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How Is Metabolic Acidosis Defined?

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What Is Renal Failure: In this video, We will share information about what is renal failure - how to identify renal failure - symptoms of renal failure. Subscribe to our channel for more videos. Watch: (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ivQE7...) How to Identify Renal Failure Renal failure, also known as kidney failure, is a condition that can take two different forms: acute, when it presents itself very suddenly, and chronic, when it develops slowly over at least three months. Acute kidney failure has the potential to lead to chronic renal failure. During both types of renal failure your kidneys arent able to perform the necessary functions your body needs to stay healthy. Despite this similarity between types, the causes, symptoms, and treatments for the two kinds of renal failure vary significantly. Learning about the symptoms and causes of this disease and being able to differentiate between the two forms can be beneficial if you or a loved one have been diagnosed with renal failure. Thanks for watching what is renal failure - how to identify renal failure - symptoms of renal failure video and don't forget to like, comment and share. Related Searches: acute renal failure dr najee

Patterns Of Metabolic Acidosis In Patients With Chronic Renal Failure: Impact Of Hemodialysis.

Patterns of metabolic acidosis in patients with chronic renal failure: impact of hemodialysis. Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago. The type of metabolic acidosis in patients with chronic renal failure was studied prospectively over a three-month period in 32 stable patients on chronic hemodialysis using acetate. All patients had pre-dialysis metabolic acidosis (mean TCO2 = 16.6 +/- 0.4 mEq/l, range 10 to 23 mEq/l). The patterns of metabolic acidosis were defined using the ratio: delta AG/delta TCO2 where delta AG is the increment in plasma anion gap above normal and delta TCO2 the decrement in plasma bicarbonate below normal. The group as a whole showed a mixed hyperchloremic and high anion gap pattern with a mean delta AG/delta TCO2 ratio of 53.3 +/- 7.1%. The individual distribution of patterns ranged from a pure hyperchloremic acidosis (24%) to a pure high anion gap acidosis (30%) with the mixed pattern being the most frequent (46%). An inverse correlation between the TCO2 change (y) during the dialysis procedure and the TCO2 (x) prevailing at the start of dialysis was found by linear regression analysis: y = -0.51x + 11, r = -0.54, p less than 0.01. Thus, before a Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. redemption_song

    Anyone else getting a horrible taste in their mouth that does not go away? I have a coated tongue and constantly taste that "ketosis taste", in spite of brushing/rinsing about 10 times a day. Ick. What causes it and how do I make it bearable?

  2. fearlessjenny

    I instruct my patients with this problem to be extremely meticulous with their oral hygiene to include flossing and using a tongue scraper. I also recommend Peroxyl or Listerine (and they have an awesome new alcohol free option) mouthwash. Also make sure that you're using a good toothpaste. During subsequent appointments my patients have reported that this helps quite a bit if not remedy the problem all together. Hope this helps.

  3. redemption_song

    I have been brushing/flossing/scraping 5+times a day and the taste comes back immediately. My tongue is coated and furry. I don't have this problem regularly. My doctor suggested trying nystatin swish and swallow for possible yeast. It looks thrush-y, but does not hurt.
    thank you, your response is appreciated.

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A Mitochondrial Etiology of Metabolic and Degenerative Diseases, Cancer and Aging Air date: Wednesday, April 02, 2014, 3:00:00 PM Category: Wednesday Afternoon Lectures Runtime: 01:10:05 Description: Wednesday Afternoon Lecture Series For half a millennium Western medicine has focused on anatomy and for the past century on nuclear DNA (nDNA), Mendelian, genetics. While these concepts have permitted many biomedical advances, they have proven insufficient for understanding the common "complex" diseases. Life requires energy, 90 percent of which comes from the mitochondrion. The mitochondrial genome consists of thousands of copies of the maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) plus 1,000--2,000 nDNA genes. The mtDNA has a very high mutation rate, but the most deleterious mutations are removed by an ovarian prefertilization selection system. Hence, functional mtDNA variants are constantly being introduced into the human population, the more deleterious resulting in recent maternally inherited diseases. The milder mtDNA variants have accumulated sequentially as women spread throughout Africa and migrated out to colonize Eurasia and the Americas. Some ancient mtDNA variants alter

Metabolic Acidosis: Practice Essentials, Background, Etiology

Metabolic acidosis is a clinical disturbance characterized by an increase in plasma acidity. Metabolic acidosis should be considered a sign of an underlying disease process. Identification of this underlying condition is essential to initiate appropriate therapy. (See Etiology, DDx, Workup, and Treatment.) Understanding the regulation of acid-base balance requires appreciation of the fundamental definitions and principles underlying this complex physiologic process. Go to Pediatric Metabolic Acidosis and Emergent Management of Metabolic Acidosis for complete information on those topics. An acid is a substance that can donate hydrogen ions (H+). A base is a substance that can accept H+ ions. The ion exchange occurs regardless of the substance's charge. Strong acids are those that are completely ionized in body fluids, and weak acids are those that are incompletely ionized in body fluids. Hydrochloric acid (HCl) is considered a strong acid because it is present only in a completely ionized form in the body, whereas carbonic acid (H2 CO3) is a weak acid because it is ionized incompletely, and, at equilibrium, all three reactants are present in body fluids. See the reactions below. Th Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. htone

    'Grondpad', on 08 Jul 2013 - 06:39 AM, said:

    OK, I have an experiences to add that I don’t know how to put gently, so apologies if it is a bit on the umhhh sensitive side:
    My beautiful wife and I have been battling to conceive the last 3.5 years. It was really a terrible time that amounted to us spending lots and lots of money and we went through many treatments. Now I am so chuffed cause our little Peanut is 12 weeks into the pregnancy this week.
    About 6 weeks ago we started chatting about the path we took to get here. There were artificial inseminations, various doctors and we were scheduled for an invetro this September. One of the doctors we went to was a Homeopath. He was not successful in what he did but on one of the visits he did say that I should eat as much butter and fresh avo as I can find cause it helps with the little swimmers. At that time I did not even know about LCHF and didn’t pay much attention to it, but it popped into my mind during the conversation with my wife.
    Seeing that the problem was with me (low sperm count due to the mumps), I have a strange feeling that my diet might have helped here. My wife got pregnant 3 months after I started with LCHF and eating all those butter, coconut oil, avo etc. I browsed the web and cannot actually find any research done on this subject, but there must be a reason why a Homeopath would say something like that. I have to add that this is the only thing that changed in our lives, and my wife is not on LCHF. Maybe just a very very very happy coincidence. But either way, I AM GONNE BE A DAD. Fantastic!
    Fantastic news and allow me to join the chorus of CONGRATULATIONS on here !
    Now read up about LCHF during pregnancy - there's a LOT of info out there and perhaps you and your wife together can change some of your child's destiny... there's a lot of theorizing going on about our adult eating patterns and the way we favour carbs being as a result of our mothers who ate a lot of carbs when they were pregnant with us.... Just saying

  2. Marge

    'htone', on 08 Jul 2013 - 12:48 PM, said:

    I am not answering FOR helpmytrap, I am just answering in general.
    I test my BG using a blood glucose meter - In my case a Roche AccuCheck Nano - an absolutely brilliant little meter.
    (https://www.accu-che...nano/index.html) No, I don't work for them...
    You prick your finger, "suck up" the droplet of blood with a special little BG "stick" that fits into the machine and about 5 seconds later you have the reading. It can store about 500 readings and in my case I went OTT and bought the Roche 360 BG analysis software, so I have a complete database of all my blood checks since I first started measuring. I download the readings from the tester to my PC where those are then nicely graphed over time. This was where I could clearly see how I all but cured my Type 2 diabetes following a LCHF eating plan !
    The meters are relatively cheap, in fact if you can make contact with one of the reps from e.g. Roche they will give you one for free - they make their money off the BG sticks (which some medical aid plans pay for).
    Cool thanks, will have a look at the accu-check-thingy, it would be very interesting to get a more regular reading.
    I just had a glucose check at dischem and the reading was 4.8 after about 10 days into my LCHF diet. Tried to google what the ideal measurement is so if anyone can comment it would help.
    (The dischem test did cost me R35 so might as well buy the home kit. It also included an old tannie nurse who lectured me on my bad eating habits seeing that I'm only eating 3 times a day, how my insulin levels will drop, eating no fruit and carbs will give me diabetes, and how I'm not allowed to buy a home glucose test kit seeing that I don't have diabetes (yet, according to her) and a lot of other old school 'advice' on what and when to eat....)

  3. Cuppa Bru

    'htone', on 08 Jul 2013 - 12:48 PM, said:

    I am not answering FOR helpmytrap, I am just answering in general.
    I test my BG using a blood glucose meter - In my case a Roche AccuCheck Nano - an absolutely brilliant little meter.
    (https://www.accu-che...nano/index.html) No, I don't work for them...
    You prick your finger, "suck up" the droplet of blood with a special little BG "stick" that fits into the machine and about 5 seconds later you have the reading. It can store about 500 readings and in my case I went OTT and bought the Roche 360 BG analysis software, so I have a complete database of all my blood checks since I first started measuring. I download the readings from the tester to my PC where those are then nicely graphed over time. This was where I could clearly see how I all but cured my Type 2 diabetes following a LCHF eating plan !
    The meters are relatively cheap, in fact if you can make contact with one of the reps from e.g. Roche they will give you one for free - they make their money off the BG sticks (which some medical aid plans pay for).
    Interesting on the subsidised BG meters!
    Followed the link and got a certificate. Looks like the subsidy is for USA only, but worth a shot.

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Anion gap usmle - anion gap metabolic acidosis normal anion gap metabolic acidosis

Treatment Of Acute Non-anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis

Treatment of acute non-anion gap metabolic acidosis Medical and Research Services VHAGLA Healthcare System, Division of Nephrology, VHAGLA Healthcare System Correspondence to: Jeffrey A. Kraut; E-mail: [email protected] Search for other works by this author on: Clinical Kidney Journal, Volume 8, Issue 1, 1 February 2015, Pages 9399, Jeffrey A. Kraut, Ira Kurtz; Treatment of acute non-anion gap metabolic acidosis, Clinical Kidney Journal, Volume 8, Issue 1, 1 February 2015, Pages 9399, Acute non-anion gap metabolic acidosis, also termed hyperchloremic acidosis, is frequently detected in seriously ill patients. The most common mechanisms leading to this acidbase disorder include loss of large quantities of base secondary to diarrhea and administration of large quantities of chloride-containing solutions in the treatment of hypovolemia and various shock states. The resultant acidic milieu can cause cellular dysfunction and contribute to poor clinical outcomes. The associated change in the chloride concentration in the distal tubule lumen might also play a role in reducing the glomerular filtration rate. Administration of base is often recommended for the treatment of acute non-anion ga Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. NewdestinyX

    Is moderate Ketosis too much?

    Hey gang,
    For dieting reasons I've recently started an Atkins styled approach. It's modified in that I sorta blend Phase 1 and 2(which adds nuts and more dairy) with a little bit of 'potatoes' (from Phase 3). No grains at all no fruit juices at all. I stay under 30g of carbs a day without fail. In the first 5 days I'm down 6.5 lbs -- after having been on an extended plateau for 6 months caused by taking too much basal insulin AND by still allowing myself some grains in the form of Sugar Free treats from different companies.
    So this modified Atkins is working. Cool!. BUT I picked up Ketosis sticks the other day to verify whether or not I'm in full Ketosis (not to be confused with Ketoacidosis which is VERY bad for diabetics). I had heard on several forums that it's good to get yourself so the read out is between 'trace' to 'low' and that means you're where Atkins wants you for fat burning. But I was surprised to not that I'm in the MODERATE zone for sure -- with the color coding and at the 15 second mark after passing thru urine stream. Even on a very 'liberal' Atkins program that is not following it to a tee... I've achieved and agressive ketosis. That explains the nearly 1 pound of weight loss a day so far..
    My question is -- is 'moderate' on the read too TOO MUCH ketosis. Should I add back some carbs to slow that down? Am I endangering myself at all for the dreaded 'ketoacidosis' by being at this level of ketosis?
    Thanks for your input!

  2. jwags

    I think you are confusing ketoacidosis which is caused by very high bgs and dehydration, usually in Type 1's but can happen in Type 2's ( rarely). Usually bgs are quite high . When you are on a ketogenic diet you start to use fat for fuel ( energy). That is why you lose weight. Bein on a ketogenic diet does not lead to ketoacidosis. Go to Jenny's Low Carb Blog, she discusses all aspects of very low carb diet and what to expect
    www.phlaunt.com/lowcarb/

  3. furball64801

    When I was Atkins I never was concerned with it, felt the best in my life if only I have the determination again, you never know I might wake up and say this is the day.

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