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Metabolic Acidosis Abdominal Pain Mechanism

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Understanding The Presentation Of Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Hypoglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome (HHNS) must be considered while forming a differential diagnosis when assessing and managing a patient with an altered mental status. This is especially true if the patient has a history of diabetes mellitus (DM). However, be aware that the onset of DKA or HHNS may be the first sign of DM in a patient with no known history. Thus, it is imperative to obtain a blood glucose reading on any patient with an altered mental status, especially if the patient appears to be dehydrated, regardless of a positive or negative history of DM. In addition to the blood glucose reading, the history — particularly onset — and physical assessment findings will contribute to the formulation of a differential diagnosis and the appropriate emergency management of the patient. Pathophysiology of DKA The patient experiencing DKA presents significantly different from one who is hypoglycemic. This is due to the variation in the pathology of the condition. Like hypoglycemia, by understanding the basic pathophysiology of DKA, there is no need to memorize signs and symptoms in order to recognize and differentiate bet Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. Uaxi

    I'm not the biggest coffee drinker, but I do love me some French vanilla. Now I'm not exactly sure how to make it so it doesn't taste like black coffee.
    Right now I am using 1tbs Torani sugar free French Vanilla syrup and 2tbs heavy whipping cream.
    Those amounts make it barely enjoyable for me and I was wondering if I could use more or add something to make it more flavorful?
    Forgot to mention that this is for a 16oz mug kf coffee.
    Any suggestions?

  2. tyerker

    1 Tablespoon Coconut Oil, 1 Tablespoon Butter (or the heavy cream could work), perhaps a bit of cinnamon or nutmeg (or even vanilla extract, like 1 or 2 drops.
    Immersion blender, and boom. Delicious, keto-friendly coffee.

  3. [deleted]

    If you don't love coffee, you can always skip it altogether? If you want a warm French vanilla drink, try what you've tried but with tea instead. It should eliminate the coffee taste you don't love.

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