The Difference Between The Atkins And Ketogenic Diets
Low-carb diets are nothing new. Science has shown that eating too many carbohydrates, particularly simple and refined ones, is one of the leading causes of excessive weight gain.(1)(2) Two of the most popular low-carb diets today are the Atkins and ketogenic (keto) diets. Apart from being low in carbohydrates, these two regimens share many similarities, but they are not the same. Here’s a closer look at the Atkins and ketogenic diets. Atkins Diet Dr. Robert C. Atkins believed that the major reason that many people are overweight or obese is because of consuming processed carbohydrates, such as flour and sugar. As a result, he developed the Atkins diet, which is low in carbohydrates but high in protein and healthy fats.(5) This regimen aids weight loss because the restriction of carbohydrates forces the body to burn stored body fat instead of the glucose produced from carbohydrates. This effectively puts the body into a state of ketosis. The Atkins diet, however, did not gain widespread acceptance at first because many regarded the idea of consuming high amounts of saturated fats as unhealthy. Eventually, research has proven that saturated fats are harmless, and more than 20 studies over the past 12 years have shown the effectiveness of the Atkins diet.(3) The Four Phases Phase 1—Induction The most important stage of the Atkins diet is the induction phase, which lasts for two weeks. During this period, you need to keep your carbohydrate intake below 20 grams per day. Since the average person consumes 250 grams of carbs a day, the induction period is also the most challenging part of this program. At this stage, your food intake should come from allowed vegetables, meats, poultry, fish, and shellfish. You should also increase your water consumption.(4) As the inductio Continue reading >>
Complete Guide To Intermittent Fasting
Before I gave up grains, sugar and other foods which I used to believe were healthy (or at least not harmful), I had breakfast every single day. At least that's what all kinds of TV ads were claiming, promoting whole grains and cereals and other "healthy" breakfast options often loaded with sugar. Just the thought of skipping a meal made me feel guilty. Doing a full day fast seemed unnecessary and impossible to follow. But all this has just been part of the big high-carb, low-fat campaign. Myth #1: Breakfast is the most important meal of the day. As you will learn in this post, nothing can be further from the truth. I rarely eat breakfast - that's the meal I skip almost every day. Myth #2: You have to eat regularly, ideally 5 small meals a day. Once you get keto-adapted and not depended on glucose, this will change. Since your insulin levels will not spike, you won't have the need to eat regularly or in small portions (apart from diabetics which I discuss later in this post). Myth #3: You need to eat most of your carbs for breakfast because that's when your body uses them most effectively. You should try to eat your carbs throughout the day and not just in one meal. Furthermore, since our body is in fat-burning state in the morning, eating carbs in the second half of the day is more beneficial for weight loss. Myth #4: Never exercise on an empty stomach. It's bad for your performance and you'll lose muscles instead of body fat. As described below, for most people Intermittent Fasting is ideal for maximising the benefits of exercise for several reasons. What is Intermittent Fasting (IF)? Compared to calorie restriction, IF is not restricted in calories - it simply limits your eating windows to just a few hours a day. In effect, you usually fast for 14-20 hours or even up Continue reading >>
How The Ketogenic Diet Works For Type 2 Diabetes
Special diets for type 2 diabetes often focus on weight loss, so it might seem crazy that a high-fat diet is an option. But the ketogenic (keto) diet, high in fat and low in carbs, can potentially change the way your body stores and uses energy, easing diabetes symptoms. With the keto diet, your body converts fat, instead of sugar, into energy. The diet was created in 1924 as a treatment for epilepsy, but the effects of this eating pattern are also being studied for type 2 diabetes. The ketogenic diet may improve blood glucose (sugar) levels while also reducing the need for insulin. However, the diet does come with risks, so make sure to discuss it with your doctor before making drastic dietary changes. Many people with type 2 diabetes are overweight, so a high-fat diet can seem unhelpful. The goal of the ketogenic diet is to have the body use fat for energy instead of carbohydrates or glucose. A person on the keto diet gets most of their energy from fat, with very little of the diet coming from carbohydrates. The ketogenic diet doesn’t mean you should load up on saturated fats, though. Heart-healthy fats are the key to sustaining overall health. Some healthy foods that are commonly eaten in the ketogenic diet include: eggs fish such as salmon cottage cheese avocado olives and olive oil nuts and nut butters seeds The ketogenic diet has the potential to decrease blood glucose levels. Managing carbohydrate intake is often recommended for people with type 2 diabetes because carbohydrates turn to sugar and, in large quantities, can cause blood sugar spikes. If you already have high blood glucose, then eating too many carbs can be dangerous. By switching the focus to fat, some people experience reduced blood sugar. The Atkins diet is one of the most famous low-carb, high-p Continue reading >>
Diet Wars - Carb Cycling Vs The Ketogenic Diet
Print After all these years, barely a week goes by in which I don’t get asked about ketogenic dieting or carb cycling (usually both). So to settle all debate, let’s look at the main benefits and drawbacks of each. Before we go into all that, let me just state that it’s a scientific fact that some people don’t have to worry as much about the types of carbs they eat, and don’t have to have severely low carb intakes to lose fat. This characteristic—insulin function/sensitivity—is highly genetically based . You can get tested for this and other genes via FitnessGenes (aka MuscleGenes), or you can pay careful attention and use long-term trial and error to determine your carb sensitivity. Let’s start with a carb-cycling diet first, which will enhance our discussion on keto later. First, a definition: Carb cycling could be anything from having two or three cheat/reward meals per week during a carb-restricted diet to having two or three very low carb days per week and eating a normal amount of carbs on other days. Carb cycling works best in people who are able to maintain a high degree of compliance, don’t succumb to cravings, and don’t have huge appetites. The reason for this is that it’s difficult to implement—you have to plan your meals fairly carefully. For most people, outside of hardcore gym-goers and competitors, this makes the compliance rate poor. The second problem is that some people, when they get that whiff of “cheat” food, can’t stop and go off on a bender, also throwing a monkey wrench into their attempts at compliance. If either of these is you, then stick to a consistent diet in which you adjust your carbs very gradually; or, if you do carb cycle, stick to foods that you know won’t push the “binge” button! For those who can p Continue reading >>
What Happens When You Eat Nothing But Bacon For 30 Days Straight? [interview]
Meet Dan Quibell, the man behind The Bacon Experiment, a 30-day bacon fast (or feast…?). For 30 days straight, Dan consumed nothing but bacon, and the results will shock you! The Bacon Experiment came into my radar through a Facebook group focused on the ketogenic lifestyle. This was all around the time I had just got back on the keto wagon; the timing really couldn’t have been more perfect. While I found the experiment to be a bit extreme, I was intrigued and inspired by the determination displayed and the results achieved. I felt a genuine sense of camaraderie among the folks in his group. It’s a community of like-minded low carb folks that encourage and motivate each other. If you’ve got a Facebook, you’ve got to go check it out! And for those interested in conducting your own bacon experiment, you can download this free PDF walk-through and guidelines to ensure you are on the right track. Recently, I reached out to Dan for an interview to pick his brain about The Bacon Experiment and ketogenic living. He graciously agreed! Thank you so much for taking the time to answer my questions, Dan. Walk me through The Bacon Experiment step-by-step. What were your goals and expectations going into this? Dan: The Bacon Experiment was me eating nothing but bacon for an entire month. Two pounds of bacon, or roughly 30 pieces, every day. The goal here was to get people’s attention using BACON, then try to teach them something about low carb and ketogenic diets and all the benefits that come with it. Cutting out carbs has been life-changing for me, and I wanted others to benefit as well. I expected that even though I was eating 2500 calories a day, an increase of 500 calories a day for me, that I would not gain much weight, I already knew that eating fat and protein doe Continue reading >>
- What Can You Eat If You Have Diabetes? Foods To Eat & Avoid
- Could going low-carb help you fight off diabetes? The usual advice for Type 2 is to eat plenty. But now a number of patients and doctors are leading a growing rebellion
- 6 Fruits to Eat That Prevent Type 2 Diabetes & One to Avoid – But There Is A Catch…
Keto Social: Dealing With Social Situations On The Ketogenic Diet
If willpower and the possibility of the “keto flu” aren’t already tough enough, the greatest obstacle in the early stages of the ketogentic diet will be social. Using the online Reddit community, as mentioned above, one user outlined the biggest struggle with the ketogenic diet: “My biggest struggle is when I’m out with friends especially if they are cooking something carby! What are your strategies to avoid temptation and avoid hurting someone’s feelings if they cook something for you that isn’t keto friendly?” Two of the top responses to this question cater around the idea that you can tell your friends about your diet or save up your carbs for the meal. Either can be a slippery slope to breaking ketosis, but once you’re a regular fat-burner, it also won’t be as difficult to get back into ketosis. A top response to the question read: “At the meal, I make the best choices I can. The last meal I had like this was beef stew served over pasta with cheese bread and a kale caesar salad. Obviously I can pass on the pasta and bread. There were croutons in the salad, so I ate around them. There was probably sugar and tomato in the stew, so I just enjoyed it knowing I made the best choice I could while still honoring my friend’s cooking.” This Reddit user also noted that while they would never ask to have their friends plan the meal around them, they could make their own adjustments during the feast. In addition, the person was back in ketosis the following day. Another response read, “I tell my friends about how I eat, and I tell them that they don’t have to cater to me, but that I might not eat everything they offer.” This cuts out the social obligations before they even arise. At restaurants, on the other hand, sometimes you’ll be stuck with Continue reading >>
Harvard Study Finds Regained Weight On Atkins Diet
A study from Harvard Medical School explains that even though people can lose weight on a ketogenic diet, all lost weight usually rapidly returns. Ketogenic diets have been recommended for decades for rapid weight loss. The most famous is the Atkins diet. Ketogenic diets are based on high-protein and very low-carbohydrate intake. For the past 40 years such diets have been routinely used in America for weight loss, yet America remains in the midst of a growing epidemic of obesity. While ketogenic diets can induce initial weight loss, all lost weight usually rapidly returns, resulting in more weight (and even more fat) than when the person started the ketogenic diet. For many years it was thought that such weight regain was due to poor dietary compliance. Now Harvard Medical School in an article in the June 27, 2012, issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association shows the reason for weight regain is more ominous than simple dietary non-compliance. In carefully controlled studies Harvard researchers demonstrated that on a ketogenic diet the levels of the hormone cortisol increase by 18%, and the levels of active thyroid hormone (T3) control metabolism decrease by 12% (1). The effect of increased cortisol is to cause rapid fat accumulation, as any patient who has ever used prescription cortisol-like drugs knows. It also causes depression of the immune system, loss of memory, and thinning of the skin. These are also hallmarks of the acceleration of the aging process. Furthermore, the lowering of the active form of the thyroid hormone slows down the metabolism, making even seemingly small increases in calorie intake result in increased body fat accumulation. Besides setting you up to regain all the lost weight, the Atkins diet apparently also increases the rate of Continue reading >>
Keto, Paleo, Banting, Atkins, Lchf! What’s The Difference?
Banting, LCHF, Paleo, Atkins, and Ketogenic diets, they’re all the same right?, well not quite. Before you even consider giving up your beloved carbohydrates you should have an understanding of what each diet comprise. The basis of these diets is the limitation of carbohydrates, a higher proportion of fat, moderate proteins but most importantly the elimination of sugar, processed foods, grains and legumes. A number of recent studies shows that low carbohydrate diets makes it easier to lose weight and control blood sugar. The first thing you will notice is the higher fat proportion, and before you are hyperventilating you need to understand a very basic fact in Nutrition. The human body is created in such a wonderful way that it could utilize energy from both fats or carbohydrates. By limiting your carbohydrates your body will adapt to use fat as the main source for energy. Remember, this a low carb diet not a NO CARB diet, unless you only eat meat in its natural state and butter you will still consume small amounts of carbs. Yes, lettuce have carbs too, so does bacon and ham due to a sugar and salt solution used in the process to cure the meats. Eggs also contain trace amounts of carbohydrates ( 0.6g per egg) so does dairy products due to the lactose present. The same logic goes for your fat intake on a low carb high fat diet. If you limit your carbohydrate intake you cannot expect your body to function properly without supplying enough fat for energy, unless you are comfortable chewing off your own arm out of hunger. Let’s start with Banting? Banting is a more familiar word for South Africans introduced to us by Prof. Tim Noakes and made popular through his best seller The Real meal Revolution. The LCHF(Low Carb high fat) diet consist of the theory of what early hu Continue reading >>
Atkins Vs Keto: Here's The Truth About Keto And Atkins
I'm going to be honest here. If you do a Google Trends search that compares the Keto Diet to Atkins, the Keto Diet is kicking Atkins' butt. In fact, the Atkins Diet itself has been losing traction over the past year and is sinking in interest, even without the competition between Atkins and Keto followers. Part of the reason is that Atkins Nutritionals, Inc. (the ANA) has been trying to improve the Old-School Atkins way of eating over the past few years by moving toward a more socially accepted low-glycemic diet, limiting the protein allowed on Atkins 20, and bringing in a higher-carb Atkins 40 to attract younger adults -- none of which works as well as the original, individualized low-carb diet does. With two out of every three Americans either overweight or obese today, reaching out to Millennials with mild insulin resistance isn't working as well as the ANA had hoped. The flesh-and-blood of the Atkins Diet are the baby boomers, but the ANA seems to have forgotten that. However, the popularity of the Keto Diet has only risen over the past year. More troublesome is that the number one result in Google search results for "Atkins vs Keto" is telling readers that the Atkins Diet fell out of popularity because: "people were getting sick, gaining weight over the long term, or increasing their blood lipid profile." Other claims included "heavy encouragement" to eat whatever you wanted whenever you wanted, as long as it was low in carbs, which has never been a part of the Atkins Diet. Supposedly, this low-carb free-for-all led to massive overeating, causing severe health problems, but in all of the decades that I have been involved in the low-carb movement, I have never seen that happen to anyone eating Atkins. The drop in popularity is more likely a result of the confusion t Continue reading >>
The Ketogenic Diet Vs The Atkins Diet: Is Ketosis Better Than Atkins?
It’s not uncommon for the ketogenic diet and the famous Atkin’s Diet of the 1990’s to get lumped into the same conversation as one and the same. But are they actually different, and is one healthier than the other? Which is more impactful over the long term? There are definitely differences between the two diets, and the real comparison might surprise you! But first, let’s step back and look at them individually. The Ketogenic Diet The ketogenic diet was founded all the way back in 1924 by Dr. Russell Wilder at the famous Mayo Clinic. The diet was initially used because it was discovered to be highly effective in treating epilepsy. The principles of the ketogenic diet are based on eating a specific percentage of macronutrients: high fats (60%), adequate protein (35%), and low carbohydrates (5%), to force the body to use what are called “ketone bodies” for energy. In the absence of carbohydrates for an extended period of time, our liver converts fats into fatty acids and ketone bodies, also just simply called “ketones.” Ketones can then be processed into ATP, which is the energy currency of the cells. Now, an elevated level of ketone bodies in the blood leads to a state known as nutritional ketosis. Benefits of the Ketogenic Diet There are several ways the ketogenic diet can help the health and lifestyles of those who follow it. Here are some of the biggest advantages: Blood Sugar Stabilization The ketogenic diet actively helps to lower glucose levels and improve insulin resistance. Without having frequent carbohydrate intake, blood sugar levels can stabilize more rapidly. Trigger Fat Burning Ketogenic diets can also be very effective for fat loss because they ultimately reset your body’s “enzymatic machinery” to burn fat as its primary fuel source Continue reading >>
Note: New to keto? Check out the eBooks section for more info on what its all about! Update: The latest working script is by /u/Surye on Reddit and its located here: Calorie counting websites are a great tool for the low carb or keto dieter. They are utilized to track the number of calories that you are putting into your food and therefore into your body. There are the obvious benefits such as knowing exactly how many carbs you have eaten or how many calories you have consumed. There are also other side benefits of using these sites like learning more about food, how it affects your body and whether it is beneficial to your health. A few websites that ketards often use are: MyFitnessPal – One of the most popular and the one I personally use. Has the ability to track calories, exercise and measurements such as weight, hips, legs, etc. Also incorporates mobile apps The Daily Plate (Livestrong) – Similar to MFP Many others on the internet So, why use a calorie counter? Here are a few things that are common before counting calories: Hidden Carbs: Items that you incorrectly believe have 0 carbs because why would they put carbs in them? Portion Size: That ice cream really was good! Too bad one pint was actually 4 servings! Manufacturers intentionally list small serving sizes to get the numbers low. Lying to yourself: Sure, I only ate 1/4 cup of almonds MFP is a great tool, but you only get what you put into it. Lets first look at how we should setup MFP for the ideal Ketogenic diet: Create an account at www.myfitnesspal.com Set your macros properly: My Home -> Goals -> Change Goals Select Custom and hit continue Set the Macros for keto. AKA Carbs to 5%, Protein to 30% and Fat to 65% Set the total calories relative to your total burn. Their estimate is decent but you can s Continue reading >>
Ketogenic Diets For Psychiatric Disorders: A New 2017 Review
If you have a brain, you need to know about ketogenic diets. The fact that these specially-formulated low-carbohydrate diets have the power to stop seizures in their tracks is concrete evidence that food has a tremendous impact on brain chemistry and should inspire curiosity about how they work. I first became interested in ketogenic diets as a potential treatment for bipolar mood disorders, given the many similarities between epilepsy and bipolar disorder. Ketogenic diets have been around for about 100 years, and have proved to be invaluable tools in the treatment of stubborn neurological conditions, most notably epilepsy. They have also shown promise in the management of other brain-based disorders such as Parkinson’s Disease, ALS, Traumatic Brain Injury, Multiple Sclerosis, and chronic headaches, as well as in metabolic disorders like obesity, cancer, and type 2 diabetes. But where does the science currently stand on the ketogenic diet and psychiatric disorders like bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and Alzheimer’s Disease? How many human studies do we have, and what do they tell us? If you are struggling with mood, attention, or memory problems, should you try a ketogenic diet? If you are a clinician, should you recommend a ketogenic diet to your patients? A recent review article “The Current Status of the Ketogenic Diet in Psychiatry” by researchers at the University of Tasmania in Australia [Bostock et al 2017 Front Psychiatry 20(8)] brings us nicely up to date on all things ketogenic and mental health. I summarize the paper below and offer some thoughts and suggestions of my own. [Full disclosure: I am a psychiatrist who studies nutrition and eats a ketogenic diet.] First, some basics for those of you who are unfamiliar with these special diets. Definition Continue reading >>
The Benefits And Drawbacks Of The Keto Diet
What is the Keto Diet? A keto diet (ketogenic) is a very high-fat diet, moderate to low protein and very low in carbohydrate, which causes a shift in primary metabolic fuel source from carbohydrates to fats. It also alters fat metabolism so the body produces compounds known as ketone bodies in the liver. These compounds include acetone, aceto-acetate & beta-hydroxy-buterate. These ketones can be used as energy in tissue like skeletal muscle and more importantly, brain. If you’re looking for a more flexible approach then start with the macro calculator to begin losing fat. Under normal conditions, the brain exclusively uses glucose for energy, but in a ketogenic state, the brain will shift to using ketones as a fuel source in order to spare blood glucose for essential tasks such as red blood cell metabolism (red blood cells can only use glucose as fuel since they lack mitochondria). Keep in mind that even with zero carbohydrate intake, the liver can produce about 120g of glucose per day in a process called gluconeogenesis (GNG) for essential tasks from substrates like amino acids and other gluconeogenic metabolites. Where did the Keto Diet Start? The keto diet gained most of its attention for its role in the nutritional management of epilepsy and Alzheimers. More recently, science has shown positive clinical outcomes for a number of types of cancers through its ability to minimize tumor growth. In the case of all three of these diseases, ketones are therapeutic through providing an alternative substrate to glucose. Ketogenic diets have also recently moved into the fitness & bodybuilding industry as a dietary method to improve body composition and reduce body fat. Why are Carbohydrates Viewed as the Bad Guys? Carbohydrates are often viewed as bad for body composition du Continue reading >>
Watch A Woman Lose 88 Pounds In 1 Gif — All Thanks To Bacon?
When Reddit user Amanda posted pictures of her transformational weight loss, she never expected to become an overnight phenom. But, after an inspired reader translated her progress photos into an oddly mesmerizing GIF, she became just that. Watching it happen in GIF form is pretty amazing, but the thing that really got our attention: the prominent role bacon played in her diet. Over the course of two years, Amanda lost an incredible 88 pounds on a high-fat, medium-protein, low-carb diet — also known as the keto diet. (She also says she was influenced by the paleo diet, a close cousin to keto.) But, what is this oddly named regimen? And could it possibly be right for you? Maybe... Advertisement First off, keto is short for ketogenic, and the diet works by reducing the amount of carbs you put into your body, forcing it to burn up fat reserves in order to power itself. But, you might ask, how does the body shed fat so rapidly when all you’re eating is fat? After all, we’ve had “FAT BAD” drilled into our brains for so long that it seems tough to believe the health benefits of such a high-fat plan. Well, here's how it works. People on keto diets typically focus on fatty meats, leafy greens, veggies, and eggs — but totally cut out sugars, refined grains, and fruit juices. And yes, there are lots of similarities between Paleo and keto diets, but very generally, Paleo diets tend to be extremely protein-focused, while this diet is heavy on fats and medium on protein. The reason a bacon-y, buttery regimen could actually help you shed the weight has to do with how your body uses different kinds of food for energy. When we eat sugar and carbs, our bodies react by producing insulin to help regulate our blood sugar; believers in the keto diet say that insulin both encoura Continue reading >>
The Ketogenic Diet 101: Everything You Need To Know About The Diet That’s Taking The World By Storm.
The ketogenic diet is a remarkable way of eating with numerous health benefits. With the ketogenic diet, you switch your body’s preferred source of fuel from carbohydrate to stored fat, which is a cleaner fuel, more healthful fuel, that the body and the brain loves. For some people, this takes more time than others. But at most 6 weeks (if you’ve really been hitting the carbs). By then, if you stick to the diet, you can know, with all absolute certainty, that you are running on fat solely. The Keto Philosophy It is a state in which we switch our body’s prefered source of energy from sugar to fat. Of course, this is what we want to do. We want to burn excess fat off the body and get lean, right? Most people eat a carbohydrate rich diet, consistently spiking insulin and running on glucose. Glucose, in fact, is the preferred source of energy for the body. It’s easy. The body will use whatever is within easy reach—which is why when it’s starving it turns to nutrient rich muscle. It wants that immediate energy glucose gives it. Ketosis happens when we effectively switch our body’s source of energy to our fat stores instead of an instream of glucose by eating a low carbohydrate diet. We can, however, push our body to run on fat and the body thrives on fat. Let me give you the more textbook definition of the ketogenic diet before we move on: The ketogenic diet is a very low carb, high fat, moderate protein diet. Eating a diet this low in carbohydrate pushes your body into a new metabolic framework called “ketosis” – when your body finally makes that switch (which takes about 4 to 6 weeks) to burning fat for energy, it becomes very efficient at burning fat for energy and urns fat into ketones within the liver, which fuels energy to the brain (instead of gluc Continue reading >>