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Hyperglycemia Signs And Symptoms

Signs Of Hyperglycemia In Dogs

Signs Of Hyperglycemia In Dogs

According to Pet Guardian Angels of America, hyperglycemia, or diabetes mellitus, is the most common canine hormonal disorder. The disease can be regulated, but it must be recognized first. Hyperglycemic dogs often display a number of symptoms; one must simply know what to watch for. Hyperglycemia can appear in two types: Type I (insulin dependent), occurring due to the body's inability to produce enough insulin or any insulin at all, and Type II (non-insulin dependent), occurring due to the body's inability to properly respond to insulin. Most dogs with diabetes have Type I. Some conditions place dogs in an at-risk category for hyperglycemia. These include breed (Cocker Spaniel, Beagle, Poodles, Keeshounds, Cairn Terrier, Dachshund, Schnauzer), female gender, obesity and age of five to seven years. Because a hyperglycemic dog has a high blood glucose level, her body attempts to expel some of the sugar by urinating frequently. "Diabetes mellitus" translates to "sweet urine" for this reason. A housebroken dog who begins to urinate in the house may have diabetes mellitus. Dogs with hyperglycemia often consume increased amounts of water as a result of their frequent urination. An excessively thirsty dog may indicate the presence of hyperglycemia. Diabetic dogs may suddenly develop cataracts, demonstrate an increase in appetite yet experience weight loss and appear dehydrated (check for a dry nose). General change in mood or behavior is also a potential indicator. If you suspect that your canine companion is hyperglycemic, consult a veterinarian. The vet will perform blood and urine tests and, if diabetes is diagnosed, will prescribe insulin injections and a special diet for your dog. Continue reading >>

Hyperglycemia

Hyperglycemia

Not to be confused with the opposite disorder, hypoglycemia. Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar (also spelled hyperglycaemia or hyperglycæmia) is a condition in which an excessive amount of glucose circulates in the blood plasma. This is generally a blood sugar level higher than 11.1 mmol/l (200 mg/dl), but symptoms may not start to become noticeable until even higher values such as 15–20 mmol/l (~250–300 mg/dl). A subject with a consistent range between ~5.6 and ~7 mmol/l (100–126 mg/dl) (American Diabetes Association guidelines) is considered slightly hyperglycemic, while above 7 mmol/l (126 mg/dl) is generally held to have diabetes. For diabetics, glucose levels that are considered to be too hyperglycemic can vary from person to person, mainly due to the person's renal threshold of glucose and overall glucose tolerance. On average however, chronic levels above 10–12 mmol/L (180–216 mg/dL) can produce noticeable organ damage over time. Signs and symptoms[edit] The degree of hyperglycemia can change over time depending on the metabolic cause, for example, impaired glucose tolerance or fasting glucose, and it can depend on treatment.[1] Temporary hyperglycemia is often benign and asymptomatic. Blood glucose levels can rise well above normal and cause pathological and functional changes for significant periods without producing any permanent effects or symptoms. [1] During this asymptomatic period, an abnormality in carbohydrate metabolism can occur which can be tested by measuring plasma glucose. [1] However, chronic hyperglycemia at above normal levels can produce a very wide variety of serious complications over a period of years, including kidney damage, neurological damage, cardiovascular damage, damage to the retina or damage to feet and legs. Diabetic n Continue reading >>

Hyperglycemia (high Blood Sugar)

Hyperglycemia (high Blood Sugar)

Hyperglycemia facts Hyperglycemia is a hallmark sign of diabetes (both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes) and prediabetes. Other conditions that can cause hyperglycemia are pancreatitis, Cushing's syndrome, unusual hormone-secreting tumors, pancreatic cancer, certain medications, and severe illnesses. The main symptoms of hyperglycemia are increased thirst and a frequent need to urinate. Severely elevated glucose levels can result in a medical emergency like diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) or hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome (HHNS, also referred to as hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state). Insulin is the treatment of choice for people with type 1 diabetes and for life-threatening increases in glucose levels. People with type 2 diabetes may be managed with a combination of different oral and injectable medications. Hyperglycemia due to medical conditions other than diabetes is generally treated by treating the underlying condition responsible for the elevated glucose. Continue reading >>

Hyperglycemia And Hypoglycemia In Type 1 Diabetes

Hyperglycemia And Hypoglycemia In Type 1 Diabetes

Hyperglycemia occurs when blood sugar levels are too high. People develop hyperglycemia if their diabetes is not treated properly. Hypoglycemia sets in when blood sugar levels are too low. This is usually a side effect of treatment with blood-sugar-lowering medication. Diabetes is a metabolic disease with far-reaching health effects. In type 1 diabetes, the body only produces very little insulin, or none at all. In type 2 diabetes, not enough insulin is released into the bloodstream, or the insulin cannot be used properly. We need insulin to live. Without it, sugar (glucose) builds up in the blood because it cannot be taken out and used by the body. Very high blood sugar, known as hyperglycemia, leads to a number of symptoms. If blood sugar levels are too low, it is called hypoglycemia. When is blood sugar considered to be too high or too low? Slight fluctuations in blood sugar levels are completely normal and also happen on a daily basis in people who do not have diabetes. Between around 60 and 140 milligrams of sugar per deciliter of blood (mg/dL) is considered to be healthy. This is equivalent to blood sugar concentrations between 3.3 and 7.8 mmol/L. “Millimole per liter” (mmol/L) is the international unit for measuring blood sugar. It indicates the concentration of a certain substance per liter. If type 1 diabetes is left untreated, people’s blood sugar levels can get very high, sometimes exceeding 27.8 mmol/L (500 mg/dL). Blood sugar concentrations below 3.3 mmol/L (60 mg/dL) are considered to be too low. As you can see in the illustration below, there are no clear-cut borders between the normal range of blood sugar and high and low blood sugar. Signs of hyperglycemia Signs of very high blood sugar levels in type 1 diabetes may include the following: If you o Continue reading >>

Hypoglycemia - Hyperglycemia

Hypoglycemia - Hyperglycemia

Low blood sugar – hypoglycemia Hypoglycemia means "low blood glucose." It is sometimes called a "hypo" and it can happen at any time during the day or night. You suffer from hypoglycemia when your body has insufficient sugar to use as energy, or when your blood glucose level is 70 mg/dL and below. Signs and symptoms of low blood sugar include: Sudden, extreme hunger Headache Blurred vision Trembling Weakness/tiredness Cold sweat Fast heartbeat Anxiety/nervousness Irritability What to do if you have low blood sugar: Check your blood sugar to confirm that your blood glucose is 70 mg/dL or below. Apply the 15/15 rule: Have 15 grams of a quick-acting carbohydrate, for example: a glass of fruit juice; three to four teaspoons (1 tablespoon) of sugar in water; or five-six hard candies. Or-- you can take glucose gel or glucose tablets (see label for 15g amount) Wait 15 minutes and check your blood sugar again. If your blood glucose level is still low, continue to: Alternate 15 grams of glucose with waiting 15 minutes to test your blood glucose until it reaches an acceptable target. Be sure to eat your next meal to prevent another low blood sugar reaction. If symptoms persist, call your doctor. High blood glucose – hyperglycemia High blood glucose can occur when your food, activity and medication are not balanced: too much food, not enough activity and not enough medicine. It can also happen when you are unwell or under stress. If you have high blood glucose levels, you may be more prone to infection. And an infection can cause your blood glucose level to rise even more. Signs of hyperglycemia Hyperglycemia or high blood glucose is a key indicator of diabetes and therefore, the symptoms are the same as the symptoms of diabetes. These include: Frequent urination Excessive thi Continue reading >>

Hyperglycemia Symptoms And Signs Of High Blood Glucose Levels

Hyperglycemia Symptoms And Signs Of High Blood Glucose Levels

Hyperglycemia is the term for abnormally high blood glucose levels. In a person without diabetes mellitus (sugar diabetes), hyperglycemia is unlikely to occur unless it is triggered by severe stress, injury or the use of medication. Even in these instances, it is temporary and will quickly resolve, with or without medical intervention, once the causative factors are removed or neutralized. With diabetes mellitus, however, hyperglycemia persists for prolonged periods of time due to the lack of insulin or inability of insulin to act and reduce the blood glucose levels. Hypoglycemia on the other end is abnormally low blood glucose levels and occurs frequently if food intake is minimal even without any underlying pathology. There is a common misconception that the blood glucose level in a healthy person spikes well beyond the norm after meals. This, however, is untrue. While the blood glucose levels may reach the upper limits of the normal range, the body’s regulating mechanisms ensure that normal levels are maintained. Excessively high blood glucose levels can disrupt homeostasis and cause cell damage so the body ensures that this is avoided. It is able to do this by stimulating the cells to take up glucose from the blood stream, promote glucose storage, reduce gastric emptying and intestinal absorption as well as affecting the appetite to limit further food intake. This is explained in detail under normal blood glucose. The blood glucose levels are not static and fluctuate throughout the day. The body aims to maintain a blood glucose level within a minimum of 70mg/dL (3.9 mmol/L) to a maximum of 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L). Usually these extremes are not reached and the levels are maintained between 90mg/dL and 120mg/dL. The lowest glucose levels are recorded prior to meals Continue reading >>

Hyperglycemia In Diabetes

Hyperglycemia In Diabetes

Print Overview High blood sugar (hyperglycemia) affects people who have diabetes. Several factors can contribute to hyperglycemia in people with diabetes, including food and physical activity choices, illness, nondiabetes medications, or skipping or not taking enough glucose-lowering medication. It's important to treat hyperglycemia, because if left untreated, hyperglycemia can become severe and lead to serious complications requiring emergency care, such as a diabetic coma. In the long term, persistent hyperglycemia, even if not severe, can lead to complications affecting your eyes, kidneys, nerves and heart. Symptoms Hyperglycemia doesn't cause symptoms until glucose values are significantly elevated — above 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), or 11 millimoles per liter (mmol/L). Symptoms of hyperglycemia develop slowly over several days or weeks. The longer blood sugar levels stay high, the more serious the symptoms become. However, some people who've had type 2 diabetes for a long time may not show any symptoms despite elevated blood sugars. Early signs and symptoms Recognizing early symptoms of hyperglycemia can help you treat the condition promptly. Watch for: Frequent urination Increased thirst Blurred vision Fatigue Headache Later signs and symptoms If hyperglycemia goes untreated, it can cause toxic acids (ketones) to build up in your blood and urine (ketoacidosis). Signs and symptoms include: Fruity-smelling breath Nausea and vomiting Shortness of breath Dry mouth Weakness Confusion Coma Abdominal pain When to see a doctor Call 911 or emergency medical assistance if: You're sick and can't keep any food or fluids down, and Your blood glucose levels are persistently above 240 mg/dL (13 mmol/L) and you have ketones in your urine Make an appointment with your Continue reading >>

Hyperglycemia: Signs, Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

Hyperglycemia: Signs, Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

What is Hyperglycemia? Hyperglycemia or high blood glucose (blood sugar) is a medical condition which occurs when the body cannot produce enough insulin or use it properly. Insulin is a natural hormone produced by the pancreas, which helps to transport glucose into body tissues. Our bodies require glucose so that they can function properly. We get glucose when we eat foods such as carbohydrates. Our bodies will break down carbohydrates into sugar, then transport it to the cells via the bloodstream. However, for your cells to absorb the glucose, they need the help of insulin. People who have type 1 diabetes cannot make insulin on their own. On the other hand, people who have type 2 diabetes cannot make enough insulin or use it properly. Because of this, diabetic patients develop hyperglycemia. The disease usually arises when diabetic patients do not take enough insulin before eating, which leads to a build of glucose in the blood. In case you notice signs of hyperglycemia like fatigue, headache, or increased glucose in urine, you should seek medical attention immediately. These symptoms may develop over a few days or weeks. It is important you keep checking your blood glucose levels to ensure it stays in a normal range. Mostly, when your blood sugar level is above 180 mg/dL after you eat or above 130 mg/dL before eating is considered to be too high. High blood sugar can become complicated and serious if it is left untreated. It is important you treat the medication as soon as you detect it. If you do not treat hyperglycemia, it could lead to diabetic ketoacidosis. Diabetic ketoacidosis is a life threatening medical condition which happens when the body cannot produce enough insulin. Therefore, glucose is unable to get into the cells, which leads to a build up of glucose Continue reading >>

Nondiabetic Hyperglycemia

Nondiabetic Hyperglycemia

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW: What is nondiabetic hyperglycemia? Nondiabetic hyperglycemia means your blood glucose (sugar) level is high even though you do not have diabetes. Hyperglycemia may happen suddenly during a major illness or injury. Instead, hyperglycemia may happen over a longer period of time and be caused by a chronic disease. Why is it important to manage hyperglycemia? Hyperglycemia can increase your risk for infections, prevent healing, and it make it hard to manage your condition. It is important to treat hyperglycemia to prevent these problems. Hyperglycemia that is not treated can damage your nerves, blood vessels, tissues, and organs. Damage to arteries may increase your risk for heart attack and stroke. Nerve damage may also lead to other heart, stomach, and nerve problems. What increases my risk for nondiabetic hyperglycemia? A medical condition such as Cushing syndrome or polycystic ovarian syndrome Surgery or trauma, such as a burn or injury Infections, such as pneumonia or a urinary tract infection Certain medicines, such as steroids or diuretics Nutrition given through a feeding tube or IV A family history of diabetes or gestational diabetes Obesity or a lack of physical activity What are the signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia? You may not have any signs or symptoms, or you may have any of the following: More thirst than usual Frequent urination Blurred vision Nausea and vomiting Abdominal pain How is nondiabetic hyperglycemia diagnosed and treated? Your healthcare provider will measure your blood sugar level with a blood test. You may be given insulin or other medicines to decrease your blood sugar level. How can I help prevent hyperglycemia? Exercise can help lower your blood sugar when it is high. It also can keep your blood sugar levels steady o Continue reading >>

Signs And Symptoms Of Diabetes In Infants

Signs And Symptoms Of Diabetes In Infants

Diabetes can affect individuals of any age, including infants and children. Knowing that your baby has diabetes can be really frightening. But by learning how to perform glucose testing and give insulin, you can help your child to grow up healthy. The first thing you need to do, though, is to keep your own stress level down. Your baby can sense if you feel anxious, so it is up to you to be as brave as your little one. Types Medical experts say that Type 1 diabetes is the form of the disease most often diagnosed in infants. More commonly known as juvenile onset diabetes, this autoimmune disorder prevents the body from producing enough insulin, a hormone needed so that cells can break down glucose for energy. Type 2, or non-insulin dependent diabetes, can also affect infants. Insulin resistance is the primary cause of Type 2 diabetes. As a result, both insulin and blood sugar levels in the body continue to rise. Certain medical conditions or genetic disorders, such as Down syndrome and Turner syndrome, can cause this type of diabetes as well. Symptoms The American Academy of Pediatrics tells parents to contact their child’s pediatrician immediately if she shows any of the following symptoms. Crankiness, sweating, trembling, paleness and bluish tinge to the lips or fingers are symptoms that an infant might be hypoglycemic. A glucose test should be performed, as treatment may be needed if the infant’s blood sugar is too low. A baby’s brain development requires a continuous supply of glucose. Therefore, parents must carefully manage their child’s diabetes. Likewise, when an infant’s glucose levels climb too high, hyperglycemia means that your infant may not be getting enough insulin in combination with how much you are feeding her. While infants often display no sy Continue reading >>

What Is The Difference Between Hyperglycemia And Hypoglycemia?

What Is The Difference Between Hyperglycemia And Hypoglycemia?

By Debra A. Sokol-McKay, MS, CVRT, CDE, CLVT, OTR/L, SCLV What Is Hyperglycemia? In relation to diabetes, hyperglycemia refers to chronically high blood glucose levels. Most medical professionals define hyperglycemia by using the blood glucose goals that you and your physician have established and combining those goals with the blood glucose target ranges set by the American Diabetes Association. It's important to understand that you'll probably experience high blood glucose levels from time to time, despite your best efforts at control. As with any chronic disease, talk with your physician and diabetes care team if the pattern of your blood glucose readings is consistently higher or lower than your blood glucose goals. Complications from Hyperglycemia Persistent hyperglycemia can cause a wide range of chronic complications that affect almost every system in your body. When large blood vessels are affected, it can lead to: Stroke (cerebral vascular disease) Heart attack or Congestive Heart Failure (coronary heart disease) Circulation disorders and possible amputation (peripheral vascular disease) When smaller blood vessels are affected, it can lead to: Kidney disease (nephropathy) Nerve damage (neuropathy) Diabetic eye disease (retinopathy) Joseph Monks: Writer, Producer, and Film Director Joseph Monks, who has diabetic retinopathy, creates and produces films for his production company Sight Unseen Pictures. He is also the first blind filmmaker to direct a feature film. Says Joe, "I'm not uncomfortable with the term 'blind.' I'm not thrilled about it, of course, but it's accurate. The lights went out for me in early 2002 as a result of diabetic retinopathy—the death of my retinas. It is what it is, so when it happened, I decided that I wasn't going to let it put an en Continue reading >>

High Blood Sugar: Causes, Warning Signs And Treatment

High Blood Sugar: Causes, Warning Signs And Treatment

High blood sugar, or hyperglycemia, occurs when the body has too much food or glucose, or too little insulin. Potential reasons a person with type 1 diabetes (T1D) might have high blood sugar include: Not enough insulin taken Eating more than usual Eating earlier than usual Eating food with higher glucose content without injecting extra insulin Injecting insulin at a site on the body where the absorption rate is slower Missing or skipping an insulin dose A clog in insulin pump tubing Less exercise than normal Emotional or physical stress Illness or injury Other hormones Medications (such as steroids) Pain Hyperglycemia Symptoms Thirst (dehydration) Frequent urination, including potential waking up in the middle of the night to urinate; and unusually wet diapers in an infant or toddler. Blurry vision Stomach pain Increased hunger Nausea Drowsiness, lethargy, exhaustion Confusion Sweating Fruity, sweet or wine-like odor on breath Vomiting Inability to concentrate Weight loss (a longer-term symptom) that eventually leads to coma Treatments The following recommendations are general treatments for high blood sugar. Specific actions, such as giving additional insulin, should be determined by the adult with T1D, physician or parents (for a child). If blood test results are slightly above normal: Continue regular activity Drink water or sugar-free drinks Monitor blood-sugar levels by checking regularly Chart blood-glucose test results Consider injecting additional insulin as instructed by physician or parent If blood test results are moderately high: Don’t engage in strenuous exercise Drink water or sugar-free drinks Inject additional insulin if instructed by physician or parents Monitor blood-sugar levels by checking regularly Chart blood-glucose test results Try to discover Continue reading >>

Hyperglycemia In Children: Causes, Signs & Symptoms

Hyperglycemia In Children: Causes, Signs & Symptoms

Hyperglycemia can tremendously affect the future health of children worldwide. Read this lesson to learn what hyperglycemia is, its signs and symptoms, and major causes of this condition. Childhood Hyperglycemia An excess of circulating sugar in the blood is known as hyperglycemia. Sugar, or glucose, comes from our diet, and the glucose ingested by food or drink is normally broken down by the insulin hormone to be used as energy. Josh, a 7-year-old boy anxious to start the school year, has not felt like himself for quite a few weeks. His mom is concerned and schedules an appointment with the family doctor. Signs of Hyperglycemia Other than feeling fatigued and unusually thirsty, Josh and his mother have no other complaints. The doctor completes a physical exam finding Josh to be quite healthy despite the symptoms. Doctor Smith decides to ask a few questions to determine whether or not Josh may be presenting with hyperglycemia. Doctor Smith asks Josh and his mom if he is experiencing any of the other following symptoms of hyperglycemia: Increased urination Headaches Nausea or vomiting Dry mouth Stomach pains Doctor Smith suspects that Josh may be hyperglycemic, placing him at high risk for diabetes. Josh was able to explain that his head had been hurting, and his mom confirmed an increase in urination. Doctor Smith was concerned that Josh might be dealing with: Hyperglycemia- a condition resulting in high blood sugar levels, usually the result of poor diet and exercise routines, or Diabetes Type I- a disease in which the body's immune system attacks the pancreas, an organ that produces and secretes insulin Diabetes Type II- also described as varying degrees of insulin resistance, making it difficult to transport glucose into cells to be used as energy Josh was sent for b Continue reading >>

Hyperglycemia (high Blood Sugar)

Hyperglycemia (high Blood Sugar)

Hyperglycemia is a hallmark sign of diabetes (both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes) and prediabetes. Other conditions that can cause hyperglycemia are pancreatitis, Cushing's syndrome, unusual hormone-secreting tumors, pancreatic cancer, certain medications, and severe illnesses. The main symptoms of hyperglycemia are increased thirst and a frequent need to urinate. Severely elevated glucose levels can result in a medical emergency like diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) or hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome (HHNS, also referred to as hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state). Insulin is the treatment of choice for people with type 1 diabetes and for life-threatening increases in glucose levels. People with type 2 diabetes may be managed with a combination of different oral and injectable medications. Hyperglycemia due to medical conditions other than diabetes is generally treated by treating the underlying condition responsible for the elevated glucose. Blood Sugar Swings: Tips for Managing Diabetes & Glucose Levels A number of medical conditions can cause hyperglycemia, but the most common by far is diabetes mellitus. Diabetes affects over 8% of the total U.S. population. In diabetes, blood glucose levels rise either because there is an insufficient amount of insulin in the body or the body cannot use insulin well. Normally, the pancreas releases insulin after a meal so that the cells of the body can utilize glucose for fuel. This keeps blood glucose levels in the normal range. Type 1 diabetes is responsible for about 5% of all cases of diabetes and results from damage to the insulin-secreting cells of the pancreas. Type 2 diabetes is far more common and is related to the body's inability to effectively use insulin. In addition to type 1 and type 2, gestational diabe Continue reading >>

Hyperglycemia – Causes, Signs, Symptoms & Treatment

Hyperglycemia – Causes, Signs, Symptoms & Treatment

Hyperglycemia (high blood glucose levels) is the medical name for high levels of blood glucose – the characteristic of all forms of undiagnosed diabetes mellitus. Having too much sugar in your bloodstream can pose an immediate health risk, while regular periods of high blood glucose can lead to the development of health problems referred to as long term diabetes complications. What counts as hyperglycemia? Hyperglycemia is defined by the American Diabetes Association as having a blood glucose level that is: Higher than 130 mg/dL (milligrams/deciliter) when fasting Equal or greater than 180 mg/dL (milligrams/deciliter) two hours after eating a meal ‘Normal’ blood glucose targets vary slightly depending on your type of diabetes and whether you’re a child or adult, and in some cases people may have different targets set for them by their health team. What are the signs of hyperglycemia? The main symptoms of high blood sugar levels are: Other common symptoms that can occur following prolonged periods of high blood glucose include: Regular urinary tract infections (UTIs) Thrush (yeast infections) Very high blood sugar levels can lead to more severe symptoms such as: Dehydration Nausea Vomiting Loss of consciousness Coma These more severe symptoms may indicate the presence of dangerous conditions such as diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), which affects people that are insulin dependent, and Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic State (HHS), which can affect people with type 2 diabetes. If you or someone else with diabetes is experiencing these symptoms, call the emergency services for help. Causes of high blood sugar The underlying causes of hyperglycemia in people with diabetes are usually from the loss of insulin producing cells in the pancreas or insulin becoming less effective on Continue reading >>

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