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Ten-year Study Highlights Effectiveness Of Ketogenic Diets

A new Australian study has offered the latest evidence of the long-term benefits that ketogenic diets can provide to patients with epilepsy. Led by the University of Wollongong, the research project aimed to evaluate efficacy, tolerability and compliance rates associated with three different types of ketogenic diets – the classical ketogenic diet, a medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) regime and the modified Atkins diet – over a ten-year period. High-fat, adequate-protein and low-carbohydrate diets of this kind have been shown to be an effective means of providing improved seizure control among people with difficult-to-control forms of epilepsy. However, there is also evidence that this type of diet can sometimes increase the risk of nephrolithiasis – the process that leads to the formation of kidney stones. For this new single-centre retrospective study, 48 children with intractable epilepsy were placed on ketogenic diets from 2003 to 2012. Data on patient demographics, epilepsy history, nutritional management and side effects were collated, with compliance and tolerability assessed by recording reasons for diet modification and cessation. Additionally, the team also investigate Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. steel_horses

    I've been using Cronometer for 7 weeks now and I can't say enough good things about how awesome it's been to be able to track all my macros and nutrients. I just upgraded to gold and ran a nutrition report and one nutrient I've been chronically low on is potassium. Oracle showed me a list of foods high in potassium but even the best of those might give me 5% of my daily needs. Even most supplements are limited to 2% for some reason. How can I get more potassium into me?

  2. Susan_RD_101

    @steel_horses
    The daily requirement for potassium is an "AI" or "Adequate Intake"; this is the amount of a nutrient that scientists believe is sufficient. An AI is set when there is not enough research to establish a more definitive nutrient requirement.
    All this to say is that nutrition scientists aren't 100% sure how much potassium we need to be healthy and prevent disease, but most professionals agree that the current level is likely higher than we need. In my practice, I ask people to aim for at least a 75% intake of potassium.
    Your best sources of potassium include:
    Cooked swiss chard
    Potatoes
    Pumpkin
    Cooked spinach
    Canned tomato
    Sweet potato
    Bananas

  3. LCHF

    @steel_horses I've read on a few keto forums that if you keep your sodium intake high enough, you shouldn't need to supplement with potassium since your body only dumps the potassium when your sodium levels drop too low. Keep the sodium levels up and the potassium levels stay up too. It is also fairly easy to overdo it on potassium (which is why supplements don't contain much potassium, I believe in the US it's actually a legal requirement by the FDA) and is a serious medical issue, unlike most other vitamins and minerals. So supplement with much caution and don't go too high.
    Keto forums tend to recommend using electrolytes or rehydration salts, or suggest making your own using Lo Salt (or similar low sodium salt) that replace the sodium with potassium.
    If you want to go down the whole foods route, here's a list of the 12 of the best food sources of potassium that I found online:
    (Percentages based on the recommended daily value of 4,700 milligrams for adult men and women.)
    White Beans (4) — 1 cup cooked: 1,004 milligrams
    Lima Beans (5) — 1 cup cooked: 955 milligrams
    Avocado (6) — 1 whole: 690 milligrams
    Broccoli (7) — 1 cup cooked: 458 milligrams
    Sweet Potato (8) — 1 medium: 438 milligrams
    Bananas (9) — 1 medium: 422 milligrams
    Salmon (10) — 3 ounces: 416 milligrams
    Peas (11) — 1 cup cooked: 384 milligrams
    Sardines (12) — 1 can/3.75 grams: 365 milligrams
    Grapefruit (13) — 1 whole: 354 milligrams
    Raw Milk (14) — 1 cup: 260 milligrams
    Grass-Fed Beef (15) — 3 ounces: 237 milligrams

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