Is Glucose An Amino Acid?

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In this video I discuss what are amino acids, what are amino acids made of, and what do amino acids do in the body. I also cover what are peptide bonds, polypeptide chains, how amino acids form proteins, some functions of amino acids, and what are amino acids used to build. Transcript We are going to start by looking at the molecular structure of a typical amino acid, dont worry, I am going to make it easy to understand. The basic structure of amino acids is that they consist of a carboxyl group, a lone hydrogen atom, an amino group, and a side chain, which is often referred to as an R-group. The formation of the side chain is what makes amino acids different from one another. As you can see in this diagram, these 4 are all connected to a carbon atom, which is referred to as the alpha carbon. Not every amino acid follows this exact structure, but, most do. On the screen I have 3 different amino acids, lysine, tryptophan, and leucine. You can see that each has a carboxyl group, an alpha carbon, a amino group, and an R-group that is different from each other. There are 23 total amino acids that are proteinogenic. Proteinogenic amino acids are precursors to proteins, which means they

Jci -splanchnic And Peripheral Glucose And Amino Acid Metabolism In Diabetes Mellitus

Splanchnic and peripheral glucose and amino acid metabolism in diabetes mellitus Department of Clinical Physiology, the Seraphimer Hospital, 112 83 Stockholm Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510 Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, the Karolinska Hospital, 104 01 Stockholm 60, Sweden Find articles by Wahren, J. in: JCI | PubMed | Google Scholar Department of Clinical Physiology, the Seraphimer Hospital, 112 83 Stockholm Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510 Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, the Karolinska Hospital, 104 01 Stockholm 60, Sweden Find articles by Felig, P. in: JCI | PubMed | Google Scholar Department of Clinical Physiology, the Seraphimer Hospital, 112 83 Stockholm Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510 Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, the Karolinska Hospital, 104 01 Stockholm 60, Sweden Find articles by Cerasi, E. in: JCI | PubMed | Google Scholar Department of Clinical Physiology, the Seraphimer Hospital, 112 83 Stockholm Department of Internal Medicine, Yale Un Continue reading >>

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    I suspect it is a virus, but changing diet (in any way) can be temporarily stressful and challenge the immune system. This should be a minor and short-lived problem. Best wishes

    Body Fat %: 18.0







    Mom used to make us Egg Drop Soup when we were sick - Lipton's Chicken Noodle Soup (the dehydrated kind), make into soup and then an egg or two beaten into it. Nowadays I just use chicken broth and eggs. It feels really good going down a sore throat. Sometimes I add veggies, too - mushrooms, frozen spinach, a little tomato, maybe some green onions.
    Hope you feel better soon!


    Thanks! I like the idea of some chicken broth and low carb veggies (zucchini has been my favorite lately). I know in the past I had never had any issues once I started on low carb foods. I had never even heard of keto flu until this last time I started getting back into the message boards.
    At least if it's a cold, it should pass in a couple of days. I'm not craving any carby "comfort" foods, so that is good.
    Starting 4/26/16
    Goal is to reach 192 by 6/26/16

    current weight: 211.0






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Take Dr. Berg's Free Keto Mini-Course: http://pxlme.me/-i717vtY Dr. Berg talks about taking branched chain amino acids (BCAA) before or after exercise when you are on a ketogenic diet (keto) and when you are doing intermittent fasting. This will spike insulin, but it's a minor point since the insulin spike is small. The real question is WHY are you taking it in the first place. If you are taking it for recovery, then realize that those amino acids take several hours before they are turned into protein and you would be much better off taking B-vitamins (nutritional yeast) and minerals (electrolytes), since they are the cofactors or helps in the repair of muscles and the creation (synthesis) of muscle. If you are taking BCAA to build muscle realize that intermittent fasting in general will already give you a protein-sparing effect and this protects you from the loss of protein. Growth hormones is spiked too, which help with this. Autophagy will also occur which is the recycling of proteins from the cell, this reducing the need for taking extra protein. Dr. Eric Berg DC Bio: Dr. Berg, 52 years of age is a chiropractor who specializes in weight loss through nutritional and natural meth

Branched-chain Amino Acid Plus Glucose Supplement Reduces Exercise-induced Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness In College-age Females

Branched-Chain Amino Acid Plus Glucose Supplement Reduces Exercise-Induced Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness in College-Age Females Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA Received 25 January 2013; Accepted 19 February 2013 Academic Editors: H.Kalhoff, M. G.Nikolaidis, and F.Sanchez de Medina Copyright 2013 Danielle T. Leahy and Stephen J. Pintauro. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Supplementation with branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) has been used to stimulate muscle protein synthesis following exercise. The purpose of this study was to determine if supplementation with BCAAs in combination with glucose would reduce exercise-induced delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). Using a double-blind crossover design, 20 subjects (11 females, 9 males) were randomly assigned to either BCAA ( ) groups. Subjects performed a squatting exercise to elicit DOMS and rated their muscle soreness every 24 hours for four days following exercise while continuing to consume Continue reading >>

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  1. Sherrie

    This was a huge issue for me, some people will say its fine to eat purely induction style foods but how do we know?
    Untill I knew for a fact I decided it would be irresponsible for me to do that.
    Is low carb good during these times, yes I think so, but in the form of cutting out empty calories such as sugars, processed foods, refined grains etc and moderation of fruits and higher carb vegetables (Do you really need that peice of bread or pasta? ofcourse not).
    Anyway here are some articles and links I found useful, unfortunately theres not a great deal of information out there:

  2. Sherrie

    Quote from an Atkins Nutritionist on the Low carb friends board:
    " Breast Feeding and ketosis
    I can certainly understand your confusion.
    I followed the maintenance phase of Atkins while breast feeding and during pregnancy.
    The reason for this is because the only studies that observe ketosis in pregnancy or bresat feeding are in uncontrolled diabetics who are in ketoacidosis, not the same thing as ketosis.
    There are NO studies that show the safety of burning ketones and its effect on babies (either in utero or breast feeding). We do know that ketones are found in breast milk. Babies may have a different threshold of tolerating ketones than adults, maybe not, but I'm sure you do not want your child to be the guinea pig!
    I am very comfortable with ketosis and fat-burning but I did not want to subject my children to an unkown factor that "might or might not be harmful".
    Because we do not have long term studies validating the safety of ketones as a source of energy for babies, we cannot recommend following a ketogenic (Atkins) during this time of your life.
    It is possible that you lose weight following the maintenance phase of Atkins however it is not recommended to follow any weight loss plan during this time because you need the energy/nutrients while breast feeding.
    Keep in mind that you will not breast feed for the rest of your life. So when you stop feeding, you can go back on Induction.
    I am not aware of the interview with Dr. Atkins that you posted and will look into this further.
    Thank you both for bringing up such an important topic of discussion."

  3. Sherrie

    I am breastfeeding my baby and I want to lose weight. Is a low carbohydrate diet safe for a breastfeeding mother?
    Many women are anxious to get back in shape after childbirth, but we must remember that pregnancy weight wasn’t gained overnight, and won’t disappear quickly, either. It is wise for mothers to wait until two months postpartum to purposely lose weight, as the mother’s body needs time to recover from childbirth and establish a good milk supply. Many mothers find that by following a sensible diet they are able to lose weight steadily while breastfeeding. Anyone who wants to start a weight loss diet should consult with their physician to rule out any health problems that would contraindicate the diet. If a breastfeeding mother is interested in any type of weight loss diet, there are several factors she should consider.
    Nutritional balance-- A breastfeeding mother should receive adequate and balanced nutrition, for her breastfed baby’s sake, and the sake of her own health. Otherwise, she risks depleting her body’s nutritional stores. A malnourished mother may have inadequate levels of vitamins A, D, B6 and B12 in her milk, and may risk decreased milk supply.
    Hunger-- Inadequate caloric intake results in feeling weak, tired, and drained. When a mother feels this way, taking care of a baby is very difficult, and these very real feelings can result in lowered milk supply and inhibited milk ejection (letdown) reflex. The Subcommittee on Nutrition during Lactation advises breastfeeding mothers to take in 1500-1800 calories per day.
    Rate of weight loss-- Gradual weight loss has not been found to affect either the mother’s milk supply or the baby’s health. However, there are documented concerns when a breastfeeding mother loses weight rapidly, defined as more than a pound (.45 kg) per week. Toxins, such as environmental contaminants PCBs and pesticides, are stored in body fat. When a breastfeeding mother loses weight rapidly, these toxins may be released into her bloodstream, and the toxin levels in her milk may increase. Rapid weight loss has also been linked to a decrease in milk supply.
    There are a number of low carbohydrate diet plans, and all are based on the theory that by limiting carbohydrates and eating adequate amounts of protein, the dieter will be freed of the cravings and hunger that are typical of other weight loss plans. The diets differ in the degree and manner of carbohydrate restriction. Some encourage dieters check for ketosis by using special urine test strips. Ketosis occurs when the body burns fat instead of glucose for energy, and is marked by the presence of ketones in the urine. Ketones are any of three toxic, acidic chemicals (acetone, acetoacetate, and beta-hydroxybutyrate) that build up in the bloodstream.
    Many people who follow low-carbohydrate diets do lose weight more rapidly than is wise for a breastfeeding mother. It would be possible to modify a plan to include more carbohydrates in the form of fruits and starchy vegetables, which would slow the weight loss.
    There are some concerns that it is not safe for a breastfeeding mother to be in ketosis, whether she is following a low carbohydrate diet or burning fat in some other manner. It is unknown if the ketones that are excreted into the blood and urine are also present in the milk, and if so what levels would pose a danger to the breastfeeding infant. The Atkins Center website’s FAQ section recommends that pregnant and breastfeeding women adjust their carbohydrate intake to the maintenance level, which is considerably higher than the weight-loss level.
    Another possible concern is that these diets are too high in protein, but a breastfeeding mother secretes 6 to 11 grams of protein in her milk every day, and growing babies need that protein, which is the body’s basic building material. Protein, unlike some other nutrients, can not be stored in the mother’s body. The US Department of Agriculture recommends that a lactating woman consume 65 grams of protein per day. Many women who follow the Brewer Pregnancy diet, which recommends 80-100 grams of protein per day, continue to follow that diet during lactation. Another concern might be the amount of fat in these diets, but lactating women do need a certain amount of dietary fat. According to Eat Well, Lose Weight While Breastfeeding, the recommended daily requirement of the fats and oils food group is 7 servings per day, with a minimum of 5. Though low carbohydrate diets do prescribe what some may consider large amounts of animal protein, it can certainly be lean protein.
    Some people who follow a low carbohydrate diet also use artificial sweeteners, which many breastfeeding mothers choose to avoid. It is possible to follow a low-carbohydrate diet without using artificial sweeteners.
    No “diet” is a one size fits all proposition, and that is especially true for breastfeeding mothers. With research and some care regarding balanced nutrition and rate of weight loss, a breastfeeding mother might choose to follow certain elements of the low- carbohydrate diet, and leave the rest behind.

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Stephen Hawking hasn't as much as twitched a muscle in 30 years and he's in his mid 70's. So if you think that the total lack of exercise (no exercise at all) shortens life, tell that to Stephen Hawking. To say inactivity is evil bad unhealthy is unfair. Steve's proof of that alone. It's only when inactive people eat like pigs that excercise undeservedly takes the bumb wrap ... or when the human body doesn't metabolise food well, and lack of exercise again takes the blame and is considered VERY unhealthy. Truth be told, that these people are unhealthy with or without exercise. And on the other side, lean people can be just as inactive - more proof of the "exercise is a must for health and longevity" myth. FWIW, I'm actually very pro-exercise, just very selective about what kind. The most beneficial are walking, swimming and skipping and other very light, easy and natural exercises like typical daily household chores such as cleaning the house and yard, the favorite pass time of blue-zoners in Okinawa. This is just one of a half-dozen videos that demonstrates the ills of strenuous exercise. This does NOT include daily walking or swimming - which are very healthy. It is more along th

The Effect Of An Amino Acid Beverage On Glucose Response And Glycogen Replenishment After Strenuous Exercise

, Volume 115, Issue6 , pp 12831294 | Cite as The effect of an amino acid beverage on glucose response and glycogen replenishment after strenuous exercise We previously reported that an amino acid mixture (AA) was able to lower the glucose response to an oral glucose challenge in both rats and humans. Increased glucose uptake and glycogen storage in muscle might be associated with the faster blood glucose clearance. We therefore tested the effect of two different doses of AA provided with a carbohydrate supplement on blood glucose homeostasis and muscle glycogen replenishment in human subjects after strenuous aerobic exercise. Ten subjects received a carbohydrate (1.2g/kg body weight, CHO), CHO/HAA (CHO+13g AA), or CHO/LAA (CHO+6.5g AA) supplement immediately and 2h after an intense cycling bout. Muscle biopsies were performed immediately and 4h after exercise. The glucose responses for CHO/HAA and CHO/LAA during recovery were significantly lower than CHO, as was the glucose area under the curve (CHO/HAA 1259.927.7, CHO/LAA 1251.547.7, CHO 1376.852.9mmol/L 4h, p<0.05). Glycogen storage rate was significantly lower in CHO/HAA compared with CHO, while it did not differ significantly Continue reading >>

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  1. 2blessed4stress

    metformin and lactic acidosis

    I am hoping that I can get some guidance from the members here. There are many of you that have a wealth of information on diabetes and things related so please bear with me. I went to the doctor yesterday and finally asked her for metformin er and was all set to try it out. Then I read the paper that came with it from the pharmacy. The warning about lactic acidosis stopped me in my tracks. Now I am afraid to take it. I searched the posts her a DD about lactic acidosis and I also found that some members said it caused them to be really fatigued. Another member posted that she had trouble with exercise because it caused leg cramps. I feel so overwhelmed now. I really wanted to try it out I believe it could help me but I don't want to put my life at risk to try it. I looked up lactic acidosis and I was reading about the bloods ph and acid in your blood. I have a problem with uric acid in my blood but I believe that is not related to lactic acidosis. I have had a problem with kidney infections and a lot of crystals in my urine and kidney stones the past year, but I believe my kidney function is ok. Does metformin cause lactic acidosis very often? Are the symptoms of lactic acidosis easy enough to pick up on so it can be caught early. I am sorry I am such a worry wart. Thank you in advance for any guidance/reassurance from you.

  2. furball64801

    All I can tell you is that millions upon millions take met with 0 issues. You are reading the absolute worst side affects. Have you see tv commericails on meds that is any meds. They say could cause heart attack, fatigue, even death no kidding. I been on met and so has my diabetic family and 0 issues other than a tad of diahrea. To me its extemely rare many here are on met me a very very long time on it. What am I saying to me its about the best D med out there other than exercise its free. It is just my opion for what its worth, I know others might have other ideas and of course its is there opinion also. Some take b-12 if they get fatigued on met, I do not get that way, all I can say is to me its as safe as can be.

  3. coravh

    Every drug has potential side effects. Some more common than others. I'm not sure of the exact specifics, but I believe that for a side effect to be listed, it needs to happen in 1% of the people that take it.
    My husband has been on met with no side effects other than a little bit of tummy trouble. I have a dozen local diabetic friends (through volunteer work) that are also on it, and have no side effects. I do have one friend who reacts to everything and has no issues with it. I think i've only seen people with this issue a couple of times after about 15 years online haunting a variety of message boards.
    Take for example my warfarin. It can cause bleeding. Even a baby aspirin can cause this. And it does happen to some people. But the vast majority of folks don't have issues.
    Do you have some history of lactic acidosis? Or is this simply general anxiety over something new?
    All meds are a cost benefit analysis. Do you want to try the drug to alleviate a serious issue ( like high blood sugar) or do you decide to refuse it on the basis of a rare side effect and maybe get into trouble due to glucose issues? Why not try it? Discuss with your phamacist what to look for if you are worried. But basically it is a safe, effective drug.

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