Metabolic Acidosis Lab Values Potassium

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Potassium Test: Purpose, Procedure, And Results

A potassium test is used to measure the amount of potassium in your blood. Potassium is an electrolyte thats essential for proper muscle and nerve function. Even minor increases or decreases in the amount of potassium in your blood can result in serious health problems. Your doctor may order a potassium test if they suspect you have an electrolyte imbalance or as part of a routine check-up. Potassium is an electrolyte. Electrolytes become ions when theyre in a solution, and they conduct electricity. Our cells and organs require electrolytes to function normally. A potassium test is performed as a simple blood test and carries few risks or side effects. The blood sample drawn by your healthcare provider will be sent to a laboratory for analysis, and your doctor will review the results with you. A potassium test is often performed as part of a basic metabolic panel, which is a group of chemical tests run on your blood serum. Your doctor may order a potassium test during a routine physical or for a variety of other reasons, including: checking for or monitoring an electrolyte imbalance monitoring certain medications that affect potassium levels, particularly diuretics, heart medicati Continue reading >>

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  1. EvaWantsChange

    First Day of Optifast...

    Well, today was my first day of optifast and I did well. It wasn't so bad as I love the vanilla and had that all day. Breakfast lunch and dinner.
    I might have the last one for a snack b4 bed but I been drinking lemon water in between meal times. It's really a mind over matter thing come to realize. Just hurts to have to cook Jerk chicken with rice and peas for my kids as I'm a single mother. My 16 year old said "it's so tasty mommy the best yet". Clearly he was trying to upset me lol.
    But my question is this ... when do you monitor Ketone levels by what day (ketosis) and does everyone go into ketosis? I know when your there u burn fat. Where do u buy Ketone Strip and do u need a prescription for them?
    I have 3 weeks of optifast was wondering how much weight did some of ya'll lose when on optifast? I know everyone is different but just curious
    Hope tomorrow gets easier.

  2. crqvingchange

    Glad your first day went well. I did not have to use ketone strips. I believe you can buy in the drugstore without a prescription. I was on Opti for 2 weeks and lost 13lbs. Good luck, you've got a great attitude.

  3. EvaWantsChange

    I thought everyone had to use them. I thought while on optifast ur suppose to check it. I think I'm confused. Lol I swear ketosis was a good thing. Thought it was to monitor ketone levels which when in ketosis I heard that means your burning fat. I'm not diabetic. ..

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What is HYPOKALEMIA? What does HYPOKALEMIA mean? HYPOKALEMIA meaning - HYPOKALEMIA pronunciation - HYPOKALEMIA definition - HYPOKALEMIA explanation - How to pronounce HYPOKALEMIA? Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... license. Hypokalemia, also spelled hypokalaemia, is a low level of potassium (K+) in the blood serum. Normal potassium levels are between 3.5 and 5.0 mmol/L (3.5 and 5.0 mEq/L) with levels below 3.5 mmol/L defined as hypokalemia. Mildly low levels do not typically cause symptoms. Symptoms may include feeling tired, leg cramps, weakness, and constipation. It increases the risk of an abnormal heart rhythm such as bradycardia and cardiac arrest. Causes of hypokalemia include diarrhea, medications like furosemide and steroids, dialysis, diabetes insipidus, hyperaldosteronism, hypomagnesemia, and not enough intake in the diet. It is classified as severe when levels are less than 2.5 mmol/L. Low levels can also be detected on an electrocardiogram (ECG). Hyperkalemia refers to a high level of potassium in the blood serum. The speed at which potassium should be replaced depends on whether or not there are symptoms or ECG changes. Mildly low levels can be managed with changes in the diet. Potassium supplements can be either taken by mouth or intravenously. If given by intravenous, generally less than 20 mmol are given over an hour. High concentration solutions (40 and more mmol/L) should be given in a central line if possible. Magnesium replacement may also be required. Hypokalemia is one of the most common waterelectrolyte imbalances. It affects about 20% of people admitted to hospital. The word "hypokalemia" is from hypo- means "under"; kalium meaning potassium, and -emia means "condition of the blood".

Attending Rounds: Patient With Hypokalemia And Metabolic Acidosis

Attending Rounds: Patient with Hypokalemia and Metabolic Acidosis Department of Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut Dr. Asghar Rastegar, Department of Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, 333 Cedar Street, 1074 LMP, P.O. Box 208030, New Haven, CT 06520-8030; Phone: 203-737-2078, Fax: 203-785-7030; E-mail: . Summary Hypokalemic paralysis represents a medical emergency requiring both rapid diagnosis and treatment. In this Attending Rounds a patient with hypokalemia and metabolic acidosis is presented to emphasize the role of routine laboratory studies in the assessment of such patients so that a correct diagnosis can be made and appropriate treatment can be initiated promptly. A 39-year-old woman who had been in excellent health presented with a chief complaint of weakness in her lower extremities. She gave a history of intermittent vomiting for the past 2 months that was worse over the past 3 days. Two weeks before admission she was found to be positive for Helicobacter pylori antigen and was treated with amoxicillin, clarithromycin, and lansoperazole. One day before admission she was seen in the emergency department complaining of 3 days of vomiting. The serum Continue reading >>

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  1. DrPhil6969

    17 year old male, 195 pounds, 5'9, Asian (for mental picture). I started my first day of keto yesterday and today after school I decided to use a keto strip, which showed a moderate amount of ketones. Is this possible? I've always read that it takes about a week to produce ketones and I was on an unhealthy diet of rice, bread, snacks, sweets etc. prior to yesterday. I usually do about an hour and 30 minutes of exercise 3-5 times a week but as of lately, I've been feeling kind of weak and crappy on this diet. Also, attached is my diet and please critique me on my keto practices thus far!
    Moral support is also welcome ;)

  2. chaseoc

    Marathoners reach ketosis in one race. It's called "the wall". Google it.

  3. semiotix

    you reach ketosis whenever your body stops using whatever glycogen stores it has and starts using fat as energy.... more active you are, the faster this occurs

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Anion gap usmle - anion gap metabolic acidosis normal anion gap metabolic acidosis

Normal Anion Gap Acidosis

Terry W. Hensle, Erica H. Lambert, in Pediatric Urology , 2010 Nonanion gap acidosis occurs in situations in which HCO3 is lost from the kidney or the gastrointestinal tract or both. When this occurs, Cl (along with Na+) is reabsorbed to replace the HCO3; this leads to the hyperchloremia, which leaves the anion gap in normal range.10 Diarrhea causes a hyperchloremic, hypokalemic metabolic acidosis. Treatment depends on the severity of the acidosis incurred. In mild to moderate acidosis (pH >7.2), fluid and electrolyte replacement is often all that is required. Once adequate renal perfusion is restored, excess H+ can be excreted efficiently, restoring the pH to normal. In severe acidosis (pH <7.2), the addition of intravenous bicarbonate may be needed to correct the metabolic deficit. Before bicarbonate is administered, a serum potassium level should be obtained. The addition of bicarbonate can worsen hypokalemia, leading to neuromuscular complications. Hyperchloremic acidosis also occurs with renal insufficiency and renal tubular acidosis.9,20 Katherine Ahn Jin, in Comprehensive Pediatric Hospital Medicine , 2007 As in any condition, the first priority in management is stabilizing Continue reading >>

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  1. MathWiz

    I wasn’t sure which section I should post this in, my strategy is what I call the 4–2–1 plan, I fast 2 day non consecutive days a week, eat a low carb but not calorie restricted diet 4 days a week to keep the fat burning benefits of ketosis going and then I give myself 1 day a week to indulge and eat whatever I want, usually a Saturday pasta dinner and wonderful dessert. I also walk 4 to 6 miles a day during the week and 10 to 12 miles on Saturday.
    Low Carb plans such as Atkins can be very effective for some people including me, many people who start a low carb diet experience get what’s called the “ketosis flu” or the “induction flu” in the first few days while the body is adapting to burning ketones instead of glucose.
    The basic symptoms are:
    – Headaches
    – Nausea
    – Upset stomach
    – Lack of mental clarity (brain fog)
    – Sleepiness
    – Fatigue
    It’s called the “ketosis flu” for a reason: you feel sick. I’ve gone through it and it wasn’t a pleasant experience. Fortunately it only lasted 2 days but then suddenly I woke up feeling much better, less hungry and my energy level was really high and consistent throughout the day!
    The first time I thought to myself: “What the heck am I doing? I feel like I’m going to die!” but I persevered and when it was over I didn’t regret a thing because what I had gained mentally and physically was 100% worth it.
    For those of you that are going through the ketosis flu, don’t give up! I know you feel like it’s never going to get better but stick with it and you´ll be so happy you did! I’m telling you, waking up refreshed for the first time in years, not getting the afternoon “blah” feeling and stuffing my face with carbs to try to boost my energy is the best side effect of the low carb diet I’ve experienced. Okay, losing weight while eating good food, feeling full and satisfied is great too.
    First you have to understand why your body is reacting this way. Your body’s been burning glucose for energy so it’s basically full of enzymes that are waiting to deal with the carbs you eat, but now the body needs to make new enzymes that burn fat for fuel instead of carbs, and the transition period causes the flu-like symptoms.
    There are some things you can do to lessen the symptoms of the ketosis flu and to make it go away sooner (to force the body to transition sooner) Ok, let’s get to the good part – what to do:
    First of all – you’re probably dehydrated. Drink PLENTY of water while you’re on a low carb diet, and then drink some more.
    Watch your electrolytes. When the body is getting rid of excess insulin from your former carb-crazy diet you´ll lose lots of fluids that have been retained in your body. This causes the rapid weight loss most people see in their first few days of ketosis, it’s mostly water, sorry. When you lose all the retained water you also lose electrolytes like sodium, magnesium and potassium. When you’re lacking them you´ll feel like crap so when you’re feeling really ill on the ketosis flu try things like chicken/beef broth and look for foods rich in these minerals. Take a multi-vitamin and a multi-mineral.
    Ok, here is where people throw the red flag – Eat more fat – Yup, I said MORE fat. Have some butter, just not on a roll, eat some bacon and eggs for breakfast, just skip the potatoes and toast. This will force your body to hurry up the transition. You´ll think this is crazy and think you´ll never get lose weight eating this way, but you will.
    Don’t eat too much protein – The body can transform protein into glucose so if you eat too much of it in the first days it will slow down the transition. Go for fatty meat and cheese if you can, add fat to protein shakes etc.
    Drink water, replenish electrolytes (sodium, magnesium, potassium) with food and supplements, drink broth, eat fat and not too much protein.
    I hope this helps, and have a great day

  2. rockyromero

    ” Take a multi-vitamin and a multi-mineral.”
    I have been forgetting to take a multi-vitamin on fast days. Thanks for the reminder.
    “Eat more fat – Yup, I said MORE fat. ”
    I will have avocado more often.

  3. AussieJess

    Thanks for that info, very interesting

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