An overview of the components of a UA, along with discussion of urine color and turbidity.
Urinalysis Chapter 3
What determines the physical examination of urine? Flashcards Matching Hangman Crossword Type In Quiz Test StudyStack Study Table Bug Match Hungry Bug Unscramble Chopped Targets Physical Examination of the Urine Question Answer What determines the physical examination of urine? Color, clarity, specific gravity, Osmolarity, and volume if timed. What are the common colors of urine? Pale yellow, yellow, dark yellow, and amber. What is the yellow color of urine caused by? the presence of a pigment, named urochrome. What is urochrome? is a product of endogenous metabolism, and under normal conditions the body produces it at a constant rate. What is uroerythrin? A pink pigment present in urine in smaller amounts, and it is most evident in specimens that have been refrigerated, resulting in the precipitation of amorphous urates. What is urobilin? is an oxidation product of the normal urinary constituent urobilinogen, imparts an orange-brown color to urine that is not fresh. What does Dark yellow/Amber/Orange urine mean? It can be caused by the presence of the abnormal pigment bilirubin. What do techs do if it is suspected that specimen contains bilirubin? It is shaken and a yellow foam ap
Click to tweet: http://clicktotweet.com/gjNDB . This is a demonstration of how to use a urine test strip for urinalysis. The associated blog entry is here: http://homeedandherbs.blogspot.co.uk/... . Use a mid-stream, early morning sample. Make sure you dip the entire strip in the urine for a few seconds, then wait up to two minutes for all the results. They are as follows: Leukocytes: usually indicate infection, e.g. cystitis and urethritis. Nitrite: A UTI associated with a Gram-negative pathogen such as E. coli. Urobilinogen: Obstructive jaundice or a problem with gut flora, possibly due to antibiotics. Protein: Often contamination, sometimes infection, sometimes protein being shed from the bloodstream, which can cause nephrotic or nephritic syndromes. pH: Varies quite a lot naturally. The kidneys and lungs together secrete hydrogen and hydroxide ions to balance the pH in the body. Blood: Haematuria can be harmless but may indicate physical trauma and also provide nuclei for the formation of kidney stones. Specific gravity: Also varies, but a fixed low specific gravity can result from insufficient vasopressin secretion, insensitivity to vasopressin (also known as ADH or anti-diure
Please contact us for pricing and turn around times or if you have any questions about the services we offer. Urine screening tests (routine urinalysis, urine chemistry, and urine microbiology) may be done to help find the cause for many types of symptoms. A routine urinalysis usually includes the following tests: Color: Many factors affect urine color, including fluid balance, diet, medications and disease. Clarity: Urine is normally clear. This test determines the cloudiness of urine, also called opacity or turbidity. Bacteria, blood, sperm, crystals or mucus can make urine appear cloudy. Odor: Urine usually does not smell very strong but has a slightly "nutty" (aromatic) odor. Some diseases can cause a change in the normal odor of urine. For example, an infection with E. coli bacteria can cause a foul odor, while diabetes or starvation can cause a sweet, fruity odor. Specific gravity: This measures the amount of substances dissolved in the urine. It also indicates how well the kidneys are able to adjust the amount of water in urine. The higher the specific gravity, the more solid material is dissolved in the urine. pH: The pH is a measure of how acidic or alkaline (basic) the ur
In this video I discuss what is stress, why is stress bad, and what causes stress. I also cover how stress is bad, how to deal with stress, and stress management. Transcript What is stress? Whats up dudes, and whats up ladies, Bryan here and in this video we are going to look at stress. What is it, what causes it, and what can we do about it? So, Lets roll. Stress hormones Stress is your body's way of reacting to any kind of demand or threat. When the body feels stress, your hypothalamus, a tiny region in your brain, signals your adrenal glands, located atop your kidneys, to release a surge of hormones, which include adrenaline and cortisol, into the bloodstream. As these hormones are released, the liver is triggered to produce more blood sugar, which gives you an energy kick, breathing becomes more rapid, and heart beat and blood pressure rise. If the stress is caused by physical danger, these chemicals can be beneficial, as they give you more energy and strength, and also speed up your reaction time and enhance your focus. But, if the stress is caused by something emotional, it can be harmful, because there is no outlet for this extra energy and strength. Once the source of the s
Stress Induced Hyperglycemia In A Term Baby Mimicking Diabetic Ketoacidosis With Stroke
Go to: Stress/sepsis induced transient hyperglycemia in the newborn may present with extremely high blood sugar values and may mimic neonatal diabetes mellitus. We present a case of neonatal septicemia with stress induced hyperglycemia mimicking neonatal diabetes mellitus. Extremely high blood sugar values upto 1529 mg/dl with metabolic acidosis were noted in a term good weight baby causing a diagnostic dilemma. It can be seen even in term babies, contrary to the belief that it occurs in preterm and small for gestation babies. Considering the prognostic implications it may cause it is important that hyperglycemia is promptly treated by insulin infusion. Keywords: Hyperglycemia, insulin therapy, neonatal diabetes, stress Go to: Stress induced hyperglycemia is a known complication of Neonatal sepsis, but sometimes it may become very difficult to distinguish it from neonatal diabetes mellitus. We present a case of neonatal septicemia with stress induced hyperglycemia mimicking neonatal diabetes mellitus. Extremely high blood sugar values with metabolic acidosis were noted in a term good weight baby caused a diagnostic dilemma. Go to: CASE REPORT The present case report is about a 3 kg
Some medical professionals confuse ketoacidosis, an extremely abnormal form of ketosis, with the normal benign ketosis associated with ketogenic diets and fasting states in the body. They will then tell you that ketosis is dangerous. Testing Laboratory Microbiology - Air Quality - Mold Asbestos - Environmental - Lead emsl.com Ketosis is NOT Ketoacidosis The difference between the two conditions is a matter of volume and flow rate*: Benign nutriti ...
My dog is diabetic. He has been doing pretty well overall, but recently he became really ill. He stopped eating well, started drinking lots of water, and got really weak. His veterinarian said that he had a condition called “ketoacidosis,” and he had to spend several days in the hospital. I’m not sure I understand this disorder. Diabetic ketoacidosis is a medical emergency that occurs when there is not enough insulin in the body to control ...
As fat is broken down, acids called ketones build up in the blood and urine. In high levels, ketones are poisonous. This condition is known as ketoacidosis. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is sometimes the first sign of type 1 diabetes in people who have not yet been diagnosed. It can also occur in someone who has already been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. Infection, injury, a serious illness, missing doses of insulin shots, or surgery can lead to ...
Samples in periodicals archive: One in four children and young people are diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes when they are already in diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) - a life-threatening condition that requires urgent medical attention. This is one of the reasons why a quarter of children with Type 1 diabetes are only diagnosed once they are already seriously ill with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), a life-threatening condition that needs immediate treatmen ...
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious condition that can occur in diabetes. DKA happens when acidic substances, called ketones, build up in your body. Ketones are formed when your body burns fat for fuel instead of sugar, or glucose. That can happen if you don’t have enough insulin in your body to help you process sugars. Learn more: Ketosis vs. ketoacidosis: What you should know » Left untreated, ketones can build up to dangerous levels. D ...
Turbid urine is also known by many other names like foamy urine, cloudy urine, and albinuria. It is a presentation of many types of diseases or disorders. Turbid urine is mainly caused by disorders of the urinary tract which includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder and the urethra. Any type of infection affecting the urinary tract can lead to turbid urine. Also, swelling or inflammation of the urinary tract can produce cloudy urine. Some disorders ...