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Ketostix Too Old

Can Ketosticks Be Wrong

Can Ketosticks Be Wrong

Use the "add comment" link instead of the Your Answer box to respond to answers/comments. As for your question, ketostix don't measure FAT... they measure ketones. So if your ketostix are showing the presence of ketones, you're in ketosis. That being said, since I don't know how tall you are and what you weigh, I'd like to offer the suggestion, as a woman of middling years who is 5'5" and dropped from 450 lbs to 275 lbs that you may be struggling to lose weight because you are taking in too much food. I know that, for me, if I listen to my appetite, my normal caloric intake is about what you'd expect for a sedentary woman to maintain a weight of 130 calories (about 1600 calories a day), even though I -weigh- almost 300lbs. If I eat more than this because my mouth is a traitor, and I listen to my MOUTH and my HEAD instead of 'eating below the head' and listening to my gut, I don't lose... and sometimes gain. Also, if I eat as much as the recommendation to "lose weight" at my size -- a full 1000 calories a day more than I eat when I eat to appetite -- I ALSO don't lose weight, even though the doctors say that's what I'm -supposed- to be able to eat. So I err on the side of caution, and eat what my body asks for, rather than what the charts or my mouth thinks is appropriate... and so far, that's worked for me. I do better with a lower-carbohydrate diet. I stick to around 50g of carbohydrate a day or less. Anything less than that drives my body into 'starvation mode'. It's different for everyone. You need to experiment -- to see what works for you and what doesn't. I also know that, for me, movement is crucial. I try to move every day, regardless of what's going on in my life, even if it's only dancing for 20 minutes or some such... but I also discovered that if I work out Continue reading >>

What Are Exogenous Ketones: When And How To Supplement With Ketones

What Are Exogenous Ketones: When And How To Supplement With Ketones

You can’t deny it. Exogenous ketones are one of the hottest products on the market right now, especially for those interested in ketosis and the ketogenic diet. But what exactly are exogenous ketones, and what do they offer? We’ll dive into that in this in-depth guide about how to benefit from supplementing with exogenous ketones. Exogenous ketones come in different forms and even more importantly can be used for several different applications. Fat burning, reducing ketosis symptoms, enhancing physical performance and mental performance are some of the ways that ketones can be used. WHAT IS KETOSIS? If you are new to ketosis and don’t know much about it, it is a metabolic state, where your body preferentially uses ketones (instead of glucose) for energy. This can lead to a host of different health benefits. If you’d like to learn more about ketosis, what ketones are, and how to benefit from these, feel free to read through our guides: What is Ketosis? What is the Ketogenic Diet? What Are Ketones? TYPES OF EXOGENOUS KETONES If you’ve read our guide, What Are Ketones, you’ll know that there are three different types of ketones your body can make in the absence of carbohydrates, typically from stored fat. However, there are ways to get ketones easily from exogenous (outside of your body) sources. There are three different types of “ketones” that your body runs on: Acetoacetate, beta-hydroxybutyrate, and acetone. Beta-hydroxybutyrate is the active form that can flow freely in the blood and be used by your tissues, so that is the one that most exogenous ketone supplements are based off. Ketone Esters Ketone esters are the raw ketone (in this case, beta-hydroxybutryate) that is not bound to any other compound. These exogenous ketones can be utilized a little q Continue reading >>

How To Measure Ketones And Optimize Ketogenic Diets

How To Measure Ketones And Optimize Ketogenic Diets

The problem with diets is that we think that one diet should be good for everyone. But research and N=1 experiments show that’s not the case. Learn about measuring ketones and ketosis to understand how your low carb or high fat diet is really affecting you. If there is one area of our bodies that is debated to extremes, with literally hundreds of differing strong opinions on it, it’s nutrition. For many, beliefs about nutrition and diet are tribal. We put ourselves in different camps and we war agains the other camps. Whether it be paleo, low fat, low carb, Atkins, high fat, low protein, vegan, raw vegan and so on. It’s exactly this sort of area where I see data as essential. Without data we have no hope of cutting through the maze of opinions to get to what really works. Part of the problem with nutrition and diets is that we tend to think that one diet should be good for everyone. But increasingly, research and N=1 experiments, are showing that that isn’t the case. And this is exactly why you should pay attention to today’s show. Today, we’re looking at what has relatively recently become the fastest growing nutrition or diet trend. The high fat diet. Also known in different guises as the ketogenic diet, or the low carb diet. And specifically how this can affect our different individual biochemistries, how we can measure “Ketosis” and other biomarkers to understand how our specific biology is reacting to it… and allowing us to troubleshoot and course correct when it isn’t getting the desired results we’re looking for from it. Today’s guest is Jimmy Moore. In 2004, Jimmy, at 32 years, weighed 410 pounds. Since then he has transformed his own biology, shedding all that additional weight with low carb and ketogenic diets. He has also interviewed n Continue reading >>

Ketosis And The Ketogenic Ratio – Q&a

Ketosis And The Ketogenic Ratio – Q&a

Question: Do you still believe in the ketogenic ratio for getting into ketosis? I am having trouble showing ketones. Any tips? Sorry to bother you again but can drinking 2 gal of water per day dilute your urine so you don’t show ketones? Answer: Ok, let me take these on one at a time. In my first book The Ketogenic Diet, I talked about something called the ketogenic ratio (KR) which is an equation/concept used in the planning of ketogenic diets for epilepsy patients. The equation basically gives you the potential ketone producing potential of a given meal depending on the relative ketogenic or anti-ketogenic effect of the different macronutrients. So the KR of a given combination of nutrients can be estimated with the following equation: Protein turns out to be partially ketogenic (46%) and partially anti-ketogenic (58%), reflecting the fact that some amino acids can be made into ketones, while other are made into glucose). Carbohydrate is 100% anti-ketogenic and fat is mostly (90%) ketogenic (the 10% anti-ketogenic is due to the fact that the glycerol portion of triglycerides, explained in A Primer on Dietary Fats, can be converted to glucose in the liver). Quoting from that section of The Ketogenic Diet: This equation represents the relative tendency for a given macronutrient to either promote or prevent a ketogenic state (1). Recalling from the previous chapter that insulin and glucagon are the ultimate determinants of the shift to a ketotic state, this equation essentially represents the tendency for a given nutrient to raise insulin (anti-ketogenic) or glucagon (pro-ketogenic). For the treatment of epilepsy, the ratio of K to AK must be at least 1.5 for a meal to be considered ketogenic (1). Typically, this results in a diet containing 4 grams of fat for each gra Continue reading >>

Urine Ketones - Meanings And False Positives

Urine Ketones - Meanings And False Positives

Professional Reference articles are written by UK doctors and are based on research evidence, UK and European Guidelines. They are designed for health professionals to use. You may find the Urine Ketones article more useful, or one of our other health articles. Description Ketones are produced normally by the liver as part of fatty acid metabolism. In normal states these ketones will be completely metabolised so that very few, if any at all, will appear in the urine. If for any reason the body cannot get enough glucose for energy it will switch to using body fats, resulting in an increase in ketone production making them detectable in the blood and urine. How to test for ketones The urine test for ketones is performed using test strips available on prescription. Strips dedicated to ketone testing in the UK include[1]: GlucoRx KetoRx Sticks 2GK® Ketostix® Mission® Ketone Testing should be performed according to manufacturers' instructions. The sample should be fresh and uncontaminated. Usually the result will be expressed as negative or positive (graded 1 to 4)[2]. Ketonuria is different from ketonaemia (ie presence of ketones in the blood) and often ketonuria does not indicate clinically significant ketonaemia. Depending on the testing strips used, urine testing for ketones either has an excellent sensitivity with a low specificity, or a poor sensitivity with a good specificity. However, this should be viewed in the context of uncertainty of the biochemical level of significant ketosis[3]. Interpretation of results Normally only small amounts of ketones are excreted daily in the urine (3-15 mg). High or increased values may be found in: Poorly controlled diabetes. Starvation: Prolonged vomiting. Rapid weight loss. Frequent strenuous exercise. Poisoning (eg, with isop Continue reading >>

Diabetes: Urine Testing For Ketones

Diabetes: Urine Testing For Ketones

Ketones in the urine mean that the body cells are using fat for energy instead of glucose. A large amount of ketones in the urine is a danger sign and can mean the start of a serious illness. Call your child's doctor or nurse educator if your child has a large amount of ketones in his/her urine. Things that can cause the urine ketone to be positive are: too much food injury or illness too little insulin infection dehydration certain medicines Urine is Tested for Ketones: Whenever your child does not feel well. If your child's blood glucose is greater than 300 (or as directed by your child's doctor). Your child's doctor will tell you how often you should check your child's urine for ketones. To Collect a Urine Sample: Have your child urinate (void) into a clean container or on the test strip. NOTE: If your child wears a diaper, try placing cotton balls in the diaper and squeeze the urine on the test strip. What You Will Need: Fresh urine sample Ketone strip Pen or pencil Record Book Clock or watch with a second hand Ketone strip color chart Procedure Using Strip Method: There are different kinds of strips that can be used to check for ketones in the urine. Several kinds are Ketostix®, and Ketodiastix®,. Read the instructions on your brand. You may want to ask your pharmacy to order individually wrapped strips because opened bottles expire in 90 days. Check the date on the bottle to be sure the strips are not expired. Dip the strip into the urine. Wait for the amount of time stated for the type of strip you are using. Compare the color of the strip with the color chart. Record your results, date, and time in record book. Throw away urine and strip. Call your doctor or nurse educator if you have moderate or large ketones. Disclaimer: This information is not intended to s Continue reading >>

Ketosis & Measuring Ketones

Ketosis & Measuring Ketones

Generally, ketone concentrations are lower in the morning and higher in the evening. Whatever time you pick to measure ketone levels, make sure to keep it consistent. Also, do not measure your ketone levels right after exercise. Ketone levels tend to be lower while your glucose levels higher so you won't get representative numbers. Keep in mind there are daily fluctuations caused by changes in hormone levels. Don't get discouraged! Another aspect that affects the level of ketones is the amount of fat in your diet. Some of you may show higher concentration of ketones after a high-fat meal. Coconut oil contains MCTs that will help you boost ketones. To easily increase your fat intake on a ketogenic diet, try fat bombs - snacks with at least 80% fat content. Ketone levels tend to be higher after extensive aerobic exercise as your body depletes glycogen stores. Exercise may help you get into ketosis faster. ketogenic "fruity" breath is not pleasant for most people. To avoid this, drink a lot of water, mint tea and make sure you eat foods rich in electrolytes. Avoid too many chewing gums and mints, as it may put you out of ketosis; there may be hidden carbs affecting your blood sugar. Increase your electrolyte intake, especially potassium. You are likely going to lose some sodium and potassium when switching to the keto diet. Finally, if you find it hard to lose weight on a ketogenic diet, there may be plenty other reasons than the level of ketone bodies: Not Losing Weight on Low-Carb Ketogenic Diet? Don’t Give Up and Read Further. Continue reading >>

On /r/keto: [psa] When And How To Use Ketostix Test Strips (version 2)

On /r/keto: [psa] When And How To Use Ketostix Test Strips (version 2)

TL;DR For most people, the best option is to avoid using Ketostix Note: if you are diabetic, then by all means use Ketostix for their intended purpose. Reasons to Avoid Using Ketostix on a Ketogenic Diet Misinterpretation of Ketostix results is one of the most common unnecessary causes of keto-anxiety and wasted time. You can be perfectly successful on a ketogenic or low-carb diet without ever measuring ketones. Ketostix do not measure what many people expect that they do. Ketostix only measure excess levels of a type of ketone called acetoacetate, which is not the type of ketone that indicates nutritional ketosis. The ketone body that indicates nutritional ketosis is called beta-hydroxybutyrate. It is found in your blood and may be measured by using a blood ketone meter on a blood sample, but not from a urine sample. The relationship between acetoacetate in your urine and beta-hydroxybutyrate in your blood is not linear and is not easily predictable. If you decide to use Ketostix anyway, please be kind to those who answer questions here by not submitting a question that begins with I know that Ketostix are unreliable, but what does it mean when … This type of question is very common on /r/keto, but usually has no good answer. How to Know that you are in Ketosis Without Using Ketostix If you consume few enough carbohydrates and near the recommended amount of protein, you can trust that your liver will be producing ketones within a single day. That is how human metabolism works. Use the keto calculator linked in the /r/keto sidebar to compute recommended macronutrient amounts. If you consume too many carbohydrates, you will be kicked out of ketosis temporarily. However, if you once again restrict carbohydrates, you will go right back into ketosis within 24 hours. This Continue reading >>

7 Days On The Ketogenic Diet

7 Days On The Ketogenic Diet

Hello Blogworld, This year I have really knuckled down & put a lot of focus on diet, exercise & getting my body into shape! Exercise has not really been high on my priorities list since highschool P.E class, I have lived my life quite unhealthily for the past few years & lucky for me I have had a fast metabolism for most of that time. However, this dreamride was soon over when I turned 22 and my reliance on "good genes" was no longer an option. I started to put on weight, even though I am tall I was getting skinny fat, combine that with feeling sluggish and tired all the time I knew it was time to take action & get my my life back! It took some motivation from Ced before started taking a boxing class a couple of mornings a week down at the local PCYC, I dont know if it was the adrenaline injection I got from punching the bag or the secret competition I had with the old birds in my class I was spurred on and suddenly I was HOOKED! I felt amazing after every class, I had an extra spring in my step and so much extra energy - I was alive! I quit smoking soon after and started watching my diet (more), I looked forward to seeing by body change and my fitness levels increasing every week. I went from zero exercise to 2-3 hard sessions a week, I am now a reformed & motivated Fitness Fiend and target 5 sessions a week. (only 1 year ago I said "you will never see me in a gym... never say NEVER!) My main vice is being able to maintain a healthy diet now that I have my fitness regime under wraps. I aim to formulate a healthy diet that I can stick to, that works for me & I feel fulfilled and nourished by the foods I am consuming. The trouble is I have a massive sweet tooth (actually all my teeth are on the sweet side) & I have a soft spot for snack foods. I am happy to have a body I Continue reading >>

Whether Your Ketostix Show Light Pink, Purple Or Beige, It Has No Bearing On Your Low-carb Diet

Whether Your Ketostix Show Light Pink, Purple Or Beige, It Has No Bearing On Your Low-carb Diet

One of the most interesting tools we have at our disposal when we start livin’ la vida low-carb to let us know whether we are doing it right or not is a testing strip that measures ketone levels called Ketostix (there are other brand names for ketone sticks, but this one from Bayer is the most common). Basically, here’s how it works: you can check your urine on this testing strip to see how many ketone bodies you are excreting out of your body. Ketones are present when you are in ketosis which is instigated when you keep your carbohydrates at a ketogenic level (usually under 50g carbs daily). I recently asked a group of low-carb experts the following question–“Is Ketosis Necessary On A Low-Carb Diet?” That seems to be a “well duh” kind of question which is why we use things like Ketostix to see whether we are in ketosis or not. But where people seem to get most confused is with the color of the testing strip. If it’s light pink, then I must be doing something wrong. My Ketostix need to be dark purple if I am experiencing “deep” ketosis, right? I get these kind of questions every single week and they miss the point of the testing strips. In Episode 47 of “Livin’ La Vida Low-Carb On YouTube,” Christine and I seek to better explain the purpose of Ketostix by telling you what they are for, what the various colors actually mean, why showing no ketones on these strips may not be a bad thing, and how you can virtually guarantee your body is in ketosis. I’m astonished by how many people are still so concerned about the results of their Ketostix, but hopefully this video will clear up some of the miscommunication. Find out all you need to know about Ketostix in today’s video: Noted biochemistry professor Dr. Richard Feinman from SUNY Downstate in Br Continue reading >>

Testing For Ketones

Testing For Ketones

Copyright © 1998 [email protected] All rights reserved. DISCLAIMER: The information on this website is not intended and should not be construed as medical advice. Consult your health provider. This particular web section is designed to present more than one view of a controversial subject, pro and con. It should be re-emphasized that nothing herein should be considered medical advice. Contents What are Ketones? What Causes Ketones? The Ketone Controversy Ketone Tests vs. Other Urine Tests Testing and Managing Ketones Kmom's Ketone Story Ketone References What are Ketones? Ketones are formed when your body's fat stores have to be accessed for energy. Normally, you eat food and then the body converts it to glucose/blood sugar for use as energy by your cells. Your insulin is then like a key, unlocking the door to the cell so it can access this blood sugar. In pregnancy, placental hormones make you more resistant to your own insulin (in essence 'warping' the key to the door) and make it harder to get that glucose from your blood into your cells. So while your blood remains high in blood sugar, your cells can be starving. The fetus absolutely must have energy, so if your pancreas cannot make enough insulin to overcome the hormone-caused resistance, the cells start accessing other sources of energy, like fat stores. The by-product of this is ketones. Ketones may be dangerous when pregnant, although this is controversial and still being studied and disputed. There were several studies that showed that babies exposed to a lot of ketones had learning problems and reduced IQ later in life. These have since been disputed by other studies, but just in case, everyone plays it safe during pregnancy, which is very prudent. What Causes Ketones? Ketones usually occur because you are ei Continue reading >>

"one Of The Very Nicest Things About Life Is The Way We Must Regularly Stop Whatever It Is We Are Doing And Devote Our Attention To Eating."

"One of the very nicest things about life is the way we must regularly stop whatever it is we are doing and devote our attention to eating." - Luciano Pavarotti Food and Health Low Carb Eating: The Abbreviated Version First.... if you haven't seen this yet, go watch Big Fat Fiasco. Run along; I'll wait until you get back. There are all kinds of low carb diets (the Atkins Diet, the Anabolic Diet, the Ketogenic Diet, the Zone Diet, the Paleo Diet, The 17 Day Diet, and more). They all claim to be The One that will change your life. And they could, if, you change your life. :D When I'm talking about low carb eating I'm talking about 30-35 carbs a day. Period. 10 carbs per meal (and those few extras that creep in). Count the carbs, eat what you want that fits in that limit. Low-carb diets are very do-able as a vegetarian, and even as a vegan (with a bit more imagination). When I'm talking about low carb eating, I mean low carb and high fat. High protein, when you're not living a lifestyle to use it up, has health issues I won't consider for my own body. I don't work out several hours a day, so I won't eat a "high protein diet". Most North Americans are already eating far too much protein for how they live and are already stressing their poor overworked livers. The Canadian Health Food Association, and most major health research centers, recommend only 35-60 grams of protein a day. That range takes into account women working in an office and men working in physical labor jobs. Large, small, active, not active, all fit within that range. One skinless chicken breast has 40+ grams of protein, 2 eggs have 12 grams, a slice of bread can have from 3-10 grams, a serving of peas has around 8 grams. Protein is hard to get away from, and real easy to get. As long as you’re eating a v Continue reading >>

Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Diabetic Ketoacidosis

A Preventable Crisis People who have had diabetic ketoacidosis, or DKA, will tell you it’s worse than any flu they’ve ever had, describing an overwhelming feeling of lethargy, unquenchable thirst, and unrelenting vomiting. “It’s sort of like having molasses for blood,” says George. “Everything moves so slow, the mouth can feel so dry, and there is a cloud over your head. Just before diagnosis, when I was in high school, I would get out of a class and go to the bathroom to pee for about 10–12 minutes. Then I would head to the water fountain and begin drinking water for minutes at a time, usually until well after the next class had begun.” George, generally an upbeat person, said that while he has experienced varying degrees of DKA in his 40 years or so of having diabetes, “…at its worst, there is one reprieve from its ill feeling: Unfortunately, that is a coma.” But DKA can be more than a feeling of extreme discomfort, and it can result in more than a coma. “It has the potential to kill,” says Richard Hellman, MD, past president of the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists. “DKA is a medical emergency. It’s the biggest medical emergency related to diabetes. It’s also the most likely time for a child with diabetes to die.” DKA occurs when there is not enough insulin in the body, resulting in high blood glucose; the person is dehydrated; and too many ketones are present in the bloodstream, making it acidic. The initial insulin deficit is most often caused by the onset of diabetes, by an illness or infection, or by not taking insulin when it is needed. Ketones are your brain’s “second-best fuel,” Hellman says, with glucose being number one. If you don’t have enough glucose in your cells to supply energy to your brain, yo Continue reading >>

Being Fat Adapted Versus

Being Fat Adapted Versus "in Ketosis" (pt.1/3)

UPDATE!! (9/20/2017) I have a new post that explains how and why the body produces ketones, It will help you understand much better the difference between burning fat and having a fat-based metabolism, versus being "in ketosis." It's very long, but I think it's worth reading if you'd really like to understand this -- and if you want to stop freaking out about your ketone levels. (If you click over to that post and want to read only the section that explains the difference between ketosis and running on fat, scroll way down to where it says Ketogenesis: How and Why Do We Make Ketones? Also: Fat Adaptation versus Ketosis.) Happy reading! If I never hear or read those six words, in that order, ever again, I’ll be one happy individual. Based on what I come across on low-carb forums, blogs, and videos, there is a lot of confusion about the correct use of urine ketone test strips (which I’ll sometimes refer to as ketostix, since “ketone test strips” is a mouthful, even when you’re only reading). So allow me to ‘splain a little bit about how to interpret these things, and what role they should play—if any—in your low-carb life. First and foremost is the most important thing you will read in today’s post. (And it is so important that I will likely repeat it in all the posts to follow in this little series. Plus, you can tell it’s important because it’s red, bold, in italics, and all caps, hehheh.) You can be in ketosis and not lose body fat, and you can lose body fat without being in ketosis. Here is an exhaustive, comprehensive list of everything urine ketone test strips tell you: There is acetoacetate in your urine. That’s it. Nothing more. Nada más. Game over. Finito. The fat lady has sung, and Elvis has left the building. Your worth as a human being Continue reading >>

Metabolism And Ketosis

Metabolism And Ketosis

Dr. Eades, If the body tends to resort to gluconeogenesis for glucose during a short-term carbohydrate deficit, are those who inconsistently reduce carb intake only messing things up by not effecting full blown ketosis? If the body will still prefer glucose as main energy source unless forced otherwise for at least a few days, is it absolutely necessary to completely transform metabolism for minimal muscle loss? Also, if alcohol is broken down into ketones and acetaldehyde, technically couldn’t you continue to drink during your diet or would the resulting gluconeogenesis inhibition from alcohol lead to blood glucose problems on top of the ketotic metabolism? Would your liver ever just be overwhelmed by all that action? I’m still in high school so hypothetical, of course haha… Sorry, lots of questions but I’m always so curious. Thank you so much for taking the time to inform the public. You’re my hero! P.S. Random question…what’s the difference between beta and gamma hydroxybutyric acids? It’s crazy how simple orientation can be the difference between a ketone and date rape drug…biochem is so cool! P.P.S. You should definitely post the details of that inner mitochondrial membrane transport. I’m curious how much energy expenditure we’re talkin there.. Keep doin your thing! Your Fan, Trey No, I don’t think people are messing up if they don’t get into full-blown ketosis. For short term low-carb dieting, the body turns to glycogen. Gluconeogenesis kicks in fairly quickly, though, and uses dietary protein – assuming there is plenty – before turning to muscle tissue for glucose substrate. And you have the Cori cycle kicking in and all sorts of things to spare muscle, so I wouldn’t worry about it. And you can continue to drink while low-carbing. Continue reading >>

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