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Metabolic Acidosis

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What is BASAL METABOLIC RATE? What does BASAL METABOLIC RATE mean? BASAL METABOLIC RATE meaning - BASAL METABOLIC RATE definition - BASAL METABOLIC RATE explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... license. Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the minimal rate of energy expenditure per unit time by endothermic animals at rest. It is reported in energy units per unit time ranging from watt (joule/second) to ml O2/min or joule per hour per kg body mass J/(hkg)). Proper measurement requires a strict set of criteria be met. These criteria include being in a physically and psychologically undisturbed state, in a thermally neutral environment, while in the post-absorptive state (i.e., not actively digesting food). In bradymetabolic animals, such as fish and reptiles, the equivalent term standard metabolic rate (SMR) is used. It follows the same criteria as BMR, but requires the documentation of the temperature at which the metabolic rate was measured. This makes BMR a variant of standard metabolic rate measurement that excludes the temperature data, a practice that has led to problems in defining "standard" rates of metabolism for many mammals. Metabolism comprises the processes that the body needs to function. Basal metabolic rate is the amount of energy expressed in calories that a person needs to keep the body functioning at rest. Some of those processes are breathing, blood circulation, controlling body temperature, cell growth, brain and nerve function, and contraction of muscles. Basal metabolic rate (BMR) affects the rate that a person burns calories and ultimately whether that individual maintains, gains, or loses weight. The basal metabolic rate accounts for about 60 to 75% of the daily calorie expenditure by individuals. It is influenced by several factors. BMR typically declines by 12% per decade after age 20, mostly due to loss of fat-free mass, although the variability between individuals is high. The body's generation of heat is known as thermogenesis and it can be measured to determine the amount of energy expended. BMR generally decreases with age and with the decrease in lean body mass (as may happen with aging). Increasing muscle mass has the effect of increasing BMR. Aerobic (resistance) fitness level, a product of cardiovascular exercise, while previously thought to have effect on BMR, has been shown in the 1990s not to correlate with BMR when adjusted for fat-free body mass. But anaerobic exercise does increase resting energy consumption (see "aerobic vs. anaerobic exercise"). Illness, previously consumed food and beverages, environmental temperature, and stress levels can affect one's overall energy expenditure as well as one's BMR. BMR is measured under very restrictive circumstances when a person is awake. An accurate BMR measurement requires that the person's sympathetic nervous system not be stimulated, a condition which requires complete rest. A more common measurement, which uses less strict criteria, is resting metabolic rate (RMR).

Metabolic Acidosis

What is metabolic acidosis? The buildup of acid in the body due to kidney disease or kidney failure is called metabolic acidosis. When your body fluids contain too much acid, it means that your body is either not getting rid of enough acid, is making too much acid, or cannot balance the acid in your body. What causes metabolic acidosis? Healthy kidneys have many jobs. One of these jobs is to keep the right balance of acids in the body. The kidneys do this by removing acid from the body through urine. Metabolic acidosis is caused by a build-up of too many acids in the blood. This happens when your kidneys are unable to adequately remove the acid from your blood. What are the signs and symptoms? Not everyone will have signs or symptoms. However, you may experience: Long and deep breaths Fast heartbeat Headache and/or confusion Weakness Feeling very tired Vomiting and/or feeling sick to your stomach (nausea) Loss of appetite If you experience any of these, it is important to let your healthcare provider know immediately. What are the complications of metabolic acidosis if I have kidney disease or kidney failure? Increased bone loss (osteoporosis): Metabolic acidosis can lead to a loss Continue reading >>

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  1. cuteblonde

    can the menstrual cycle affect weight loss and ketosis? i've been doing atkins for three and a half weeks now. i lost 7 pounds after the first 2 weeks but during the third week (week of period) i gained 2 pounds back. could this be water retention even though i'm downing tons of water or hormone fluctuation? also, all this time i've been in ketosis with my strips turning dark purple. well the past 2 days (right after starting my period) i've suddenly been knocked out of ketosis. i've only added some macadamia nuts (one serving's worth at 4 carbs) and herbal tea. the tea is celestial seasonings and has 0 carbs, calories, etc. and no caffiene. but i had been consuming these 2 things for a week before suddenly my strips stopped turning purple. monday night they were dark purple and tuesday night they were barely pink. so what's the deal with this? i have never consumed more than 25 carbs on any day. i'm not focusing so much on my weight anymore. instead i like to have evidence that i'm in ketosis by having purple strips. so since they are barely pink all of a sudden does that mean i've suddenly stopped burning fat? i'm not going to stop because i feel better, but it is frustrating.

  2. Skamito

    Okay... first of all, YES! Hormones and menses can and will affect what the scale and probably also what the ketosis testing says. Don't let water retention bum you out. It is not fat gained and will pass. Just keep drinking that water and you should be fine.
    As for the ketosis strips, my best advice (though perhaps hasty) is don't use them. They are infamously unreliable and I don't trust em as far as I can throw em. Here are some things that can affect them:
    -Exposed to air
    -Exposed to steam
    -Dietary fat
    -Water intake
    -Expulsion of ketones through breath, sweat as opposed to urine
    -Just plain defective
    That being said, pink is actually better than dark purple. Purple can mean you are dehydrated. Pink still indicates the presence of ketones, but they are diluted. That's good! Drink that water.
    Are you noticing the other feelings of ketosis? Distinct breath, dimished appetite, etc. are also ways of determing the fat burning state.
    Hope that helps a bit. The tea and macadamia nuts are fine additions and if you're not going above 25g of carbs a day, I assure you that you are in ketosis and will see results.
    I wish you good luck. I'm sure you will do well. :)

  3. cuteblonde

    well that does make me feel a lot better. it's easy to get hung up on one thing like ketone strips, weight, inches, etc. i do feel better and look better so that's what is truly important.

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In this video I discuss what is metabolic rate, how to calculate metabolic rate, and how to calculate calories burned, and how many calories burned in a day. I also discuss basal metabolic rate, and resting metabolic rate. Transcript (partial with notes) In this video, I am going to show you the formula on how to calculate your calories burned in a day (metabolic rate). And give some examples. Lets start off with the term metabolic rate. In this video we are defining metabolic rate as the amount of calories you would burn off in a day (24 hours) while at rest. So, not moving around or being active. In the fitness community, There are 2 popular formulas to calculate this. BMR, basal metabolic rate, and RMR, resting metabolic rate. BMR is taken after 8 hours of sleep and 12 hours of fasting. RMR is taken under less restrictions, and has been shown to be statistically more accurate. Lets look at a couple of examples. Here we have kyle and Samantha, and their metrics are here. Kyle is 44 yrs old, is 58 tall, and weighs 160 pounds. Samantha is 33 yrs old, 54 tall, and weighs 126 pounds. The RMR equation for men is (4.55 x Weight in pounds) + (15.88 x Height in inches) - (5*age) + 5, for women the equation is (4.55 x Weight in pounds) + (15.88 x Height in inches) - (5*age) -161. When we plug in Kyles and Sams #s, we see that Kyles RMR is 1592.84 cal/day, and Sams is 1263.62 cal/day. So, after rounding up, this tells us that if Kyle and Sam were to sit around all day, they would need 1583 and 1264 calories per day to maintain their weights. We know that neither Kyle or Samantha are going to sit around all day. So there is a multiplication factor that we must use next. It is based on each of their lifestyles. The factor is as follows 1.200 = sedentary (little or no exercise) 1.375 = lightly active (light exercise/sports 1-3 days/week, approx. 590 Cal/day) 1.550 = moderately active (moderate exercise/sports 3-5 days/week, approx. 870 Cal/day) 1.725 = very active (hard exercise/sports 6-7 days a week, approx. 1150 Cal/day) 1.900 = extra active (very hard exercise/sports and physical job, approx. 1580 Cal/day) Lets say Kyle is very sedentary, so if we multiply his RMR by 1.2 we have .1911.6 cal/day. Now, Samantha is in the very active category, so we need to multiply her RMR by 1.725, and we get2180.4 cal/day . So, based on these calculations Kyle can consume 1912 calories per day to maintain his current weight, and Samantha can consume 2180 calories per day to maintain her weight. Now, You can use the RMR equation and lifestyle multiplication factor to calculate your baseline. Drawbacks A few of things I need to mention. First, this and any other formula used to calculate your metabolic rate is just an estimate. There is a margin for error. Second, muscle mass is very important. Lets look at Kyle, and Jack, who both weigh the same. However, Jack has much more muscle mass than K, since muscle burns more calories than fat, J will have a higher metabolic rate. Third, the type of diet ( for example consuming whole vs processed foods) is not factored either. Bottom Line I dont believe that counting calories is a path to successfully sustaining weight loss in the long run. However, Using the RMR formula and the lifestyle multiplication factor is extremely helpful in increasing your awareness to how many calories you need to consume per day. Which In turn can lead to a higher awareness of how quickly calories you consume add up. Other sources... http://www.scientificpsychic.com/heal... http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15...

Metabolic Acidosis

Patient professional reference Professional Reference articles are written by UK doctors and are based on research evidence, UK and European Guidelines. They are designed for health professionals to use. You may find one of our health articles more useful. See also separate Lactic Acidosis and Arterial Blood Gases - Indications and Interpretations articles. Description Metabolic acidosis is defined as an arterial blood pH <7.35 with plasma bicarbonate <22 mmol/L. Respiratory compensation occurs normally immediately, unless there is respiratory pathology. Pure metabolic acidosis is a term used to describe when there is not another primary acid-base derangement - ie there is not a mixed acid-base disorder. Compensation may be partial (very early in time course, limited by other acid-base derangements, or the acidosis exceeds the maximum compensation possible) or full. The Winter formula can be helpful here - the formula allows calculation of the expected compensating pCO2: If the measured pCO2 is >expected pCO2 then additional respiratory acidosis may also be present. It is important to remember that metabolic acidosis is not a diagnosis; rather, it is a metabolic derangement that in Continue reading >>

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  1. sharidoto

    HOW MANY DAYS OF STRICK EATING DOES IT NOEMALLY TAKE BEFORE THE STRIPS START TO SHOW YOUR BURNING FAT??
    DREAM,CREATE,INSPIRE AND LOVE YOU HAVE THE PERFECT LIFE !

  2. ljessica0501

    It varies for everyone. For me personally...it took 4 days to register anything and almost 2 weeks to get purple...I have never seen the darkest purple shade. Some people will tell you not to use the sticks, but I like them. My doctor told me to use them 3 times a day for a week to see when my body is the highest. Again...everyone is different. I am highest in the morning, but I hear some people are highest at night.
    Lauren
    Your goals, minus your doubts, equal your reality. - Ralph Marston

  3. PeeFat

    Your body has to burn off all the stored sugar before it goes into ketosis. The shade on the stick should read ' moderate. ' Any higher means you aren't drinking enough water to flush out excess ketones. Too many ketones in your body is unhealthy. So don't think you have to be in the darkest purple range to be eating properly. Also the best time to test is first thing in the morning. Only diabetics need check more than once a day. On atkins we don't even need to use keto sticks. If you follow the rules you will be in ketosis.

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Anion gap usmle - anion gap metabolic acidosis normal anion gap metabolic acidosis

What Is Metabolic Acidosis?

Metabolic acidosis happens when the chemical balance of acids and bases in your blood gets thrown off. Your body: Is making too much acid Isn't getting rid of enough acid Doesn't have enough base to offset a normal amount of acid When any of these happen, chemical reactions and processes in your body don't work right. Although severe episodes can be life-threatening, sometimes metabolic acidosis is a mild condition. You can treat it, but how depends on what's causing it. Causes of Metabolic Acidosis Different things can set up an acid-base imbalance in your blood. Ketoacidosis. When you have diabetes and don't get enough insulin and get dehydrated, your body burns fat instead of carbs as fuel, and that makes ketones. Lots of ketones in your blood turn it acidic. People who drink a lot of alcohol for a long time and don't eat enough also build up ketones. It can happen when you aren't eating at all, too. Lactic acidosis. The cells in your body make lactic acid when they don't have a lot of oxygen to use. This acid can build up, too. It might happen when you're exercising intensely. Big drops in blood pressure, heart failure, cardiac arrest, and an overwhelming infection can also cau Continue reading >>

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  1. Bigbow

    why does it take me so long to get into ketosis!

    I mean this as more of a rant than a cry for help. Why does it take me so long to get into ketosis? I follow the diet well, as I have had success with it before. I normally enter ketosis about the 5-6th day of keto. Most people I hear 2-3 days. One of my friends who isnt strong enough to last on it felt the energy drop on the second day. I follow the diet well. When it comes to metabolism, I am the middle kind, not slow and not fast. oh well.

  2. chimponarope

    You might be getting in hidden carbs from somewhere and not realising it. My first time it took me ages but now its no problem.

  3. Bigbow

    no, seriously. There is no chance of hidden carbs. I mainly only eat beef franks, eggs, cheese, mayo, lettuce, tuna, ground/beef, ham. patties, red meat, sausages, and a mint everyonce in a while. But never anything over 30 grams or even 10 grams in fact.

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