Dangers Of Zero-carb Diets, Iv: Kidney Stones
Kidney stones are a frequent occurrence on the ketogenic diet for epilepsy. [1, 2, 3] About 1 in 20 children on the ketogenic diet develop kidney stones per year, compared with one in several thousand among the general population.  On children who follow the ketogenic diet for six years, the incidence of kidney stones is about 25% . A 100-fold odds ratio is hardly ever seen in medicine. There must be some fundamental cause of kidney stones that is dramatically promoted by clinical ketogenic diets. Just over half of ketogenic diet kidney stones are composed of uric acid and just under half of calcium oxalate mixed with calcium phosphate or uric acid. Among the general public, about 85% of stones are calcium oxalate mixes and about 10% are uric acid. So, roughly speaking, uric acid kidney stones are 500-fold more frequent on the ketogenic diet and calcium oxalate stones are 50-fold more frequent. Causes are Poorly Understood In the nephrology literature, kidney stones are a rather mysterious condition. Wikipedia has a summary of the reasons offered in the literature for high stone formation on the ketogenic diet : Kidney stone formation (nephrolithiasis) is associated with the diet for four reasons: Excess calcium in the urine (hypercalciuria) occurs due to increased bone demineralisation with acidosis. Bones are mainly composed of calcium phosphate. The phosphate reacts with the acid, and the calcium is excreted by the kidneys. Hypocitraturia: the urine has an abnormally low concentration of citrate, which normally helps to dissolve free calcium. The urine has a low pH, which stops uric acid from dissolving, leading to crystals that act as a nidus for calcium stone formation. Many institutions traditionally restricted the water intake of patients on the diet to Continue reading >>
Why Is My Urine Foamy?
Urine is normally pale yellow to dark amber in color, and is flat. A variety of factors, from diet to drugs and disease, can cause changes in the color and texture of your urine. If your urine looks foamy, it could be because your bladder is full and the urine is hitting the toilet fast enough to stir up the water. A condition you need to see your doctor about could also cause foamy urine. Find out what makes your urine foam up and what you should do about it if it happens. Urine can foam up briefly every once in a while. This is usually due to the speed of urine flow. Foamy urine is more likely to be a sign of disease if it happens often or it gets worse over time. If your urine is foamy, you should also look for other symptoms. These additional symptoms could be clues that a medical condition is causing the problem: swelling in your hands, feet, face, and abdomen, which could be a sign of fluid buildup from damaged kidneys fatigue a loss of appetite changes in the amount of urine you produce cloudy urine darker colored urine Men may have dry orgasms or release little to no semen during orgasm. They may also have infertility or trouble getting a female partner pregnant. The most obvious cause of foamy urine is the speed of urination. Just as water foams up when it comes out of the tap quickly, urine will foam if it hits the toilet quickly. The foam should also clear up quickly. Sometimes, urine can also foam up when it’s concentrated. Your urine will be more concentrated if you haven’t had much water to drink and you’re dehydrated. Foamy urine can also indicate that you have too much of a protein, such as albumin, in your urine. The protein in your urine reacts with the air to create foam. Normally, your kidneys filter extra water and waste products out of your b Continue reading >>
16-ketoandrostenediol [moles/time] In 24 Hour Urine
PART DEFINITION/DESCRIPTION(S) Part: 16-Ketoandrostenediol 16-Ketoandrostenediol (also known as 16-oxoandrostenediol or 3 beta,17 beta-dihydroxyandrost-5-en-16-one) is a naturally occurring androgenic steroid hormone generated by the adrenal glands. It has been found in the urine of newborn infants. Secretion of this steroid is suppressed by dexamethasone. Levels of this hormone are almost absent by 5 months of age. ((Steroids (1964), 3(1), 77-83.)). 16-Ketoandrostenediol is a natural hormone with androgenic activity and that two potent antiandrogens: hydroxyflutamide (Eulexin) and bicalutamide (Casodex). Copyright: Copyright ©2005-2009 Genome Alberta (Reference to original publication: Wishart DS, Knox C, Guo AC, et al. HMDB: a knowledgebase for the human metabolome. Nucleic Acids Res. 2009 37(Database issue):D603-610.) Source: Human Metabolome Database, URL: 16-Ketoandrostenediol Part: Urine Urine is a liquid waste by-product of metabolism filtered from the blood by the kidneys. It is stored in the bladder and released from the body through the urethra during urination. [PMHID: PMHT0022162] The normal color is straw yellow. Abnormal colored urine (e.g., cloudy, dark, bloody) may result from disease, infection, medication or particular foods that were consumed. [MedlinePlus Encyclopedia:003139] Source: Regenstrief LOINC BASIC ATTRIBUTES Class/Type: CHEM/Lab First Released in Version: 2.44 Last Updated in Version: 2.46 Order vs. Obs.: Both Status: Active LANGUAGE VARIANTS Chinese (CHINA) (From: Regenstrief-generated full translation based on part translation provided by Lin Zhang, A LOINC volunteer from China) 16-酮雄烯二醇: 物质的量速率: 24小时: 尿液: 定量型: 16-酮雄烯二醇: 物质的量速率: 24小时: 尿液: 定量型: 16-酮雄烯二醇: 物 Continue reading >>
Ketogenic Diet Cloudy Urine
Ketogenic Diet Cloudy Urine - The ketogenic diet: beginner' guide keto, Learn about the ketogenic diet and how keto can help you lose weight quickly, boost brain activity and keep you energized.. Can -carb diet ' urine smell bad, Urine usually has little odor to it, so you may be puzzled if yours smells stronger than usual. a restrictive low-carb diet can put you into a state of. Bladder infection (cystitis) - medicinenet, Read about bladder infection (cystitis) symptoms in men, women, and children (frequent urination, burning urination, foul-smelling urine), signs, treatment, and home. Dangers -carb diets, iv: kidney stones - perfect, Kidney stones are a frequent occurrence on the ketogenic diet for epilepsy. [1, 2, 3] about 1 in 20 children on the ketogenic diet develop kidney stones per year. Pet urinary tract bladder health - mercola., Bladder support for pets contains a superior blend of herbs and nutrients to help promote your cat's or dog's urinary tract and bladder health.. Guide urine drug testing marijuana ( infographic), Your quick guide to the urine drug testing for cannabis use and what strategies work to beat the tests.. Laboratory sample handling guide | specimen handling, These specimen handling guidelines cover some of the key steps in handling serum and plasma samples.. Cart | collagen supplements south africa, Share www.getcollagen.co.za share www.getcollagen.co.za. Nutrition | healthy living, What are the benefits of juicing bok choy? bok choy, a relative of cabbage, broccoli and kale, makes up an important part of chinese cuisine. its mild flavor allows. The ketogenic diet a beginner's guide to keto → Can a lowcarb diet make one's urine smell bad → Bladder infection (cystitis) medicinenet → Dangers of zerocarb diets, iv kidney stones perfect � Continue reading >>
Ketogenic Diets For Psychiatric Disorders: A New 2017 Review
If you have a brain, you need to know about ketogenic diets. The fact that these specially-formulated low-carbohydrate diets have the power to stop seizures in their tracks is concrete evidence that food has a tremendous impact on brain chemistry and should inspire curiosity about how they work. I first became interested in ketogenic diets as a potential treatment for bipolar mood disorders, given the many similarities between epilepsy and bipolar disorder. Ketogenic diets have been around for about 100 years, and have proved to be invaluable tools in the treatment of stubborn neurological conditions, most notably epilepsy. They have also shown promise in the management of other brain-based disorders such as Parkinson’s Disease, ALS, Traumatic Brain Injury, Multiple Sclerosis, and chronic headaches, as well as in metabolic disorders like obesity, cancer, and type 2 diabetes. But where does the science currently stand on the ketogenic diet and psychiatric disorders like bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and Alzheimer’s Disease? How many human studies do we have, and what do they tell us? If you are struggling with mood, attention, or memory problems, should you try a ketogenic diet? If you are a clinician, should you recommend a ketogenic diet to your patients? A recent review article “The Current Status of the Ketogenic Diet in Psychiatry” by researchers at the University of Tasmania in Australia [Bostock et al 2017 Front Psychiatry 20(8)] brings us nicely up to date on all things ketogenic and mental health. I summarize the paper below and offer some thoughts and suggestions of my own. [Full disclosure: I am a psychiatrist who studies nutrition and eats a ketogenic diet.] First, some basics for those of you who are unfamiliar with these special diets. Definition Continue reading >>
Are You Overloading On Vitamins?
We all know that receiving the proper amount of vitamins and nutrients is essential to keep your body and mind balanced and in great health, but it is possible to have too much of a good thing. Vitamins are generally good for you, but it doesn't mean you can take as many as you want. Certain vitamins are easier to overload with compared to others, so you need to be aware of the various sources where you might find any one vitamin. If you're already receiving sufficient amounts of a specific nutrient through your diet, it's critical to make sure you don't go over the recommended intake when supplementing. If not monitored carefully, the levels of vitamins in your body can become overabundant, and while rare, they can cause harmful effects. There are several things to keep in mind when taking multiple vitamins and supplements, to stay safe and avoid excess. 4 Vitamins and Minerals to Watch Out For When it comes to the risk of overdose, there are certain vitamins that can be more troublesome than others. Therefore, it's crucial to ensure that you are sticking to the correct recommended daily intake for each, consuming only 100 percent of the daily amount, not more. Here are some of the most common vitamins that can quickly build up in your system and potentially cause health problems when levels rise too high. 1. Folate Though folate or folic acid is especially important for pregnant women to help prevent birth defects, an overdose can occur if you take more than the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) of 400 mcg per day, for those 14 and up. 2. Iron Supplementation with iron is typically only required if you are premenopausal or your doctor recommends it. Most people receive enough iron through their diets. The RDA for iron in folks aged 19-50 is 8 mg for males, 18 mg for Continue reading >>
What Are The Effects Of The Ketogenic Diet?
Keto diet is among the fad diets that people follow. This is no surprise as it has a lot of celebrity endosers such as Kim Kardashian and other celebrities that own godly body shapes. Many experts have also come up as ‘keto followers’ or ‘pioneers’ who set the limit, food and lifestyle of those that believe in the keto diet. The basic idea of keto diet is to control your carb intake to a minimal level with adequate protein and lots of healthy fat intake to induce ketosis in your body. Ketosis is the name of a metabolic process in the body where ketones are released to burn fat instead of carbohydrate and in the end burn your weight faster. Human bodies are used to burning carbs, but when you force your body to switch to fat burning, side effects will appear. Though they are not without the benefits. They are not to be taken similar to ketoacidosis, which commonly happen in people suffering from diabetes type 1 and even according to healthline, the main cause of deaths of young people suffering from it. Ketoacidosis is an extreme level of ketosis where the level of ketones are dangerously high and burns technically all the source of energy it can find in your body. The side effects generally appear once you enter ketosis and when your body is still adjusting itself. They are temporary and will leave by themselves when you are used to it. Dizzy Your body will be eliminating sodium from your body due to the metabolism process. Increasing your salt intake will help with this. You should also consume leafy vegetables rich in minerals such as broccolis, spinach and meat like chicken, beef or fish. Increasing your sodium and magnesium intake is also important because you are now consuming non-salted food that is common in cereals, snacks and junk food, ketovangelist ex Continue reading >>
Ketogenic Diet: Beginner's Guide To Keto And Weight Loss
The ketogenic diet is a low carb, moderate protein, and high fat diet which puts the body into a metabolic state known as ketosis. When you're body is in a state of ketosis, the liver produced ketones which become the main energy source for the body. The ketogenic diet is also referred to as keto (key-toe) diet, low carb diet, and low carb high fat (LCHF). So why is it so awesome and why is it taking the world by storm? Because it completely reverses how your body functions (in a good way) along with changing how you view nutrition. It's based around the premise that your body was designed to run more efficiently as a fat burner than a sugar burner. Fat Burner vs Sugar Burner When you eat something that is high in carbs (that yummy donut), your body will produce glucose and insulin. Glucose is the easiest molecule for your body to convert and use as energy so that is why it's the preferred energy source for your body. Insulin is produced to process the glucose in your bloodstream by transporting it around your body. This sounds pretty efficient, right? The problem with this is that when glucose is used as a primary energy source, fats are not needed for energy and therefore are stored. With the average person's diet, glucose is the main energy source. This initially doesn't seem like a problem until you realize that the body can't store that much glucose. This becomes an issue for you because the extra glucose gets converted into fat which is then stored. Because your body uses glucose as it's main energy source the glucose that is converted into fat doesn't get used. When your body runs out of glucose it tells your brain you need more so you end up reaching for a quick snack like a candy bar or some chips. You can begin to see how this cycle leads to building up a body Continue reading >>
What Is The Relationship Between Ketosis And Urine?
Generally, ketosis and urine have an important connection, as ketone bodies are expressed in the urine when patients enter this metabolic state. It can be the result of starvation, fasting, or poorly controlled diabetes and may also be deliberately induced in a ketogenic diet. One way to determine if a patient has ketosis is to test the urine to check for signs of ketone bodies. Some patients do this at home with test kits because they are advised to do so by health providers, or they want to monitor their metabolisms. In ketosis, the body starts burning fat for energy because it isn’t getting it from other sources. Ketone bodies are a byproduct. To eliminate them, the body pushes them out through the kidneys along with other byproducts of metabolism. Patients can also exhale them, developing fruity or alcoholic breath caused by the buildup of ketone bodies. The connection between ketosis and urine can be important for patients to know about because changes in the urine or breath may be a sign of a problem. Changes to the urine can make it appear darker and may give it a strong smell. If the urine is tested, it will reveal varying levels of ketone bodies, and in some tests it is also possible to measure glucose concentrations. Home test kits for checking the ketosis and urine connection often consist of sticks or strips passed under the urine stream or dipped in test samples. They change color to reflect the number of ketones present. In the laboratory, the known link between ketosis and urine can be exploited to test samples with chemicals that will react with ketone bodies to change urine color and allow the lab to diagnosis ketosis. Accidental ketosis can be dangerous, as it may reveal that a patient’s diabetes is not controlled or that the patient’s diet is no Continue reading >>
Knowing When Your In Ketosis Is Crucial For Success!!
How Do I Know I’m In Ketosis? There are several ways to identify if your in Ketosis, the use of Ketostix is easiest and quickest way to get an actually physical reading from doing a urine test. The body also changes a few ways, which for some people its a clear sign they are in Ketosis. For me I didn’t experience any clearly identifiable changes at the beginning to convince me I was burning Ketones. So I turned to Ketostixs, which when I finally saw the physical evidence it motivated me to keep going and to keep on the right track. Keto Breath! When Ketones are metabolized in the body from the lack of carbs, some are converted into acetone which can dramatically change the smell of your breath and you may also experience a metallic taste in your mouth. The breath smell has been described as being similar to Ammonia. My Urine Changed! Another frequently reported change is that urine can become cloudy and the odor can be very prominent. If you keep your fluids high and thus hydrated, I believe that it can be difficult to observe this change. How To Know Your In Ketosis RELIABLE, QUICKLY and consistently, with LITTLE expense… ….I highly recommend using Ketostix test strips from Bayer as they are of great quality, from a well known brand and one of the most reliable test strips out there. I feel that consistency matters! Keto Weight Loss: When you go low carb the body no longer holds onto excess fluid and salt. Because of this your body weight will drop rather quickly within the first few days. I dropped at least 2 kilos just from this fluid loss and at first it was slightly concerning. This can also be an indication that you are beginning to burn Ketones. No More Cravings: As you start to metabolize your fat stores, to fuel your body, you will notice that your carv Continue reading >>
Everything You Need To Know About Exogenous Ketones 1
The use of exogenous ketones (BHB Salts) are becoming more and more popular in the keto community. However, there is a lot of misunderstanding around what exogenous ketones are and how they work. In this guide, we will go in depth on what exogenous ketones are, how to use them and the benefits they can provide. 1 Information provided in this article is for educational purposes only and is not intended to treat, cure, or diagnose any disease or condition and is not a replacement for medical advice or a doctor-patient relationship. Be sure to talk to your doctor before embarking on any new diet. The mention of or reference to any individual researcher in this article should not be taken as an endorsement from that individual. All statements contained in this article have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. What is the ketogenic diet? The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet that shifts the body into a metabolic state called “ketosis” in which it burns fat as the primary source of energy. This article will review the basics of the ketogenic diet and how exogenous ketones may help boost your efforts in weight management, athletic performance, and enhanced cognition. There are three types of ketogenic diets: the Standard Ketogenic Diet (SKD), Cyclical Ketogenic Diet (CKD), and Targeted Ketogenic Diet (TKD). Those trying to lose weight or improve their overall health generally choose the SKD, which limits carbohydrate consumption to 50-60 grams per day, depending on how much exercise you do. Athletes tend to choose the CKD, which allows for carbohydrate loading one to two days per week to enable faster muscle growth, or the TKD, which allows for carbohydrate lo Continue reading >>
Can A Low-carb Diet Make One's Urine Smell Bad?
Urine usually has little odor to it, so you may be puzzled if yours smells stronger than usual. A restrictive low-carb diet can put you into a state of ketosis, a side effect of which is a fruity-smelling urine. Moderate low-carb diets are unlikely to give your urine an unusual odor, however, so consider other causes and, if still not sure why your urine smells, consult your medical provider. Video of the Day It's unlikely that you'll reach the state of ketosis with moderately low-carb diets. You'll need to follow a restrictive plan, such as the Atkins 20™ diet, which only allows 20 grams of carbs per day, with virtually all high-carb foods off your plate. You focus on moderate amounts of protein and large amounts of fat. No added sugar, fruit, grains or starchy vegetables are allowed in a ketogenic diet. Meals consists of meats, cold-pressed oils and leafy, watery vegetables. Nuts, eggs and cheese serve as snacks. After several days or weeks of following this extremely low-carb plan, your body starts to produce ketones. You don't have enough carbs for energy, so, to fuel activity, your body becomes efficient at burning fat and the liver produces ketones to fuel the brain. This production is normal, but not regularly experienced by people that consume the 225 to 300 grams of carbohydrates recommended on a standard American 2,000-calorie diet. Benefits of the ketogenic diet include stabilization of blood sugar and insulin levels and the weight loss that results from your body reaching into your fat stores for energy. The diet may also help alleviate symptoms of a number of diseases, including neurological conditions and some cancers. Your Urine on Ketosis One of the first signs that you've reached a state of ketosis is frequent urination. As the diet stabilizes your in Continue reading >>
10 Things Your Pee Can Tell You About Your Body: Taking A Deep Dive Into Urinalysis, Dehydration, Ketosis, Ph & More!
See, for the past several days, I’ve been randomly grabbing drinking glasses from the shelf in the kitchen… …and peeing into them. And yes, I realize that now you will likely never want to join me at my home for a dinner party. So why the heck am I urinating into our family’s kitchenware? It’s all about better living through science and figuring out ways to live longer and feel better (at least that’s what I tell my wife to appease her). It’s also about my sheer curiosity and desire to delve into an N=1 experiment in self-quantification with urinalysis. It’s also because I’ve been too lazy to order one of those special urinalysis specimen cups with the cute plastic lid. And let’s face it: with my relatively frequent use of a three day gut testing panel, my wife is already somewhat accustomed to giant Fed-Ex bags full of poop tubes sitting in the fridge, so urine can’t be all that bad, right? Anyways, in this article, you’re going to learn exactly why I think it’s a good idea to occasionally study one’s own urine, and you’ll also discover 10 very interesting things your pee can tell you about your body. Enjoy, and as usual, leave your questions, thoughts, feedback, and stories of your own adventures in urinalysis below this post. ———————– The History Of My Interest In Urinalysis Two years ago, I first became interested in urinalysis when I discovered a new start-up called “uChek”. The premise of uChek was quite simple. People with diabetes who want to check the amount of glucose in their urine would simply be able to download uChek to their iPhone or iPad. Then, after a “mid-stream collection,” (yes, that’s exactly what it sounds like and, in my experience, despite my Private Gym training, can be quite difficult to Continue reading >>
How Does Keto//os Affect Kidneys And Liver And The Role In Metabolizing Ketones?
As with all medium chain triglycerides, the MCT powder portion of the product will largely be converted to ketones by the liver within a few short hours of consumption. MCT create a readily supply of Ketone production for the liver to use for ketones. The BHB-salt portion should simply be absorbed into the blood as ketones. The BHB supplies another source, which doesn’t require the liver to produce ketones. There is no reason that the ketones produced by the product will affect the kidneys or liver any differently than ketones produced from exogenous fats (such as when eating a ketogenic diet) or ketones produced from stored fats (such as when calorie restricting or losing weight). Exogenous ketone scientific literature does not suggest that either kidney or liver function is negatively affected by ketosis. The major role of the kidneys when it comes to ketones is to excrete excess ketones in the urine. This excretion will likely be highest during the first few days of keto-adaptation (either in eating the keto diet or consuming KETO//OS), but the body will retain more and the tissues will begin to preferentially burn the ketones as consumption continues. The liver is the major site of endogenous ketone production, so taking exogenous ketones with KETO//OS would provide another source besides the liver to make ketones. Remember, KETO//OS and exogenous ketones are a source of calories; so be sure to consider it in your daily goals. KETO//OS and exogenous ketone supplementation is not hard on the liver. Continue reading >>
If you follow the ebb and flow of the dietary industry, then you have probably heard of the term “ketosis,” “ketones,” or “the ketogenic diet.” You generally hear reference to them when we talk about low-carb, higher fat diets. In a society where low-fat/no-fat is pretty much the accepted standard, this whole low-carb/high-fat concept can seem a little… out there. Especially when there is so much confusion about what ketones are and what they do. THEN, I start talking about the possibility of supplementing with ketones – and people get even more confused. So let’s unpack all of this, learn a little more about ketones, and why taking a supplement might actually be a good thing. Let’s start with the basics. What ARE ketones and what is ketosis? When we think of the body’s natural fuel source, we think of glucose, or sugar. We know that our body needs to use sugar as a fuel, but what many people don’t realize is that fats can be an equally, and even superior, fuel source to the body. The process of ketosis refers to the body’s ability to use fats as its primary source of energy, over glucose. When the body burns fat, it produces three bi-products of fat breakdown, β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB), acetoacetate (ACA) and acetone. These bi-products are called Ketones. This is a naturally occurring process and it’s what allows our bodies to survive during times of food restriction. When an individual begins to follow a low carbohydrate diet, the body has to look for another fuel source, and it turns to fatty acids and fat stores to provide that much needed energy. The liver breaks down the fat, and releases ketones into the blood to be used by the brain and other organs to produce energy. The interesting thing about ketones is that BHB may be a more effici Continue reading >>