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Ketosis Urine Strips

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How To Test Your Urine For Ketones

Are you on a diet where part of the goal is to be "in ketosis"? Some diets, such as the Atkins Diet, recommend testing to find out whether your body is generating ketones. The easiest and least expensive way to do this is to test your urine using Ketostix or a similar testing strip. Although it is not the most accurate method, it can be helpful for home testing, especially when you're new to a ketogenic diet. Testing can be a useful way to tell if you are eating something that is higher in carbohydrate than you realized. Since different people will be in nutritional ketosis with different amounts of carbohydrate (and sometimes protein), it can provide information to help you individualize your diet. It also provides motivation to stay in ketosis. Two Notes About Testing for Ketones Diabetics testing ketone levels to check for ketoacidosis will interpret the reading much differently than someone on a ketogenic diet who desires higher levels of ketones. A reduced-carb diet does not have to be ketogenic to be helpful. Many studies of non-ketogenic low-carb diets have been found to have many benefits. How to Use Ketone Testing Strips In order to test your urine, you will need ketone ur Continue reading >>

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  1. Kerrie

    Janice, it's not anxiety! It's your body going through withdrawal. I have the same symptoms especially the heart palpitations whenever I start the induction phase of Atkins or if I have not been eating enough during this phase.
    For me these symptoms normally go after the first week. Also if you are exercising quite a bit you could be loosing salts and minerals that you need to replenish. A good multivitamin is helpful for me too.

  2. Ruth

    I can honestly say I felt dreadful for the first few days of low-carbing, and wish I had known that I needed to up my salt intake to combat this. Even now, if I fall off the waggon I find I go through the same and get phenomenal headaches if I'm not careful. Drink plenty of fluids, and have a cup of Bovril, or oxo drink, an it will make you feel human again.

  3. Ellen

    Its not the exercising that depletes the salt, its because Atkins is a natural diuretic. Carbs also retain fluid so when you cut carbs to a minimum all the excess fluid is released. That's why you get greater weight losses in the first week. Along with the fluid you lose salt and because you are not eating processed foods you don't get much natural salt from your diet so you need to increase the intake. Use it in cooking and for sprinkling. Take oxo or Bovril a couple of times a day for a while. Symptoms of low salt are headaches, lethargy, aching limbs palpitations etc

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THE KETOGENIC EDGE COOKBOOK: A Training Manual for Low-Carb, Ketogenic, and Paleo Cuisine - http://www.primaledgehealth.com/produ... free Maca EBOOK: http://www.primaledgehealth.com/prima... For coaching, skype consultations: http://www.primaledgehealth.com/coach... Dr. Stephen Phinney on Ketogenic Diets for fat loss (mentioned in video) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qk0U0...

Ketone Strips And Why They Are Not Useless

I’d like to keep things short and simple. I’ve seen a lot of folks discussing over the Internet and advising each other to use blood ketone monitoring systems as the urine ketone strips are useless and how they give a lot of false positives. I believe that if you know how to use them and when to use them, they can be more than efficient. I do not advise folks who just start on very-low-carb-high-fat nutrition to buy expensive ketone meters because they may not stick to the diet for the long-term and the ketone meter will just add to the list of unused objects that fill-up the closet. I think that one doesn’t need to know that his ketone levels measure 2.83297 mmol/L (that you would get using a blood ketone meter). I find it sufficient to know that your ketones measure between 1-3 mmol/L (a type of measure that you can get using urine ketone strips) and that you are in ketosis. You can find the science between ketones, ketone levels, and ketone measurement systems in my recent Ketone Power. Avoiding bad measurements Most of us have higher cortisol (for ~first 30 minutes of the day) and blood glucose levels upon waking. This would negatively impact ketone production and the uri Continue reading >>

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  1. Deranged_hypnotist

    Hey all, So I began this Keto diet over 1 month ago and the results have been FANTASTIC! I have lost 35 pounds! (M/6'1 Sw: 245 CW: 210 GW: 180) I have been extremely happy with myself now and its all thanks to you guys. Sadly though yesterday while checking my ketosticks i saw blood in my urine and after a 7 hour ER visit I was told by the doctor that I had passed a kidney stone and gotten a UTI from it as well. I have never had a kidney stone in my life or any major health problems (aside from being overweight). The doctor told me to get off my diet until I can see an urologist to find out why I have a kidney stone. The thing is the next available appointment is not for a long time since I work 2 jobs. So I have done a bit of research and a side effect of being in ketosis is kidney stones (from random online website).
    So my questions to r/keto is 1. How often does this happen? 2. Is this Research Valid Online? 3. Where do I go from here?
    I still want to continue keto for the next 30 more pounds.
    P.S. I do not want this post to discourage anyone from trying keto, EVERYONE'S body is different.

  2. gogge

    Higher protein intake increases the calcium absorption in the gut, and consequently increases the calcium excreted in the urine. Ketosis increases the need to balance blood pH as ketones are acidifying, one way the body likely does this i by increasing calcium leaching from the bones, this also increases urine calcium excretion.
    Increased calcium levels in the urine increases the risk of calcium-oxalate stone formation.
    Excretion of ketones in the urine increases urine acidity, as does the increased excretion of uric acid (can lead to supersaturation, the uric acid can't dissolve and form crystals).
    Increased urine acidity increases the risk of kidney stone formation, lower levels of citrate in the urine also increases the risk of stone formation.
    Paul over at perfecthealthdiet.com has an article on kidney stones and carb restriction, "Dangers of Zero-Carb Diets, IV: Kidney Stones".
    Generally the best way to counter this is to eat more vegetables, most have a negative potential renal acid load (PRAL), which means they'll reduce the acidity of urine (here's a list of foods and their PRAL score). Even calcium rich foods can help as the calcium will bind to oxalate (chelation) in the gut and prevent absoption.
    Increased water intake also helps as it balances the urine pH and prevents supersaturation (through dilution) as you pee more, in general dehydration is a common risk factor for stone formation.
    Another more drastic way to reduce calcium excretion, reduce urine acidity, and increase urine excretion of citrates, is to supplement with potassium citrate. It's been tested in epilepsy studies and resulted in a very high reduction in stone formation incidents (0.9% of patients compared to the 25% Paul mentions in his article):
    Successful empiric administration of Polycitra K at KD onset resulted in a kidney-stone incidence of 0.9% (1 of 106) compared with administration only because of hypercalciuria, 6.7% (13 of 195; P = .02).
    McNally MA, et al. "Empiric use of potassium citrate reduces kidney-stone incidence with the ketogenic diet." Pediatrics. 2009 Aug;124(2):e300-4. Epub 2009 Jul 13.
    You probably need to talk to your doctor about that as potassium is usually limited to ~99 mg for OTC tablets.
    Anecdotaly another thing sometimes used is sodium (or potassium) bicarbonate, as it also reduces urine acidity. I haven't seen any studies on it, but WebMD has some articles on it, "Sodium Bicarbonate (Baking Soda) for Kidney Stones". It's probably a good idea to discuss this with your doctor before starting taking any.

  3. [deleted]

    I had kidney stones about 3 years ago and from what I understand is that there are two different types. Calcium stones and uric acid stones.
    Calcium stones are more often than not a result of not enough fluid intake or an over abundance of calcium in your diet. Were talking multiple Tums a day, a wheel of cheese, gallons of cream - for most people. Others can just be an increase in calcium intake that the body is not used to. Such as going from little to no calcium intake, to hitting well over the suggested daily amount. This could very well be the case with you.
    From what I understand as well, uric acid stones are likely hereditary.
    At the end of the day, no, your keto diet is not the cause of your Kidney stones.
    Personally, I would never wish the pain of a kidney stone onto my worst enemy. So your best course of action is to be sure you're drinking plenty of water. Make sure your pee is always crystal clear. Increase your magnesium intake, either via supplements or more easily, eat an avocado every day. You also have to make sure you supplement your magnesium with calcium. This sounds counterintuitive to what I just stated, but the two work in conjunction with each other ( i dont know the exact science of it). I would suggest chewing on 1 or 2 Tums a day (depending on how much cheese and other dairy products you're already eating).
    Hope this helps!

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Dehydration occurs when your body has lost more fluid than you have taken in. Remaining hydrated is critical to your overall health. Every cell in your body needs water, along with oxygen, to function properly. Dehydration Headache | Dehydration Cause and Symptoms | Home remedies for dehydration 2015 Anyone can become dehydrated, but those at a higher risk include infants, young children, older adults, people with chronic illnesses, endurance athletes and people living at high altitudes. Dehydration Headache | Dehydration Cause and Symptoms | Home remedies for dehydration 2015 Some common causes of dehydration are vigorous exercise in hot weather, diarrhea, vomiting, excessive sweating and increased urination. Dehydration Headache | Dehydration Cause and Symptoms | Home remedies for dehydration 2015 The symptoms differ depending on whether the condition is mild or severe. Some symptoms of mild to moderate dehydration are dry mouth, fatigue, thirst, less urination, dry skin, headaches, constipation, muscle cramps and dizziness or lightheadedness. Dehydration Headache | Dehydration Cause and Symptoms | Home remedies for dehydration 2015 Symptoms of severe or chronic dehydration are e

10 Things Your Pee Can Tell You About Your Body: Taking A Deep Dive Into Urinalysis, Dehydration, Ketosis, Ph & More!

See, for the past several days, I’ve been randomly grabbing drinking glasses from the shelf in the kitchen… …and peeing into them. And yes, I realize that now you will likely never want to join me at my home for a dinner party. So why the heck am I urinating into our family’s kitchenware? It’s all about better living through science and figuring out ways to live longer and feel better (at least that’s what I tell my wife to appease her). It’s also about my sheer curiosity and desire to delve into an N=1 experiment in self-quantification with urinalysis. It’s also because I’ve been too lazy to order one of those special urinalysis specimen cups with the cute plastic lid. And let’s face it: with my relatively frequent use of a three day gut testing panel, my wife is already somewhat accustomed to giant Fed-Ex bags full of poop tubes sitting in the fridge, so urine can’t be all that bad, right? Anyways, in this article, you’re going to learn exactly why I think it’s a good idea to occasionally study one’s own urine, and you’ll also discover 10 very interesting things your pee can tell you about your body. Enjoy, and as usual, leave your questions, thought Continue reading >>

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  1. kris90

    Non Diabetic Ketoacidosis?

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  2. kris90

    I had been trying to correct what I believe to be small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (something I believe I have suffered from for years) with a ketogenic diet which has given me success in the past. My symptoms included: abdominal cramping/distention, bloating, gas (very foul), constipation, fatigue, and intense sugar cravings. I am otherwise very healthy (26 years old, 5'8 @ 160 lbs approx 8% bodyfat and active).
    This time around, I decided to follow a more strict ketogenic diet (one that is epi-paleo). I ate lots of salmon, mussels, grassfed beef, eggs, grass fed butter, coconut oil, occasional mixed nuts and almond butter. After a few days to a week in, I noticed more severe symptoms: nausea, racing heart, and spiking random fevers with chills after eating and worsening constipation & bloating let alone major headaches. I ended up checking in to the ER, and was given lactulose to help with constipation. It worked, and my bloating was gone, but still didn't feel right. I went back for some bloodwork, and everything came back normal (I can post results) blood glucose was 4.5 mmol/L. I noticed I would feel ok if I fasted, but as soon as I ate the high-fat keto meal, within an hour I'd spike a fever, and get major nausea and chills. I literally felt poisoned. I decided to check my urinary ketone levels using ketostix, and came back around 8 mmol/L. I was a little concerned given that on the pamphlet that a doctor should be contacted with a reading over 4 mmol/L. I thought perhaps my ketones were too high, so I decided to take in around 50g of carbs to see if that would bring me down. Bad idea. Nausea hit harder than ever and I was over the toilet thought I was dying (everything spinning, vision was fading out, body went numb and tingly, I was slowly drifting away). I had to get my wife to call 911, and luckily before they arrived, I snapped out of it, but had a mild fever and sweats and was shooken up.
    Paramedics said everything was fine, blood pressure a little high but normal with the stress. Also blood glucose was at 8 mmol/L. Decided to have them take me in. Had ketones checked at hospital and read 6 mmol/L, and blood glucose went up to 8.2 mmol/L. They monitored me for a few hours, and blood glucose dropped back to normal by early morning (4.0 mmol/L) and ketones slowly fell as well.
    The next day, I consumed a well balanced diet with carbs (avoiding refined/sugary carbs) and brought myself out of ketosis. All my symptoms went away and I felt better (other than feeling exhausted). Now today (a day later) I continued the well balanced diet, only now all my "pre-keto" symptoms reappeared (major foul gas, bloating, and constipation).
    Can anyone make any sense of this madness? Was this maybe a bad case of "die-off" symptoms? Or could my ketone level have caused me to feel "poisoned"? I wonder why my levels climbed so high since I am not a diabetic. I found a case of "non-diabetic ketoacidosis" which describes my case almost identically: http://www.empr.com/case-studies/a-...betic-patient-whats-the-cause/article/443559/
    Need suggestions on how to combat these GI issues/bacterial overgrowth now. Perhaps a non-keto/low carb diet (100g per day)?

  3. Jenelle

    I have had great success with a low-FODMAP approach. When I eliminate most of the foods that are high in FODMAPs, I experience almost zero digestive distress. If you haven't heard of this ~ definitely worth a Google.

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