Ketoacidosis Turbid Definition

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An overview of the components of a UA, along with discussion of urine color and turbidity.

Urinalysis Chapter 3

What determines the physical examination of urine? Flashcards Matching Hangman Crossword Type In Quiz Test StudyStack Study Table Bug Match Hungry Bug Unscramble Chopped Targets Physical Examination of the Urine Question Answer What determines the physical examination of urine? Color, clarity, specific gravity, Osmolarity, and volume if timed. What are the common colors of urine? Pale yellow, yellow, dark yellow, and amber. What is the yellow color of urine caused by? the presence of a pigment, named urochrome. What is urochrome? is a product of endogenous metabolism, and under normal conditions the body produces it at a constant rate. What is uroerythrin? A pink pigment present in urine in smaller amounts, and it is most evident in specimens that have been refrigerated, resulting in the precipitation of amorphous urates. What is urobilin? is an oxidation product of the normal urinary constituent urobilinogen, imparts an orange-brown color to urine that is not fresh. What does Dark yellow/Amber/Orange urine mean? It can be caused by the presence of the abnormal pigment bilirubin. What do techs do if it is suspected that specimen contains bilirubin? It is shaken and a yellow foam ap Continue reading >>

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  1. EricaHV

    Twice now my blood ketones were lower after exercise.
    I am confused, I thought blood ketones were supposed to be higher after exercise. What does this mean?

  2. Lesismore

    Mine seem to go up exercise. I decided to waste a few test strips today to see my levels through out the day. I tested after waking at 1.1 then I went out for a mountain bike ride for 25 minutes on an empty stomach and tested my ketones which went up to 2.5 Lastly tested after dinner at 2.2

  3. EricaHV

    Yeah, have not looked in to it a whole lot, but everything seems to suggest blood ketones should go up, I am so confused!
    Thank you for letting me know how your ketones went today.

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Click to tweet: http://clicktotweet.com/gjNDB . This is a demonstration of how to use a urine test strip for urinalysis. The associated blog entry is here: http://homeedandherbs.blogspot.co.uk/... . Use a mid-stream, early morning sample. Make sure you dip the entire strip in the urine for a few seconds, then wait up to two minutes for all the results. They are as follows: Leukocytes: usually indicate infection, e.g. cystitis and urethritis. Nitrite: A UTI associated with a Gram-negative pathogen such as E. coli. Urobilinogen: Obstructive jaundice or a problem with gut flora, possibly due to antibiotics. Protein: Often contamination, sometimes infection, sometimes protein being shed from the bloodstream, which can cause nephrotic or nephritic syndromes. pH: Varies quite a lot naturally. The kidneys and lungs together secrete hydrogen and hydroxide ions to balance the pH in the body. Blood: Haematuria can be harmless but may indicate physical trauma and also provide nuclei for the formation of kidney stones. Specific gravity: Also varies, but a fixed low specific gravity can result from insufficient vasopressin secretion, insensitivity to vasopressin (also known as ADH or anti-diure


Please contact us for pricing and turn around times or if you have any questions about the services we offer. Urine screening tests (routine urinalysis, urine chemistry, and urine microbiology) may be done to help find the cause for many types of symptoms. A routine urinalysis usually includes the following tests: Color: Many factors affect urine color, including fluid balance, diet, medications and disease. Clarity: Urine is normally clear. This test determines the cloudiness of urine, also called opacity or turbidity. Bacteria, blood, sperm, crystals or mucus can make urine appear cloudy. Odor: Urine usually does not smell very strong but has a slightly "nutty" (aromatic) odor. Some diseases can cause a change in the normal odor of urine. For example, an infection with E. coli bacteria can cause a foul odor, while diabetes or starvation can cause a sweet, fruity odor. Specific gravity: This measures the amount of substances dissolved in the urine. It also indicates how well the kidneys are able to adjust the amount of water in urine. The higher the specific gravity, the more solid material is dissolved in the urine. pH: The pH is a measure of how acidic or alkaline (basic) the ur Continue reading >>

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    I have had great success with two rounds of Atkins in the past (each time losing over 50lb).
    But I have had two recent attempts to get back into the diet (on a quite rigorous induction regimen) and it is like the "mechanism" has broken. My body is not going into ketosis after 2 or even 3 weeks on the diet and (unsurprisingly) this is also reflected by lack of weight loss or measurements loss; and, indeed, on the latest attempt . . . I put ON three pounds. Whereas previously ketone strips were highly reactive (bright pink) they did not show ANY color at all after the induction periods. Obviously, absent the fat-burning, then a relatively fat-heavy intake is bound to result in weight gain. I also do not have that sense of increased energy that comes with being in fat-burning mode.
    It is almost as if my body has learned something about the diet and it will no longer cooperate with it. Either that, or it is something to do with being older (near 60).
    Has anyone else seen this phenomenon, and have they found any strategy to get around it.
    I always felt Atkins was a reliable way for me to be able to shed pounds, but without its "magic bullet" I feel rather lost as to what to try, as I have had very bad lucky with restrictive calorie (and other) diets.
    [ed. note: MICHAEL (2768058) last edited this post 8 months, 4 weeks ago.]

  2. Kathryn

    Ketostix are unreliable, throw them away and just follow the rules. If you do, then you have to be in ketosis because the body doesn't have carbs to burn for energy so it uses fat instead - if it didn't then you'd be dead!
    Putting on 3 pounds suggests that either you're eating too much, eating the wrong things or have some intolerance to something you're having. Without knowing what you eat on a typical day and how much you eat, then we can't really help. Post a list of what you're eating and we'll take a look.

  3. Ellen

    If you aren't getting into ketosis (and Kathryn is right about the ketostix) then somewhere you're taking in too many carbs and/or too much protein. If you are actually in ketosis but not losing...Or indeed gaining, then you are either sensitive to something you're eating...Like sweeteners for instance, or you are generally eating too much.
    Post a days menu with quantities and we'll take a look

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In this video I discuss what is stress, why is stress bad, and what causes stress. I also cover how stress is bad, how to deal with stress, and stress management. Transcript What is stress? Whats up dudes, and whats up ladies, Bryan here and in this video we are going to look at stress. What is it, what causes it, and what can we do about it? So, Lets roll. Stress hormones Stress is your body's way of reacting to any kind of demand or threat. When the body feels stress, your hypothalamus, a tiny region in your brain, signals your adrenal glands, located atop your kidneys, to release a surge of hormones, which include adrenaline and cortisol, into the bloodstream. As these hormones are released, the liver is triggered to produce more blood sugar, which gives you an energy kick, breathing becomes more rapid, and heart beat and blood pressure rise. If the stress is caused by physical danger, these chemicals can be beneficial, as they give you more energy and strength, and also speed up your reaction time and enhance your focus. But, if the stress is caused by something emotional, it can be harmful, because there is no outlet for this extra energy and strength. Once the source of the s

Stress Induced Hyperglycemia In A Term Baby Mimicking Diabetic Ketoacidosis With Stroke

Go to: Stress/sepsis induced transient hyperglycemia in the newborn may present with extremely high blood sugar values and may mimic neonatal diabetes mellitus. We present a case of neonatal septicemia with stress induced hyperglycemia mimicking neonatal diabetes mellitus. Extremely high blood sugar values upto 1529 mg/dl with metabolic acidosis were noted in a term good weight baby causing a diagnostic dilemma. It can be seen even in term babies, contrary to the belief that it occurs in preterm and small for gestation babies. Considering the prognostic implications it may cause it is important that hyperglycemia is promptly treated by insulin infusion. Keywords: Hyperglycemia, insulin therapy, neonatal diabetes, stress Go to: Stress induced hyperglycemia is a known complication of Neonatal sepsis, but sometimes it may become very difficult to distinguish it from neonatal diabetes mellitus. We present a case of neonatal septicemia with stress induced hyperglycemia mimicking neonatal diabetes mellitus. Extremely high blood sugar values with metabolic acidosis were noted in a term good weight baby caused a diagnostic dilemma. Go to: CASE REPORT The present case report is about a 3 kg Continue reading >>

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  1. and_thereitis

    Been on keto for a week. I keep seeing low carb offerings from Atkins products. Can someone please tell me whether or not they are a good idea, and why?

  2. WillowWagner

    All that "trick" food started appearing when the Atkins family sold the business after Dr. Atkins' death, so it's not like the doctor issued a stamp of approval. I ate a fair number of Atkins and other low carb "bars" when I first started cutting carbs, but I can't remember the last time I had one. I just do better on met, cheese, and veggies. I try to use as little sweetener as I can, and I avoid sugar alcohols. I'm not sure they're terrible for you, but I feel better without them.]
    There's certainly no rule against using them. but if you want to try them, you might just monitor how you feel and how your weight loss progresses. If you like them and feel go, go for it!

  3. CarbsCalsAndExercise

    Atkins products have a lot of sugar alcohols in them. In my opinion, they don't fill you up. Sure, they taste more like regular candy, but when you go on keto for long enough, usually you start to stop craving it, carbs, and other sweet things. I would recommend against the atkins products, but if you can tolerate sugar alcohols (some people can't), then they're fine in a bind. They're also pretty expensive I think, if you eat them all the time.
    The first time I did keto, I lasted a month, and I bought tons of that stuff. Like, tons. I think it's what contributed to me going of it. I craved sugar all the time, and eventually caved because I missed fruit so badly. Now, staying away from the overly processed stuff (for the most part), the sugar cravings have gone way down and it's a lot easier. So that's my personal opinion, but you've got to find what works for you.

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