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Ketosis May Result From

Ketosis

Ketosis

Not to be confused with Ketoacidosis. Ketosis is a metabolic state in which some of the body's energy supply comes from ketone bodies in the blood, in contrast to a state of glycolysis in which blood glucose provides energy. Ketosis is a result of metabolizing fat to provide energy. Ketosis is a nutritional process characterised by serum concentrations of ketone bodies over 0.5 mM, with low and stable levels of insulin and blood glucose.[1][2] It is almost always generalized with hyperketonemia, that is, an elevated level of ketone bodies in the blood throughout the body. Ketone bodies are formed by ketogenesis when liver glycogen stores are depleted (or from metabolising medium-chain triglycerides[3]). The main ketone bodies used for energy are acetoacetate and β-hydroxybutyrate,[4] and the levels of ketone bodies are regulated mainly by insulin and glucagon.[5] Most cells in the body can use both glucose and ketone bodies for fuel, and during ketosis, free fatty acids and glucose synthesis (gluconeogenesis) fuel the remainder. Longer-term ketosis may result from fasting or staying on a low-carbohydrate diet (ketogenic diet), and deliberately induced ketosis serves as a medical intervention for various conditions, such as intractable epilepsy, and the various types of diabetes.[6] In glycolysis, higher levels of insulin promote storage of body fat and block release of fat from adipose tissues, while in ketosis, fat reserves are readily released and consumed.[5][7] For this reason, ketosis is sometimes referred to as the body's "fat burning" mode.[8] Ketosis and ketoacidosis are similar, but ketoacidosis is an acute life-threatening state requiring prompt medical intervention while ketosis can be physiological. However, there are situations (such as treatment-resistant Continue reading >>

Ketosis Vs. Ketoacidosis: What You Should Know

Ketosis Vs. Ketoacidosis: What You Should Know

Despite the similarity in name, ketosis and ketoacidosis are two different things. Ketoacidosis refers to diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and is a complication of type 1 diabetes mellitus. It’s a life-threatening condition resulting from dangerously high levels of ketones and blood sugar. This combination makes your blood too acidic, which can change the normal functioning of internal organs like your liver and kidneys. It’s critical that you get prompt treatment. DKA can occur very quickly. It may develop in less than 24 hours. It mostly occurs in people with type 1 diabetes whose bodies do not produce any insulin. Several things can lead to DKA, including illness, improper diet, or not taking an adequate dose of insulin. DKA can also occur in individuals with type 2 diabetes who have little or no insulin production. Ketosis is the presence of ketones. It’s not harmful. You can be in ketosis if you’re on a low-carbohydrate diet or fasting, or if you’ve consumed too much alcohol. If you have ketosis, you have a higher than usual level of ketones in your blood or urine, but not high enough to cause acidosis. Ketones are a chemical your body produces when it burns stored fat. Some people choose a low-carb diet to help with weight loss. While there is some controversy over their safety, low-carb diets are generally fine. Talk to your doctor before beginning any extreme diet plan. DKA is the leading cause of death in people under 24 years old who have diabetes. The overall death rate for ketoacidosis is 2 to 5 percent. People under the age of 30 make up 36 percent of DKA cases. Twenty-seven percent of people with DKA are between the ages of 30 and 50, 23 percent are between the ages of 51 and 70, and 14 percent are over the age of 70. Ketosis may cause bad breath. Ket Continue reading >>

What Is Ketosis?

What Is Ketosis?

"Ketosis" is a word you'll probably see when you're looking for information on diabetes or weight loss. Is it a good thing or a bad thing? That depends. Ketosis is a normal metabolic process, something your body does to keep working. When it doesn't have enough carbohydrates from food for your cells to burn for energy, it burns fat instead. As part of this process, it makes ketones. If you're healthy and eating a balanced diet, your body controls how much fat it burns, and you don't normally make or use ketones. But when you cut way back on your calories or carbs, your body will switch to ketosis for energy. It can also happen after exercising for a long time and during pregnancy. For people with uncontrolled diabetes, ketosis is a sign of not using enough insulin. Ketosis can become dangerous when ketones build up. High levels lead to dehydration and change the chemical balance of your blood. Ketosis is a popular weight loss strategy. Low-carb eating plans include the first part of the Atkins diet and the Paleo diet, which stress proteins for fueling your body. In addition to helping you burn fat, ketosis can make you feel less hungry. It also helps you maintain muscle. For healthy people who don't have diabetes and aren't pregnant, ketosis usually kicks in after 3 or 4 days of eating less than 50 grams of carbohydrates per day. That's about 3 slices of bread, a cup of low-fat fruit yogurt, or two small bananas. You can start ketosis by fasting, too. Doctors may put children who have epilepsy on a ketogenic diet, a special high-fat, very low-carb and protein plan, because it might help prevent seizures. Adults with epilepsy sometimes eat modified Atkins diets. Some research suggests that ketogenic diets might help lower your risk of heart disease. Other studies show sp Continue reading >>

Why Do Some People Believe A High Fat Diet, With The Intent To Limit Carbohydrates To Induce A State Of Ketosis And Allow The Body To Run Predominantly Off Of Fat For Energy, Is Ideal For Optimal Health?

Why Do Some People Believe A High Fat Diet, With The Intent To Limit Carbohydrates To Induce A State Of Ketosis And Allow The Body To Run Predominantly Off Of Fat For Energy, Is Ideal For Optimal Health?

Some of us have found with a series of self experiments that we feel better on low carb higher fat diets. Over time I've tried being a vegan, being a vegetarian, raw foods, eating just a whole foods diet, high whole grains..... so on and on. After several years on LCHF I've found that eliminating the vast majority of carbs helps 1) keep my blood sugar in a reasonable range - this has such a huge range of health effects that I won't even try to list them. 2) results in a very low triglyceride level and high HDL cholesterol level 3) keeps my moods even. Anxiety and depression have virtually disappeared. Ketosis is known for being beneficial for a variety of neurological problems. When I have slipped off eating this way a variety of unpleasant symptoms return. My diet is highly nutrient rich - I eat pastured/grass fed meats and eggs, wild fish, a huge variety of green vegetables - primarily leafy, butter, cheese and other fats from healthy animals, healthy vegetable fats - coconut, avocado, olives. Some nuts, limited quantities of berries, lots of herbs, brightly colored veg that aren't too high in carbs. This kind of diet can be appropriate for many people, not just Inuits! It may or may not be related to genetics (my guess would be probably), but this could include many groups. My background is primarily northern European, with most of my ancestors likely being exposed to agriculture no more that 3 to 5,000 years ago. There are cases of Pacific Island groups who had traditionally a diet very high in coconut fats. When moving to NZ and eating a lower fat diet, they suffer tremendously from obesity, T2 diabetes and other modern illnesses. There is considerable scientific evidence that LCHF diets are beneficial for a variety of conditions. Rather than try to cite all those Continue reading >>

What Is A Ketogenic Diet?

What Is A Ketogenic Diet?

So what is a ketogenic diet? Despite its popularity in today’s society, few truly understand what a ketogenic diet is. One of the best definitions I’ve come across is by a colleague of mine who stated that, “A ketogenic diet is one in which glucogenic substrates (non-fiber carbohydrates and glucogenic amino acids) are low enough to force the body to primarily rely on fat as substrate.” The ketogenic diet is traditionally a high-fat, moderate-protein, and very low-carbohydrate diet and through the appropriate balance of these three macronutrients (protein, fat, carbohydrates), we are able to alter our energy utilization and enter a unique metabolic state known as nutritional ketosis. Nutritional ketosis, not to be confused with diabetic ketoacidosis, is a state in which the body switches its preferred fuel source from carbohydrates to fat, which results in the production of an additional fuel source known as ketones or ketone bodies. These ketones can be rapidly broken down for energy production by various tissues throughout the body. As stated above, the ketogenic diet allows the body to use an alternative fuel source (i.e. ketones) to meet the demands of the body. The adaptations that allow us to enter ketosis take time, and this transition period is often referred to as keto-adaptation. Once keto-adaptation occurs, you are considered to be “fat-adapted”. There are several ways in which the body can enter a state of ketosis, with the most common being a ketogenic diet. When attempting to enter ketosis through dietary manipulation, it is essential to keep in mind the recommended fat, protein, and carbohydrate intakes. As with most diets, there is no “one-size-fits-all approach” for a ketogenic diet. The ratios and amounts of each macronutrient of the die Continue reading >>

Ketosis Diets

Ketosis Diets

Ketosis diets are high-fat diets which cause the body to switch from glucose metabolism to ketone body metabolism. What Are Ketosis Diets Used For? Ketosis diets offer a way of helping to try and make seizures better or possibly stop them altogether. It is a very special diet that uses the food you eat to try and stop the seizures you have, instead of having to have another medicine. Longer-term ketosis may result from fasting or staying on a low-carbohydrate diet, and deliberately induced ketosis serves as a medical intervention for intractable epilepsy. In glycolysis, higher levels of insulin promote storage of body fat and block release of fat from adipose tissues, while in ketosis, fat reserves are readily released and consumed. For this reason, ketosis is sometimes referred to as the body’s “fat burning” mode. How Do Ketosis Diets Work? Despite the fact that our bodies use carbohydrates, fat and protein as typical sources of energy, it is also widely acknowledged that it has a strong preference for glucose whenever it is available. The objective of ketosis diets is to increase your fat intake, whilst reducing your carbohydrate intake to a minimum in order to force your body into a mild state of ketosis (burning fats for energy). For tips on preparing for ketosis diets, please take a moment to view the following video: Ketosis Diets For Adults The first and largest study of the ketogenic diet in adults was published in 1930 (1) but despite positive results it was almost 70 years before another study reported similar findings (2). Seven studies have since been published using either the classical ketogenic diet ( 3,4,5,6) or the more liberal modified Atkins diet ( 7,8,9) to treat adults with drug resistant seizures. A review of adult trials suggested that effec Continue reading >>

Ketosis: What Is Ketosis?

Ketosis: What Is Ketosis?

Ketosis is a normal metabolic process. When the body does not have enough glucose for energy, it burns stored fats instead; this results in a build-up of acids called ketones within the body. Some people encourage ketosis by following a diet called the ketogenic or low-carb diet. The aim of the diet is to try and burn unwanted fat by forcing the body to rely on fat for energy, rather than carbohydrates. Ketosis is also commonly observed in patients with diabetes, as the process can occur if the body does not have enough insulin or is not using insulin correctly. Problems associated with extreme levels of ketosis are more likely to develop in patients with type 1 diabetes compared with type 2 diabetes patients. Ketosis occurs when the body does not have sufficient access to its primary fuel source, glucose. Ketosis describes a condition where fat stores are broken down to produce energy, which also produces ketones, a type of acid. As ketone levels rise, the acidity of the blood also increases, leading to ketoacidosis, a serious condition that can prove fatal. People with type 1 diabetes are more likely to develop ketoacidosis, for which emergency medical treatment is required to avoid or treat diabetic coma. Some people follow a ketogenic (low-carb) diet to try to lose weight by forcing the body to burn fat stores. What is ketosis? In normal circumstances, the body's cells use glucose as their primary form of energy. Glucose is typically derived from dietary carbohydrates, including: sugar - such as fruits and milk or yogurt starchy foods - such as bread and pasta The body breaks these down into simple sugars. Glucose can either be used to fuel the body or be stored in the liver and muscles as glycogen. If there is not enough glucose available to meet energy demands, th Continue reading >>

Ketosis

Ketosis

Tweet Ketosis is a state the body may find itself in either as a result of raised blood glucose levels or as a part of low carb dieting. Low levels of ketosis is perfectly normal. However, high levels of ketosis in the short term can be serious and the long term effects of regular moderate ketosis are only partially known at the moment. What is ketosis? Ketosis is a state the body goes into if it needs to break down body fat for energy. The state is marked by raised levels of ketones in the blood which can be used by the body as fuel. Ketones which are not used for fuel are excreted out of the body via the kidneys and the urine. Is ketosis the same as ketoacidosis? There is often confusion as to the difference between ketosis and ketoacidosis. Ketosis is the state whereby the body is producing ketones. In ketosis, the level of ketones in the blood can be anything between normal to very high. Diabetic ketoacidosis, also known as DKA, only describes the state in which the level of ketones is either high or very high. In ketoacidosis, the amount of ketones in the blood is sufficient to turn the blood acidic, which is a dangerous medical state. When does ketosis occur? Ketosis will take place when the body needs energy and there is not sufficient glucose available for the body. This can typically happen when the body is lacking insulin and blood glucose levels become high. Other causes can be the result of being on a low carb diet. A low level of carbohydrate will lead to low levels of insulin, and therefore the body will produce ketones which do not rely on insulin to get into and fuel the body’s cells. A further cause of ketosis, less relevant to people with diabetes, is a result of excessive alcohol consumption. Is ketosis dangerous? The NHS describes ketosis as a pote Continue reading >>

The Ketogenic Diet

The Ketogenic Diet

With the whole fitness and health field booming in the last couple of years, a lot of new information has come out, which is definitely a good thing, but big words and new information come with that making it a little overwhelming for a good portion of the general public. Ketosis has recently become a new tool to use so people can reach different health and fitness related goals. Specifically, ketosis is a metabolic state where the body’s energy comes from ketone bodies in the blood, instead of being in a state of glycolysis where blood glucose provides the usual energy for us. I’ll get a bit more into detail here in a minute and break down what all of that means. Ketosis is not to be confused with ketoacidosis which is basically an extreme state of ketosis. Ketoacidosis is usually related to type 1 diabetes where the liver breaks down fats and even proteins, as well as prolonged alcoholism. What is Ketosis and what is it used for? “Ketosis is a nutritional process that is characterized by blood serum concentrations of ketone bodies over 0.5mM, with low levels of insulin and blood glucose (Phinney, 2011).” Basically, this just means that there is an elevated level of ketones being produced in the body and in the blood which is called “hyperketonemia.” Long-term ketosis can result from fasting or staying on a low-carbohydrate diet or a ketogenic diet. The big thing with ketone bodies, at least in the fitness world, is that ketones can be used by the different cells of the body as fuel instead of the typical glucose that most people’s bodies use as fuel. This allows the body to use fats as a more prominent fuel source to lose fat mass while preserving muscle mass. That reason is why ketosis is sometimes called the body’s “fat burning” mode (Paoli). Ket Continue reading >>

Ketosis

Ketosis

Ketosis is a metabolic state in which some of the body's energy supply comes from ketone bodies in the blood, in contrast to a state of glycolysis in which blood glucose provides most of the energy. Ketosis is a nutritional process characterised by serum concentrations of ketone bodies over 0.5 mM, with low and stable levels of insulin and blood glucose.[1][2] It is almost always generalized with hyperketonemia, that is, an elevated level of ketone bodies in the blood throughout the body. Ketone bodies are formed by ketogenesis when liver glycogen stores are depleted (or from metabolising medium-chain triglycerides[3]). The main ketone bodies used for energy are acetoacetate and β-hydroxybutyrate,[4] and the levels of ketone bodies are regulated mainly by insulin and glucagon.[5] Most cells in the body can use both glucose and ketone bodies for fuel, and during ketosis, free fatty acids and glucose synthesis (gluconeogenesis) fuel the remainder. Longer-term ketosis may result from fasting or staying on a low-carbohydrate diet, and deliberately induced ketosis serves as a medical intervention for various conditions, such as intractable epilepsy, and the various types of diabetes.[6] In glycolysis, higher levels of insulin promote storage of body fat and block release of fat from adipose tissues, while in ketosis, fat reserves are readily released and consumed.[5][7] For this reason, ketosis is sometimes referred to as the body's "fat burning" mode.[8] Cause Ketoacidosis Ketone bodies are acidic, but acid-base homeostasis in the blood is normally maintained through bicarbonate buffering, respiratory compensation to vary the amount of CO2 in the bloodstream, hydrogen ion absorption by tissue proteins and bone, and renal compensation through increased excretion of dihydrog Continue reading >>

Ketosis

Ketosis

Tweet Ketosis is a state the body may find itself in either as a result of raised blood glucose levels or as a part of low carb dieting. Low levels of ketosis is perfectly normal. However, high levels of ketosis in the short term can be serious and the long term effects of regular moderate ketosis are only partially known at the moment. What is ketosis? Ketosis is a state the body goes into if it needs to break down body fat for energy. The state is marked by raised levels of ketones in the blood which can be used by the body as fuel. Ketones which are not used for fuel are excreted out of the body via the kidneys and the urine. Is ketosis the same as ketoacidosis? There is often confusion as to the difference between ketosis and ketoacidosis. Ketosis is the state whereby the body is producing ketones. In ketosis, the level of ketones in the blood can be anything between normal to very high. Diabetic ketoacidosis, also known as DKA, only describes the state in which the level of ketones is either high or very high. In ketoacidosis, the amount of ketones in the blood is sufficient to turn the blood acidic, which is a dangerous medical state. When does ketosis occur? Ketosis will take place when the body needs energy and there is not sufficient glucose available for the body. This can typically happen when the body is lacking insulin and blood glucose levels become high. Other causes can be the result of being on a low carb diet. A low level of carbohydrate will lead to low levels of insulin, and therefore the body will produce ketones which do not rely on insulin to get into and fuel the body’s cells. A further cause of ketosis, less relevant to people with diabetes, is a result of excessive alcohol consumption. Is ketosis dangerous? The NHS describes ketosis as a pote Continue reading >>

Is Islamic Fasting Healthy?

Is Islamic Fasting Healthy?

is fasting a good idea for your health? Possibly, says David Katz, MD, MPH, director of the Prevention Research Center at Yale University. Every day, organs such as the liver, kidney, and spleen work to remove and neutralize toxins from the body to keep our cells healthy. “When you fast, you eliminate input of additional toxins from food,” says Dr. Katz, “and there is a potential biological benefit to that.” Leading researchers and experts share the details you need to know before you forgo food: Your Body on a Fast Thanks to our history as hunter-gatherers, human bodies are equipped to handle periods of not eating, says Benjamin D. Horne, PhD, MD, author of the Utah study and director of cardiovascular and genetic epidemiology at Intermountain Medical Center in Salt Lake City. And since the ancestors who made it through those lean times are the ones who survived, Horne suggests that our DNA may actually be coded to receive a benefit from fasting. Here’s how your body reacts when you stop feeding it: When you eat, your digestive system breaks down carbohydrates into the sugar glucose, the body’s major source of energy. Glucose is absorbed from the digestive tract into the blood, which then travels to your body’s cells to provide them with fuel. If you haven’t eaten recently, the supply of glucose in your blood drops and your body turns to stored glucose, called glycogen, for energy. Once the glycogen is used up, your body begins to burn fat and muscle stores to make its own glucose to fuel your cells. After a few days without eating (which experts don’t recommend) your body kicks into ketosis mode, meaning you burn fat as the primary source of fuel, in order to spare muscle. You will lose weight in the form of body fat. However, ketosis also makes your Continue reading >>

Ketosis Vs. Ketoacidosis

Ketosis Vs. Ketoacidosis

If you are thinking about starting a low-carb diet, maybe you have mentioned it to some of your family or friends. And then maybe someone said something to you like, "What are you thinking? Low-carb is a dangerous diet. You then Googled something like, "low carb dangerous" and found a list of link-bait articles informing you that low-carb is a ketogenic diet, and ketosis is a dangerous metabolic state which can be fatal. Here’s the thing though … that is all misinformation. Where do these misperceptions come from? Well, there are a lot of individuals and companies which all have their own goals and motivations. Profit motives tend to muddy up the works when it comes to getting clear, factual information about your health. And some people simply make mistakes. In this case, maybe mistakes are understandable. Many people who believe that ketosis is dangerous are mixing it up with another state called "ketoacidosis." The two words do sound very similar. Let’s break it down so that you can understand exactly what ketosis is and how it Ketosis is a metabolic state where you get most of your daily fuel from fat instead of carbs. Your body becomes ketogenic when it has limited access to glucose and needs to turn to another energy source for primary fuel. If you eat a very low-carb diet, you are restricting the glucose available to your body, which causes your body to turn to fat to burn. This may result in a state of ketosis. Note that not all low-carb diets produce a ketogenic state. It depends on how much you restrict your carbohydrate intake. If you are eating between 20-50 grams of carbohydrates per day, you will generally go into a ketogenic state. If you eat more than that, you may never actually establish ketosis. Where does the name "ketosis" come from While you Continue reading >>

Weight Loss

Weight Loss

Results Weight loss Most people can lose weight if they restrict the number of calories consumed and increase physical activity levels. To lose 1 to 1.5 pounds (0.5 to 0.7 kilogram) a week, you need to reduce your daily calories by 500 to 750 calories. Low-carb diets, especially very low-carb diets, may lead to greater short-term weight loss than do low-fat diets. But most studies have found that at 12 or 24 months, the benefits of a low-carb diet are not very large. A 2015 review found that higher protein, low-carbohydrate diets may offer a slight advantage in terms of weight loss and loss of fat mass compared with a normal protein diet. Cutting calories and carbs may not be the only reason for the weight loss. Some studies show that you may shed some weight because the extra protein and fat keeps you feeling full longer, which helps you eat less. Other health benefits Low-carb diets may help prevent or improve serious health conditions, such as metabolic syndrome, diabetes, high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease. In fact, almost any diet that helps you shed excess weight can reduce or even reverse risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Most weight-loss diets — not just low-carb diets — may improve blood cholesterol or blood sugar levels, at least temporarily. Low-carb diets may improve high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and triglyceride values slightly more than do moderate-carb diets. That may be due not only to how many carbs you eat but also to the quality of your other food choices. Lean protein (fish, poultry, legumes), healthy fats (monounsaturated and polyunsaturated) and unprocessed carbs — such as whole grains, legumes, vegetables, fruits and low-fat dairy products — are generally healthier choices. A report from the Ame Continue reading >>

What Is Good For Heavy Metal Detoxification? And Does Going Into Ketosis Help?

What Is Good For Heavy Metal Detoxification? And Does Going Into Ketosis Help?

Let me start with mercury because in some ways it is the most difficult heavy metal to excrete efficiently. Mercury bonds efficiently to sulfur, much better than it bonds to oxygen. Lead bonds to oxygen better, and this defines a critical difference in detox between different heavy metals. The body can have a high mercury burden and be asymptomatic. Teenagers with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy suddenly drop dead; that's how we find out they have toxic mercury burdens in their heart muscles. In humans, mercury is detoxified by binding to glutathione (GSH), which binds to mercury (Hg) by its sulfur (S) atoms. Glutathione is abbreviated GSH to emphasize the sulfhydryl (SH) active group, which when it bonds to mercury becomes GS-Hg-SG (two bonds to the sulfur (S) of glutathione). The H of GSH is replaced with mercury. This bound form of mercury is our body's primary mercury-defense mechanism, for storage in the cells and for elimination through the liver into the bile. The latter is where the problem begins. When mercury enters the digestive tract in bile, it runs into microorganisms. Bacteria hate mercury in the glutathione-bound form. It gets into their systems very efficiently, wreaks havoc, and they use an entirely different detox mechanism: methylation. They convert the GS-Hg-SG into methylmercury, which is eliminated by the bacteria into the gut and diffuses back into our bodies. Ouch. Because methyl mercury readily crosses the blood-brain barrier, very ouch. This is why you shouldn't get mercury chelated by your local alternative doctor with an IV. When too aggressive, IVs "stir up" too much of the mercury and it relocates in ways that aggravate many toxicity symptoms. This does not apply to lead, which IV chelates quite well. I wish I had better news to relate r Continue reading >>

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