The Role Of Salt In A Ketogenic-diet. ‘keto-flu’ Explained!
I was keen to understand why all the low-carb diet resources tell you to eat more salt. I therefore decided to look into this in greater detail. The problem I encountered was that nothing actually states the reasoning behind it; sources merely allude to the requirements, then make recommendations on how to achieve them. What I was keen to understand in particular, is the role of insulin in causing the kidneys to retain salt. The below is what I’ve managed to piece together. As always, I must state that I have no medical or dietary training; all I can do is try and present the results of my own reading in as clear and jargon-free way as possible. If readers’ comments can help guide my understanding, then all feedback will be gratefully received! So here goes… Salt! When you switch over to a ketogenic diet, you’re effectively changing the way your body creates and burns energy. On a glucose-based metabolism, the energy-form ‘glycogen’ is produced in the liver. This energy is water-soluble and transported around the body in your blood. The blood-stream is therefore our ‘road-network’ for distributing energy to all the cells and muscles that need it. Glycogen is also stored in the muscles, so the blood-motorway serves to ‘top up’ these stores when required. Because glycogen is transported in liquid & is water-soluble; it’s unsurprising that glycogen itself contains a lot of water. In fact, it’s stored in liquid form; three to four parts water to one part glycogen (sources state 3-4g water to 1g glycogen). When you restrict carbohydrate, you stop consuming glucose, the raw-material from which glycogen is made (see Fuel versus Energy for more details). Your stores of glycogen therefore deplete as your body burns energy, and because glycogen carries 3-4 Continue reading >>
How To Be In Ketosis?
Be a new-born baby reared on breast-milk  Use up your glycogen by exercising  Eat a high-fat diet , low in carbs with moderate protein Take exogenous ketones  (aka ketones in a pill) Ketosis is a metabolic state. It is normal for humans to be in and out of ketosis. Once your body starts relying on lots of fat for energy you get into ketosis. So why isn’t it called fatosis? Because when your body burns lots of fat it also turns some of that fat into ketones which then go on to be used for energy too. Is ketosis good for human body? During human evolution, we were probably in and out of ketosis. For instance, seasonal variation for our ancestors often meant little to no sugary and starchy foods which pushed us towards a higher-fat diet. Fatty nutrient dense foods like offal (the weird animal bits such as liver, tongue etc.) were seen as delicacies  and thus in high demand. The further North a population lived, the less vegetation was available which meant humans relied more on hunting large animals and gathering small ones (like eggs or insects! ). All of the essential micro and macronutrients for humans are found in animals, not plants, which directs human food gathering efforts towards animals (whose meat is low in carbs). Although the argument for ketosis isn’t as simple as “we did it back then so it’s good for us now”, the story of human evolution supports it being a normal metabolic state. In other words, it passes the first evolutionary filter (see more: Do ketogenic diets have a place in human evolution?) Ketogenesis as medicine There are many reasons to be in ketosis given to us by modern science. Lowering insulin resistance  (especially for the obese and diabetics) Increased fat oxidation capacity …and many others. Sounds goo Continue reading >>
Low-carb Diets Can Cause Bad Breath
Low-carb diets may be good for your waistline, but you might not be able to say the same for your breath. Low-carb lifestyle junkies are more likely to suffer from a seldom discussed side effect of such diets -- halitosis, aka bad breath. And since more than 25 million people say they have tried the Atkins diet (not to mention other low-carb eating plans), according to the National Marketing Institute, bad breath may be an epidemic! Bad breath in the low/no-carb sect is often caused by certain chemicals that are released in the breath as the body burns fat. They are called ketones, and entering into a fat-burning state of ketosis is the hallmark of the Atkins diet. So the good news is that if your breath stinks, you're probably doing a good job of sticking to that low-carb diet. "Carbohydrates aren't readily available, so you start to use other fats and proteins as your source of energy, and as a result you are going to get a breath problem," explains Kenneth Burrell, DDS, the senior director of the council on scientific affairs of the American Dental Association. Pass the Bread? This is not an oral hygiene problem, Burrell says, so "all the brushing, flossing, and scraping of the tongue that you can do is not possibly enough to overcome this." The bottom line is that you must "reconsider the diet and modify it so this doesn't happen," he says. Sure, "there may be some ways to mask it by using mouthwashes, but you can't overcome the fundamental problem other than by changing the diet -- or at least introducing some carbohydrates." "It's a difficult problem to solve because if one uses any sucking candy or lozenge, one has to be careful that it has no sugar in it" as sugar is a big no-no on many low-carb eating plans, says S. Lawrence Simon, DDS, a New York City periodon Continue reading >>
Vitamin B12 Deficiency The Masking Effect Of Folic Acid
What is the big deal with B12? Vitamin B12 is essential for our health. On average, we need 2.4 micrograms a day. Our bodies need it to make red blood cells, nerves, DNA, and carry out other functions. Simply put, we cannot live without it. If left untreated, it may result in death. B12 deficiency - A problem of developing countries? Most people believe that B12 deficiency is a problem of only underdeveloped countries. In the USA and other developed nations, most commonly eaten foods are fortified with vitamins and minerals. Table salt is fortified with iodine the same way as flour products are enhanced with a type of B vitamin: Folic Acid. As a result, claims of B12 deficiency are easily overlooked. A study from 2000 (Framingham Offspring Study indicated that B12 deficiency is far more widespread than formerly believed. It revealed that almost 40% of studied group of 3,000 had low values of B12. This percentage is believed to be even higher these days. If the results of the studied group are extrapolated, it means that almost two fifths of the U.S. population may be suffering from vitamin B12 deficiency. There are many more recent publications suggesting that it has become a bigger problem over the last few years. Animal products are the best sources of vitamin B12, so naturally you would think: let's just eat more of them! Oddly enough, the researchers found no association between B12 levels and animal products intake. According to the Framingham Offspring Study, it’s not because people aren’t eating enough meat, rather the vitamin isn’t getting absorbed. Why does this happen? There could be many reasons as highlighted further below. This video published on 22 Jan 2013 presents cases of four misdiagnosed patients. Its aim is to raise awareness about the B12 defi Continue reading >>
What Is The Ketogenic Diet And Is Ketosis Safe?
Any diet, by definition, is a group of foods consumed for a certain period of time. A “diet” can be as simple as an average daily meal or it can also be part of a treatment program for specific medical conditions. The ketogenic diet, which allows someone to enter a state of nutritional “ketosis”, has long been used in the treatment of epilepsy in children – but its benefits go way beyond this. As you’ll learn, recent studies show that a ketogenic diet can have many uses and benefits – including weight loss, reduced inflammation, cancer-prevention, as more. History of Ketogenic Diets The ketogenic diet was first introduced in 1924 at the Mayo clinic by Dr. Russel Wilder who started the diet to treat epileptic patients. He put his patients on a “fast” and found that epileptic symptoms became less frequent. The popularity of this diet as a means of controlling epilepsy has decreased since this time since powerful anticonvulsant drugs have been invented, but this doesn’t mean that ketogenic diets are not promoted for better health any longer. Since its introduction in the 1920s, the ketogenic diet and entering ketosis remains controversial until today. Although it has many benefits and is a natural approach to controlling disease in some cases, many doctors and patients often find it easier to administer pills than to adhere to a ketogenic diet that they find “strict’ and restrictive. The exact mechanism by which the ketogenic diet works still isn’t 100% known, but the results of ketosis that have been researched for years are staggering. What is A Ketogenic Diet? Today ketogenic diets get the most attention when it comes to weight loss and blood sugar control. “Burn fat by eating more fat” is one simple way to describe the approach that allows Continue reading >>
What To Do About Keto Breath From A Low-carb Diet
Fasting, paleo, and low-carb diets are an important health practice for some people. But a common side effect of the weight loss from a low-carb diet is bad breath (often called keto breath), caused by a process called ketosis. You’re not going to give up on your diet, of course, so what’s the solution? What Causes Keto Breath on a Low-Carb or Paleo Diet First of all, you’re not alone. Most people on some form of low carbohydrate diet tend to have worse breath than those who use other methods of dieting. This is mainly due to the food low-carb dieters are now eating and how those foods are reacting in the body. Low-carb diets work by limiting the amount of carbs entering the body, so your body must then look to stored fat for fuel. When your body burns this stored fat, a certain chemical called ketone is made. Ketone exits the body in two ways: through urine and through your mouth. This “keto breath” is what causes bad breath when you’re eating low-carb or paleo, or fasting. Certain foods are also to blame. High-protein foods produce more sulfur when broken down into particles. These particles tend to stay on your tongue and in your mouth longer, especially while you’re asleep, or if you don’t brush in between meals. Because your mouth doesn’t produce saliva when you’re asleep (and for good reason!), these sulfur compounds build up overnight and can really give your partner a wake-up call in the morning when you roll over for a good-morning kiss! An easy way to combat this (and hack your sleep at the same time): mouth taping. Bad Breath Causes Beyond Diet Certain lifestyle changes we make to lose weight or get healthy can also be the culprit of bad breath. Most common are the below. Skipping meals: Without anything to chew, saliva production slows do Continue reading >>
Is Your Keto Diet Giving You Keto Breath?
Is your Keto diet giving you Keto breath? Ultra-low carb diets have grown in popularity over recent years. At the time of writing, there were over 15m #keto tags on Instagram . The aim of these keto diets (short for ketogenic) is to facilitate weight loss by minimising carbohydrates and increasing fat intake, in order to get the body to use fat as a form of energy. Keto diets have become popular on account of their rapid results, together with the practical benefits of consuming healthy volumes of the right foods, making hunger less of a problem than more typical calorie-controlled diets. After about two to seven days of following a keto diet, you go into something called ketosis, the state the body enters when it doesnt have enough carbohydrates for cells to use for energy. Thats when the body starts making ketones, or organic compounds, that the body then uses in place of the missing carbohydrates. At this point, the body also starts burning fat for more energy. This, in turn, can lead to weight loss. However, one of the most common complaints from being on a keto diet, is that it can result in ketosis breath or keto breath. Quite simply, individuals opting for a very low carb diet can suffer from pungent and unpleasant smelling breath. So what can be done to counteract this problem? In order to learn how to get rid of keto breath, we first need to understand why breath can smell when choosing to follow a ketogenic diet. There are two potential causes(1), both of which can operate independently, or in conjunction with one another. The most typical source of energy used by the body is glucose. This is typically derived from carbohydrates, and is where the digestive system breaks down complex sugars into simple glucose molecules. On very low carb diets, the body is una Continue reading >>
Keto Breath: 3 Reasons You Have It And 6 Ways To Fix It
One of the worst side effects of going low-carb is keto breath. Even if youre crazy about your dental hygiene, start a ketogenic diet and you may find yourself struggling (and losing) the fight against bad breath. The answer to your sweet tooth. 17g of fat, 3g of net carbs, incredibly delicious. The good news is that it doesnt have to be this way. You can solve this embarrassing problem and love everything about being on a keto diet. Is keto breath the same as high school math teacher bad breath? Bad breath, also known as halitosis, is typically characterized by unpleasant smells coming from your mouth region. Its a common symptom of ketosis , and usually, the causes of bad breath include[ * ]: Though its not fun, youll want to visit your dentist and doctor to rule out a few of these issues if youre experiencing less than fresh breath. Unlike the general war of smells from leftover food particles and bacteria in your mouth that is halitosis, keto breath is very specific. Its been described as a pungent, acidic, and fruity smell. Although some say its more of a metallic taste in your mouth. Others claim keto breath (and urine) smell more like nail polish remover or even varnish. The silver lining to keto breath is that it means youre actually in ketosis. Why Being in Ketosis Can Cause Bad Breath There are three main reasons why your breath might be a little funky on a ketogenic diet: Acetone is produced as a ketone and extra ketones need to leave your body. Ammonia generated via protein digestion also needs to bounce. Dehydration causing dry mouth compounds halitosis and keto breath. Check out how each of these is to blame for ketosis breath. #1. Acetone Produced Via Ketosis Causes Keto Breath To understand this explanation for keto breath, you have to fully understand Continue reading >>
Treating Ketosis Breath | Protein Induced Halitosis | Denver Dentist
Premier Dentistry for Denver, Cherry Creek & Englewood, CO The keto diet ( ketogenic diet ) is a low-carb, high-fat diet that has grown in popularity over the past several months. Many people have found this type of eating can help with weight management. Many have also found it can come with a particularly unpleasant side-effect: keto breath. Ketosis breath is typically described as smelling of acetone or ammonia and may come with a metallic taste in the mouth. Partially a result of ketones being released through respiration, this breath can make close encounters very uncomfortable and may even make some people feel ill. The liver creates three types of ketones, one of which is acetone. While it is the least abundant, it is also the most volatile and is often excreted through the oral passageway. This type of keto breath is usually temporary and often subsides within the first few weeks of the diet. The second type, however, is a direct result of the foods favored in the keto diet. The types of food eaten on a keto diet can encourage halitosis in two ways: Excess protein is not always easily digested. Undigested protein fermenting in the gut will produce ammonia that can be fairly potent on the breath. Ammonia is also one of the ketones created by the liver. The only solution for this is eating less protein. The issue can be mitigated by chewing gum and frequent tooth brushing Volatile organic compounds (VOC), like those found in patients with black hairy tongue , can also cause bad breath in people on the keto diet. Bacteria will ferment protein sources stuck in between the teeth and in the crevices of the mouth. This fermentation process will produce volatile organic compounds, like sulfur, which causehalitosis. This issue can be treated through proper oral hygiene Continue reading >>
Ketosis Symptoms And Signs: What To Look Out For
Ketosis Symptoms and Signs: What to Look Out For If you cant measure it, you cant improve it. This could be the motto for biohackers everywhere, who like to quantify every single aspect of health and performance in order to optimize outcomes and results. But sometimes, when it comes to health, subjective feelings and assessments might be just as valuable as hard data. When it comes to ketosis , this is especially true. While its easy to measure things like weight loss and ketone levels using numbers, ketosis can also be monitored using ratings of positive side effects, mental energy, and perhaps some of the negative symptoms. In order to adequately know whether or not youre in ketosis and how well youre responding to it, youve got to know what to look out for. In this article, we will discuss some common side effects and symptoms of ketosis. Dietary carbohydrate restriction, fasting , and even prolonged exercise can all lead to a reduction in blood glucose and glycogen in the body. When this happens, the body must find an alternative route to produce energy and fuel cells. One of these alternative routes is the utilization of free fatty acids, obtained by breaking down stored body fat, sometimes called fat burning. Free fatty acids in the circulation can be transported to the liver. The liver is able to turn fatty acids into ketone bodies, which can then be used as a fuel source. When blood levels of ketone bodies (mainly acetoacetate and beta- hydroxybutyrate ) rise to levels above 0.5mM, one is considered to be in ketosis. Reducing carbs and eating a high-fat diet isnt the only way to enter ketosis. Exogenous ketone supplements which are essentially ketones that you can eat or drinkcan be used to induce a state of ketosis in the absence of carbohydrate restriction. E Continue reading >>
Acetonaemia (ketosis) Of Dairy Cows
Note Number: AG0210 A very distinct problem for dairy cows is the disease of ketosis (or acetonaemia). The occurrence of this disease in dairy cows is related to an increased demand for glucose by the animal. Ketosis also occurs in other animals and the problem is known by various names, eg, pregnancy toxaemia in ewes. Most commonly, ketosis is seen either in high producing cows or cows on a poor diet. Signs of the disease can be seen before calving, but they occur most commonly in the first month after calving and occasionally in the second month. In a herd, ketosis can either be sporadic with only individuals affected, or endemic with many cows affected over a period. Cause The disease is an extension of a normal metabolic process that occurs in most heavily producing dairy cows. The basic problem in ketosis is a deficiency of glucose (or sugar) in the blood and body tissues. Glucose is produced by the cow from carbohydrates which are a major constituent of pastures and other supplementary feeds in varying degrees. In late pregnancy, glucose is directed from normal bodily functions to the nutrition of the developing calf. As lactation starts, glucose is essential for the formation of lactose (milk sugar) and milk fat. The requirement for glucose is at such high levels that the blood becomes low in glucose (hypoglycaemia). Fifty grams of glucose is required for each litre of milk with a 4.8% lactose test and 30 grams for each litre of milk with a 4% fat test. Cows (and other ruminants) cannot be fed glucose in their diet; it has to be made in the rumen from suitable carbohydrates in the diet. If the amount of suitable carbohydrate in the diet is not enough to meet the glucose needs of the cow in full milk, the liver starts to manufacture glucose from other basic compou Continue reading >>
What Is Keto//os?
GREAT QUESTION!! KETO//OS is your “ketone operating system”, and is the first therapeutic ketone supplement on the market! The proprietary blend is owned by Prüvit and is Dr. Approved, Lab Tested, University backed! It is a powder that you mix with 8=10 oz. of water (sparkling water works too). And within 15-30 minutes it puts your body into Ketosis in which you are burning the most fat, experiencing natural energy and becoming the best version of YOU! >> Supplementing with exogenous ketones allows you to experience the benefits of elevated blood ketone levels, without having to follow such a restrictive ketogenic diet, or super low carb diet, which is often difficult for some people to adhere to. But let me REALLY break it down for you. Do you have four minutes? GREAT! Give the video below a watch to further educate yourself on all that is Keto//OS and how it puts your body into the magical state of ketosis! "Supplementing with KETO//OS or following a ketogenic diet can cause a slightly diuretic effect, and can deplete magnesium, potassium and sodium stores. This can be rectified by supplementing with a good electrolyte or increasing the sodium in your diet. However KETO//OS adds additional sodium to the formulation to counter-act this sodium depletion. The first signs of dehydration are fatigue, headache, dizziness, dry mouth, swollen tongue, constipation, possible elevation of blood pressure, palpitations or muscle cramping. If this occurs, decrease your serving size of Uncharged Keto//OS or BioMax, drink plenty of water. KETO//OS 2.1 and Keto Kreme is blended with medium chain triglycerides, which can often times cause digestive distress. This is due to the fact that your body has not yet adapted to the increased fats in your diet, and is less efficient at util Continue reading >>
Does The Ketogenic Diet Cure Candida? The Ketosis-candida-mercury Link
You’ve been on the Ketogenic Diet for a while now and you’ve been promised weight loss, more energy, clearer head, better sleep or possibly even ascension? But instead you got some or all of the following? weight gain stiff neck fatigue brain fog heart palpitations head pressure burning sensation in the mouth insatiable thirst impaired breathing / coughing / shortness of breath headaches nausea stiff joints muscle stiffness depression insomnia rash bloated, painful intestines constipation or diarrhea white coated tongue phlegm or mucus or the feeling of having a “frog” in your throat just overall feeling more miserable But you aren’t willing to give up on the diet just yet because you were told all those negative symptoms you’ve started to experience were due to your body adjusting from a sugar to a fat burning metabolism? Or that your mtDNA was being repaired? That you just need to stick through it, or drink more water or take a few supplements? That in order to get well you have to get sick first? That the insomnia really is you having more energy and hence needing less sleep? And yet it’s been weeks, months, or more than a year but you still experience those symptoms and you’re not really feeling well and – surprisingly – you have actually GAINED some weight?! If so, then it might be time to consider that the Ketogenic Diet is actually making you sick. WHAAAAAT??!! How could that be? You ask. And: Who am I to suggest such blasphemy? I’m a former Keto Fanatic, someone who had been on the Ketogenic Diet for over 1 year until I realized that ketosis was wrecking havoc with my body, and now I’m here to tell you all about it. How did I get into the Ketogenic Diet? Did I go from eating pizza and drinking Cola straight to eating 4 eggs for breakfast Continue reading >>
5 Strategies To Overcome Keto Breath
96 Of The Best Ketogenic Diet Recipes [low Carb And Paleo]
We always need more recipes for the ketogenic diet. It’s hard to find recipes that don’t dump huge amounts of sugar or other carbohydrates into the dish, so we’ve scoured the web for some of the best low carb, keto recipes. We’ve put them into categories so you can find the recipes you want quickly and easily. From breakfast, to desserts, to drinks and snacks…take a look around and see which of these 96 ketogenic diet recipes you want to try! (Plus, all the recipes are Paleo, gluten-free, grain-free, and dairy-free except for butter/ghee so you can stay healthy and in ketosis!) Table Of Contents For Best Ketogenic Diet Recipes Ketogenic Dessert Recipes Ketogenic Drinks Recipes Don’t forget you can get this entire gigantic list of ketogenic diet recipes emailed to you by clicking the green button below. Best Ketogenic Diet Recipes – Breakfast – The Nourished Caveman Photo Credit: Vivica from The Nourished Caveman (with photo) Ingredients: organic uncured bacon, mushrooms, smoked salmon, shrimp, coconut cream, Celtic sea salt, ground black pepper. This is a lovely combination of flavor and texture. The cream can be replaced with coconut cream if you are dairy-intolerant. This meal can be easily frozen, so is ideal for cooking in batches so you always have something tasty in the freezer. This can be served over zucchini noodles, but tastes great on its own. Breakfast Porridge – Paleo Flourish Ingredients: almonds, coconut cream, sweetener of choice, cinnamon powder, nutmeg, cloves, cardamom. Ideal for the colder mornings, this porridge is perfect for the whole family. If you prefer your porridge sweeter, then we recommend you add in a dash of stevia. The cinnamon and cloves give a warm flavor to this breakfast dish. – Paleo Flourish Ingredients: almonds Continue reading >>