Ketoacidosis Medical Terminology

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MedTerms 4 Fun www.medterms4fun.com In this video, N Epps shows how to analyze word parts, form a medical term, and define a medical term. In this example, we will use the term "Cardiology". Cardiology means the study of the heart. First, let's analyze the word by breaking down into word parts. Cardi is the root meaning heart. We will use the letter "R" for root. The letter "O" is the combining vowel. We will use the letters "CV" for combining vowel. -logy is the suffix meaning the study of. We will use the letter "S" for suffix. When we define the term, we start at the suffix and then move to the root. So, the term "Cardiology" means the study of (suffix) the heart (root). If you enjoy this video from MedTerms4Fun, please like us. I appreciate your support. For more helpful medical terminology tips, visit my website and follow me on Twitter and Pinterest! Twitter: MedTerms4Fun Pinterest: www.pinterest.com/medterms4fun ****Helpful Medical Terminology Books I Have Used: Medical Terminology: An Illustrated Guide Eighth Edition - https://go.magik.ly/ml/dnhu/ Medical Terminology: An Illustrated Guide Eighth Edition by Barbara J. Cohen BA MSEd - https://go.magik.ly/ml/dnhv/ Medical Term

Medical Terminology - Chapter 8 - Endocrine System

Triangular-shaped glands located above each kidney that secrete hormones that aid in metabolism, electrolyte balance, and stress reactions; each gland consists of an outer part called the adrenal cortex, and an inner part called the adrenal medulla Part of the brain located near the pituitary gland that secretes releasing hormones that control the release of other hormones by the pituitary gland Endocrine cells inside the pancreas that secrete hormones (glucagon and insulin) that aid carbohydrate (sugar) metabolism Paired female reproductive organs that produce hormones and release oocyte (egg cells) Four small glands embedded on the posterior surface of the thyroid gland that regulate calcium and phosphorus levels in the bloostream Small cone-shaped gland located in the brain that secretes melatonin, which affects sleep-wake cycles and reproduction Pea-sized gland located at the base of the brain that secretes hormones that stimulates the function of other endocrine glands Male reproductive glands, located in the scrotum, that produce sperm and testosterone Gland in the mediastinum (membranous partition in the thoracic cavity) that secretes thymosin, a hormone that regulates the Continue reading >>

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  1. Roopa

    levodopa is prescribed to patients suffering from Parkinson's disease, as many of their symptoms are caused by a lack of natural dopamine in the brain. Levodopa is an intermediate step in the metabolization of the hormone dopamine from the amino acid tyrosine. Tyrosine may also metabolize into epinephrine or norepinephrine, also with levodopa as an intermediate product.
    There are a few concerns with the use of levodopa to treat Parkinson's disease. Dopamine cannot be administered because it is blocked by the blood-brain barrier and cannot enter the patient's brain, but large amounts of levodopa become metabolized into dopamine in the patient's peripheral nervous system (PNS) before even reaching the blood-brain barrier. This results in a number of adverse side effects, especially in the long term.

    Side effects of levodopa use may include low blood pressure, arrhythmia, nausea, hair loss, confusion, emotional disturbances, gastrointestinal bleeding, insomnia, and hallucinations. When used long term, levodopa may begin to decrease in effectiveness and may cause dyskinesia, or impairment of voluntary movement. As a result, doctors prescribe levodopa sparingly and often include peripheral DOPA decarboxylase inhibitors to limit the amount of levodopa metabolized in the PNS. Despite these concerns, levodopa is believed to be safer than other drugs used to treat Parkinson's.

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Test your knowledge in medical terminology by answering these questions. medical assistant medical terminology practice test

Chapter 18 - Medical Terminology

exophthalmos (protrusion of the eyeballs) examples: myxedema - decreased activity of the thyroid gland in adults and characterized by dry skin, swellings around the lips and nose, mental deterioration cretinism - extreme disease during infancy and childhood, leads to lack of normal physical and mental growth excessive production of parathormone (parathyroid hormone) examples: virilization - too much testosterone, male characteristic seen in a female hirsutism - excessive hair on the face and body (bearded lady at the circus) lack of insulin secretion or resistance of insulin in promoting sugar, starch, fat metabolism in cells The signs and symptoms of this type of diabetes are polydipsia (excessive thirst), polyuria (excessive urination), and polyphagia (excessive eating) The diagnostic test which tests blood for glucose level (normal level 75-115); may go as high as 1000 with diabetes Primary Life-Threatening Complications of Increased Blood Sugar 1. Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) - shock; sweet smelling breath 3. Hypoglycemia - took insulin but did not eat Secondary Complication that occurs over time S&S: aneurysms or sclerosing of blood vessels Secondary Complication that occurs o Continue reading >>

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  1. Iceman85

    "Cheat" Meal...?

    How distructive to a keto diet is it if you have a cheat meal? Is it ok? This meal would be during a carb up day if that is any different.

  2. BiologyBabe

    depends on how much carbohydrate you eat on your cheat day, dont go nuts, it'll take about 3 days to totally deplete and put you back into actual ketosis; your heavy carb cheat day may cost you several days of ketosis.
    Not the greatest state for the body to walk around in at all... but it belongs to you.

  3. Iceman85

    I'm not talking cheat day. I'm just talking if I want to go out to dinner with friends and I have a meal that isn't good for a keto diet. I take it since you said a "cheat day" takes 3-4 days to deplete that a meal wouldn't do all that much if anything (depending on the amount of carbs in the meal)...Right?

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This video helps the Spanish Medical Interpreter by expanding his/her Spanish Medical Terminology by demonstrating how to Pronounce Insulin in Spanish and adding a visual description of the word.

Medical Terminology - Chapter 18

Hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex; regulates salt and water balance. Male hormone responsible for developing and maintaining male secondary sex characteristics. Secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland; promotes water reabsorption by the kidney. Hormone secreted by the thyroid gland; lowers calcium levels in the blood. Hormones secreted by the adrenal medulla; epinephrine (adrenaline) is an example. Hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex; cortisol and aldosterone are examples. Hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex; regulates the use of sugars, fats, and proteins in cells. Cortisol raises blood sugar. Substance that, in solution, carries an electric charge; examples are sodium (Na+), potassium (K+), calcium (Ca++) and chloride (Cl-). Medical specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of endocrine gland disorders. Hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla; increases heart rate and blood pressure. Female hormone secreted by the ovaries and to a lesser extent by the adrenal cortex in both males and females. Pertaining to the producing of female characteristics or having the same effect as estrogen. Measures circulating glucose level in a patient who has fasted at least Continue reading >>

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  1. W. Prins

    My experience pretty much mirrors Aarons and I also agree with Teymur. By and large I can get by with less sleep than before and when I do sleep I seem to benefit more from it, which is to say I seem to recover more quickly. In the very early days I had stints where I had some sleep disruptions of various kinds (not being able to get to sleep when I wanted to and so on) but resolved itself in time.

  2. Aaron Goold

    I agree with Jbs. This is just an n=1 answer, but I need less sleep after being in ketosis for at least a week. I used to need 9 hours of sleep. Now I can get 6-7 and feel fine. However, sometimes I wake in the middle of the night and cannot fall back asleep. I've heard from Dave Asprey (Bulletproof guy) that this is common with ketosis. He suggests having some quality carbs before bed. I tried, but haven't noticed a difference. The weird part is, some weeks I'll get only 5-6 hours a night due to work/stress/etc. I'll be tired the first 10-15 minutes, then feel fine all the way until bed. I still prefer to get 7-8 hrs, but now I'm not dying when I don't get it.
    Update: Wanted to add, I also practice intermittent fasting. Not sure how much that also affects sleep/ketosis, but something to consider in my response.

  3. Teymur Mammadov

    Not sure what you mean by sleep “architecture” - I’m going to assume you mean sleep patters (possibly?). Some people who go extremely low-carb (ketosis may have different degrees, you can be considered to be in ketosis with both 0.7 mMol and 4 mMol, but they are, obviously, very different levels of ketones) or no-carb often report sleep pattern disruptions - but individual reactions may vary. If that is an issue, it is recommended to consume low amount of healthy carbs at night before sleep (that’s one of the reasons I personally prefer consuming my carbs - however low - at night) - not so much as to take you out of ketosis, but enough to not interfere with your sleep.

    If you really meant to ask how ketosis affects sleep requirements - I would tend to agree with other writers: typically you might see a reduction in the need to sleep as you get more into ketosis and the associated lifestyle. I do personally consider that moderate ketosis is healthier than the so-called “balanced diet” - and healthier bodies need lees sleep. This effect, however, is not something that happens immediately. It requires you to become generally keto-adapted and make this a lifestyle. In other words - do not expect that by slipping into ketosis first time you would suddenly wake up refreshed after 5 hours of sleep :)

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