Metabolic Acidosis Lab Values

Share on facebook

Abg (arterial Blood Gas) Practice Quizzes With Tic Tac Toe Method

ABG (Arterial Blood Gas) Practice Quizzes with Tic Tac Toe Method This ABG practice quiz has 10 questions that will test your knowledge about metabolic and respiratory disorders. In addition, you will be tested on if the disorder is partially compensated or uncompensated based on the lab values. In order to easily solve arterial blood gas problems, the Tic Tac Toe method is the best way for doing this. If you are unfamiliar with the Tic Tac Toe method for ABGs to read the recommended article to learn how to do it. This ABG practice test will examine your knowledge about respiratory and metabolic disorders when interpreting lab values. 1. Lab values: pH 7.56, paCo2 20, HCO3 20* 2. Lab values: pH 7.23, paCo2 37, HCO3 18* 3. Lab values: pH 7.31, paCo2 34, HCO3 21* 4. Lab values: pH 7.50, paCo2 32, HCO3 24* 5. Lab values: pH 7.46, paCo2 36, HCO3 32* 6. Lab values: pH 7.52, paCo2 48, HCO3 28* 7. Lab values: pH 7.25, paCo2 60, HCO3 27* 8. Lab values: pH 7.55, paCo2 47, HCO3 30* 9. Lab values: pH 7.20, paCo2 49, HCO3 25* 10. Lab values: pH 7.30, paCo2 36, HCO3 16* 11. Lab values: pH 7.41, paCo2 26, HCO3 17* 12. Lab values: pH 7.39, paCo2 48, HCO3 28* Dont forget to tell your friends abou Continue reading >>

Share on facebook

Popular Questions

  1. Thomas

    I was also looking for a thread on expired test strips. I only make an assumption you have covered this but didn’t see a thread. Is my search flawed or have you really not explored expired test strips? (I assume I just did a bad search.) Or is it possible this one was too obvious to even have its own thread?

  2. Chris

    My guess is that they works just fine. But it is just an opinion. We haven’t had any expire, so unless someone has some expired ones laying around…

  3. Eric

    Expired Dexcom sensors work fine!
    I was also looking for a thread on expired test strips. I only make an assumption you have covered this but didn’t see a thread. Is my search flawed or have you really not explored expired test strips? (I assume I just did a bad search.) Or is it possible this one was too obvious to even have its own thread?
    I have never used an expired strip…

    Do you know why? I test about 20 times a day. How would a strip ever survive in my house long enough to expire!

  4. -> Continue reading
read more
Share on facebook

Lab Values: Abgs, Electrolytes, Acid Base Balance, Metabolic Panel, Cbc, Coagulation

PaCO2: 35-45 mmHg (Respiratory component) PaO2: 80-100 mmHg (Respiratory component) Serum bicarbonate HCO3-: 22-26 mEq/L (Metabolic Component) Acidosis: < 7.35: H+ diffuses into cells and drives out K+, elevating K+ concentration in ECF Alkalosis: >7.45: H+ diffuses out of cells and K+ diffuses in Respiratory Regulation of Acid Base Balance: - Eliminating or retaining CO2 by the lungs also regulates acid-base balance. - The response is rapid, occur within minutes by altering the rate and depth of respiration - CO2 is a powerful stimulator of the respiratory system - Increasing ventilation increases pH by eliminating CO2 - Decreasing ventilation decreases pH by retaining CO2. - An acute rise in PCO2 is a powerful stimulant to respiration Renal (Metabolic) Regulation of Acid Base Balance: - The ultimate long-term regulator of acid-base balance - Slower to respond, but response is more permanent and selective - Maintain acid-base balance by excreting or conserving bicarbonate and hydrogen ions - When pH decreases, H+ ions are excreted, and HCO3- ions are formed and retained. - When pH increases, H+ are retained, and HCO3- are excreted - Excess loss of bicarbonate via kidneys/GI Continue reading >>

Share on facebook

Popular Questions

  1. JayKid

    Keto Breath?

    How bad does it smell? Can you avoid it with gum or mints?

  2. Tuxd

    you breath should not smell. Thats a symptom of ketoacidosis which is totally different. your urine will smell because thats were your liver will dump excess but ketones won't be flooding your body high enough to cause your breath to change.
    Are you detecting a change in your breath?

  3. Jason762

    Ermm... You DO get keto breath. I don't know if others can smell it, but I know I can certainly taste it.
    Just like how RANK ass bad breath can be tasted, so can keto breath.
    I notice keto breath especially after hard cardio exercise and in the mornings after sleeping.
    Yes, gums and mints can be used, but make sure it is sugar free as it can kick you out of keto. Also, some people have reported being kicked out of keto with artificial sweeteners, but I myself have had no problems with it.
    Honestly don't worry about it. Girls will be too busy noticing your new hot bod to give a s**t about your breath.

  4. -> Continue reading
read more
Share on facebook

Metabolic Acidosis - Endocrine And Metabolic Disorders - Merck Manuals Professional Edition

(Video) Overview of Acid-Base Maps and Compensatory Mechanisms By James L. Lewis, III, MD, Attending Physician, Brookwood Baptist Health and Saint Vincent’s Ascension Health, Birmingham Metabolic acidosis is primary reduction in bicarbonate (HCO3−), typically with compensatory reduction in carbon dioxide partial pressure (Pco2); pH may be markedly low or slightly subnormal. Metabolic acidoses are categorized as high or normal anion gap based on the presence or absence of unmeasured anions in serum. Causes include accumulation of ketones and lactic acid, renal failure, and drug or toxin ingestion (high anion gap) and GI or renal HCO3− loss (normal anion gap). Symptoms and signs in severe cases include nausea and vomiting, lethargy, and hyperpnea. Diagnosis is clinical and with ABG and serum electrolyte measurement. The cause is treated; IV sodium bicarbonate may be indicated when pH is very low. Metabolic acidosis is acid accumulation due to Increased acid production or acid ingestion Acidemia (arterial pH < 7.35) results when acid load overwhelms respiratory compensation. Causes are classified by their effect on the anion gap (see The Anion Gap and see Table: Causes of Metab Continue reading >>

Share on facebook

Popular Questions

  1. yogipete

    I've wanted a ketonix for a while but am not going to fork over hundreds of dollars. So I followed some advice and got myself a cheap breathalyzer on ebay. Apparently they don't distinguish between alcohol and acetone.
    Now I can measure easily whether or not I am in ketosis anytime I suspect I may have dropped out. The ketostix stopped working for me a long time ago as my body is very well adapted and I don't excrete a lot of measurable ketones.The breathalyzer is not much good for finding your millimoler value of ketones, but then again, by all accounts neither is a ketonix itself. The breathalyzer cost me $12 and you can get them cheaper. In fact, it's only the cheaper ones that work. You can get these breathalyzers as cheap as a few dollars.
    Here's the one I used below

    That reading above is while fully sober... * I swear * Only trouble is it beeps like crazy when it detects 0.05% or over (the legal alcohol driving limit in australia). I'm sure other models wouldn't beep.

    1 Reply

    Ketone meter
    Breath Meter
    Not seeing many results after ~1-2 month
    Keto Strips - No Ketones!
    Testing ketones

    14 more


    Mar 23
    last reply

    18h 541

    replies 42.8k

    views 114

    users 956


    Frequent Posters

    55 48

    35 28

    21 17

    17 16

    14 11


    6 6




    Popular Links

    Engineering Myself: Using a Cheap Breathalizer to Measure Ketosis engineeringmyself.com

    Ketone meter ketogenicforums.com

    Ketones from following a low-carb diet could trigger the breathalyzer proteinpower.com

    Breath Alcohol Tester Pro ALC Smart Digital LCD Breathalyzer Analyzer AT6000 MG | eBa... ebay.com.au


    There are 541 replies with an estimated read time of 85 minutes.

    Summarize This Topic

  2. BillJay

    Thanks @yogipete ! This is both interesting and worrisome at the same time!

    I may get a cheap one myself, but in the meantime I'd love to see if others can replicate your results.

  3. yogipete

    My pleasure.

    I might also add that the reading is consistent regardless of my method of blowing etc... which is a problem that haunts the ketonix. I've done a few baseline tests on my partnerr who always blows 0 (she's currently non-keto) while I generally blow between .04 and .05 (but in any one moment of the day the reading is always identical regardless of my personal clumsiness in using the meter). I'm looking forward to testing some more non-keto friends.

  4. -> Continue reading
read more

No more pages to load

Related Articles

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis Lab Values

    Approach Considerations Diabetic ketoacidosis is typically characterized by hyperglycemia over 250 mg/dL, a bicarbonate level less than 18 mEq/L, and a pH less than 7.30, with ketonemia and ketonuria. While definitions vary, mild DKA can be categorized by a pH level of 7.25-7.3 and a serum bicarbonate level between 15-18 mEq/L; moderate DKA can be categorized by a pH between 7.0-7.24 and a serum bicarbonate level of 10 to less than 15 mEq/L; and ...

    diabetes Mar 31, 2018
  • Metabolic Acidosis Lab Values Co2

    We measure serum total CO2 content in lieu of measuring serum bicarbonate. The total CO2 content includes the serum bicarbonate as well as available forms of carbon dioxide (i.e., dissolved CO2 and carbonic acid). Generally, the serum bicarbonate comprises about 95% of the total CO2 content; thus we can use this measurement as an excellent estimator of serum bicarbonate. The total CO2 content normally equals 23 to 30 mEq/L of serum. Most laborat ...

    ketosis May 26, 2018
  • Dka Lab Values

    Go to: Pathogenesis In both DKA and HHS, the underlying metabolic abnormality results from the combination of absolute or relative insulin deficiency and increased amounts of counterregulatory hormones. Glucose and lipid metabolism When insulin is deficient, the elevated levels of glucagon, catecholamines and cortisol will stimulate hepatic glucose production through increased glycogenolysis and enhanced gluconeogenesis4 (Fig. 1). Hypercortisolem ...

    diabetes Jan 11, 2018
  • Metabolic Acidosis Lab Values Symptoms

    The Terrible Effects of Acid Acid corrosion is a well-known fact. Acid rain can peel the paint off of a car. Acidifying ocean water bleaches and destroys coral reefs. Acid can burn a giant hole through metal. It can also burn holes, called cavities, into your teeth. I think I've made my point. Acid, regardless of where it's at, is going to hurt. And when your body is full of acid, then it's going to destroy your fragile, soft, internal organs eve ...

    ketosis Apr 29, 2018
  • Metabolic Acidosis Lab Values

    Are you studying metabolic acidosis and need to know a mnemonic on how to remember the causes? This article will give you a clever mnemonic and simplify the signs and symptoms and nursing interventions on how to remember metabolic acidosis for nursing lecture exams and NCLEX. In addition, you will learn how to differentiate metabolic acidosis from metabolic alkalosis. Don’t forget to take the metabolic acidosis and metabolic alkalosis quiz. Thi ...

    ketosis Apr 22, 2018
  • Metabolic Acidosis Lab Values Potassium

    Patient professional reference Professional Reference articles are written by UK doctors and are based on research evidence, UK and European Guidelines. They are designed for health professionals to use. You may find one of our health articles more useful. See also separate Lactic Acidosis and Arterial Blood Gases - Indications and Interpretations articles. Description Metabolic acidosis is defined as an arterial blood pH <7.35 with plasma bicarb ...

    ketosis Apr 1, 2018

More in ketosis