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Ketones In Urine During Pregnancy

Causes & Diet For Ketones In Urine During Pregnancy

Causes & Diet For Ketones In Urine During Pregnancy

Ketone bodies are formed as a result of metabolism of fatty acids. There are primarily three kinds produced by fatty acid metabolism, viz. acetone, aceto-acetic acid, and beta-hydroxybutyric acid. These ketones are formed in the kidney and liver and are transported to other body tissues and converted to energy in the citric acid cycle.As such, nominal production of ketones is required for normal functioning of the body. However, when there is excessive production of ketone bodies, the latter gets accumulated in the blood and begins to appear in the urine. This condition is medically referred to as ketonuria. Yellow urine during pregnancy may become a cause for concern for many women. However it ... Even women who are suffering from diabetes can have a healthy pregnancy, with the help of ... Every month, an egg is released from the ovaries. If this egg is fertilized by sperm, it ... Pregnancy brings with it numerous changes in a woman’s body and these changes have ... Causes of Ketones formation in Urine (Ketonuria) Some of the causes of ketonuria are metabolic disorders like diabetes and renal glycosuria, abnormal dietary patterns like starving or fasting, low carbohydrate intake, anorexia, and prolonged vomiting. One of the other causes of ketonuria is enhanced rate of metabolism, which is predominantly seen during pregnancy, lactation, and even in hyperthyroidism.The impact of ketones in urine during pregnancy is still a matter of apprehension. Some researchers believe that high ketones in urine during pregnancy can cause lower IQ and lack of concentration and memory in the offspring, while others deny this. There is no definitive research to support this belief, and as such, it cannot be inferred that presence of ketones in urine during pregnancy can adversely affe Continue reading >>

Urine Tests During Pregnancy

Urine Tests During Pregnancy

Urine tests provide your doctor or midwife with important information about diseases or conditions that could potentially affect you or your growing baby. That's why at each prenatal visit, you'll be asked to give a urine sample as part of your regular exam. This sample is used to help determine if you have diabetes, kidney disease, or a bladder infection by measuring the levels of sugar, protein, bacteria, or other substances in your urine. The test is routine and painless and could prevent a lot of trouble down the road. What does a urine test involve? Urine can be collected any time of day. You will most likely be given a sterile cup to collect a sample before your exam. Before urinating, use a sterile towelette to wipe your genitals from front to back, and then release a small amount of urine into the toilet -- this prevents the sample from being contaminated with bacteria or other secretions that may invalidate the results. Put the container in your urine stream, and collect at least one to two ounces. This sample is then checked with chemically treated testing strips or sticks, and the results are usually available right away. If more analysis is necessary, your urine may be sent to a lab for additional assessment. What can a urine test detect? Sugar Typically, there is very little or no sugar (glucose) in urine during pregnancy. But when blood sugar levels in the body are too high, excess sugar can end up in the urine. This can be seen with gestational diabetes, a form of diabetes that only develops during pregnancy. It occurs when pregnancy hormones disrupt the body's ability to use insulin, a chemical that turns blood sugar into energy. A doctor often orders a blood test for diabetes early in your pregnancy if he or she knows you have other risk factors, like a Continue reading >>

Ketones In Urine

Ketones In Urine

I know this is an old post, but people may still be checking for answers. I work in a laboratory where we do urinalysis constantly all day every day. In a pregnant woman, you can see ketones in the urine in two, but separate, circumstances. First is ketones in combination with any urine glucose (sugar) level. This may be a sign of gestational diabetes and you should start asking your doctor questions about it. Second is ketones by themselves. I'm 12 weeks pregnant and had ketones in my urine and was instructed by my doctor to go to the ER and get IV fluids. This was directly related to my eating habits, which at that point were near null because of the morning sickness. Because I was eating so little, and barely able to keep water down, my body was using my fat stores to supply nutrients to the baby. This breakdown of fat in such large amounts causes ketones as a waste product, which is then excreted through your urine. Ketones occur in the absence of carbs, when your body starts to use fat for calories. You will see ketones when you are eating very low calorie, very low carb, or have impaired insulin function. Ketones are concentrated in a state of dehydration. Excess glucose in urine indicates eating too many carbs (if you're diabetic) and/or impaired insulin function. Both are hallmarked by sweet smelling urine. Make sure you eat small meals during the day and add a night time snack, with a protein, to prevent ketosis while sleeping. If you think you have diabetes see a physician. I am 38 weeks pregnant and my urin showed high ketones this week. My blood sugar was in "acceptable" level; however, my doctor said that the presence of ketones in my urine means I need to drink alot more water because my body is converting carbs to sugar faster than I can exp Continue reading >>

Gestational Diabetes: Once You’re Diagnosed

Gestational Diabetes: Once You’re Diagnosed

If you’re a pregnant woman, probably one of the last things you want to hear is that you have gestational diabetes. Your thoughts might range from, “What did I do to cause this?” to “Will my baby be OK?” First, keep in mind that it’s perfectly normal to feel scared and worried. Second, while gestational diabetes (GDM) is indeed serious, remember that, with proper management, you can have a healthy baby. Once you’re diagnosed If you find out that you have GDM, be prepared to learn a lot about diabetes! You’ll likely be referred to a diabetes educator and/or a dietitian. You might also be referred to an endocrinologist, a doctor who specializes in diabetes and other endocrine disorders. In most cases, you’ll be seen by a member of your health-care team about every two weeks. Be prepared to start checking your blood glucose with a meter, following a meal plan, checking your urine for ketones, recording your food and glucose levels, and possibly starting on insulin. In other words, be prepared to do some homework! Your team is there to support you and make sure that you receive the right treatment. Treating GDM There are a number of ways in which GDM is treated, and they all work together to help ensure that your blood glucose levels stay in a safe range throughout your pregnancy. Remember that the goal is to keep your blood glucose in a normal range; this is because, when blood glucose levels are too high, the extra glucose crosses the placenta to the baby. Too much glucose can cause your baby to be too large, and may cause other complications for both you and your baby during delivery and later on (such as Type 2 diabetes). Nutrition and meal planning. The saying that “you’re eating for two” during your pregnancy is partly correct. You ARE eating f Continue reading >>

Ketosis: Why Women Need To Drink Their Way Through Labour

Ketosis: Why Women Need To Drink Their Way Through Labour

If you labour for a long time, you could be in danger of dehydration and developing complications such as ketosis. Here’s how to keep yourself safe and healthy during birth. There's so much going on during labour that the last thing that either you, or your birth partner, may think of is getting you to drink enough. Not that sort of drink obviously. There's no ordering a cheeky mojito with your epidural but you do need to keep your intake of water up when you're giving birth if you want to stay healthy, hydrated and keep any chance of developing a nasty case of ketosis at bay. What is ketosis? Ketosis is a complication of dehydration, and a lack of carbohydrates (or glucose) for energy in the body. It is the result of the abnormal accumulation of ketone bodies in the blood stream, body tissues and urine. When does ketosis occur? Ketosis happens when the muscles have little, or no, glucose for energy to be able to function efficiently. Once the glucose supply in the blood stream is depleted, the body starts to break down its fat stores for energy instead. This produces ketones, often causing a fever, body weakness and the muscles to function inefficiently, including the uterus. In cases where the ketosis is prolonged, the condition can develop into ketoacidosis. Ketoacidosis makes the person feel unwell and can damage their body organs. This is something that can occur for people who have uncontrolled diabetes. Ketosis and labour Ketosis is a common outcome for women who experience a prolonged labour (or pre-labour), becoming dehydrated and often causing their contractions to weaken, slow or stop. This can start to happen if glycogen (or glucose) is not being replenished through eating and drinking during labour. During labour, a woman has high-energy needs and her sto Continue reading >>

Urine Tests For Diabetes: Glucose Levels And Ketones

Urine Tests For Diabetes: Glucose Levels And Ketones

The human body primarily runs on glucose. When your body is low on glucose, or if you have diabetes and don’t have enough insulin to help your cells absorb the glucose, your body starts breaking down fats for energy. Ketones (chemically known as ketone bodies) are byproducts of the breakdown of fatty acids. The breakdown of fat for fuel and the creation of ketones is a normal process for everyone. In a person without diabetes, insulin, glucagon, and other hormones prevent ketone levels in the blood from getting too high. However, people with diabetes are at risk for ketone buildup in their blood. If left untreated, people with type 1 diabetes are at risk for developing a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). While rare, it’s possible for people with type 2 diabetes to experience DKA in certain circumstances as well. If you have diabetes, you need to be especially aware of the symptoms that having too many ketones in your body can cause. These include: If you don’t get treatment, the symptoms can progress to: a fruity breath odor stomach pain trouble breathing You should always seek immediate medical attention if your ketone levels are high. Testing your blood or urine to measure your ketone levels can all be done at home. At-home testing kits are available for both types of tests, although urine testing continues to be more common. Urine tests are available without a prescription at most drugstores, or you can buy them online. You should test your urine or blood for ketones when any of the following occurs: Your blood sugar is higher than 240 mg/dL. You feel sick or nauseated, regardless of your blood sugar reading. To perform a urine test, you urinate into a clean container and dip the test strip into the urine. For a child who isn’t potty-trained, a pa Continue reading >>

Ketones During Pregnancy – Causes And Preventions

Ketones During Pregnancy – Causes And Preventions

Presence of ketones in urine especially during pregnancy poses a serious impact on the health of a woman. Moreover, it is one such problem that many of the pregnant women are facing. Though, it is a not a matter of serious complication, it could turn alarming at a certain point. What Are Ketones? Ketones are elements derived from the breakdown of fat which the body utilizes to produce energy during emergency concerns like starvation or glucose deficiency. The body receives essential energy from the consumption of food and it gets converted into glucose and blood sugar. The access with blood sugar is obtained through insulin. When you are faced with detecting Ketones in Pregnancy, you must understand that the pregnancy hormones boost the body hormones against insulin. This indicates that the cells of body do not acquire sufficient glucose from blood and consequently a pregnant woman is not able to gain enough energy through breaking down of carbohydrates. The body attempts to search for alternative energy sources, like the fat reserves and ketones are the by-product of this process. Causes for the presence of ketones There are various factors that lead to ketone’ presence in the urine, and they are as listed below: You have been dehydrated. A bad diet or a diet that is not nutritious may result in your body breaking down fat instead of carbohydrates for energy. It is possible that you do not get sufficient calories from the diet or the time space between meals may be too long. Other possibilities are that you may be skipping meals or snacks. You must be careful to have your meals on time to avoid ketones and other problems, especially during pregnancy. Some of the natural signs of pregnancy, such as nausea, throwing up could also make you feel DE-energised and pose you Continue reading >>

Are Ketones In Urine During Pregnancy A Problem

Are Ketones In Urine During Pregnancy A Problem

Most women are flustered by frequent urine and blood tests for monitoring healthy pregnancy. Routine checkups paired with dietary restrictions are not a pleasant experience for any women. However, any condition should not be overlooked during those laborious nine months of gestation. If your urine report indicates presence of ketones, then stop and read below! Although ketones in urine during pregnancy may not lead to complications in pregnancy, here’s some food for thought: What are ketones? Ketones are acid bodies which are produced when fat is broken down by the body instead of carbohydrates to keep the body working. Causes This usually happens, when there is shortage of carbohydrates in body, probably when one has not eaten for a long time. Secondly, if the body is unable to obtain glucose from blood, then the liver breaks down fats which produces ketones. The lower rate of insulin in blood, like when suffering from diabetes or pancreatic disorders may not be producing sufficient quantities of insulin to break down sugar/glucose from the food we eat in usable form. Starvation: If carbohydrates are not provided to the body and the fat is continuously broken down to obtain energy, then resulting ketones keep accumulating which then become detectable in blood and urine. Dehydration Low-carbohydrate diet: When pregnant, one needs approx 300 calories more per baby. If enough calories are not being provided to body, then liver breaks down fat or protein to obtain energy. Eating disorders: Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa Metabolic disorders Stress Symptoms vomiting or nausea excessive sweating weakness fatigue headache dizziness bad breath abdominal pain feeling thirsty all the time If you experience any of the above symptoms during pregnancy, its sensible to inform yo Continue reading >>

Urine Ketones - Meanings And False Positives

Urine Ketones - Meanings And False Positives

Professional Reference articles are written by UK doctors and are based on research evidence, UK and European Guidelines. They are designed for health professionals to use. You may find the Urine Ketones article more useful, or one of our other health articles. Description Ketones are produced normally by the liver as part of fatty acid metabolism. In normal states these ketones will be completely metabolised so that very few, if any at all, will appear in the urine. If for any reason the body cannot get enough glucose for energy it will switch to using body fats, resulting in an increase in ketone production making them detectable in the blood and urine. How to test for ketones The urine test for ketones is performed using test strips available on prescription. Strips dedicated to ketone testing in the UK include[1]: GlucoRx KetoRx Sticks 2GK® Ketostix® Mission® Ketone Testing should be performed according to manufacturers' instructions. The sample should be fresh and uncontaminated. Usually the result will be expressed as negative or positive (graded 1 to 4)[2]. Ketonuria is different from ketonaemia (ie presence of ketones in the blood) and often ketonuria does not indicate clinically significant ketonaemia. Depending on the testing strips used, urine testing for ketones either has an excellent sensitivity with a low specificity, or a poor sensitivity with a good specificity. However, this should be viewed in the context of uncertainty of the biochemical level of significant ketosis[3]. Interpretation of results Normally only small amounts of ketones are excreted daily in the urine (3-15 mg). High or increased values may be found in: Poorly controlled diabetes. Starvation: Prolonged vomiting. Rapid weight loss. Frequent strenuous exercise. Poisoning (eg, with isop Continue reading >>

Ketones In Urine During Pregnancy

Ketones In Urine During Pregnancy

Ketones in the urine during pregnancy is a health concern which some women experience during those crucial nine months. Although, it is not a high-risk pregnancy complication, studies reveal that it can be a cause of worry. Ketones are substances derived from fat breakdown. They are used by the body as a source of energy under emergency circumstances, like starvation or glucose deficiency, in order to survive. In other words, ketones in the urine are formed when the body's fat reserves are used to generate energy. Ketones in the blood further leads to ketosis. Weakness, nausea, lethargy, and excess sweating are signs of ketosis. Occurrence Our body gets its energy from the food we eat, which gets converted into glucose or blood sugar. It is insulin which provides an easy access to this blood sugar. During pregnancy, the placental hormones make the body resistant to insulin, which subsequently restricts the glucose in the blood from entering the cells. Hence, though the blood will be enriched with blood sugar, the cells will be deprived of the required energy. As a result, the cells start accessing other energy sources, like the fat stores, resulting in ketones as the byproduct of this entire process. Causes There can be various factors that may contribute to large ketones in the urine during pregnancy; dehydration and bad diet, to name a few. Others are enlisted below: ➤ Not getting enough calories from the food you are eating ➤ Long time intervals between meals ➤ Skipping meals or snacks ➤ Gestational diabetes ➤ Diets which include low intake of carbohydrates ➤ Dehydration - not drinking enough water ➤ Metabolic disorders ➤ Nausea, poor eating habits or throwing up ➤ Insulin resistance from hormones as a result of which the body is unable to access bl Continue reading >>

What Are Ketones And Their Tests?

What Are Ketones And Their Tests?

A ketone test can warn you of a serious diabetes complication called diabetic ketoacidosis, or DKA. An elevated level of this substance in your blood can mean you have very high blood sugar. Too many ketones can trigger DKA, which is a medical emergency. Regular tests you take at home can spot when your ketone levels run too high. Then you can take insulin to lower your blood sugar level or get other treatments to prevent complications. What Exactly Are Ketones? Everyone has them, whether you have diabetes or not. Ketones are chemicals made in your liver. You produce them when you don't have enough of the hormone insulin in your body to turn sugar (or “glucose”) into energy. You need another source, so your body uses fat instead. Your liver turns this fat into ketones, a type of acid, and sends them into your bloodstream. Your muscles and other tissues can then use them for fuel. For a person without diabetes, this process doesn’t become an issue. But when you have diabetes, things can run out of control and you build up too many ketones in your blood. If the level goes too high, it can become life-threatening. Who Needs a Ketone Test? You might need one if you have type 1 diabetes. In this type, your immune system attacks and destroys cells in your pancreas that make insulin. Without it, your blood sugar rises. People with type 2 diabetes can also get high ketones, but it isn't as common as it is with type 1. Tests can show you when your level gets high so you can treat it before you get sick. When Should You Test? Your doctor will probably tell you to test your ketones when: Your blood sugar is higher than 250 milligrams/deciliter (mg/dl) for two days in a row You're sick or you've been injured You want to exercise and your blood sugar level is over 250 mg/dl Continue reading >>

Ketonuria

Ketonuria

Ketonuria is a medical condition in which ketone bodies are present in the urine. It is seen in conditions in which the body produces excess ketones as an indication that it is using an alternative source of energy. It is seen during starvation or more commonly in type I diabetes mellitus. Production of ketone bodies is a normal response to a shortage of glucose, meant to provide an alternate source of fuel from fatty acids. Pathophysiology[edit] Ketones are metabolic end-products of fatty acid metabolism. In healthy individuals, ketones are formed in the liver and are completely metabolized so that only negligible amounts appear in the urine. However, when carbohydrates are unavailable or unable to be used as an energy source, fat becomes the predominant body fuel instead of carbohydrates and excessive amounts of ketones are formed as a metabolic byproduct. Higher levels of ketones in the urine indicate that the body is using fat as the major source of energy. Ketone bodies that commonly appear in the urine when fats are burned for energy are acetoacetate and beta-hydroxybutyric acid. Acetone is also produced and is expired by the lungs.[1] Normally, the urine should not contain a noticeable concentration of ketones to give a positive reading. As with tests for glucose, acetoacetate can be tested by a dipstick or by a lab. The results are reported as small, moderate, or large amounts of acetoacetate. A small amount of acetoacetate is a value under 20 mg/dl; a moderate amount is a value of 30–40 mg/dl, and a finding of 80 mg/dl or greater is reported as a large amount. One 2010 study admits that though ketonuria's relation to general metabolic health is ill-understood, there is a positive relationship between the presence of ketonuria after fasting and positive metabo Continue reading >>

Ketone Bodies In Urine During Pregnancy: Normal, Diet, Causes

Ketone Bodies In Urine During Pregnancy: Normal, Diet, Causes

Pregnancy is characterized by increased attention to the condition of women. Ketone bodies in urine during pregnancy are indicators of abnormalities. The purpose of the tests will help the doctor to diagnose problems, to take action quickly to solve problems. Urinalysis is the most frequent procedure during pregnancy, allowing to identify the excess that indicates how the body copes with the arising load. General information Ketone — products of metabolism formed in the liver during the breakdown of fats and release of energy. Normal broken down and eliminated from the body, in this case, the traces in the urine are not detected. During pregnancy ketone bodies are sometimes formed faster, increasing the burden on the liver. Urologists ketones in urine during pregnancy is called ketonuria. Pathology is dangerous for the mother and for the child as it leads to intoxication. What is the normal during pregnancy? The body can excrete 20-50 mg of ketones. Such content is excreted in the urine. The level of substances in the urine gives you the opportunity to follow the normal course of pregnancy. When the ketones are elevated can cause: diabetes mellitus; a sedentary lifestyle; bad habits; fatty foods; smoked foods. The norm of ketones in urine during pregnancy — up to 2 mg/100 ml. To control the level of it’s not always necessary to take the test. At the pharmacy you can find test strip with an indicator similar to pregnancy test. Remember, they identify the approximate content of ketone bodies. Dipped the test strip in a glass of tests for 3-5 seconds, decode the bar indicator: cross — tracks are not detected; one plus ( + ) low concentration; two plus sign (++) or three (+++) — increase concentration; four plus (++++) — a sharp increase in the norms. What cause Continue reading >>

Ketone Bodies In Urine During Pregnancy, Norma Ketones For Pregnant

Ketone Bodies In Urine During Pregnancy, Norma Ketones For Pregnant

The human body has a very complex structure inside it every second makes a lot of biochemical processes that provide it with the necessary energy and maintain normal life. So arranged by nature that the main source of energy in human body is the breakdown of carbohydrate molecules that enter the body with food. If for one reason or another, is insufficient supply of glucose, the cells begin to actively burn fat. A byproduct of this biochemical process become ketone bodies, which come in the urine, where they can be easily determine by taking the analysis to the study. Ketone bodies in urine during pregnancy can indicate the beginning of a number of pathological processes or be the result of a complex hormonal and physiological adjustment taking place in their body. In any case, even a single episode of the appearance of ketones in the urinary sediment (ketonwrïya), requires the doctor’s further assessment of the pregnant woman and to closely monitor her. The reasons of occurrence of ketone bodies in the urine The appearance in the urine component such as ketone bodies, is not always indicative of disease, because the cause of this can be directly linked to improper diet in women. We are talking primarily about the common acceptance of high-protein food with a sharp restriction of carbohydrate intake. In this version of the diet, the body goes to the breakdown of fatty tissue. Also cause physiological ketonuria are expressed by physical exertion or strong emotional stress, hormonal changes in the body of pregnant women. As a rule, the appearance of ketones in such cases can be single and, with repeated testing of urine, no pathological changes are detected. Pathological ketonwrïya indicates the beginning or the progression of one of the following diseases: the debut Continue reading >>

Ketones In Gestational Diabetes

Ketones In Gestational Diabetes

As part of your gestational diabetes management, your doctor may ask you to test for ketones in your morning urine. If you have gestational diabetes, you should know about insulin, glucose, and ketones. When you eat, your body breaks down foods into usable sources of energy. Glucose is the sugar that results. Your body needs glucose for energy and your baby needs it to grow. In order to get glucose out of your blood and into your cells, insulin is required. Insulin is a hormone that you produce in your pancreas. "In gestational diabetes, hormones produced during pregnancy can interfere with insulin and make it hard to use glucose. If the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin to overcome the effects of the hormones, the blood sugar will rise," explains Louise McDonald, RN, clinical manager of maternity and pediatrics at Cleveland Clinic Home Care. "The body cannot use sugar without enough insulin. That causes the body to break down fats as a source of energy. Ketones are the waste products that are left over when the body burns some of its own fat for fuel. The ketones pass from the bloodstream into the urine," says McDonald. Why Are Ketones Important in Gestational Diabetes? The treatment of gestational diabetes is aimed at keeping your blood sugar under control. This is done with a combination of diet, exercise, and sometimes insulin treatment. Finding ketones in your urine is a warning sign that your blood sugar control is out of balance. High blood sugar. If you are taking in more sugar in your diet than your insulin can manage, your blood sugar goes up. This is dangerous for you and your baby. If your baby is exposed to more sugar then the baby needs, the baby will grow too fast. This condition, called macrosomia, can lead to problems during delivery. Low blood sug Continue reading >>

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