Metabolic Acidosis Treatment Guidelines Pdf

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Prolonged Resuscitation Of Metabolic Acidosis After Trauma Is Associated With More Complications

Prolonged resuscitation of metabolic acidosis after trauma is associated with more complications Optimal patterns for fluid management are controversial in the resuscitation of major trauma. Similarly, appropriate surgical timing is often unclear in orthopedic polytrauma. Early appropriate care (EAC) has recently been introduced as an objective model to determine readiness for surgery based on the resuscitation of metabolic acidosis. EAC is an objective treatment algorithm that recommends fracture fixation within 36h when either lactate <4.0mmol/L, pH 7.25, or base excess (BE) 5.5mmol/L. The aim of this study is to better characterize the relationship between post-operative complications and the time required for resuscitation of metabolic acidosis using EAC. At an adult level 1 trauma center, 332 patients with major trauma (Injury Severity Score (ISS) 16) were prospectively treated with EAC. The time from injury to EAC resuscitation was determined in all patients. Age, race, gender, ISS, American Society of Anesthesiologists score (ASA), body mass index (BMI), outside hospital transfer status, number of fractures, and the specific fractures were also reviewed. Complications in th Continue reading >>

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  1. serrelind

    > Does sugar alcohol kick you out of ketosis?

    Welcome to the Active Low-Carber Forums
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  2. Dustin

    It doesn't effect my ketosis.

  3. Paradox

    i think (and others may correct me if i'm wrong) that sugar alcohol is like regular alcohol in that even though it doesn't prevent weight loss, it slows it, because while it is available in your body, your body will burn it for fuel instead of your fat stores. but don't take that as gospel (its not as if i'm Nat or something! *wink*)

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What is CATABOLISM? What does CATABOLISM mean? CATABOLISM meaning - CATABOLISM definition - CATABOLISM explanation - How to pronounce CATABOLISM? Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... license. Catabolism is the set of metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into smaller units that are either oxidized to release energy, or used in other anabolic reactions. Catabolism breaks down large molecules (such as polysaccharides, lipids, nucleic acids and proteins) into smaller units (such as monosaccharides, fatty acids, nucleotides, and amino acids, respectively). Cells use the monomers released from breaking down polymers to either construct new polymer molecules, or degrade the monomers further to simple waste products, releasing energy. Cellular wastes include lactic acid, acetic acid, carbon dioxide, ammonia, and urea. The creation of these wastes is usually an oxidation process involving a release of chemical free energy, some of which is lost as heat, but the rest of which is used to drive the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). This molecule acts as a way for the cell to transfer the energy released by catabolism to the ene

Payperview: Metabolic Acidosis And Protein Catabolism: Mechanisms And Clinical Implications - Karger Publishers

I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree. Metabolic acidosis increases protein degradation resulting in muscle wasting and a negative nitrogen balance. The branched-chain amino acids serve as useful markers of these changes and their catabolism is increased in acidosis, particularly for the spontaneous acidosis associated with renal failure. As a result, the neutral nitrogen balance is compromised and malnutrition results. Glucocorticoids mediate these changes through the recently discovered ATP-dependent ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. Therapy necessitates correction of the underlying acidosis either through adjustment of the alkalinity of the dialysate for the patient on dialysis or through dietary protein restriction and sodium bicarbonate supplements for the predialysis patient. Bright R: Reports of medical cases selected with a view to illustrating the symptoms and cure of diseases by a reference to morbid anatomy. London, Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green, vol2, 1831. Lyon DM, Dunlop DM, Stewart CP: The alkaline treatment of chronic nephritis. Lancet 1931;2:10091113. Blom van Assendelf PM, Dorhout Mees EJ: Urea metabolism in patients with chronic renal failure: Continue reading >>

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  1. Lara Sophia

    What a fantastic question!! Oh big pharma, here we go again. These pharm companies will work any sort of magic to keep their drugs branded (or extend their drug patent).
    Soo let's break it down..
    What we know (factoids):
    Basaglar has the same protein sequence and a similar glucose-lowering effect (compared to Lantus)
    Basaglar was released as a new source for patients looking for a lower cost alternative to Lantus.
    The FDA does not call it a “biosimilar” OR the generic drug for Lantus for regulatory reasons, BUT it can essentially be thought of as an alternative form of Lantus.
    Legally we CANT call it generic even though Basaglar has an amino acid sequence identical to Lantus AND in Europe it was approved by the EMA as the first insulin biosimilar under the brand name Abasria in 2014.
    In the US the product has been deemed a Lantus ‘follow-on,’ neither a biosimilar nor a generic but a branded biopharmaceutical in its own right.

    Basaglar can not be substituted for the generic of Lantus (in the US). Meaning if you have been getting Lantus you need a whole new script for Basaglar!
    In recent news the FDA passed a new law allowing more competitive into the market place.
    So how did this happen? In September 2015 the manufacture of Lantus (Sanofi) came to a settlement with Eli Lily (manufacturers of Basaglar).
    In this settlement Lilly agreed to pay royalties to Sanofi in exchange for a patent license. Lilly also pledged to wait to sell its pen-packaged biosimilar version of Lantus until December 15, 2016. (Wow! Way to help consumers, eye roll)
    Keep in mind, Lantus is Sanofi's best-selling product, with more than $7 billion dollars of sale in 2015.
    So what we really know: (???)
    None of this answers your question
    Big pharma will use any slew of wording to rebrand or in this case limit the competition (even at the cost of consumers)
    We don't know yet if in the US there will be great discounts for Basaglar products due to the greater cost to manufacture this drug (factor in now royalties!)

    Some retailers are fitting back against this nonsense. See what CVS is doing in response:
    Cvs is removing Lantus and Toujeo from its Caremark formularies and will start only covering Basaglar.
    Last note:
    So in a sense there is now a ‘generic’ alternative to Lantus on the market. The brands will always remain on the market so consumers can have more options for their care. And yes people come in all the time asking only for these uber expensive brands.

    Speak to your MD or awesome pharmacist to see if they can help you switch over!

  2. Steve Rapaport

    Insulin is an interesting thing. Blood sugar can vary from dangerously high to dangerously low in just an hour or two, and insulin’s job is to keep it level and in safe range.
    Keep in mind that if not diabetic, your blood sugar normally goes quite high (around 140) after a meal, and then is carefully brought back down to normal by small, carefully controlled doses of insulin made “on demand” by your pancreas’s beta cells. They need to sense your blood sugar level, your upcoming demands for energy, and to some extent, the amount of sugar you are digesting now that will soon reach your blood, so as to dose you correctly.
    The natural insulin that does all this has a very fast action, working within about 20 minutes and being totally used up in an hour or so. This type of insulin, known as Insulin R (Regular) went generic a long time ago. But for everyday diabetic use, it is usually very undesirable. Think about it. Do you wish to monitor your blood sugar every 15 minutes and then inject the exact appropriate amount of fast-acting insulin for the next hour? Including when you sleep? That is what your pancreas would do.
    You are relatively clumsy with insulin injections, and as a diabetic you generally do them less often. So you need a slow action insulin for the whole day, plus often another faster acting dose at mealtimes to handle the peak demand. Making the slow-acting dose have a very flat, consistent action over the entire day is a huge technical challenge and has only recently (2003 or so) become feasible. And the ones from 2003 (Lantus and later Levemir) are pretty good but not ideal. They have a definite peak time (which can be dangerous if mistimed) and a definite tailing off of action, meaning your blood sugar may be rising for some time before you can take more. They can also be inconsistent day to day, making that peak and tail-off time even more dangerous as they are unpredictable.
    So the race is on to make better, smoother, more consistent insulin action profiles for long-acting insulins. That takes research and lots of experiments and passing FDA tests, which is mucho expensive.

    Treating diabetics in hospital with ketoacidosis or pretty much any life-threatening condition may also require super-fast acting insulins, which also require research.

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Metabolic acidosis and alkalosis made easy for nurses. This NCLEX review is part of an acid base balance for nurses series. In this video, I discuss metabolic acidosis causes, signs & symptoms, nursing interventions, and "How to Solve ABGs Problems using the TIC TAC TOE method" for patients in metabolic acidosis. Quiz Metabolic Acidosis vs Metabolic Alkalosis: http://www.registerednursern.com/meta... Lecture Notes on Metabolic Acidosis: http://www.registerednursern.com/meta... Metabolic Alkalosis Video: https://youtu.be/hmc0y6pJ1tA Solving ABGs with TIC TAC TOE: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=URCS4... Subscribe: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_c... Nursing School Supplies: http://www.registerednursern.com/the-... Nursing Job Search: http://www.registerednursern.com/nurs... Visit our website RegisteredNurseRN.com for free quizzes, nursing care plans, salary information, job search, and much more: http://www.registerednursern.com Check out other Videos: https://www.youtube.com/user/Register... Popular Playlists: "NCLEX Study Strategies": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... "Fluid & Electrolytes Made So Easy": https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... "Nursing Skills Videos":

Acid-base Balance And Metabolic Acidosis In Neonates

Your browser does not support the NLM PubReader view. Go to this page to see a list of supporting browsers. Acid-base Balance and Metabolic Acidosis in Neonates J Korean Soc Neonatol. 2010 Nov;17(2):155-160. J Korean Soc Neonatol. 2010 Nov;17(2):155-160. Korean. Published online November 30, 2010. Copyright 2010 by the Korean Society of Neonatology Acid-base Balance and Metabolic Acidosis in Neonates Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. Correspondence to Byong Sop Lee, M.D., Ph.D. Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Asan Medical Center, 388-1 Poongnap-dong, Songpa-gu, Seoul 138-736, Korea. Tel: +82-2-3010-3929, Fax: +82-2-3010-6978, Email: [email protected] Received October 25, 2010; Accepted November 18, 2010. This article has been cited by GoogleScholar. Metabolic acidosis is commonly encountered issues in the management of critically ill neonates and especially of preterm infants during early neonatal days. In extremely premature infants, low glomerular filtration rate and immaturity of renal tubules to produce new bicarbonate causes renal bicarbonate loss. Higher intake Continue reading >>

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  1. MathWiz

    I wasn’t sure which section I should post this in, my strategy is what I call the 4–2–1 plan, I fast 2 day non consecutive days a week, eat a low carb but not calorie restricted diet 4 days a week to keep the fat burning benefits of ketosis going and then I give myself 1 day a week to indulge and eat whatever I want, usually a Saturday pasta dinner and wonderful dessert. I also walk 4 to 6 miles a day during the week and 10 to 12 miles on Saturday.
    Low Carb plans such as Atkins can be very effective for some people including me, many people who start a low carb diet experience get what’s called the “ketosis flu” or the “induction flu” in the first few days while the body is adapting to burning ketones instead of glucose.
    The basic symptoms are:
    – Headaches
    – Nausea
    – Upset stomach
    – Lack of mental clarity (brain fog)
    – Sleepiness
    – Fatigue
    It’s called the “ketosis flu” for a reason: you feel sick. I’ve gone through it and it wasn’t a pleasant experience. Fortunately it only lasted 2 days but then suddenly I woke up feeling much better, less hungry and my energy level was really high and consistent throughout the day!
    The first time I thought to myself: “What the heck am I doing? I feel like I’m going to die!” but I persevered and when it was over I didn’t regret a thing because what I had gained mentally and physically was 100% worth it.
    For those of you that are going through the ketosis flu, don’t give up! I know you feel like it’s never going to get better but stick with it and you´ll be so happy you did! I’m telling you, waking up refreshed for the first time in years, not getting the afternoon “blah” feeling and stuffing my face with carbs to try to boost my energy is the best side effect of the low carb diet I’ve experienced. Okay, losing weight while eating good food, feeling full and satisfied is great too.
    First you have to understand why your body is reacting this way. Your body’s been burning glucose for energy so it’s basically full of enzymes that are waiting to deal with the carbs you eat, but now the body needs to make new enzymes that burn fat for fuel instead of carbs, and the transition period causes the flu-like symptoms.
    There are some things you can do to lessen the symptoms of the ketosis flu and to make it go away sooner (to force the body to transition sooner) Ok, let’s get to the good part – what to do:
    First of all – you’re probably dehydrated. Drink PLENTY of water while you’re on a low carb diet, and then drink some more.
    Watch your electrolytes. When the body is getting rid of excess insulin from your former carb-crazy diet you´ll lose lots of fluids that have been retained in your body. This causes the rapid weight loss most people see in their first few days of ketosis, it’s mostly water, sorry. When you lose all the retained water you also lose electrolytes like sodium, magnesium and potassium. When you’re lacking them you´ll feel like crap so when you’re feeling really ill on the ketosis flu try things like chicken/beef broth and look for foods rich in these minerals. Take a multi-vitamin and a multi-mineral.
    Ok, here is where people throw the red flag – Eat more fat – Yup, I said MORE fat. Have some butter, just not on a roll, eat some bacon and eggs for breakfast, just skip the potatoes and toast. This will force your body to hurry up the transition. You´ll think this is crazy and think you´ll never get lose weight eating this way, but you will.
    Don’t eat too much protein – The body can transform protein into glucose so if you eat too much of it in the first days it will slow down the transition. Go for fatty meat and cheese if you can, add fat to protein shakes etc.
    Drink water, replenish electrolytes (sodium, magnesium, potassium) with food and supplements, drink broth, eat fat and not too much protein.
    I hope this helps, and have a great day

  2. rockyromero

    ” Take a multi-vitamin and a multi-mineral.”
    I have been forgetting to take a multi-vitamin on fast days. Thanks for the reminder.
    “Eat more fat – Yup, I said MORE fat. ”
    I will have avocado more often.

  3. AussieJess

    Thanks for that info, very interesting

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