 Respiratory acidosis can arise from a break in any one of these links. For example, it can be caused from depression of the respiratory center through drugs or metabolic disease, or from limitations in chest wall expansion due to neuromuscular disorders or trauma (Table 90-1). It can also arise from pulmonary disease, card iog en ic pu lmon a ryedema, a spira tion of a foreign body or vomitus, pneumothorax and pleural space disease, or through mechanical hypoventilation. Unless there is a superimposed or secondary metabolic acidosis, the plasma anion gap will usually be normal in respiratory acidosis. Kamel S. Kamel MD, FRCPC, Mitchell L. Halperin MD, FRCPC, in Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Physiology (Fifth Edition) , 2017 Respiratory acidosis is characterized by an increased arterial blood PCO2 and H+ ion concentration. The major cause of respiratory acido Continue reading >>

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  1. Old Forum Import

    What would cause my breath to smell like I've been drinking sometimes and I have not? Nor did I have anything to drink the night before? I've gotten in trouble at work because I suffer from occasional vascular migraines and I look like I'm drinking and now my supervisor says I smelled like I was drinking. I think she's lying -- but could there be a cause? I don't drink because I'm really a chronic dieter and don't want the empty calories.

  2. Doc Kelley

    There are some people that produce alcohol in their intestinal tract from undigested food in excess of normal amounts. This has resulted in incorrect accusations, arrests, and even, in some cases, intoxication without actually drinking alcoholic beverages.

  3. Old Forum Import

    Do you know if any vitamins or minerals taken as
    a daily supplement cause the same smell ??
    Also, do you know if Diflucan taken daily can cause
    a similar smell or interact with other drugs to cause
    an alcohol aroma ??
    Charles

    kstew likes this.

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Anion gap usmle - anion gap metabolic acidosis normal anion gap metabolic acidosis

Metabolic Acidosis - Endocrine And Metabolic Disorders - Merck Manuals Professional Edition

(Video) Overview of Acid-Base Maps and Compensatory Mechanisms By James L. Lewis, III, MD, Attending Physician, Brookwood Baptist Health and Saint Vincent’s Ascension Health, Birmingham Metabolic acidosis is primary reduction in bicarbonate (HCO3−), typically with compensatory reduction in carbon dioxide partial pressure (Pco2); pH may be markedly low or slightly subnormal. Metabolic acidoses are categorized as high or normal anion gap based on the presence or absence of unmeasured anions in serum. Causes include accumulation of ketones and lactic acid, renal failure, and drug or toxin ingestion (high anion gap) and GI or renal HCO3− loss (normal anion gap). Symptoms and signs in severe cases include nausea and vomiting, lethargy, and hyperpnea. Diagnosis is clinical and with ABG and serum electrolyte measurement. The cause is treated; IV sodium bicarbonate may be indicated when pH is very low. Metabolic acidosis is acid accumulation due to Increased acid production or acid ingestion Acidemia (arterial pH < 7.35) results when acid load overwhelms respiratory compensation. Causes are classified by their effect on the anion gap (see The Anion Gap and see Table: Causes of Metab Continue reading >>

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  1. Voileen

    Ok not really . . . but I was told today by a VERY passionate Human Nutrition student. I've also read a few other studies that warn against long term dangers of eating Keto (longterm). I'd like to try to find some scientific evidence to back up that it is good (and to also reassure myself) . . . thoughts? Research? Articles?
    Here was what she sent me:
    I am in my last year as a BSc Human Nutrition and I have several things to say about the ketogenic diet, which I won't say in totality here because it will probably be a book.
    I'll summarize: Ketogenic diets are NOT okay for your body. Metabolically, ketogenic diets are a last resort once your body is expended of all its energy and begins to burn fat and protein instead of carbs as energy. As such, breakdown products are not easily metabolized by the body in the way that carbohydrate, your body's #1 fuel source, is. It's extremely unhealthy, creates toxic byproducts ("free radicals" if that means anything to you; it's hard on your liver) and actually ends up lowering more of your muscle mass than your fat mass in your body. You will lower your muscle mass as your body burns ketones (breakdown products of both fat and muscle tissue; primarily muscle as it is easily broken down wrt stored fat), thereby decreasing your resting metabolic rate and inducing false starvation, encouraging your body to burn MORE muscle (it's broken down more easily than fat) and starting a really bad circle. also your brain runs EXCLUSIVELY on glucose (a carb; a sugar) and inducing ketosis in your body reduces this fuel heavily. Carbohydrates are essential in every diet to fuel the brain: at least 120g per day for the average person. Pls don't deprive yourself of carbs, your brain needs them heart emoticon (also the rest of your body needs them, as they serve essential metabolic functions in terms of cellular regeneration, immune function and general maintenance pls take care of your body)

  2. FrigoCoder

    Metabolically, ketogenic diets are a last resort once your body is expended of all its energy
    That would be starvation.
    and begins to burn fat and protein instead of carbs as energy.
    Burning fat is kinda the point. Protein usage is actually less than when you suddenly run out of glycogen on a high carb diet. This is why keto is "muscle sparing" during diets. It's not that keto is magical, it's that the lack of the ability to burn fat efficiently means the body will try to derive glucose from protein when short on energy.
    As such, breakdown products are not easily metabolized by the body in the way that carbohydrate, your body's #1 fuel source,
    This is why we need an adaptation period where the body sets up the necessary metabolic machinery to metabolize fat and ketones efficiently. Besides, ethanol is the most readily metabolized, does it mean it is the #1 fuel source?
    It's extremely unhealthy,
    Hundreds of thousands, if not millions of people are on keto without major issues. The same can not be said for carbohydrate-rich diets.
    creates toxic byproducts ("free radicals" if that means anything to you;
    It actually produces less waste for the same amount of energy. It might produce more hydrogen peroxide according to a rat study, but endogenous antioxidant defenses are upregulated to deal with it. It helps against grey hair, which is caused by the loss of ability to deal with hydrogen peroxide. Hmmm now that I think about it, it might even work against vitiligo.
    it's hard on your liver)
    Glycogen storage and retrieval, de novo lipogenesis, carbohydrate-induced lipotoxicity and hyperglycemia, fatty liver are arguably much worse for your liver than ketogenesis.
    and actually ends up lowering more of your muscle mass than your fat mass in your body
    Not if you give it enough protein. I am actually able to gain strength and muscle on keto and StrongLifts as opposed to 2-3 years of high carb diet and overtraining.
    You will lower your muscle mass as your body burns ketones (breakdown products of both fat and muscle tissue; primarily muscle as it is easily broken down wrt stored fat),
    I do not think it is possible to convert amino acids into ketones. At least not without converting them to fat first, which I doubt happens to muscle protein.
    thereby decreasing your resting metabolic rate and inducing false starvation,
    Metabolic rate is downregulated only after prolonged fasting, and is not modified during keto. In fact, energy levels can increase. Keto resembles starvation much less than commonly thought. A full-fledged starvation response between hunts would not make any sense from an evolutionary point of view.
    encouraging your body to burn MORE muscle (it's broken down more easily than fat) and starting a really bad circle.
    Again, keto encourages fat usage over muscle breakdown.
    also your brain runs EXCLUSIVELY on glucose (a carb; a sugar)
    The brain has only a very small requirement of glucose that can not be substituted by ketones, somewhere around 20-30 grams. Moreover, this amount can be fully synthesized from protein, of which dietary protein is preferred by the body.
    and inducing ketosis in your body reduces this fuel heavily.
    Keto does not reduce the availability of glucose, it reduces the usage. Your serum glucose stays roughly the same, assuming it was normal in the first place. Tissues that rely on glucose continue to function in the same way. Diabetics and prediabetics often see the normalization of serum glucose, which is a good thing obviously.
    Carbohydrates are essential in every diet to fuel the brain:
    Dietary carbohydrates are non-essential. This is demonstrated by the continued existence of /r/zerocarb people.
    at least 120g per day for the average person.
    I actually consider 120 grams of carbohydrates the cutoff limit for low carb diets. Serum glucose and liver glycogen can only hold the equivalent of 120 grams of carbohydrates. If you eat less than that, you are guaranteed not to fill your liver glycogen, and your body has to look for other sources of energy. The average person should eat less than 120 grams of carbohydrates to maintain metabolic and general health.
    Pls don't deprive yourself of carbs, your brain needs them heart emoticon
    No it doesn't, middle finger emoticon.
    (also the rest of your body needs them, as they serve essential metabolic functions in terms of cellular regeneration, immune function and general maintenance pls take care of your body)
    Again, processes that require glucose continue to function normally.
    I am in my last year as a BSc Human Nutrition and I have several things to say about the ketogenic diet, which I won't say in totality here because it will probably be a book.
    Do a few years of research first before even considering a book, you are woefully inexperienced on the subject. I have a comp sci degree and still know more on the subject for fucks sake.

  3. Rawrcasm

    No it doesn't, middle finger emoticon.
    I felt gold was necessary for this line alone.

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