In The Renal Response To Metabolic Acidosis Quizlet

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Final Flashcards | Quizlet

Which of the following substances is not normally found in filtrate? Hint 1. Think about how a coffee filter works. C. nitrogenous waste particles, such as urea Blood cells and large particles, such as proteins, are not allowed to filter through a healthy __________. What is the primary driving force (pressure) that produces glomerular filtration? Hint 1. What was the primary driving force for filtration from a capillary? B. hydrostatic pressure of blood (blood pressure) B. hydrostatic pressure of blood (blood pressure) Which of the following would only be found in the glomerular filtrate if the glomerular membrane were damaged? Hint 1. If a filter is damaged, it would let particles through that it normally would not filter. If the osmotic pressure in the glomerular capillaries increased from 28 mm Hg to 35 mm Hg, would net filtration increase or decrease? Hint 1. Proteins in the plasma would increase the osmotic pressure of the blood. True/False: osmotic pressure opposes filtration, increasing osmotic pressure would decrease net filtration. Calculate the net filtration pressure if capillary hydrostatic pressure is 60 mm Hg, capillary osmotic pressure is 25 mm Hg, and capsular hyd Continue reading >>

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  1. PIp

    I have stuck rigidly to the diet f0r 4 days and my total weight loss so far is zero. THis is really depressing. Its hard to keep going with all the lethargy and headaches when the scale is stuck. Does anyone have any cheering up facts for me before I give up?

  2. Phil

    The scales wander around +/- 2 lbs on their own, so it's a bit early to jump to conclusions. You need to give it 2 weeks at least, you should see a difference in the first week but it depends on you, your history and what you're eating / drinking.
    Moderate protein, plenty of fat, lots of above ground low carb vegetables - that sound about right ?

  3. CHRIS

    Can wonder a bit more than that-just by daily variations in water weight. Phil-2 litres-thats around 1.8kg? You can vary by this ammt every day.

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Renal Ch9 - Acid-base Disorders

In order to maintain pH Kidneys try to compensate to respiratory acid-base disorders and lungs try to compensate for metabolic disorders Compensation NEVER Over-Corrects pH! (As a rule, compensation restores pH toward normal, but Not completely TO normal) - If pH is acidemic (pH < 7.4), acidosis is the primary acid-base disorder and if pH is alkalemic (pH > 7.4), alkalosis is the primary Compensation in Metabolic Acidosis vs Respiratory Acidosis 1.) In metabolic acidosis (low pH, low HCO3), alveolar ventilation increases creating a respiratory alkalosis (low PCO2) in order to return pH toward the normal range 2.) In Respiratory acidosis (low pH, high PCO2), kidneys excrete H+ and create a metabolic alkalosis (high HCO3) in order to return pH toward the normal range Degree of Compensation: Metabolic Disorders Every 1mmol/L drop in [HCO3] expect 1mmHg drop in PCO2 (from 40) Every 1mmol/L rise in [HCO3] expect 0.6mmHg rise in PCO2 Degree of Compensation: Respiratory Disorders Every 10mmHg rise in PCO2 Expect 1mmol rise in HCO3 Every 10mmHg rise in PCO2 Expect 3.5mmol rise in HCO3 Every 10mmHg fall in PCO2 Expect 2mmol fall in HCO3 Every 10mmHg fall in PCO2 Expect 4mmol fall in HCO3 M Continue reading >>

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  1. 3kidlets

    Hana had trace ketones on Thanksgiving. For no reason that I could pinpoint, she woke up with BS of 300 on Thursday. We went to watch my son run a 5K and when we got back, she was 400+ (after eating and doing major correction to the 300). She used the ketone strips and had trace ketones. The thing is, we had to drive 2 hours to CT for the day and it would have been much easier to have the BS monitor that detects ketones than to have her pee on a stick when we stopped for a bathroom break!
    I bought what I thought was the meter - it is Abbott Precision XTRA but on the package it doesn't say anything about ketones but when I opened it up, I did find a pamphlet inside saying something about them switching over to new strips for ketones. I could not find any test strips in Walmart that said they were for ketone testing with this meter - only found blood sugar test strips for the Precision Xtra, so I did not buy them. Did I buy the right meter??? Where do you find the strips? I just want to have them on hand for days like we had on Thanksgiving - not to use on a regular basis.

  2. gsmama

    The strips are have for it are by prescription only. They are $10.00 a strip I believe.

  3. Moifry

    It will do blood sugar and Ketones, but you need different strips for the ketones. They are quite expensive, but much easier to use than the pee sticks. Any pharmacy should have them or be able to get them .

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A lecture on the physiology of normal acid-base regulation, including a discussion of the bicarbonate buffering system, the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation, and elimination of acid from the body via the lungs and kidneys. Use of the VA and Stanford name/logos is only to indicate my academic affiliation, and neither implies endorsement nor ownership of the included material.

Acid-base Regulation A&p 2 201

Increased sodium levels in the ECF result what? -stimulation of osmoreceptors in the hypothalamus stimulation of osmoreceptors in the hypothalamus Choose the correct statement regarding water balance and sodium balance. -Reduced blood pressure results in increased ECF volume. -Increased blood volume results if the ECF volume increases. -Natriuretic peptide release results in decreased water loss in urine. -Decreased aldosterone release is an endocrine response to decreased blood volume and blood pressure. Increased blood volume results if the ECF volume increases. stimulates water conservation by the kidneys. it exists when the rate of urinary potassium excretion matches the rate of digestive tract absorption. the primary mechanism of potassium secretion involves diffusion. the activity of ion pumps is regulated by circulating levels of rennin. roughly 98 percent of the potassium content of the human body is in the ECF. it exists when the rate of urinary potassium excretion matches the rate of digestive tract absorption. is promoted by chronically low body fluid pH. results from aldosteronism when sodium loss and potassium loss are overstimulated. can be induced by several diureti Continue reading >>

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  1. Heather

    I've been on the diet now for 7 days. Day 1 and 2 I dropped 2 kilos, and since that I haven't budged.
    I check my pee twice a day and am always in the top or second top keto reading...
    Is it possible to be in ketosis, but still doing something wrong ?

  2. Helen

    Ketosis just means that you are burning fat instead of carbs/glucose for energy. If you are having too many calories (or even not enough), you may find that you do not lose weight.
    Also, if you only have a few kgs to lose, then your weight loss will be slower than someone who has a lot of weight to lose. What is your BMI?
    Are you doing a lot of intensive exercise? Sometimes you may be losing fat, but building muscle, so the scales appear to not move.
    Regardless of what diet you follow, you will not lose weight each and every day. 2 kgs in 1 week is a pretty good loss, especially if you don't have a lot of weight to lose.
    Chances are that if you continue to follow the program properly and keep avoiding carbs, you will lose more weight in the next few days. Some call it the "whoosh" effect, lol. Some people lose weight slowly and steadily. Many more of us, lose it in stops and starts. We lose a bit, then a few days of nothing and then another "whoosh".
    Keep at, and you should get results.
    [ed. note: Helen (1169825) last edited this post 3 years, 7 months ago.]

  3. Heather

    My Bmi is 30.51. I've got about 15 kilos to lose, but on a bazillion diets I never seem to get past 6 or 7kg.
    I'm not currently exercising because I'm just too tired. I'm hoping to get back to the gym soon though.
    I'll stick it out in hopes for this whoosh hehe. Thanks Helen.

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    processes that shift threshold of kidneys for bicarb excretion to higher values -have low K in plasma, so intracellular K shifts out of cell and HCO3- follows -to make up for charge loss, H+ enters cell -now with increased H+, intracellular concentrations of HCO3- driven down because reaction being pushed in opposite direction -this favors HCO3- regeneration and reabsorption how does aldosterone excess maintain alkalosis -excess aldosterone acts ...

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