What is BASAL METABOLIC RATE? What does BASAL METABOLIC RATE mean? BASAL METABOLIC RATE meaning - BASAL METABOLIC RATE definition - BASAL METABOLIC RATE explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... license. Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the minimal rate of energy expenditure per unit time by endothermic animals at rest. It is reported in energy units per unit time ranging from watt (joule/second) to ml O2/min or joule per hour per kg body mass J/(hkg)). Proper measurement requires a strict set of criteria be met. These criteria include being in a physically and psychologically undisturbed state, in a thermally neutral environment, while in the post-absorptive state (i.e., not actively digesting food). In bradymetabolic animals, such as fish and reptiles, the equivalent term standard metabolic rate (SMR) is used. It follows the same criteria as BMR, but requires the documentation of the temperature at which the metabolic rate was measured. This makes BMR a variant of standard metabolic rate measurement that excludes the temperature data, a practice that has led to problems in defining "standard" rates of metabolism for many mammals. Metabolism comprises the processes that the body needs to function. Basal metabolic rate is the amount of energy expressed in calories that a person needs to keep the body functioning at rest. Some of those processes are breathing, blood circulation, controlling body temperature, cell growth, brain and nerve function, and contraction of muscles. Basal metabolic rate (BMR) affects the rate that a person burns calories and ultimately whether that individual maintains, gains, or loses weight. The basal metabolic rate accounts for about 60 to 75% of the daily calorie expenditure by individuals. It is influenced by several factors. BMR typically declines by 12% per decade after age 20, mostly due to loss of fat-free mass, although the variability between individuals is high. The body's generation of heat is known as thermogenesis and it can be measured to determine the amount of energy expended. BMR generally decreases with age and with the decrease in lean body mass (as may happen with aging). Increasing muscle mass has the effect of increasing BMR. Aerobic (resistance) fitness level, a product of cardiovascular exercise, while previously thought to have effect on BMR, has been shown in the 1990s not to correlate with BMR when adjusted for fat-free body mass. But anaerobic exercise does increase resting energy consumption (see "aerobic vs. anaerobic exercise"). Illness, previously consumed food and beverages, environmental temperature, and stress levels can affect one's overall energy expenditure as well as one's BMR. BMR is measured under very restrictive circumstances when a person is awake. An accurate BMR measurement requires that the person's sympathetic nervous system not be stimulated, a condition which requires complete rest. A more common measurement, which uses less strict criteria, is resting metabolic rate (RMR).
Metabolic Acidosis Treatment & Management
Approach Considerations Treatment of acute metabolic acidosis by alkali therapy is usually indicated to raise and maintain the plasma pH to greater than 7.20. In the following two circumstances this is particularly important. When the serum pH is below 7.20, a continued fall in the serum HCO3- level may result in a significant drop in pH. This is especially true when the PCO2 is close to the lower limit of compensation, which in an otherwise healthy young individual is approximately 15 mm Hg. With increasing age and other complicating illnesses, the limit of compensation is likely to be less. A further small drop in HCO3- at this point thus is not matched by a corresponding fall in PaCO2, and rapid decompensation can occur. For example, in a patient with metabolic acidosis with a serum HCO3- level of 9 mEq/L and a maximally compensated PCO2 of 20 mm Hg, a drop in the serum HCO3- level to 7 mEq/L results in a change in pH from 7.28 to 7.16. A second situation in which HCO3- correction should be considered is in well-compensated metabolic acidosis with impending respiratory failure. As metabolic acidosis continues in some patients, the increased ventilatory drive to lower the PaCO2 m
This video discusses the reaction mechanism for the oxidation of NaDH to NAD+ and the reduction of acetaldehyde into an alcohol such as ethanol.
Chronic Lactic Acidosis In An Adult: A New Syndrome Associated With An Altered Redox State Of Certain Nad/nadh Coupled Reactions - Sciencedirect
Volume 48, Issue 1 , January 1970, Pages 104-112 Chronic lactic acidosis in an adult: A new syndrome associated with an altered redox state of certain NAD/NADH coupled reactions Author links open overlay panel Karl E.SussmanM.D. Get rights and content Chronically elevated blood lactic acid, pyruvic acid and increased L:P ratios have been found in a twenty-eight year old woman with episodic acidosis. The patient has no other associated disease. Alcohol ingestion increases the hyperlacticacidemia and exacerbates the patient's symptoms of weakness and easy fatiguability. Moderate exercise increases blood lactic acid levels from 3,1 to 10.2 M per ml and lowers arterial blood pH from 7.4 to 7.26. Hyperuricemia is present due to depressed uric acid clearance. Certain NAD/NADH coupled metabolic reactions are clearly shifted towards the reduced state (lactate/pyruvate, -glycerophosphate dihydroxyacetone phosphate and galactose-glucose interconversion). Skeletal muscle and liver demonstrate normal total NAD/NADH content and partition of these pyridine nucleotides. Four members of the patient's maternal family have an abnormal lactate response to the combination of alcohol ingestion and exe
Learn How To Make Cookie Dough Pizza Recipe At Home, from Chef Neha Naik only on Get Curried. Make this Cookie Dough Pizza, a delicious Eggless Cookie Dough Pizza Recipe at your home and share your experience with us in the comments below. Ingredients:- For Cookie Base:- 1 cup Maida cup Butter cup Powdered Sugar 1 tsp. Vanilla Essence Salt, to taste cup Chocochips For Chocolate Sauce:- 200 gms. Chocolate Compound cup Butter 100 ml. Fresh Cream Oreo Cookies 1 tbsp. Cocoa Powder Method:- 1. In a bowl, add butter, sugar & beat until creamy. Now vanilla essence and stir quickly. 2. Add flour, salt, milk & knead to form a tough dough. Add little choco chips to this and knead again 3. Line a baking tin with butter paper and spread out the dough evenly into it. 4. Bake for 20-25 mins in a pre-heated oven at 180 C, once done rest for 10 minutes and then de-mould it 5. For chocolate sauce, in a double boiler, melt the chocolate compound, add butter and stir it until butter melts. Add cocoa powder and keep stirring continuously, lastly add a little salt. 6. Once cooled down completely, spread it on the cookie base, sprinkle remaining chocolate chips and Oreo cookies. Let it sit for a couple of hours. Cut into pieces and serve. 7. You can also serve with a dollop of ice-cream. Delicious Eggless Cookie Dough Pizza is ready to eat! Host: Neha Naik Director: Rohtki Arora Camera: Kavaldeep Singh Jangwal, Pratik Gamre, Akshay Sawant, Spandan Rout Editing: Suchit Dandagaval Producer: Rajjat A. Barjatya Copyrights: Rajshri Entertainment Pvt Ltd Subscribe and Get Regular Updates: http://www.youtube.com/user/getcurrie... Download the Get Curried App by clicking on this link:- http://bit.ly/GetCurriedVegNonVegReci... https://www.facebook.com/GetCurried https://plus.google.com/+getcurried https://twitter.com/Get_Curried https://instagram.com/getcurried Subscribe and Get regular Updates: http://bit.ly/SubscribeToGetCurried https://www.facebook.com/GetCurried https://plus.google.com/+getcurried https://twitter.com/Get_Curried https://instagram.com/getcurried
An Error Occurred Setting Your User Cookie
What is lactic acidosis? It is a condition where lactate builds up in the body which leads to extremely low pH levels in the blood. Normally, your blood is alkaline or slightly basic. Lactic acidosis occurs when your blood is much more acidic than usual. Changes in blood pH levels can adversely affect your body’s organs. Lactic acidosis is a form of metabolic acidosis characterized by excessive accumulation of acid as a result of the body faili ...
Does high-dose metformin cause lactic acidosis in type 2 diabetic patients after CABG surgery? A double blind randomized clinical trial We are experimenting with display styles that make it easier to read articles in PMC. The ePub format uses eBook readers, which have several "ease of reading" features already built in. The ePub format is best viewed in the iBooks reader. You may notice problems with the display of certain parts of an article in ...
Lactic acidosis is a form of metabolic acidosis that begins in the kidneys. People with lactic acidosis have kidneys that are unable to remove excess acid from their body. If lactic acid builds up in the body more quickly than it can be removed, acidity levels in bodily fluids — such as blood — spike. This buildup of acid causes an imbalance in the body’s pH level, which should always be slightly alkaline instead of acidic. There are a few ...
Metabolic acidosis occurs when the body produces too much acid. It can also occur when the kidneys are not removing enough acid from the body. There are several types of metabolic acidosis. Diabetic acidosis develops when acidic substances, known as ketone bodies, build up in the body. This most often occurs with uncontrolled type 1 diabetes. It is also called diabetic ketoacidosis and DKA. Hyperchloremic acidosis results from excessive loss of s ...
Publications Published: July 1998 Information on this subject has been updated. Read the most recent information. Dr P Pillans,former Medical Assessor, Centre for Adverse Reactions Monitoring (CARM), Dunedin Metformin is a useful anti-hyperglycaemic agent but significant mortality is associated with drug-induced lactic acidosis. Significant renal and hepatic disease, alcoholism and conditions associated with hypoxia (eg. cardiac and pulmonary dis ...
Volume 48, Issue 1 , January 1970, Pages 104-112 Chronic lactic acidosis in an adult: A new syndrome associated with an altered redox state of certain NAD/NADH coupled reactions Author links open overlay panel Karl E.SussmanM.D. Get rights and content Chronically elevated blood lactic acid, pyruvic acid and increased L:P ratios have been found in a twenty-eight year old woman with episodic acidosis. The patient has no other associated disease. A ...