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Ketoacidosis Causes

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What is DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS? What does DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS mean? DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS meaning - DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS definition - DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... license. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6Uu... Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus. Signs and symptoms may include vomiting, abdominal pain, deep gasping breathing, increased urination, weakness, confusion, and occasionally loss of consciousness. A person's breath may develop a specific smell. Onset of symptoms is usually rapid. In some cases people may not realize they previously had diabetes. DKA happens most often in those with type 1 diabetes, but can also occur in those with other types of diabetes under certain circumstances. Triggers may include infection, not taking insulin correctly, stroke, and certain medications such as steroids. DKA results from a shortage of insulin; in response the body switches to burning fatty acids which produces acidic ketone bodies. DKA is typically diagnosed when testing finds high blood sugar, low blood pH, and ketoacids in either the blood or urine. The primary treatment of DKA is with intravenous fluids and insulin. Depending on the severity, insulin may be given intravenously or by injection under the skin. Usually potassium is also needed to prevent the development of low blood potassium. Throughout treatment blood sugar and potassium levels should be regularly checked. Antibiotics may be required in those with an underlying infection. In those with severely low blood pH, sodium bicarbonate may be given; however, its use is of unclear benefit and typically not recommended. Rates of DKA vary around the world. About 4% of people with type 1 diabetes in United Kingdom develop DKA a year, while in Malaysia the condition affects about 25% a year. DKA was first described in 1886 and, until the introduction of insulin therapy in the 1920s, it was almost universally fatal. The risk of death with adequate and timely treatment is currently around 1–4%. Up to 1% of children with DKA develop a complication known as cerebral edema. The symptoms of an episode of diabetic ketoacidosis usually evolve over a period of about 24 hours. Predominant symptoms are nausea and vomiting, pronounced thirst, excessive urine production and abdominal pain that may be severe. Those who measure their glucose levels themselves may notice hyperglycemia (high blood sugar levels). In severe DKA, breathing becomes labored and of a deep, gasping character (a state referred to as "Kussmaul respiration"). The abdomen may be tender to the point that an acute abdomen may be suspected, such as acute pancreatitis, appendicitis or gastrointestinal perforation. Coffee ground vomiting (vomiting of altered blood) occurs in a minority of people; this tends to originate from erosion of the esophagus. In severe DKA, there may be confusion, lethargy, stupor or even coma (a marked decrease in the level of consciousness). On physical examination there is usually clinical evidence of dehydration, such as a dry mouth and decreased skin turgor. If the dehydration is profound enough to cause a decrease in the circulating blood volume, tachycardia (a fast heart rate) and low blood pressure may be observed. Often, a "ketotic" odor is present, which is often described as "fruity", often compared to the smell of pear drops whose scent is a ketone. If Kussmaul respiration is present, this is reflected in an increased respiratory rate.....

Diabetic Ketoacidosis Causes

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a dangerous complication of diabetes mellitus brought about by a lack of insulin in the body causing an inadequate uptake of glucose from the blood. It is characterized by a severe rise in blood sugar or hyperglycemia along with dehydration that may lead to shock and even loss of consciousness. Insulin is an important hormone that helps the body uptake and utilize glucose present in blood, therefore reducing the blood sugar level. If there is a lack of insulin, the blood sugar is not used and instead body fats are broken down to provide an alternative energy source. This breakdown of fat however, causes the release of acidic by-products called ketones that build up in the blood and urine. High glucose levels cause increased amounts of glucose to move into the urine, a process termed osmotic diuresis. During osmotic diuresis, water and solutes such as potassium and sodium also move into the urine. This leads to frequent excretion of large volumes of urine or polyuria, dehydration and compensatory thirst or polydypsia. Who is affected? DKA is more common among people with type 1 diabetes or those with type 2 diabetes who take insulin to regulate their b Continue reading >>

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  1. x19delta

    How much weight loss on average during Keto

    I have read so much on this website and I just started looking into Keto. Im 6ft, 225 lbs, about 24-28% BF (depending on the damn scale). I work out 6 days a week. I have been doing high reps/low weight to cut. Although Im now thinking about low reps/high weight after reading so many sucess stories. I do 15-20 mins of cardio (treadmill or eliptical) after lifting every day.
    How much can I expect to lose on average on keto?
    Also if anyone has experience with those scales that tell body fat...I put in standard body type and it says 28% BF and then athletic and it says 23% BF....so I dont know which one to go by. Is the calipers/measurement method better than the scales?
    Thanks guys.

  2. taf1968

    The weight loss is all over the map . . . would be impossible to say what an average is. But you should drop quite a bit of water weight in the first week or so (it's not unusual for people to drop 5 or 10 pounds in the first 7 - 10 days). But don't get discouraged if you don't . . . or too excited if you lose more. Some people lose more/faster and for others it's more steady--it was more slow for me. As long as you are losing and seeing progress in weight loss, measurements, and the mirror it's all good.
    As for the bf% scales . . . don't waste your time. It will drive you crazy . . . those things are notoriously inaccurate and you will probably find that the bf% readings swing wildly from day to day (and even hour to hour). I have a Tanita and I don't trust it for anything except weight.
    You are much better off taking progress pics, measurements, and going by the mirror and how your clothes fit, IMHO. Calipers are good, but can be tricky to get the hang of and to be consistent. I have a pair and have gotten better at using them. But I still have trouble getting consistent readings sometimes.

  3. cfh1973

    Originally Posted by taf1968
    The weight loss is all over the map . . . would be impossible to say what an average is. But you should drop quite a bit of water weight in the first week or so (it's not unusual for people to drop 5 or 10 pounds in the first 7 - 10 days). But don't get discouraged if you don't . . . or too excited if you lose more. Some people lose more/faster and for others it's more steady--it was more slow for me. As long as you are losing and seeing progress in weight loss, measurements, and the mirror it's all good.
    As for the bf% scales . . . don't waste your time. It will drive you crazy . . . those things are notoriously inaccurate and you will probably find that the bf% readings swing wildly from day to day (and even hour to hour). I have a Tanita and I don't trust it for anything except weight.
    You are much better off taking progress pics, measurements, and going by the mirror and how your clothes fit, IMHO. Calipers are good, but can be tricky to get the hang of and to be consistent. I have a pair and have gotten better at using them. But I still have trouble getting consistent readings sometimes.

    This is why with calipers I will take measurements 3-4 times and then average it out.

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What is KETOACIDOSIS? What does KETOACIDOSIS mean? KETOACIDOSIS meaning - KETOACIDOSIS definition - KETOACIDOSIS explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... license. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6Uu... Ketoacidosis is a metabolic state associated with high concentrations of ketone bodies, formed by the breakdown of fatty acids and the deamination of amino acids. The two common ketones produced in humans are acetoacetic acid and ß-hydroxybutyrate. Ketoacidosis is a pathological metabolic state marked by extreme and uncontrolled ketosis. In ketoacidosis, the body fails to adequately regulate ketone production causing such a severe accumulation of keto acids that the pH of the blood is substantially decreased. In extreme cases ketoacidosis can be fatal. Ketoacidosis is most common in untreated type 1 diabetes mellitus, when the liver breaks down fat and proteins in response to a perceived need for respiratory substrate. Prolonged alcoholism may lead to alcoholic ketoacidosis. Ketoacidosis can be smelled on a person's breath. This is due to acetone, a direct by-product of the spontaneous decomposition of acetoacetic acid. It is often described as smelling like fruit or nail polish remover. Ketosis may also smell, but the odor is usually more subtle due to lower concentrations of acetone. Treatment consists most simply of correcting blood sugar and insulin levels, which will halt ketone production. If the severity of the case warrants more aggressive measures, intravenous sodium bicarbonate infusion can be given to raise blood pH back to an acceptable range. However, serious caution must be exercised with IV sodium bicarbonate to avoid the risk of equally life-threatening hypernatremia. Three common causes of ketoacidosis are alcohol, starvation, and diabetes, resulting in alcoholic ketoacidosis, starvation ketoacidosis, and diabetic ketoacidosis respectively. In diabetic ketoacidosis, a high concentration of ketone bodies is usually accompanied by insulin deficiency, hyperglycemia, and dehydration. Particularly in type 1 diabetics the lack of insulin in the bloodstream prevents glucose absorption, thereby inhibiting the production of oxaloacetate (a crucial molecule for processing Acetyl-CoA, the product of beta-oxidation of fatty acids, in the Krebs cycle) through reduced levels of pyruvate (a byproduct of glycolysis), and can cause unchecked ketone body production (through fatty acid metabolism) potentially leading to dangerous glucose and ketone levels in the blood. Hyperglycemia results in glucose overloading the kidneys and spilling into the urine (transport maximum for glucose is exceeded). Dehydration results following the osmotic movement of water into urine (Osmotic diuresis), exacerbating the acidosis. In alcoholic ketoacidosis, alcohol causes dehydration and blocks the first step of gluconeogenesis by depleting oxaloacetate. The body is unable to synthesize enough glucose to meet its needs, thus creating an energy crisis resulting in fatty acid metabolism, and ketone body formation.

Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Diabetic Ketoacidosis Definition Diabetic ketoacidosis is a dangerous complication of diabetes mellitus in which the chemical balance of the body becomes far too acidic. Description Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) always results from a severe insulin deficiency. Insulin is the hormone secreted by the body to lower the blood sugar levels when they become too high. Diabetes mellitus is the disease resulting from the inability of the body to produce or respond properly to insulin, required by the body to convert glucose to energy. In childhood diabetes, DKA complications represent the leading cause of death, mostly due to the accumulation of abnormally large amounts of fluid in the brain (cerebral edema). DKA combines three major features: hyperglycemia, meaning excessively high blood sugar kevels; hyperketonemia, meaning an overproduction of ketones by the body; and acidosis, meaning that the blood has become too acidic. Insulin deficiency is responsible for all three conditions: the body glucose goes largely unused since most cells are unable to transport glucose into the cell without the presence of insulin; this condition makes the body use stored fat as an alternative source instead Continue reading >>

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  1. Aggielax3

    Ok so I input my info into the keto calculator on ruled.me created by Craig and with the results that I got, my macros made sense, but the calories per day seem way to high. It came out and said if I want to maintain weight I need to consume like 3600 calories per day. I am a moderately active person at 6'4 250lbs but still that number is boggling my mind. Or am I just a noob

  2. anbeav

    Set to sedentary

  3. Aggielax3

    But I'm not sedentary....

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People always freak out when I tell them I am doing keto. I even have one friend that refers to my diet as "The Ketoacidosis Diet". I can't get him to understand the difference, but maybe this will help you! Find Me On Twitter: www.twitter.com/HeavyKevi Instagram: www.instagram.com/TheHeavyTruthTV Follow My Macros on MyFitnessPal @The HeavyTruth Facebook Group: Facebook.com/Groups/TheHeavyTruthTV Subscribe to my Essential Oils Channel: https://goo.gl/El053Q Send Questions or Testimonials By Mail: Kevin Gillem P.O.Box 291517 Phelan, CA 92329 My Favorite Low Carb Sweetener - http://amzn.to/2smCmDM I recommend Smackfat Ketone Strips - http://amzn.to/2laB9MG I use the Match DNA Milk Frother - http://amzn.to/2klHt4o I use NOW MCT Oil - http://amzn.to/2kOs48S I'm Kevin and I have used a Ketogenic diet, Intermittent Fasting and Extended Fasting to successfully lose 160 pounds and I am still shrinking. I hope to one day be half the man I was at 400 pounds. During this journey I have learned a lot about weight loss, Metabolic syndrome, Insulin Resistance, LCHF dieting and overall health in general. I am greatly interested in continuing to learn about health related topics and sharing what I learn with others so that all of our lives can be improved. Please like and subscribe to my channel so that I can share the things I learn that I think are important for all of our well being. I would also appreciate feedback from you all so I can share it with other subscribers and we can all grow as a community. I am not a doctor. I am not licensed. I do not hold any qualifications for giving medical advice. This is an account of my own experiences and does not apply to anyone else. All information, content, and material of this channel is for informational purposes only and are not intended to serve as a substitute for the consultation, diagnosis, and/or medical treatment of a qualified physician or healthcare provider. If you have questions about your own personal situation it is recommended that you discuss them with your own licensed healthcare professional. If you think you are having an emergency, dial 911 immediately.

Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Practice Essentials Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is an acute, major, life-threatening complication of diabetes that mainly occurs in patients with type 1 diabetes, but it is not uncommon in some patients with type 2 diabetes. This condition is a complex disordered metabolic state characterized by hyperglycemia, ketoacidosis, and ketonuria. Signs and symptoms The most common early symptoms of DKA are the insidious increase in polydipsia and polyuria. The following are other signs and symptoms of DKA: Nausea and vomiting; may be associated with diffuse abdominal pain, decreased appetite, and anorexia History of failure to comply with insulin therapy or missed insulin injections due to vomiting or psychological reasons or history of mechanical failure of insulin infusion pump Altered consciousness (eg, mild disorientation, confusion); frank coma is uncommon but may occur when the condition is neglected or with severe dehydration/acidosis Signs and symptoms of DKA associated with possible intercurrent infection are as follows: See Clinical Presentation for more detail. Diagnosis On examination, general findings of DKA may include the following: Characteristic acetone (ketotic) breath od Continue reading >>

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  1. M_L

    Let's say someone is on a very low carb diet, running on ketones, in order to lose fat. On a scale of 1 - 10, how detrimental is a little alcohol now and then. I'm talking about a moderate amount, say one glass of wine a couple days a week, and maybe 3 glasses on Saturday. I'm assuming that, even with the glass of wine, one is still under 30 grams of carbs. Does the alcohol ruin ketosis? How far will it set one back?
    I'm not looking for anyone to tell me that drinking is healthy or optimal or anything like that. I know it would be better not to drink at all. But I am trying to find a diet that I can stick to for the long run, not a quick fix. I seem to do well on Low Carb diets (better mood, no carb carvings, etc...), but I also enjoy unwinding in the evening with a drink or two. It would be hard for me to give that up completely.

    So, like a asked, on a scale of 1 -10, how detrimental is a couple drinks on a very low carb diet? (1 = not detrimental at all; 10 = so detrimental that it really makes the low carb diet ineffective.)

  2. Evilmage

    Alcohol on any diet is fairly detrimental I believe. I forget the exact scientific reasons, but basically when your body is processing/detoxifying alcohol, it's not burning fat or building muscle/recovering. I would give it a 8 if you insist on a number.
    Combine your drink with your occasional cheat meal and drink one, maybe two glasses. Don't overdo it so that the next morning, your body is ready to get back on track. Count the drink as part of a cheat.

    Several times a week is probably too much. Lose the weight, THEN have your occasional drinks. I don't think anyone can justify cheating multiple times a week (and a saturday) and still call it a diet.

  3. SSC

    Evilmage wrote:
    Alcohol on any diet is fairly detrimental I believe. I forget the exact scientific reasons, but basically when your body is processing/detoxifying alcohol, it's not burning fat or building muscle/recovering. I would give it a 8 if you insist on a number.
    Combine your drink with your occasional cheat meal and drink one, maybe two glasses. Don't overdo it so that the next morning, your body is ready to get back on track. Count the drink as part of a cheat.
    Several times a week is probably too much. Lose the weight, THEN have your occasional drinks. I don't think anyone can justify cheating multiple times a week (and a saturday) and still call it a diet.
    I'm going to agree with this post wholeheartedly.

    And if it's really that hard enough for you to stop drinking on a low-carb diet that you need to make a thread about it, that's probably not a good thing. Just sayin'.

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