Is Monster Energy Drink Bad For Your Heart?
I looked up the ingredients for monster energy drink which you can see here: Monster Energy Drink, 8.3 Ounce (Pack of 24) I am not an expert on Taurine or Ginseng, so I can't answer to that. As far as two things that aren't as good for your heart included in Monster Energy Drink - There is Caffeine and Sugar. Caffeine isn't necessarily a "bad" thing in general. It can help with energy, weight loss, etc. Excessive caffeine is more of the issue, so it depends on how many you are drinking. Also if you have any kind of heart disorders or conditions, you need to speak with your doctor or cardiologist before consuming caffeine as many people shouldn't consume any at all with certain heart conditions. Sugar, on the other hand, is especially bad for your heart, especially if you are pre-disposed to, or already have diabetes. Sugar creates inflammation, and inflammation is what leads to that plaque in the arteries that causes heart disease, heart attacks, etc. It raises your cholesterol as your body tries to respond to inflammation. There is a lot more information about sugar and heart disease here: Added Sugars Add to Your Risk of Dying from Heart Disease, although I have to say that I've always thought the AHA recommended sugar limits are too high, especially for those already at risk. The 8 ounce monster energy drink (regular) contains 27 grams of sugar, which is almost 7 teaspoons. Continue reading >>
Ketogenic Diet: Is The Ultimate Low-carb Diet Good For You?
Recently, many of my patients have been asking about a ketogenic diet. Is it safe? Would you recommend it? Despite the recent hype, a ketogenic diet is not something new. In medicine, we have been using it for almost 100 years to treat drug-resistant epilepsy, especially in children. In the 1970s, Dr. Atkins popularized his very-low-carbohydrate diet for weight loss that began with a very strict two-week ketogenic phase. Over the years, other fad diets incorporated a similar approach for weight loss. What is a ketogenic diet? In essence, it is a diet that causes the body to release ketones into the bloodstream. Most cells prefer to use blood sugar, which comes from carbohydrates, as the body’s main source of energy. In the absence of circulating blood sugar from food, we start breaking down stored fat into molecules called ketone bodies (the process is called ketosis). Once you reach ketosis, most cells will use ketone bodies to generate energy until we start eating carbohydrates again. The shift, from using circulating glucose to breaking down stored fat as a source of energy, usually happens over two to four days of eating fewer than 20 to 50 grams of carbohydrates per day. Keep in mind that this is a highly individualized process, and some people need a more restricted diet to start producing enough ketones. Because it lacks carbohydrates, a ketogenic diet is rich in proteins and fats. It typically includes plenty of meats, eggs, processed meats, sausages, cheeses, fish, nuts, butter, oils, seeds, and fibrous vegetables. Because it is so restrictive, it is really hard to follow over the long run. Carbohydrates normally account for at least 50% of the typical American diet. One of the main criticisms of this diet is that many people tend to eat too much protein and Continue reading >>
What Is Ketosis?
"Ketosis" is a word you'll probably see when you're looking for information on diabetes or weight loss. Is it a good thing or a bad thing? That depends. Ketosis is a normal metabolic process, something your body does to keep working. When it doesn't have enough carbohydrates from food for your cells to burn for energy, it burns fat instead. As part of this process, it makes ketones. If you're healthy and eating a balanced diet, your body controls how much fat it burns, and you don't normally make or use ketones. But when you cut way back on your calories or carbs, your body will switch to ketosis for energy. It can also happen after exercising for a long time and during pregnancy. For people with uncontrolled diabetes, ketosis is a sign of not using enough insulin. Ketosis can become dangerous when ketones build up. High levels lead to dehydration and change the chemical balance of your blood. Ketosis is a popular weight loss strategy. Low-carb eating plans include the first part of the Atkins diet and the Paleo diet, which stress proteins for fueling your body. In addition to helping you burn fat, ketosis can make you feel less hungry. It also helps you maintain muscle. For healthy people who don't have diabetes and aren't pregnant, ketosis usually kicks in after 3 or 4 days of eating less than 50 grams of carbohydrates per day. That's about 3 slices of bread, a cup of low-fat fruit yogurt, or two small bananas. You can start ketosis by fasting, too. Doctors may put children who have epilepsy on a ketogenic diet, a special high-fat, very low-carb and protein plan, because it might help prevent seizures. Adults with epilepsy sometimes eat modified Atkins diets. Some research suggests that ketogenic diets might help lower your risk of heart disease. Other studies show sp Continue reading >>
What Causes Heart Disease?
The true evidence of what causes heart disease is finally coming to light, and it's not the evil cholesterol and saturated fat in our diets. You may be surprised at the list below, but there is a great deal of real research in Pubmed which backs up the information in the list below. I'll also note below that a ketogenic diet improves the risk factors for heart disease. What Causes Heart Disease: The Main Players Wheat consumption. Surprised? Unconvinced? Okay, take a look at Denise Minger's analysis of the data from the China Study here. Or you can read this study, in which the authors wrote: "The consumption of wheat flour...was positively correlated with all three diseases [cardiovascular disease, hypertensive heart disease, and stroke]." A diet high in carbohydrates. More and more research is pointing to a high carb diet as one of the main factors in what causes heart disease. Here's why. Eating lots of carbohydrates on a daily basis has the following effects on heart health: Elevates blood glucose levels and in turn, increases circulating insulin levels, contributing to insulin resistance. High blood glucose is inflammatory and damages body tissues through glycation of the protein structures (think of what pouring maple syrup on a keyboard would do to its performance). See this paper and this paper. Increases your risk of coronary heart disease and mortality through the ravages of high blood sugar. See this study and this study and this paper. Elevates triglyceride levels. High levels of triglycerides are strongly associated with heart attack risk. increases the prevalence of small, dense, glycated LDL cholesterol in the blood (that's the dangerous kind). See this paper and this paper. Reduces blood levels of healthy HDL cholesterol. Low levels of HDL are associated Continue reading >>
Is The Keto Diet Safe? 10 Myth-busting Arguments For The Safety Of Ketosis
Is ketosis safe? The truth is that we can’t say for certain that it is 100% safe. Humans don’t understand everything under the branch of nutritional science and probably won’t for a very long time. As an individual, the only thing you can do is take a look at the research yourself and form your own conclusion. Personally, through the reading I’ve done and the experience I’ve had with the Keto diet, I’ve formed my own conclusion that ketosis is safe. Could I be wrong? Absolutely. But I could also be right. I’m willing to take that risk in order to follow a diet which could maximize longevity, well being and function. My personal conclusion shouldn’t matter to you though. You need to do your own research and come to your own conclusion. I’ve put together this post to organize all of the issues surrounding the safety of ketosis so that you can make your own decision. In trying to prove something to be safe there are two ways to go about it. Disprove the claims of danger Show evidence which may be correlated with safety This article will dispel the top 10 claims people make in an argument to label ketosis as dangerous. Like I said, the science on ketosis is still quite immature. The following data is not meant to 100% prove or disprove the safety of ketosis. It’s merely the information we have available today which can help us form a nutritional strategy we feel is best for ourselves. I’m not a doctor or a researcher. The following information is material I’ve collected in my attempt to feel confident following a Keto diet indefinitely. Most of it is sourced from doctors or authors although I have also included anecdotal accounts from experiences posted on message boards and Reddit. I know, much of the information here isn’t sourced directly from s Continue reading >>
The Keto Diet Is Gaining Popularity, But Is It Safe?
A new twist on extreme weight loss is catching on in some parts of the United States. It’s called the "keto diet." People promoting the diet say it uses the body’s own fat burning system to help people lose significant weight in as little as 10 days. It has also been known to help moderate the symptoms of children with epilepsy, although experts are not quite sure why it works. Proponents say the diet can produce quick weight loss and provide a person with more energy. However, critics say the diet is an unhealthy way to lose weight and in some instances it can be downright dangerous. Read More: What is the “Caveman Diet?” » What Is Ketosis? The “keto” diet is any extremely low- or no-carbohydrate diet that forces the body into a state of ketosis. Ketosis occurs when people eat a low- or no-carb diet and molecules called ketones build up in their bloodstream. Low carbohydrate levels cause blood sugar levels to drop and the body begins breaking down fat to use as energy. Ketosis is actually a mild form of ketoacidosis. Ketoacidosis mostly affects people with type 1 diabetes. In fact, it is the leading cause of death of people with diabetes who are under 24 years of age. However, many experts say ketosis itself is not necessarily harmful. Some studies, in fact, suggest that a ketogenic diet is safe for significantly overweight or obese people. However, other clinical reviews point out that patients on low-carbohydrate diets regain some of their lost weight within a year. Where It’s Helpful The keto diet was created by Dr. Gianfranco Cappello, an associate professor of surgery at the Sapienza University in Rome, Italy. He claims great success among thousands of users. In his study, more than 19,000 dieters experienced significant, rapid weight loss, few side Continue reading >>
Long-term Effects Of A Ketogenic Diet In Obese Patients
Go to: Abstract Although various studies have examined the short-term effects of a ketogenic diet in reducing weight in obese patients, its long-term effects on various physical and biochemical parameters are not known. To determine the effects of a 24-week ketogenic diet (consisting of 30 g carbohydrate, 1 g/kg body weight protein, 20% saturated fat, and 80% polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fat) in obese patients. In the present study, 83 obese patients (39 men and 44 women) with a body mass index greater than 35 kg/m2, and high glucose and cholesterol levels were selected. The body weight, body mass index, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, fasting blood sugar, urea and creatinine levels were determined before and after the administration of the ketogenic diet. Changes in these parameters were monitored after eight, 16 and 24 weeks of treatment. The weight and body mass index of the patients decreased significantly (P<0.0001). The level of total cholesterol decreased from week 1 to week 24. HDL cholesterol levels significantly increased, whereas LDL cholesterol levels significantly decreased after treatment. The level of triglycerides decreased significantly following 24 weeks of treatment. The level of blood glucose significantly decreased. The changes in the level of urea and creatinine were not statistically significant. The present study shows the beneficial effects of a long-term ketogenic diet. It significantly reduced the body weight and body mass index of the patients. Furthermore, it decreased the level of triglycerides, LDL cholesterol and blood glucose, and increased the level of HDL cholesterol. Administering a ketogenic diet for a relatively longer period of time did Continue reading >>
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- The effect of a low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet versus a low-glycemic index diet on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus
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Ketogenic Diet And Heart Failure
The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, moderate-protein and low-carbohydrate diet used to treat epileptic seizures in patients who do not respond well to conventional approaches. A modified version of the diet can be used as a weight-loss diet. Studies indicate that the original ketogenic diet can initiate a heart condition, whereas the weight-loss version reduces the risk factors for heart disease. This suggests that overweight individuals with heart failure may benefit from following the weight-loss version of the ketogenic diet. Following the original diet, however, could present a risk for heart patients. Video of the Day R.M. Wilders, M.D., originated the ketogenic diet in the 1920s as a cure of seizures in children with epilepsy. The diet fell out of favor when more conventional medicines entered the commercial market. However, epilepsy centers, such as the Johns Hopkins Ketogenic Center, still use the diet to treat epilepsy in individuals who get no relief from standard approaches. The diet provides 10 to 15 g of carbohydrates a day and 1 g of protein per kilogram of body weight a day. The rest of the calories come from fat. The diet is not intended as a weight-loss diet; it supplies all the calories needed to sustain current body weight. How It Works The diet works by depleting the body’s stores of glycogen, a stored form of sugar, thereby forcing it to burn fat to supply energy for the cells. The brain cannot metabolize fat. When glucose, or blood sugar, is limited it metabolizes a waste product of fat metabolism called ketone bodies. Ketone bodies are a more compact fuel compared to glucose. So more cell engines, or mitochondria, are needed to metabolize them. The additional mitochondria in neurons have a stabilizing effect on the brain, which can prevent seizure Continue reading >>
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How To Avoid A Heart Attack While Doing A Ketogenic (or Any Other) Diet
One of the biggest questions that anyone asks in relation to a high fat diet is this: “will eating a high fat diet cause heart disease.” And this is where everyone starts to lose their minds. On one side, we have the lipid hypothesis, which points at fat as the main cause of heart disease while ignoring every other possible hypothesis and every study that demonstrates that there is not a relationship between fat intake and heart disease all while tapping its finger on its Ivy League medical diploma. On the other side we have the low carb high fat cult that argues for high fat intake as if it is some verse from the bible. In the minds of these people, carbohydrate in all of its forms is the devil and they point their fingers and laugh at the non converted as if they are on a one way road to high blood sugar hell. Very few have ever tried to meet in the middle. Now, I’m obviously someone who believes in the benefits of a high fat diet. I helped create a course called Keto Camp for God’s sake. But I also think that this madness needs to stop. We are doing nothing but talking past each other. This is not me saying that the lipid hypothesis isn’t wrong. Evidence in recent years has consistently pointed to the fact that there is no relationship between fat intake and heart disease in both epidemiological and human subject studies. Evidence has also demonstrated that a high fat, low carbohydrate diet can help athletes to perform as well or better than they would on a high carb low fat diet. But what I am saying is this: there are other paths to healthy living besides a ketogenic diet, and there is a right way and a wrong way to do a ketogenic diet, and if done the wrong way, the ketogenic diet can be very unhealthy. So here are four ways to ensure that your ketogenic Continue reading >>
Is It Correct To View Ketone Bodies As Some Sort Of Super Fuel Helping To Energize The Entire Brain? Even More Than Glucose Could Ever Do?
Super Fuel is probably a misnomer inspired by contemporary marketing of food items like the "superfoods" Dried Goji Berries and Acai Fruit Smoothies. What you're referring to (I think) is this: “Ketones”, or “ketone bodies” is actually an umbrella term for 3 different molecules, β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB), acetoacetate (ACA) and acetone. All three can be delivered into the brain and metabolically converted into ATP in both neurons and glia. BHB may provide a more efficient source of energy for brain per unit oxygen than glucose. A microarray study showed that keto induced a coordinated upregulation of genes encoding energy metabolism and mitochondrial enzymes, increasing the number of mitochondria in the hippocampus, a brain area associated with learning and memory. A few studies in epileptic children and healthy volunteers demonstrate that keto exerts a biphasic effect on cognition, with initial lethargy and subsequent heightened vitality, physical functioning, and alertness. Whether this translates into overall cognitive enhancement remains to be seen. Brain, livin' on ketones - a molecular neuroscience look at the ketogenic diet What does all this mean? Your brain might prefer BHB over glucose for its energy needs. When ketone bodies are converted into energy for the brain, some studies have shown positive side effects like increased energy efficiency, better cognition (learning and memory), and increased alertness. Nice! Is it a miracle? A super fuel? Not necessarily, since initially there is a transition period that includes lethargy and other symptoms (like headaches), ketosis is no magic bullet for studying the night before your test. If we move beyond the brain, the more interesting fact is that your heart definitely prefers BHB/Ketosis. From a 2004 study Continue reading >>
Low Carb Diets Found To Feed Heart Disease
People going on low carb diets may not see a rise in their cholesterol levels. How is that possible? Because weight loss by any means can drop our cholesterol. We could go on an all-Twinkie diet and lower our cholesterol as long as we didn’t eat too many. A good cocaine habit could do it. Anything that drops our weight can drop our cholesterol, but the goal isn’t to fit into a skinnier casket; the reason we care about cardiovascular risk factors like cholesterol is because we care about cardiovascular risk, the health of our arteries. Now we have studies that measure the impact of low carb diets on arteries directly, and a review of all the best studies to date found that low-carb diets impair arterial function, as evidenced by a decrease in flow-mediated dilation, meaning low-carb diets effectively stiffen people’s arteries. And since that meta-analysis was published, a new study found the same thing: “A dietary pattern characterized by high protein and fat, but low carbohydrate was associated with poorer peripheral small artery function,” again measuring blood flow into people’s limbs. But peripheral circulation is not as important as the circulation in the coronary arteries that feed our heart. There has only been one study ever done measuring actual blood flow to the heart muscles of people eating low-carb diets. Dr. Richard Fleming, an accomplished nuclear cardiologist, enrolled 26 people into a comprehensive study of the effects of diet on cardiac function using the latest in nuclear imaging technology–so-called SPECT scans, enabling him to actually directly measure the blood flow within the coronary arteries. He then put them all on a healthy vegetarian diet, and a year later the scans were repeated. By that time, however, ten of the patients had ju Continue reading >>
Is Intensive Exercise Bad For Your Heart Health?
For Overall Cardiovascular Health: At least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity at least 5 days per week for a total of 150 OR At least 25 minutes of vigorous aerobic activity at least 3 days per week for a total of 75 minutes; or a combination of moderate- and vigorous-intensity aerobic activity AND Moderate- to high-intensity muscle-strengthening activity at least 2 days per week for additional health benefits. For Lowering Blood Pressure and Cholesterol An average 40 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity aerobic activity 3 or 4 times per week Keep in mind that diet plays a big factor in heart health as well. This article from Oscar has some good advice around specific types of foods to be extra mindful of (all the good stuff, of course). Continue reading >>
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Why Is Red Bull Bad For Your Heart?
Those with underlying heart conditions have gone into cardiac arrest after just a few energy drinks. Before drinking energy drinks or caffeine, be sure to know your heart’s health. A study showed that energy drinks cause more forceful heart contractions, which could be harmful to some with certain heart conditions.- One study showed that between 2009 and 2011 there were 4854 calls to poison control centers regarding energy drinks. 51% of these calls were involving children. Another study shows the link between energy drinks and cardiac events among teens. This study recommends that teens consume no more than one 250 ml energy drink per day and not before or during sports or exercise. A 2016 study showed that 18-40-year-olds who drank energy drinks had a significant increase in their QTc interval, which is a marker of abnormal heart rhythm risk. Also, caffeinated products like energy drinks can elevate a person’s blood pressure. For those with normal blood pressure, this isn’t concerning, but those with already elevated blood pressure could be placing themselves at risk of stroke and other health problems related to hypertension if they consume too many energy drinks in a short period of time. A more recent study conducted by The Mayo Clinic found that Rockstar Energy Drink 240mg version significantly raised the blood pressure of study participants compared to the placebo drink. Overall, there was a 6.4% increase in average blood pressure. More about the study here. Continue reading >>
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Why Is Smoking Bad For Your Heart?
You probably know that smoking cigaret causes breathing problems and lung cancer But did you know it also makes you more likely to have a heart attack? Every cigarette you smoke makes you more likely to get heart disease Roughly 2 out of 5 deaths from heart diseases directly related to smoking. People who smoke are two to four times more likely to get heart disease. The risk is even greater for women who smoke and also take birth control pills. Cigarette smoke is also bad for the people around you. secondhand smoker can cause heart disease and lung cancer in people who don't smoke. Also smoking is the most important preventable cause of premature death in the United States. It accounts for more than 440,000 of the more than 2.4 million annual deaths. Cigarette smokers have a higher risk of developing several chronic disorders. These include fatty buildups in arteries (most important factor in our case) specially they build up in heart arteries and causing heart attack. several types of cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (lung problems). Atherosclerosis (buildup of fatty substances in the arteries) is a chief contributor to the high number of deaths from smoking. Many studies detail the evidence that cigarette smoking is a major cause of coronary heart disease, which leads to heart attack. Continue reading >>