5 Ways To Measure Your Ketones
5 Ways to Measure Your Ketones A ketogenic diet is a very low carbohydrate, moderate protein and high fat based nutrition plan. A ketogenic diet trains the individual’s metabolism to run off of fatty acids or ketone bodies. This is called fat adapted, when the body has adapted to run off of fatty acids/ketones at rest. Research has demonstrated that this nutrition plan improves insulin sensitivity and reduces inflammation throughout the body. This leads to greater fat metabolism and muscle development as well as a reduced risk of chronic disease. (1, 2). I get asked all the time how to measure the state of ketosis. There are several major ways and we will discuss those in this article. Measuring Your Ketones There are three types of ketone bodies: Acetone, Acetoacetate and Beta-Hydroxybutryate (BHB). Each of these three can be tested as acetone is a ketone released through the breath, acetoacetate is a ketone released through urine and BHB is (although not technically a ketone it acts like a ketone) in the blood stream and used by the cells for energy. 1. Blood Ketone Meter This measures BHB and is considered to be the most accurate way to measure ketone bodies. These have the ability to determine the ketone level in your blood precisely but they are also pricey and invasive. Personally, I freak out every time I have to prick my finger!! The Precision Xtra blood glucose and ketone meter is a good buy at $28-$30. The expensive part is the ketone test strips here which can cost $4 each. If you are looking at testing yourself every day it is going to cost you $120 a month and the $30 meter. Here is a starter kit you can get on Amazon Most people will enter into a light nutritional ketosis (between 0.5-1.0 mmol/L on the meter) within two or three days. It typically takes Continue reading >>
Don’t Fall Victim To Ketone Envy.
Ever wanted to know what it means to have more or less ketones, and how should we measure them? A common misconception of ketones, since they are produced from fat, is that more ketones = more fat burning. This sadly is not the case. Let’s explore some entry level biochemistry. So the image below is about the most simple one that I like and we can use for our purposes. With carb reduction, fats first enter lipolysis (about 50-150g of carbs/day). Yes, someone can maintain this level of carb reduction and not be in ketosis yes still use free fatty acids (FFAs) for a lot of their energy. However, their brain is still getting it’s energy from glucose, as the brain cannot utilize FFAs. Upon reducing carbs low enough that GNG from protein and fats cannot keep up to provide the brain with energy the body decides ketones would be a better option to fit the bill. Blood Ketones So, now that we are in ketosis, our liver is producing all these ketones. Where do they go? They circulate in the blood. Blood ketone testing is considered the most accurate way of testing ketosis levels because this is the “fuel tank” for ketone usage. I’ll come back to why this still is an inaccurate way of measuring ketone “use” or keto-adaptation. Urine Ketones Urine ketones are considered the most common way but tell you literally nothing about how many ketones you used. The equivalent is looking at how many carbon deposits an engine has trying and to figure out the gas mileage; all you are seeing is the residual byproduct that varies from situation to situation based on many factors. Urine ketones only show the excess and unused ketones that were circulating. Also, as you see in the picture above, only acetone is excreted through urine. Thanks to /u/fury420 from Reddit, it has been brou Continue reading >>
Measuring Ketosis: What Are Keto Sticks And Keto Strips?
Ketosis is a metabolic state where the liver breaks down fat to produce ketones. Ketones, on a ketogenic diet, are the primary fuel source for the body. If you’re new to the ketogenic diet and you still have questions, consider reading our Comprehensive Beginner’s Guide to Keto > There are three main ways to measure the ketones in your body, all of which have their advantages and disadvantages. The most common ways to measure are: Blood Ketone Meter. Very accurate but the strips are extremely expensive. Breath Ketone Meters. More accurate than the urine strips, but can sometimes vary in accuracy. Cheaper than blood strips in the long-run. Urine Stricks. This will answer the question “Am I in ketosis?” but will not provide an accurate measure of blood ketones. Scroll down to read a more in-depth analysis of each, and what we recommend for you. Measuring Ketones with Urine Sticks Urine sticks will always be the cheapest and easiest way to measure ketosis. For beginners, this should cover everything you need – there is no point in getting more complex blood strips so early on when you are still trying to understand the nuances of a ketogenic diet. Ultimately, keto sticks are very easy to use – you hold the sticks in your urine stream for a few seconds, and within 10-15 seconds you should notice a color change in the strip (if you are in ketosis). The color of the stick typically is measured in red: light pink being low in ketone production and dark purple being high in ketone production. While keto sticks can be ideal for a general answer to the question “Am I in ketosis?”, they aren’t precise with their accuracy. They measure the acetoacetate in your urine, which is an unused ketone by the body. As you get deeper into ketosis and your body adapts, your b Continue reading >>
The Best Way To Monitor Ketone Levels
Awareness and appreciation of the “low-carb high-fat” ketogenic diet has been steadily growing over the last few years. Along with that, you hear the words ketosis and ketones used more commonly. That’s excellent, but many people don’t really know what it all actually means. ..What are ketones? And what does your body do with them? What are the proper levels of ketones you should have to be in ketosis? With so many people talking about the diet/lifestyle, it’s understandable that there is more misinformation as a result. So, let’s clear it all up in this post. First we’ll review the details of ketones – what they are, how they’re formed, etc. – and then we’ll talk about how to monitor them. Let’s dive in! Contents: First Off, What Exactly Are Ketones? Ketones, or ketone bodies, are byproducts created by the body in the process of breaking down (metabolizing) fat for energy, when carbohydrate levels in the body are low. It works like this… The body prefers to use glucose (from carbs) as its source of fuel. But when there isn’t a sufficient level of glucose, and glycogen levels are depleted, blood sugar and insulin levels are reduced, as the body looks for an alternative source of fuel: fat. This process can occur during fasting, starvation, extended periods of exercise, or in the case we’re referring to in this post and on this site: while adhering to a low-carb, high-fat, ketogenic diet. …When the body switches to metabolizing fats for energy – a process called beta-oxidation – instead of glucose, ketones are created as a fuel source for the body and the brain. It is this process which is referred to as ketosis or ketogenesis…Or, as some people like to say, switching from being a “sugar burner” to a “fat burner”. If you’re Continue reading >>
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Using Ketonix Breath Testing For Nutritional Ketosis Review
If you have been a reader of the site before, you’ll know that I used the concepts from the Bulletproof diet and a lot Bulletproof coffee to help put me into nutritional ketosis and lose a bucket load of weight. That sent me down the should I be checking for ketones, but also thinking well if I’m eating (and drinking) so much saturated fat have I reached and maintained a level of nutritional ketosis? I really wanted to know too as nutritional ketosis (not diabetic ketosis!!) is meant to be the place where your brain is meant to work better. It is also the place where, if you do suffer epileptic seizures, that it helps to reduce the frequency of them. Now I don’t have epilepsy, but I do like the idea I am helping my central nervous system function at a better state. That is another reason why I experiment with and do take various supplements, like unfair advantage, adaptogenic herbs and nootropics for the brain. (more on those to come) Use “BIOHACKER” to get a discount at checkout – valid until the end of July 2017. Blood Vs Breath Ketones Testing I think a lot of people try guess when they have hit the magical place called nutritional ketosis. However, we learnt from ketone researcher Dr Brianna Stubbs interview that the three ways to measure ketone levels are using either blood strips, urine testing strips or breath acetone levels. Measuring acetone levels in your breath is the new kid on the block for testing ketone levels.. Now I think that is awesome not having to prick or finger all the time and also saving on not buying ketone strips from a pharmacy. Why Acetone Breath Levels Are Best Listen to Michel Lundell’s interview on episode 14 of the Biohackers Lab podcast. He explains from his tests why he feels measuring breath acetone levels is better than Continue reading >>
The Best Ketone Meters To Monitor Ketosis – Christmas 2017
The goal of a high-fat, low-carb diet is to get into a state called Ketosis where the body burns fat as fuel rather than using glucose as its source of energy. Types of Ketone Meters There are several types of ketone meters available that monitor ketosis in vastly different ways, some more accurate than others and some more convenient others. We’ll discuss 3 types of Ketone Meters available starting with the best on the market today in 2017. Ketonix Breath Ketone Analyzer The Ketonix breath analyser doesn’t use any blood glucose test or test strip, it works by analysing acetone on your breath that your body produces when you’re in a state of ketosis. The Ketonix is slightly less accurate as blood ketone and glucose meters are per test. But they are more convenient With the Ketonix, you can test yourself an unlimited amount of times, hourly if you like. Which is ideal if you want to see how various foods effect ketosis after you’ve eaten them or even the effects exercise has. The Ketonix is affordable when you take into account the price of test strips for blood monitors. (Many companies give away cheap versions of blood monitors but make their money on testing strips). The Ketonix has no test strips and requires no further outlay. Ketonix also comes with software that will keep a log and also calibrates the device to the optimal settings for your goals. If you’re trying to monitor ketones under conditions such as athletic performance, weight loss, diabetes, alzheimer’s or epilepsy. The Ketonix adjusts its settings to test whether you’re in the ideal range for that condition. The Ketonix Breath Ketone Analyzer is a one-off payment you can read more & check them out here. Blood Ketone Meter One of the best & most precise ways of monitoring ketosis is with a Continue reading >>
My Ketonix Has Arrived (updated)
Last updated on April 14th, 2017 Unboxing of my Ketonix 2015 I opened the mailbox today to find that my Ketonix 2015 Blue had arrived from Sweden. The arrival of a new gadget is always a cause for celebration. In this case, I was also relieved. I ordered the Ketonix via the company’s website on April 23, selecting the regular “letter” type shipping, so I figured it would take a while to get here. But as the days, and then the weeks, went by, I started to wonder. It’s a long way from Sweden to Michigan (as my great great grandparents discovered). Anything could happen to a little box. But the Ketonix 2015 got here in one piece and in working order. Yes, I took a chance ordering it to be shipped by regular mail, as Anita casually pointed out a couple of times, but it all worked out. Just call me Lucky Jim! I have no commercial interest in the company, nor any affiliate relationship, and paid the full retail price, which is $149 for the Ketonix 2015 model. The regular (lowest cost) shipping was another $10. The Ketonix is more expensive than a blood ketone monitor, but unlike the blood monitors, you can use the Ketonix repeatedly without the need for pricey test strips. Also, you don’t have to keep pricking a finger to draw blood. Initial Impression The Ketonix measures acetone in your breath. A high acetone level is an indicator that your body is using ketones for fuel, which means it is, or could be, burning body fat. Set up is easy. You download a small program to your computer, create a simple profile, plug the Ketonix into a USB port, give it a few minutes to initialize, click “start,” and then blow (exhale) into the unit. My first blow indicated a high acetone level (color-code red), which correlates with a state of ketosis. Anita tried it, and blew a m Continue reading >>
Ketone Strip Reviews Which Keto Urine Sticks Are The Best?
If this is your first-time hearing about keto strips as a weight loss product, then you’re probably wondering what in the world they are. Fortunately, we’re here not only to answer that question but to also give you the rundown on how to find the type and brand is the best keto strip today. But first, let’s rewind a bit. To understand what these products do, it’s important to first understand ketosis. This process is the metabolic state in which your liver breaks down body fat. Through this process it produces ketones. During a ketogenic diet, they are your body’s primary source of fuel. What this means is, if you want to lose weight through this process, then these particular bodies are essential to keep your body powering through the challenges of everyday life. As you can imagine, this would make measuring your bodies ketone levels very important during the process of this diet. There are three primary methods of doing so: For more information on choosing the right measurement tool for you and getting the most accurate results possible, you definitely need to keep reading this review. Continue reading >>
The First Disposable Breath Ketone Test Has Arrived
Do you want a simple way to check for ketosis, without a urine or blood test? It’s also possible to check you breath for ketones (acetone). This has already been possible for some time with the Ketonix reusable breath analyser (costing $149). Now the Ketonix is joined by the just-launched disposable test Metron, which can be ordered via Amazon ($28 for 10 tests). Metron is cheaper if you only want to do a few tests (up to 50 tests), but the reusable Ketonix is cheaper if you want to do more tests than that – testing is free once you have one. At some point we may do a test of Ketonix vs. Metron. Would you find that interesting? Or do you already have your own experience comparing these two devices? Please leave a comment. Earlier Continue reading >>
How To Use The Ketonix Breathalyzer
A few months ago, I received my first keto breathalyzer and would like to share my thoughts on this device. The creator of the Ketonix breathalyzer, Michel Lundell, also runs a website to help and support people who use the device for measuring their ketone levels. The price of Ketonix is $ 149 (or $ 169 with the battery). You can buy the Ketonix breathalyzer at Ketonix.com. I was given this device free of charge and I'm not affiliated with Ketonix. The opinions expressed and photos in this post are my own. Measuring Ketones in a Nutshell Before I get to details of how to use the Ketonix breathalyzer, I'd like to start with some basic facts. There are 4 ways to measure your ketone levels: Ketostix. It measures urinary ketones (acetoacetate), is inexpensive but inaccurate because it only measures "wasted" ketones in your urine. In fact, once you get keto-adapted, you may not be able to measure any. Blood Ketone Meter. It measures beta-bydroxybutryate (BHB) and is the most accurate method of measuring ketones (although BHB is not technically a ketone). The drawback is that the strips are fairly expensive, especially if you measure frequently. Observation and following a healthy ketogenic diet. In my opinion, if you don't follow a keto diet for therapeutic purposes (or for performance enhancement), you don't need to measure your ketone levels. In fact, you don't need to follow a very low-carb diet to lose weight. What matters is finding your personal carb intake and also consider other factors that I explained here. Breathalyzer (Ketonix). It measures acetone (acetone is made from a break down of acetoacetate). It's great value for money as it's a one-off payment, there is no need to buy expensive strips and it's accurate enough to tell you whether or not you are in nutrit Continue reading >>
New Breath Analyzer Knows If You're Burning Fat
Tired of stepping on the scale to get a vague idea of whether all the hard work you put in at the gym is paying off? A new device developed in Japan could help people better gauge which activities are actually burning fat. At 10 centimeters in length and weighing 4.4 ounces, the portable device measures acetone levels from the user's exhale. (Elevated levels generally indicate that the body has begun to break down fat.) It then sends the results to a smartphone via Bluetooth or a cable within 10 seconds. Acetone is expelled through tiny sacs called alveoli when we exhale, though it is also produced when fat is broken down. This means that breath acetone levels can also help diagnose and monitor diabetes, which the researchers are looking into as well. But a new study testing the device, which was published July 25 in the Journal of Breath Research, revealed something interesting when it comes to burning fat. When researchers at the NTT DOCOMO Research Laboratories in Japan tested it on 17 healthy adult volunteers (11 men, six women), they split the volunteers into three groups: one to make no change in diet or exercise, another to take part in light exercise 30 to 60 minutes a day, and another to take part in the same exercise routine but also restrict caloric intake. Every day after breakfast for two weeks, all volunteers measured their body weight, body fat percentage, and breath acetone concentrations via the device. Lo and behold, the first two groups weren't burning fat, and their breath acetone concentrations held steady. But the third group of volunteers, who combined exercise with caloric restrictions, not only lost fat, but their breath acetone concentrations increased significantly, suggesting that the device was doing its job and that people who want to lose Continue reading >>
Breath Acetone Meters
Acetone is produced when your body is burning fat, and this can be measured in your breath. There are now a growing number of options for measuring your breath acetone. The devices vary wildly in price, and I've found some of the cheaper options can be quite effective. In all cases, how you breathe when taking a measurement is critical to getting a consistent and accurate reading. Overall, I found that measuring breath acetone to be far more convenient, and far more useful than measuring blood ketone levels. Measuring breath acetone is vastly cheaper than blood tests, and obviously less painful. This allowed me to check my ketone levels throughout the day, enabling me to find more detailed information about how my body reacts to food and exercise. The Ketonix is an FDA approved device that is designed specifically as a breath acetone meter. This is the only device that will give you an acetone reading in Parts Per Million, but is expensive and I found it to be cumbersome to use and I've experienced more erroneous readings than with cheaper devices. A cheap breathalyzer can be used as an improvised breath acetone meter. While these devices are intended to measure alcohol intoxication through breast measurement, the cheaper devices also detect acetone. This means you have to get a cheap, low quality breathalyzer, as the better devices will filter out any acetone. (I like the Greenwon AT6000, (Price Not Available)). There's another dedicated breath acetone meter called Ketometer. It's cheaper than the Ketonix, but more expensive than a cheap breathalyzer. LEVL is a remarkably expensive device for measuring breath acetone, and it requires an ongoing subscription. At the time of writing, it's$699 + $49/month, which is too expensive for me to consider. One interesting note is Continue reading >>
Akers Biosciences Launches Metron(r) - The First And Only Disposable Breath Ketone Test
THOROFARE, N.J., Sept. 14, 2015 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Akers Biosciences, Inc. (NASDAQ:AKER) (AIM:AKR.L), ("Akers Bio" or the "Company"), a medical device company focused on reducing the cost of healthcare through faster, easier diagnostics, announces that sales of the Company's consumer-focused METRON® Breath Ketone Test - the first and only disposable breath ketone test - have commenced through the Amazon Marketplace and via the Company's online sales portal www.metron.akersbio.com. This marks the first of a number of channels through which the Company intends to commercialize its transformative line of health and wellness products based on its proprietary MPC® Biosensor technology for evaluating exhaled breath. The METRON® Breath Ketone Test, part of the Akers Wellness line, is the only disposable breath-based diagnostic device that rapidly determines if the subject is in ketosis. Ketosis is a fat-burning state where the body breaks down body fat for energy. Not only is ketosis a desirable state for the millions of people interested in weight loss, it is also important to fitness enthusiasts as a means of monitoring an efficient metabolism for training and sporting events. Studies have also suggested that it is beneficial for many other health-related concerns. Ketosis can be affected by several factors, thus it is important to evaluate your ketogenic state regularly if fat loss or a fat burning metabolism is your goal. While there are competitive tests currently available, each has significant drawbacks which hinder their effectiveness. For example, although urinary dipstick ketone tests are inexpensive, the results of these tests are not necessarily related to physiological levels of ketones, and may not even be indicative of the presence or absence of ketosis over Continue reading >>
I picked up the Ketonix Acetone Breathalyzer a little over a month ago and have been playing with it ever since. I wanted to know how accurate it was in detecting ketosis compared to the current gold standard, which are blood levels of beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA). I purchased this device directly from the source at www.ketonix.com based out of Sweden. The system I use to test my blood levels of BHOB is the Precision Xtra Blood Glucose and Ketone Meter (if you want to find out where to pick up strips for this you can check out this post). The way the ketonix works is very simple. You just have to blow into the mouth piece. That’s it! Then the machine displays a certain colored LED light which corresponds to a certain breath acetone range. The device itself is about the size of a large marker. The USB cord is attached at the base. The cord itself is about 3 feet in length, giving plenty of slack when testing. The mouthpiece is detachable which makes it easy to wash, especially since the portion containing the electronics is not supposed to come into contact with water. It’s important to know that when reattaching the mouthpiece, there are tiny round cutouts in the plastic that need to be lined up in order to release the air the you blow into it. If these aren’t lined up, the air will have no where to go, and it will feel like you’re blowing into a closed system. I’m a little embarrassed to say that it took me a few tries of blowing into it with the air not moving anywhere to figure this out… Here are the official instructions on the label affixed to the device: Connect to USB port Wait until LED turns blue Blow gently into mouthpiece for 10-20 seconds Read color after 30 seconds This is what each different colored LED represents: Blue = 0 – 150 nmol/L Green Continue reading >>
Measuring Ketosis With Ketone Strips: Are They Accurate?
Many people following keto diets want to be in ketosis, a natural state in which the body burns fat for fuel. For this reason, people are curious about whether they are doing enough (via carb restriction) to achieve this state. As a result, ketone strips are a popular tool that numerous people use as a way of measuring ketosis. However, just how accurate are they? And how do they compare to alternate methods of measuring ketones? What is Ketosis? Anyone following a standard high-carbohydrate diet will be burning glucose for energy. However, the body can use both carbohydrate and fat for fuel (1). When carbohydrate intake is very low, the body switches to burning fat for energy. As this happens, our body enters a state of ketosis. Ketosis is a natural biological state during which our body burns fat for fuel. While we are “in ketosis,” our blood levels of ketones—a by-product from the breakdown of fats—rise. Measuring these ketones (also known as ‘ketone bodies’) can, therefore, provide a hint as to how deeply our body is (or isn’t) in ketosis. For this reason, ketone strips—which measure the level of ketones—have become increasingly popular in recent times. Key Point: Ketosis is a biological state where the human body burns fat rather than carbs. What are Ketone Test Strips? For people who want to know if they’re in ketosis, ketone test strips are a cheap and simple way of detecting ketone levels. They are otherwise known as ‘ketone sticks’ and work by urinalysis to tell us the volume of acetoacetate in our urine. If you don’t know what acetoacetate is, then let’s start at the beginning. First of all, there are three types of ketone body; Acetoacetate Acetoacetate is one of the two main ketone bodies, and it is present in urine. We can test f Continue reading >>