What is BASAL METABOLIC RATE? What does BASAL METABOLIC RATE mean? BASAL METABOLIC RATE meaning - BASAL METABOLIC RATE definition - BASAL METABOLIC RATE explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... license. Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the minimal rate of energy expenditure per unit time by endothermic animals at rest. It is reported in energy units per unit time ranging from watt (joule/second) to ml O2/min or joule per hour per kg body mass J/(hkg)). Proper measurement requires a strict set of criteria be met. These criteria include being in a physically and psychologically undisturbed state, in a thermally neutral environment, while in the post-absorptive state (i.e., not actively digesting food). In bradymetabolic animals, such as fish and reptiles, the equivalent term standard metabolic rate (SMR) is used. It follows the same criteria as BMR, but requires the documentation of the temperature at which the metabolic rate was measured. This makes BMR a variant of standard metabolic rate measurement that excludes the temperature data, a practice that has led to problems in defining "standard" rates of metabolism for many mammals. Metabolism comprises the processes that the body needs to function. Basal metabolic rate is the amount of energy expressed in calories that a person needs to keep the body functioning at rest. Some of those processes are breathing, blood circulation, controlling body temperature, cell growth, brain and nerve function, and contraction of muscles. Basal metabolic rate (BMR) affects the rate that a person burns calories and ultimately whether that individual maintains, gains, or loses weight. The basal metabolic rate accounts for about 60 to 75% of the daily calorie expenditure by individuals. It is influenced by several factors. BMR typically declines by 12% per decade after age 20, mostly due to loss of fat-free mass, although the variability between individuals is high. The body's generation of heat is known as thermogenesis and it can be measured to determine the amount of energy expended. BMR generally decreases with age and with the decrease in lean body mass (as may happen with aging). Increasing muscle mass has the effect of increasing BMR. Aerobic (resistance) fitness level, a product of cardiovascular exercise, while previously thought to have effect on BMR, has been shown in the 1990s not to correlate with BMR when adjusted for fat-free body mass. But anaerobic exercise does increase resting energy consumption (see "aerobic vs. anaerobic exercise"). Illness, previously consumed food and beverages, environmental temperature, and stress levels can affect one's overall energy expenditure as well as one's BMR. BMR is measured under very restrictive circumstances when a person is awake. An accurate BMR measurement requires that the person's sympathetic nervous system not be stimulated, a condition which requires complete rest. A more common measurement, which uses less strict criteria, is resting metabolic rate (RMR).
Metabolic acidosis occurs when the body produces too much acid. It can also occur when the kidneys are not removing enough acid from the body. There are several types of metabolic acidosis. Diabetic acidosis develops when acidic substances, known as ketone bodies, build up in the body. This most often occurs with uncontrolled type 1 diabetes. It is also called diabetic ketoacidosis and DKA. Hyperchloremic acidosis results from excessive loss of sodium bicarbonate from the body. This can occur with severe diarrhea. Lactic acidosis results from a buildup of lactic acid. It can be caused by: Alcohol Cancer Exercising intensely Liver failure Medicines, such as salicylates Other causes of metabolic acidosis include: Kidney disease (distal renal tubular acidosis and proximal renal tubular acidosis) Poisoning by aspirin, ethylene glycol (found in antifreeze), or methanol
The Electron Transport Chain & complexes I-IV that pump protons out of the Mitochondria by the transfer of the electrons carried on NADH & FADH2 to maintain the concentration gradient of the protons "high in the intermembrane space & low in the matrix of the Mitochondria" this video is made by HarvardX on edX https://goo.gl/KDZmML http://bit.ly/2hqwmRB
Causes of metabolic acidosis There are many causes. [patient.info] Diseases and drugs that impair mitochondrial function can cause lactic acidosis. [merckmanuals.com] metabolic , Metabolic acidosis NOS , Metabolic Acidoses , Acidosis, Metabolic , Acidoses, Metabolic , Metabolic Acidosis , acidosis metabolic , metabolic acidosis disorder [fpnotebook.com] Also, severe electrolye abnormalities (hyponatremia, hypophosphatemia, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, also metabolic acidosis). [errolozdalga.com] Progress in liver diseases . 3 : 28298. [en.wikipedia.org] Instead of being harmlessly metabolized and bound to glucuronates and sulfates, excessive acetaminophen compounds enter CYP protein-mediated metabolic reactions in the liver [lecturio.com] Long Chain Hydroxyacyl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency Treatment : It is important to avoid fasting to prevent hypoketotic hypoglycemia. [emilytam.com] Clinical considerations: Poor feeding, vomiting, lethargy Hypoglycemia Metabolic acidosis Hepatomegaly Cardiac insufficiency History of sudden unexpected death in a sibling [archildrens.org] Symptoms associated with LCHAD deficiency are due to low levels of energy and the toxic build-up of fatty acid
Best Of EDM : https://goo.gl/DYDGDh Nonstop : https://goo.gl/4VwtnZ Nhc vit tuyn chn : https://goo.gl/wVwWcJ Best of EDM top 10 Ahrix muisc #2 | New Electro House & Dancer 2018 : https://youtu.be/_FyFR51A60Y ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Tracklist:...................................... ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Peanut - Music Facebook https://fb.com/peanutedm Website https://peanutedm.blogspot.com/ Soundcloud ................................. Twitter https://twitter.com/peanut42307403 Instagram .................................... ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Follow DEAMN: + Wedsite: http://deamn.com + Youtube: http://youtube.com/deamnmusic + Soundcloud: http://soundcloud.com/deamnmusic + Facebook: http://facebook.com/deamnmusic + Instagram: http://instagram.com/deamnmusic + Twitter: http://twitter.com/deamnmusic DISCLAIMER : If you have problems about copyright or label, please contact me via email or YT inbox. Thank you :) If you wanna use my uploads in your videos/streams, please give a link back to my original video, that's all ;)
Acid-base And Potassium Disorders In Liver Disease
Northwestern University, Feinberg school of Medicine, Chicago Acid-base and potassium disorders occur frequently in the setting of liver disease. As the liver's metabolic function worsens, particularly in the setting of renal dysfunction, hemodynamic compromise, and hepatic encephalopathy, acid-base disorders ensue. The most common acid-base disorder is respiratory alkalosis. Metabolic acidosis alone or in combination with respiratory alkalosis also is common. Acid-base disorders in patients with liver disease are complex. The urine anion gap may help to distinguish between chronic respiratory alkalosis and hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis when a blood gas is not available. A negative urine anion gap helps to rule out chronic respiratory alkalosis. In this disorder a positive urine anion gap is expected owing to suppressed urinary acidification. Distal renal tubular acidosis occurs in autoimmune liver disease such as primary biliary cirrhosis, but often is a functional defect from impaired distal sodium delivery. Potassium disorders are often the result of the therapies used to treat advanced liver disease. Do you want to read the rest of this article? ... Patients with decompens
These correspond to diseases that can cause LFTs in the 1000s, which actually carries a fairly limited differential diagnosis: Acetaminophen - accounts for the majority of cases in the US. Other drugs/toxins including isoniazid, antibiotics, anticonvulsants, PTU, and poison mushrooms. Importantly, alcohol does not really cause LFTs in the 1000s nor does it cause acute liver failure!!! Hep B > Hep A, not really Hep C. Also Hep D (with Hep B coinf ...
Changes in insulin strength, manufacturer, type, or method of administration may affect glycemic control and predispose to hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia. These changes should be made cautiously under close medical supervision and the frequency of blood glucose monitoring should be increased. Hypoglycemia is the most common adverse reaction of insulin, including Fiasp®, and may be life-threatening. Increase glucose monitoring with changes to: ins ...
The Terrible Effects of Acid Acid corrosion is a well-known fact. Acid rain can peel the paint off of a car. Acidifying ocean water bleaches and destroys coral reefs. Acid can burn a giant hole through metal. It can also burn holes, called cavities, into your teeth. I think I've made my point. Acid, regardless of where it's at, is going to hurt. And when your body is full of acid, then it's going to destroy your fragile, soft, internal organs eve ...
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine III, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria; Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Otto Wagner Spital, Vienna, Austria. Department of General Internal Medicine & Emergency Medicine, Hirslanden Klinik Im Park, Zurich, Switzerland. Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine III, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, ...
Metabolic acidosis occurs with both acute and chronic renal failure and with other types of renal damage. The anion gap may be normal or may be elevated. If the renal damage affects both glomeruli and tubules, the acidosis is a high-anion gap acidosis. It is due to failure of adequate excretion of various acid anions due to the greatly reduced number of functioning nephrons. If the renal damage predominantly affects the tubules with minimal glom ...
What is metabolic acidosis? The buildup of acid in the body due to kidney disease or kidney failure is called metabolic acidosis. When your body fluids contain too much acid, it means that your body is either not getting rid of enough acid, is making too much acid, or cannot balance the acid in your body. What causes metabolic acidosis? Healthy kidneys have many jobs. One of these jobs is to keep the right balance of acids in the body. The kidney ...