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Ketoacidosis Medical Terminology Definition

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Acute kidney injury (also called acute renal failure) nursing NCLEX review lecture on the nursing management, stages, pathophysiology, and causes (prerenal, intrarenal, postrenal). What is Acute Kidney Injury? It is the SUDDEN decrease in renal function that leads to the build up of waste in the blood, fluid overload, and electrolyte imbalances. What are the causes of Acute Kidney Injury? There are three causes, which are based on location. The first is known as prerenal injury and this is an issue with the perfusion to the kidneys that leads to decreased renal function. A second cause is known as intrarenal injury, and this is due to damage to the nephrons of the kidney. Lastly, postrenal injury is due to a blockage located in the urinary tract after the kidney that can extend to the urethra. This is causing the back flow of urine, which increases the pressure and waste in the kidneys. Stages of Acute Kidney Injury: There are four stage of acute kidney injury, which include initiation, oliguric, diuresis, and recovery stage. The initiation stage starts when a cause creates an injury to the kidney and then signs and symptoms start to appear. This leads to the oliguric stages. The patient will void less than 400 mL/day of urine during this stage and will experience increased BUN/creatinine levels, azotemia, hyperkalemia, hypervolemia, increase phosphate and decreased calcium levels along with metabolic acidosis. After this stage the patient can progress to the diuresis stage and this is where the patient will void 3-6 Liters of urine per day due to osmotic diuresis. The patient is at risk for hypokalemia, dehydration, and hypovolemia. The last stage is recovery and the patient's glomerular filtration rate has returned to normal. Therefore, the kidneys are able to maintain normal BUN and creatinine levels, electrolyte, and water levels. Quiz on Acute Kidney Injury: http://www.registerednursern.com/acut... Notes: http://www.registerednursern.com/acut... More NCLEX Renal Lectures: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Subscribe: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_c... Nursing School Supplies: http://www.registerednursern.com/the-... Visit our website RegisteredNurseRN.com for free quizzes, nursing care plans, salary information, job search, and much more: http://www.registerednursern.com Check out other Videos: https://www.youtube.com/user/Register... All of our videos in a playlist: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pAhHx... Popular Playlists: NCLEX Reviews: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Fluid & Electrolytes: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Nursing Skills: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Nursing School Study Tips: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Nursing School Tips & Questions" https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Teaching Tutorials: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Types of Nursing Specialties: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Healthcare Salary Information: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... New Nurse Tips: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Nursing Career Help: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... EKG Teaching Tutorials: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Dosage & Calculations for Nurses: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Diabetes Health Managment: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list...

Acute Kidney Injury In Children With Type 1 Diabetes Hospitalized For Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Questions What proportion of pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes who present in diabetic ketoacidosis develop acute kidney injury, and what are the associated risk factors? Findings In this medical record review of 165 children with type 1 diabetes who were hospitalized for diabetic ketoacidosis, 106 (64.2%) met the criteria for acute kidney injury. Serum bicarbonate level less than 10 mEq/L and an elevated heart rate were found to be associated with an increased risk of severe acute kidney injury. Meaning Children in diabetic ketoacidosis are at high risk for acute kidney injury, suggesting that clinicians should consider acute kidney injury as a frequent complication in this population. Importance Acute kidney injury (AKI) in children is associated with poor short-term and long-term health outcomes; however, the frequency of AKI in children hospitalized for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) has not been previously examined. Objectives To determine the proportion of children hospitalized for DKA who develop AKI and to identify the associated clinical and biochemical markers of AKI. Design, Setting, and Participants This medical record review of all DKA admissions from September 1, 2 Continue reading >>

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  1. amsmith

    I understand that the guidelines state "uncontrolled" should be coded as hyperglycemia. What about the DKA type 2 portion? We have 2 opinions in our office and I am just looking for the correct way to code it.
    I suspect for my scenario E11.65, E11.69 and E87.2. Please help.
    There really should be an E11.1X...LOL!!
    Thank you,
    Anna

  2. mitchellde

    Ketoacidosis is actually rare in a type 2 diabetic so that may be the reason for no specific code for it. So use the E11.69 with the E87.2

  3. amsmith

    Oddly, our physician's document it frequently. I will check with one of them to find out why we tend to have a higher volume.

  4. -> Continue reading
read more
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What is ENDOCRINOLOGY? ENDOCRINOLOGY meaning - ENDOCRINOLOGY pronunciation - ENDOCRINOLOGY definition - ENDOCRINOLOGY explanation - What does ENDOCRINOLOGY mean? How to pronounce ENDOCRINOLOGY? Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... license.

Medical Terms: Endocrinology

Sort Nutritional Recommendations for Persons w Diab cals: sufficient to maintain healthy wt carbs: 45-55% of ttl cals. prot: 2x's amt needed fat: <30% ttl cals based on person fib: <=40g/day (25g/1000 cal) alt sweeteners: use of varied is ok sod: 1000mg/1000cal (<=3000mg/d) vit/min: no influence on diabetes Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. amsmith

    I understand that the guidelines state "uncontrolled" should be coded as hyperglycemia. What about the DKA type 2 portion? We have 2 opinions in our office and I am just looking for the correct way to code it.
    I suspect for my scenario E11.65, E11.69 and E87.2. Please help.
    There really should be an E11.1X...LOL!!
    Thank you,
    Anna

  2. mitchellde

    Ketoacidosis is actually rare in a type 2 diabetic so that may be the reason for no specific code for it. So use the E11.69 with the E87.2

  3. amsmith

    Oddly, our physician's document it frequently. I will check with one of them to find out why we tend to have a higher volume.

  4. -> Continue reading
read more
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MedTerms 4 Fun www.medterms4fun.com In this video, N Epps shows how to analyze word parts, form a medical term, and define a medical term. In this example, we will use the term "Cardiology". Cardiology means the study of the heart. First, let's analyze the word by breaking down into word parts. Cardi is the root meaning heart. We will use the letter "R" for root. The letter "O" is the combining vowel. We will use the letters "CV" for combining vowel. -logy is the suffix meaning the study of. We will use the letter "S" for suffix. When we define the term, we start at the suffix and then move to the root. So, the term "Cardiology" means the study of (suffix) the heart (root). If you enjoy this video from MedTerms4Fun, please like us. I appreciate your support. For more helpful medical terminology tips, visit my website and follow me on Twitter and Pinterest! Twitter: MedTerms4Fun Pinterest: www.pinterest.com/medterms4fun ****Helpful Medical Terminology Books I Have Used: Medical Terminology: An Illustrated Guide Eighth Edition - https://go.magik.ly/ml/dnhu/ Medical Terminology: An Illustrated Guide Eighth Edition by Barbara J. Cohen BA MSEd - https://go.magik.ly/ml/dnhv/ Medical Terminology Made Incredibly Easy (Incredibly Easy! Series) Fourth Edition by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins - https://go.magik.ly/ml/dnhw/ Medical Terminology Systems: A Body Systems Approach 8th Edition by Barbara A. Gylys MEd CMA-A - https://go.magik.ly/ml/dnhx/ FTC Disclosure: The product links are affiliate links. I will earn a commission if you click through and make a purchase. There is no cost to you.

Glossary Of Medical Terminology

Term Definition a.d. Right ear a.s. Left ear a.u. Both ears Abdominocentesis Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen ABG Arterial Blood gases ACTH Adrenocorticotropic hormone test; Adrenal function test Addison’s disease Insufficient adrenal cortex function Analgesic Medication given to reduce pain Anastamosis Surgical reconnection of intestines Anemia Low level of red blood cells, PCV or hemoglobin Anesthesia Absence of sensation Anisocoria Unequal pupil size Anorexia Lack or loss of appetite Apnea Absence of breathing ARF Acute Renal failure AUS Abdominal Ultrasound Azotemia Elevated renal (kidney) values b.i.d. Twice a day BAR Bright, Alert and Responsive BCS Body Condition Score ( 1/9 – severely underweight, 9/9 severely overweight) BDBD Big Dog vs. Big Dog (Dog Fight) BDLD Big Dog vs. Little Dog (Dog Fight) BP Blood Pressure Bradypnea Slow respiratory rates Bx Biopsy Cardiomyopathy Disease of the heart muscle Cataract Opacity of the lens of the eye CBC Complete Blood Count – Blood test CHEM Chemistries – Blood test CHF Congestive heart failure CRF Chronic Renal failure CRT Capillary refill time Cushing’s disease Excessive adrenal cortex function CV Cardio- Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. amsmith

    I understand that the guidelines state "uncontrolled" should be coded as hyperglycemia. What about the DKA type 2 portion? We have 2 opinions in our office and I am just looking for the correct way to code it.
    I suspect for my scenario E11.65, E11.69 and E87.2. Please help.
    There really should be an E11.1X...LOL!!
    Thank you,
    Anna

  2. mitchellde

    Ketoacidosis is actually rare in a type 2 diabetic so that may be the reason for no specific code for it. So use the E11.69 with the E87.2

  3. amsmith

    Oddly, our physician's document it frequently. I will check with one of them to find out why we tend to have a higher volume.

  4. -> Continue reading
read more

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