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How Is Metabolic Acidosis Defined?

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What is BASAL METABOLIC RATE? What does BASAL METABOLIC RATE mean? BASAL METABOLIC RATE meaning - BASAL METABOLIC RATE definition - BASAL METABOLIC RATE explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... license. Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the minimal rate of energy expenditure per unit time by endothermic animals at rest. It is reported in energy units per unit time ranging from watt (joule/second) to ml O2/min or joule per hour per kg body mass J/(hkg)). Proper measurement requires a strict set of criteria be met. These criteria include being in a physically and psychologically undisturbed state, in a thermally neutral environment, while in the post-absorptive state (i.e., not actively digesting food). In bradymetabolic animals, such as fish and reptiles, the equivalent term standard metabolic rate (SMR) is used. It follows the same criteria as BMR, but requires the documentation of the temperature at which the metabolic rate was measured. This makes BMR a variant of standard metabolic rate measurement that excludes the temperature data, a practice that has led to problems in defining "standard" rates of metabolism for many mammals. Metabolism comprises the processes that the body needs to function. Basal metabolic rate is the amount of energy expressed in calories that a person needs to keep the body functioning at rest. Some of those processes are breathing, blood circulation, controlling body temperature, cell growth, brain and nerve function, and contraction of muscles. Basal metabolic rate (BMR) affects the rate that a person burns calories and ultimately whether that individual maintains, gains, or loses weight. The basal metabolic rate accounts for about 60 to 75% of the daily calorie expenditure by individuals. It is influenced by several factors. BMR typically declines by 12% per decade after age 20, mostly due to loss of fat-free mass, although the variability between individuals is high. The body's generation of heat is known as thermogenesis and it can be measured to determine the amount of energy expended. BMR generally decreases with age and with the decrease in lean body mass (as may happen with aging). Increasing muscle mass has the effect of increasing BMR. Aerobic (resistance) fitness level, a product of cardiovascular exercise, while previously thought to have effect on BMR, has been shown in the 1990s not to correlate with BMR when adjusted for fat-free body mass. But anaerobic exercise does increase resting energy consumption (see "aerobic vs. anaerobic exercise"). Illness, previously consumed food and beverages, environmental temperature, and stress levels can affect one's overall energy expenditure as well as one's BMR. BMR is measured under very restrictive circumstances when a person is awake. An accurate BMR measurement requires that the person's sympathetic nervous system not be stimulated, a condition which requires complete rest. A more common measurement, which uses less strict criteria, is resting metabolic rate (RMR).

Metabolic Acidosis

Metabolic Acidosis Definition Metabolic acidosis is a pH imbalance in which the body has accumulated too much acid and does not have enough bicarbonate to effectively neutralize the effects of the acid. Description Metabolic acidosis, as a disruption of the body's acid/base balance, can be a mild symptom brought on by a lack of insulin, a starvation diet, or a gastrointestinal disorder like vomiting and diarrhea. Metabolic acidosis can indicate a more serious problem with a major organ like the liver, heart, or kidneys. It can also be one of the first signs of drug overdose or poisoning. Causes and symptoms Metabolic acidosis occurs when the body has more acid than base in it. Chemists use the term "pH" to describe how acidic or basic a substance is. Based on a scale of 14, a pH of 7.0 is neutral. A pH below 7.0 is an acid; the lower the number, the stronger the acid. A pH above 7.0 is a base; the higher the number, the stronger the base. Blood pH is slightly basic (alkaline), with a normal range of 7.36-7.44. Acid is a natural by-product of the breakdown of fats and other processes in the body; however, in some conditions, the body does not have enough bicarbonate, an acid neutral Continue reading >>

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  1. GaryR55

    I'm still in ketosis right now and nearing my "ideal" weight, in a few more months, so, I need to know the best way to reverse ketosis so my body is no longer feeding off itself. As I recall from Loren Cordain's The Paleo Diet, he says you just start eating more, but I've also read that you should eat more carbohydrates. That would seem to indicate that I should simply increase my fruit and veggie portions and/or have some daily fruit or veggie snacks, right? Could I also increase my helpings of meat?
    Gary

  2. kallyn

    Ketosis means that you are burning ketones for fuel instead of glucose. So if you'd like to get out of ketosis, adding some carbs to your diet will introduce some glucose to your body that will knock you out of it.
    I wouldn't worry about it too much right now. Even being in ketosis you won't lose any more weight than what is healthy for your body. And once you get nearer your ideal weight, the pounds come off much much more slowly.

  3. GaryR55

    That's what Loren Cordain (The Paleo Diet) says, also, so, I guess that's my course of action, then. Just keep eating right. I've still got some excess fat to get rid of, so, I'm in no hurry to get out of ketosis. I just don't want to start losing muscle at some point, too. But, Cordain says that, as long as I continue working out regularly, that shouldn't happen.
    Increasing carbs is probably not a good idea this soon, anyway, as I still haven't completely corrected my insulin resistance, yet. I suppose that, when I have, then I can increase my carb intake without the spikes in blood sugar I get now.
    Gary

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Anion gap usmle - anion gap metabolic acidosis normal anion gap metabolic acidosis

Metabolic Acidosis

Patient professional reference Professional Reference articles are written by UK doctors and are based on research evidence, UK and European Guidelines. They are designed for health professionals to use. You may find one of our health articles more useful. See also separate Lactic Acidosis and Arterial Blood Gases - Indications and Interpretations articles. Description Metabolic acidosis is defined as an arterial blood pH <7.35 with plasma bicarbonate <22 mmol/L. Respiratory compensation occurs normally immediately, unless there is respiratory pathology. Pure metabolic acidosis is a term used to describe when there is not another primary acid-base derangement - ie there is not a mixed acid-base disorder. Compensation may be partial (very early in time course, limited by other acid-base derangements, or the acidosis exceeds the maximum compensation possible) or full. The Winter formula can be helpful here - the formula allows calculation of the expected compensating pCO2: If the measured pCO2 is >expected pCO2 then additional respiratory acidosis may also be present. It is important to remember that metabolic acidosis is not a diagnosis; rather, it is a metabolic derangement that in Continue reading >>

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  1. Steve Mount

    Ketoacidosis

    Intermittent Fasting

    Fasting



    How does ketoacidosis occur during fasting?




    1 Answer








    Ketosis (the presence of ketone bodies in the blood) is normal when fat is being used for fuel. This is perfectly healthy; the ketone bodies are an alternative to glucose for distributing energy throughout the body. Ketoacidosis (which includes acidification of the blood) does not occur when a healthy person fasts, but is a risk for diabetics. Ketoacidosis is a serious condition that can result in coma or even death.

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Pathogenesis Of Metabolic Acidosis With Hypoxia

Pathogenesis of Metabolic Acidosis with Hypoxia Part of the Clinical Physiology Series book series (CLINPHY) Metabolic acidosis is broadly defined as a condition characterized by an arterial pH below 7.35 in the absence of hypercapnia. There are several varieties of metabolic acidosis, and one method of classification is on the basis of the anion gap. The anion gap (AG) is defined as the difference between the blood concentration of sodium (Na) minus those of chloride (Cl) and bicarbonate (HCO3) (39,69). Thus, metabolic acidosis can be classified according to whether the AG is normal, low, or elevated. Increased AG metabolic acidosis includes those disorders of acidbase metabolism where there is acidosis because of the presence of increased quantities of organic acid(s). Such organic acids may be either endogenous (keto acids, lactic acid) or exogenous (salicylate, paraldehyde). Those forms of metabolic acidosis with normal to low AG are primarily the renal tubular acidoses, which are not discussed in this chapter. In equation form, the AG can be defined as in equation 1, below. Metabolic AcidosisLactic AcidosisLactate ProductionTissue HypoxiaLactic Acid Production These keywords Continue reading >>

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  1. Subodh Kumar

    Dear Usman,
    Have you considered that in nature goats were always self fed only on green leaves.So it would seem you can try increasing the green leaf fodder to start with. Next you may like to recall that good drinking water for goats used to be from clean streams. Now such good clean drinking water is rare even for humans. Good clean mineral rich sweet drinking water slightly alkaline . Its pH can go up to 8.5..
    In my humble opinion try improving these instead of treating with medicines.

  2. Dr.Tadimeti Hanumanta

    I fully agree with Dr.Subodh, however the question by Dr.Usman is the treatment of already affected goats.
    This is rampant even in the indian conditions, when goats are reared in urban places.
    The treatment is to feed Sodium Bicarbonate, around 25 gm saturated in 1/2 litre of water.
    Hope this works for you Dr.Usman

  3. Subodh Kumar

    Sodium bicarbonate - a good suggestion. But take care of water. Make it alkaline if possible.

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