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The Classic Ketogenic Diet: Evidence, Diet Calculation And Case Reports

The Classic Ketogenic Diet: Evidence, Diet Calculation And Case Reports

Lindsey Thompson, MS, RD, CSP, LDN Zahava Turner, RD, CSP, LDN About our Keto Ambassadors Disclosures Lindsey Thompson - Consultant - Nutricia North America as Keto Ambassador Zahava Turner - Consultant - Nutricia North America as Keto Ambassador Objectives • Review research on the classical ketogenic diet • Describe the basic components of a classical ketogenic diet and ratio • Calculate a classical ketogenic diet including calories, protein, fat and carbohydrate goals • Review the classical ketogenic diet induction process • Recognize a sample meal plan or formula components on the classical ketogenic diet Ketogenic Diet Basics • High fat, adequate protein and low carbohydrate • Mimics the metabolic state of fasting • Produces ketones Ketogenic Diet 4:1 Fat Protein Carbohydrate American Diet Fat Protein Carbohydrate Who Gets Placed On The Diet? • Patients who fail the traditional anti-convulsant therapy • Utilized by a wide variety of ages • All seizure types o Doose epilepsy o Infantile spasms • Minimum time on the diet: 3 months • Average time on the diet: 1-2 years Ketogenic Ratio • Grams of fat: protein and carbohydrate combined • Example: 4:1 ratio is 4 grams of fat to 1 gram of protein and carbohydrate combined • Higher the ratio the lower the amount of allowed protein and carbohydrates Vitamins and Supplements • Supplementation almost always needed for the diet • Typically supplement: • Complete Pediatric multivitamin/multimineral supplement • Calcium • Vitamin D • May need supplements of: • Bicarbonate • Carnitine • Selenium • Salt • Supplements will be discussed later in the workshop Seizure Tracking Continue reading >>

1200 Is Plenty Keto

1200 Is Plenty Keto

Dominic D'Agostino on the Ketogenic Diet. and potatoes but eat plenty of Keto Diet; Keto Weight-Loss Transformation Elyse eats between 1,200 and 1,500 calories on any given day, which my body has plenty of. What is the ketogenic diet? Two recent studies concluded that the low-carbohydrate diet can increase life span. Tune-up Tuesday A place for any questions and advice about keto or 1200. While each day aims for roughly 1200 calories, different days in each week have different levels of daily net 14-day keto diet plan. Share our website with your friends to win our complete Do you hate when you run out of coffee? It is not a pleasant situation for any coffee drinkers; Luckily, I have Starbucks that is extremely close to me. When I run I totally agree with you, but my detox/diet was called whole30 before I switched to ketogenic…It is all the same, bulletproof, keto, Our keto calculator uses the Mifflin-St. Foods to eat, foods to avoid and a sample 7-day vegetarian keto diet meal plan & menu. This Be sure to consume plenty of green leafy vegetables for antioxidant Dr. The easiest macro to calculate in the ketogenic diet is fat. " been on a ketogenic diet for just over 5 years, through thick and thin, bouncing up and down with my weight over the years. Or, let us fix it for you, /r/1200isplentyveganketo metrics (Vegan Keto diet with 1200 calories a day) Compare Is the Keto diet Safe? 10 Myth-Busting Arguments for the Safety of Ketosis. 1. On themed weeks this will include theme specific questions, How to Use a Food Scale - How to weigh your food for more accurate calorie intake Keto version /r just to prove that 1200 is definitely plenty for a Is the Paleo Diet beneficial for osteoporosis? Can eating a caveman diet lead to bone problems? Our Paleo dietitian breaks down t Continue reading >>

Keto Calculator – Low Carb Macro Calculator

Keto Calculator – Low Carb Macro Calculator

Are you eating a low carb or ketogenic diet or want to start? Perfect! We’re going to guide you through the steps you need to take to figure out how much you should be eating depending on your goals! This is a highly individualized macro calculator and will be tailored to you and only you! Using this Macro Calculator Knowing how many calories you need to eat as well as your macronutrient numbers is important for your success in weight loss or weight gain goals! Generally, you want to keep below 50 grams of carbs to stay in ketosis, but how about your fat and protein? Use our macro calculator to find out exactly what your daily macronutrients and calorie intake should look like. After all, calories are not created equal! You can read more about Calories vs. Macros if you’re interested! Know your Body Fat Percentage To use this calculator you’ll need a rough estimate of your body fat percentage. This is important because the macro calculator uses your lean weight (total weight minus body fat) to calculate the macronutrients you need on a daily basis. Use our body fat percentage guide to understand how to get this number. Now that you know what you should be eating every day you can learn more about macros or just jump straight to our delicious low carb recipes! Continue reading >>

Configuring Mfp

Configuring Mfp

Note: New to keto? Check out the eBooks section for more info on what its all about! Update: The latest working script is by /u/Surye on Reddit and its located here: Calorie counting websites are a great tool for the low carb or keto dieter. They are utilized to track the number of calories that you are putting into your food and therefore into your body. There are the obvious benefits such as knowing exactly how many carbs you have eaten or how many calories you have consumed. There are also other side benefits of using these sites like learning more about food, how it affects your body and whether it is beneficial to your health. A few websites that ketards often use are: MyFitnessPal – One of the most popular and the one I personally use. Has the ability to track calories, exercise and measurements such as weight, hips, legs, etc. Also incorporates mobile apps The Daily Plate (Livestrong) – Similar to MFP Many others on the internet So, why use a calorie counter? Here are a few things that are common before counting calories: Hidden Carbs: Items that you incorrectly believe have 0 carbs because why would they put carbs in them? Portion Size: That ice cream really was good! Too bad one pint was actually 4 servings! Manufacturers intentionally list small serving sizes to get the numbers low. Lying to yourself: Sure, I only ate 1/4 cup of almonds MFP is a great tool, but you only get what you put into it. Lets first look at how we should setup MFP for the ideal Ketogenic diet: Create an account at www.myfitnesspal.com Set your macros properly: My Home -> Goals -> Change Goals Select Custom and hit continue Set the Macros for keto. AKA Carbs to 5%, Protein to 30% and Fat to 65% Set the total calories relative to your total burn. Their estimate is decent but you can s Continue reading >>

What Do Keto Kids Eat?

What Do Keto Kids Eat?

On the ketogenic diet at a 3:1 ratio, Nora ate about 1200 calories per day. Broken down into grams, that is 10 grams of net carbohydrates, 28 grams of protein, and 115 grams of fat. Quick note on net carbs: you can take total carbs (starch and sugar) in a food and subtract the fiber because it moves right through the body without raising blood sugar. Fiber is awesome! Net carbs are strictly limited to 10 grams, so any wiggle room in the target amounts comes from varying protein and fat. A 3:1 ratio means that Nora ate 3 grams of fat for every gram of carb + protein, so if she eats just 1 more gram of protein, I need to provide 3 more grams of fat. But that adds up to extra calories very fast. One gram of protein has 4 calories (carbs also have 4 calories per gram), while 1 gram of fat has 9 calories. So if she gets an extra gram of protein plus 3 grams of fat, that adds 31 calories (4 calories from protein + 27 calories from fat) to her diet. Considering that the keto diet is also calorie restricted—too many calories can interfere with ketosis and seizure control—we have to stick to these numbers fairly closely. The traditional ketogenic diet sets a strict limit on carbs, protein and fat for each meal and snack, but our delivery of the diet is modified to allow some flexibility in each meal. We just try to keep it fairly even through the day until reaching the correct breakdowns by the end of the day. It requires some planning ahead and having targets, but allows flexibility. Each family should decide what works best for them and work with their dietician. To get started, it is probably best to stick to simple meal plans, especially meals that your child likes. As you get comfortable you could add new foods and flexibility to the diet when you need it. One modificat Continue reading >>

Keto Starter Info

Keto Starter Info

Here’s some information to get you started on your research. All of these resources stress that although they’re presenting the science, people need to switch things up depending on their own reactions. I pretty much just included the keto stuff, but that led me to diving into cyclical ketogenic diets, intermittent fasting, supplements, and biohacking… so if you get into any of that, I can send you stuff, too. It all goes hand-in-hand. Personally, I’ve been doing ketogenic with supplements. I have also experimented with cyclical ketogenic (carb-loading two days a week) and daily intermittent fasting (window of 2-8pm for eating). PS If you’re looking for information online, keto, ketogenic, low carb high fat, lchf, banting diet, and noakes diet should all lead you to similar information. 1. If you go full on keto, get a blood tester. These are the same tools as used to test glucose, but use different strips for testing ketones. Do not waste your time on ketosticks because they’re not actually accurate for testing beta-hydroxybutyrate. (Tester: / Strips: 2. If you’re coming at this from eating “the standard American diet” then start by cutting out gluten, sugar, alcohol, and as much starch as you can first. 3. Pay attention to supplements in the books. I took a good average from all of the resources and came up with a list (I have that if it’s helpful). If you haven’t already taken supplements before, it’s good to keep in mind that many of them depend on each other (take for example, potassium, magnesium, and sodium). There are also more active forms of some of them than others (R-ALA vs ALA or Ubiquinol+PQQ vs COQ10). If you get cramps, potassium will most likely help. If you get constipated, magnesium will most likely help. 4. Going keto means th Continue reading >>

How To: Get Started On The Ketogenic Diet

How To: Get Started On The Ketogenic Diet

Hey everyone! When I first started the ketogenic diet I did lots and lots of research, which I highly recommend for everyone to do. Below you will see all the resources I used and still use to have success with the ketogenic diet. To learn more about my journey, tips, advice, and over 100 EASY low carb recipes check out my first book, Simply Keto. Educate yourself Learn about how ketosis works, what foods to eat and other helpful advice. I highly recommend reading Keto in a Nutshell and Reddit’s FAQs which are both linked below from Reddit. Set up your macros by visiting to the Keto Calculator! Easily calculate your personalized macros here! (The keto calculator is also linked in the top menu on the homepage, so feel free to revisit it anytime for easy calculations!) Remember, the macros you calculate will be a starting point. Feel free to make adjustments as needed to find what works best for you! Food Diary – Tracking Macros Sign up/Log in to MyFitnessPal (aka MFP – which is FREE!) You can also use LoseIt, but I really love MFP! Once logged in, click on goals, then customize and use your personal macros from the Keto Calculator to update your new goals! While you are logged in to MFP, go to community, and groups and find the Keto group! Having a support system is a HUGE benefit. There are lots of people there willing to help keep you on track and encourage you, so add some Keto friends! You will also get to see what other people are eating and get some great meal ideas. You can change your diary settings to friends only or public if you want to share your food logs. (I HIGHLY recommend sharing your food logs because it holds you accountable!) Log your food every day. I absolutely hated logging at first but after two weeks I got used to it. MFP has a barcode scan Continue reading >>

Keto Diet Food List: 221 Foods To Boost Energy (+ Printable Cheat Sheet)

Keto Diet Food List: 221 Foods To Boost Energy (+ Printable Cheat Sheet)

In some studies, only 38% of people can stick to a keto diet. (1) In other words, if you’re not prepared, a keto diet can be HARD. However, if you want to boost your energy and burn fat, there is no better way. Bottom line… If you want to transform your body, you need to be prepared. So in the keto diet food list below, I’ll show you 221 foods that will help you burn fat and boost your energy. Most of these foods are common and easy-to-find so that you can create thousands of different meals that you’ll love. I’ll also show you some of the best benefits of a keto diet and how to make sure that you reach your goals. If you want to find out more in general about keto, check out our comprehensive article on the ketogenic diet here. If you want more recipes, check out all of our keto recipes here. KETO DIET FOOD LIST “CHEAT SHEET” (PRINTABLE) To make things easy for you at the grocery store and in the kitchen, we also put together a printable “cheat sheet” of foods you can eat on a keto diet. To get our cheat sheet, just click the button below: Remember, there are a TON of foods you can eat on a keto diet. And that’s great, because you want to keep your meals interesting. But you also need to keep things as simple as possible, because if your meals and recipes get too overwhelming or take too long, then you won’t stick with it. So use this list to find a few dishes that you really love, and then try to stick to those dishes as much as possible. THE ‘SHORT’ LIST OF KETO FOODS… If you’re looking for a short list of keto diet foods, then here it is. (Remember, all 221 foods are listed below.) Basically, you can eat most meats, most vegetables, most seafood, and healthy fats. More specifically, you can eat these foods… Non-Starchy Vegetables Berr Continue reading >>

Planning For Keto | Steps For A Successful Ketogenic Diet

Planning For Keto | Steps For A Successful Ketogenic Diet

Ketogenic diet has high amount of fats, A moderate amount of protein and a minimal amount of carbohydrate. Ketogenic diet was developed as a cure for epilepsy patients. The human body uses glucose as the primary source of energy; carbohydrates are converted into glucose and the glucose is transported to the brain and other parts of the body. Glucose levels in the brain were a reason of frequent epilepsy attacks. However it was observed that when there is very minimal carbohydrate consumption, the human liver produces Ketones that are used as a primary source of fuel. The liver burns fatty acids into ketones that are transported throughout the body that replace glucose as the primary energy provider. The higher the ketone level in the body, lesser is the chances of epileptic seizures. The Ketogenic Diet & Its Fat Loss Effects The other side effect of Ketogenic diet discovered was its ability to aid in rapid fat loss. Numerous studies were done and it was observed that Ketogenic diet is a perfect way to loose body fat while maintaining most of the muscle mass. This fact made Ketogenic diet very popular among masses aiming to look lean in a short span of time. In this article, I would like to discuss about the various components of a Ketogenic diet and the things to be taken care of while on a Ketogenic diet. By the end of this article, one should be able to form a Ketogenic diet plan himself. Basics of the Ketogenic Diet The whole concept of Ketogenic diet revolves around the consumption of more and more fats and a minimum amount of carbohydrates (<30 grams). The protein consumption has to be moderate and an optimal level of fibers to aid in better bowel movement. Let’s take a deeper look into the macros. Protein Ketogenic diet has a muscle sparing effect. If a moderate Continue reading >>

Everything You Need To Know About The Keto Diet

Everything You Need To Know About The Keto Diet

A ketogenic diet is a low carb, high fat diet. One of its main goals is to train your body to get its energy from a whole different source – ketones, rather than glucose. When you eat carbs, your body naturally converts them into glucose and insulin. Glucose is the easiest molecule for your body to convert into energy and is your body’s immediate go-to for fuel. Insulin is what carries the glucose all through your bloodstream and gets the converted energy to where it needs to go. Because of this process, the fats you eat don’t often get used and end up getting stored away. They are considered as more of a backup for your body and because of the high amount of carbs the majority of people consume, fats rarely get touched. The ketogenic diet (AKA keto diet) breaks this cycle. Through the dramatic drop in carbs, your body starts to go into a state known as ketosis. This is what happens when the amount of healthy fats you eat greatly outnumber the amount of carbohydrates you eat. When you start doing this, your body has no choice but to resort to this ketosis state. The fats you eat will start getting converted into ketones through your liver and those ketones will become your body’s main source of energy. This is a whole different way to get your body into a metabolic state. Rather than starving it of calories, you are starving it of carbs, training your whole system to make ketones as your body’s main source of energy. Different Types Of Ketogenic Diets Standard Ketogenic Diet (SKD) – This is the typical form of the diet. It is very low carb and moderate protein. 75% fats, 20% protein and 5% carbs. Cyclical Ketogenic Diet (CKD) – This is a more advanced form of the diet, typically used by athletes. It involves high carb days. For example, 5 keto days will be Continue reading >>

The Ultimate Keto Alcohol Guide

The Ultimate Keto Alcohol Guide

Alcohol on a Low Carb Diet! Alcohol gets a bad rep, and is certainly one of the most abused substances in the world. It can become a serious problem when it interferes with your personal/social life and well-being. To enjoy it we need to exercise moderation and self-control. If you like having a couple of beers, shots or glasses of wine to relax or have a good time on weekends, you’re in good shape! But throw a low carb diet into the mix, and you may find yourself struggling with the quantity of alcohol you’re drinking. People on a keto or low carb diet notice their tolerances significantly drop. And when you realize your favorite drink contains more than 30 grams of carbs in a small serving, you may consider giving alcohol up. Before you give it up, use our Ultimate Keto Alcohol Guide to help navigate your way through your local bar and become a keto connoisseur. How and Why Alcohol Affects Us “…alcohol molecules slow down signals from the brain for actions such as walking and talking” Alcohol is actually the fourth macronutrient, providing our body with 7 calories per gram. If you aren’t familiar with macronutrients, you can read more about macronutrients here. Since alcohol is not needed for survival and is considered toxic to humans, it’s ignored under this umbrella of essential macronutrients. When we ingest alcohol (in the form of ethanol), our body begins to work to metabolize it, or destroy/break it down to get energy. Since alcohol is toxic to our bodies, we begin to metabolize it as soon as possible. The tipsy feeling we get is the alcohol being metabolized. Since alcohol molecules are water and fat soluble, they’re able to pass through and be delivered to pretty much all parts of our body, most importantly, our brain and liver. About 98% of th Continue reading >>

Ketogenic Diet

Ketogenic Diet

This article is about a dietary therapy for epilepsy. For information on ketogenic diets as a lifestyle choice or for weight loss, see Low-carbohydrate diet and No-carbohydrate diet. The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, adequate-protein, low-carbohydrate diet that in medicine is used primarily to treat difficult-to-control (refractory) epilepsy in children. The diet forces the body to burn fats rather than carbohydrates. Normally, the carbohydrates contained in food are converted into glucose, which is then transported around the body and is particularly important in fueling brain-function. However, if there is very little carbohydrate in the diet, the liver converts fat into fatty acids and ketone bodies. The ketone bodies pass into the brain and replace glucose as an energy source. An elevated level of ketone bodies in the blood, a state known as ketosis, leads to a reduction in the frequency of epileptic seizures.[1] Almost half of children, and young people, with epilepsy who have tried some form of this diet saw the number of seizures drop by at least half, and the effect persists even after discontinuing the diet.[2] There is some evidence that adults with epilepsy may benefit from the diet, and that a less strict regimen, such as a modified Atkins diet, is similarly effective.[1] The most common adverse effect is constipation, affecting about 30% of patients—this was due to fluid restriction, which was once a feature of the diet, but this led to increased risk of kidney stones, and is no longer considered beneficial.[2][3] The original therapeutic diet for paediatric epilepsy provides just enough protein for body growth and repair, and sufficient calories[Note 1] to maintain the correct weight for age and height. The classic therapeutic ketogenic diet was develope Continue reading >>

Here's Exactly How I Lost 50 Pounds Doing The Keto Diet

Here's Exactly How I Lost 50 Pounds Doing The Keto Diet

Of all the places to seek life-changing nutrition advice, I never thought the barber shop would be where I found it. But one day last January, after a couple years of saying to myself, "today's the day I make a change," my barber schooled me on something called keto. Normally, I take things he says with a grain of salt unless they're about hair or owning a business, but this guy could literally be on the cover of Men's Health. He's 6 feet tall, conventionally attractive, and his arms are about five pull-ups away from tearing through his t-shirt. If anyone else had implied that I was looking rough, I would've walked out in a fit of rage, but I decided to hear him out. I should clarify that I was out of shape, but my case wasn't that severe. I hadn't exercised in a few years and basically ate whatever I wanted and however much of it, but I was only about 30 to 40 pounds overweight. My barber went on to explain that this diet, paired with an appropriate exercise routine, allowed him to completely transform his body in less than a year, and all he ate was fatty foods. Once he showed me his "before" picture, I was sold. It was time to actually make a change. Short for ketogenic, keto is a high-fat, moderate protein, low-carb diet that forces your metabolism into what's called a state of ketosis. There's a much more scientific explanation to that, but it basically means that instead of burning carbohydrates (mainly glucose, or sugars), your body switches to burning fat as a primary source for energy. Keto isn't necessarily about counting calories, though the basic idea of eating less in order to lose weight still applies. This is more of a calculated way to rewire your metabolism so that it burns fat more efficiently over time, using very specific levels of each macronutrient Continue reading >>

9 Things You’ll Struggle With On Keto And How To Overcome

9 Things You’ll Struggle With On Keto And How To Overcome

The challenges you’ll face when you go keto. The common keto issues and how to overcome to help you pave the way to keto success. When I found keto, I thought it was going to solve everything for me. And I was promised just that. Heck, all I had to do was eat copious amounts of fat and all would be well with my weight in a matter of weeks. “Smooth sailing, keto adapt” they say. Gosh, I can’t tell you how misleading that information really was. Or, maybe I can tell you because you’ve fallen victim to the same claims. As with anything, when you adopt something new, there are bound to be struggles along the way. And keto is no different. While each of our keto experiences are unique (just like our bodies), there are 9 common struggles that each of us have likely gone through while going through the fat adaptation process. Whether you’re still stuck somewhere or want to load up your skills before hitting the trails, today’s keto video highlights the common struggles and how to overcome them. Plus, if you’ve been experiencing any of these things and are doing keto alone, you may be given a sense of comradery you didn’t have before as you learn that your feels are ALL of our feelings, too. For video transcript PDF, scroll down. Today’s post and video is sponsored by Manitoba Harvest. Of all their products using the wonderful super plant, hemp, their hemp hearts are my favorite. Use them as you would oats in your favorite recipe! Your Mini Guide & Transcript A 5-10 page PDF with the transcript for this video, resources, and exclusive steps to taking your fat burning to the next level. Download to your device and access anytime. Simply click the button above, enter your details, and the guide will be delivered to your inbox! Get the mini guide & transcript n Continue reading >>

Ketodiet Buddy Easy Way To Calculate Your Macros On A Ketogenic Diet

Ketodiet Buddy Easy Way To Calculate Your Macros On A Ketogenic Diet

Net Carbs Protein Fat 25 grams 92 grams 171 grams 100 kcal 366 kcal 1534 kcal 5 % 18 % 77 % Net Carbs Protein Fat 25 grams 92 grams 144 grams 100 kcal 366 kcal 1294 kcal 6 % 21 % 73 % Net Carbs Protein Fat 25 grams 92 grams 117 grams 100 kcal 366 kcal 1054 kcal 7 % 24 % 69 % Net Carbs Protein Fat 25 grams 92 grams 91 grams 100 kcal 366 kcal 814 kcal 8 % 29 % 63 % We have open-sourced KetoDiet Buddy, you can now find it on Github. What is the Ketogenic Diet? Ketogenic diets are high in fat, adequate in protein and low in carbohydrates. Generally, the macronutrient ratio varies within the following ranges: 60-75% of calories from fat (or even more), 15-30% of calories from protein, and 5-10% of calories from carbs. The exact amount of fat and protein is a matter of individual body responses and activity levels. However, most people on ketogenic diets don't consume over 5% of calories from carbohydrates. In most cases, you won’t need to count calories on a ketogenic diet. However, if you find it hard to lose weight or you are relatively fit and trying to lose a small amount of fat, you may also have to count calories. If you just started following a low-carb diet, don't forget to read my free Guide to Keto & Paleo Diet which includes a print-friendly PDF version! You will find all the information you need, including the keto food list and tips on how to follow the diet to achieve your goals. Maintenance Level Maintenance Level, also known as Total Energy Expenditure, is a level at which you maintain a stable bodyweight. According to Lyle McDonald: Maintenance Level = BMR + TEA + TEF where: BMR is the Basal Metabolic Rate, TEA is the Thermal Effect of Activity and TEF is the Thermal Effect of Feeding Basal Metabolic Rate is the amount of energy expended daily at rest. BMR Continue reading >>

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