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How Is Ketosis Prevented Quizlet

Nutrition Final Exam (chapters 1-3)

Nutrition Final Exam (chapters 1-3)

Front Back .Wirisformula{ margin:0 !important; padding:0 !important; vertical-align:top !important;} Identify the 6 nutrients 1. carbohyrdates 2. fats 3. protein 4. vitamins 5. minerals 6. water nutrient vs. non-nutrient non-nutrients the body makes in sufficient amounts. nutrients are necessary to the diet because the body does not make them in adequate amounts what are the 3 macronutrients 1. CHO2. Protein 3. Lipids (fat) carbohydrates per gram for 3 macronutrients and alcohol cho - 4 protein - 4 lipids - 9 alcohol - 7 5 factors that influence the way we eat 1. environment 2. age 3. finances 4. culture 5. media 6. convenience malnutrition applies to over and under nutrition - getting too much or too little to eat 5 chronic disease related to nutrition 1. obesity 2. cancer 3. heart disease 4. diabetes 5. osteoporosis 3 programs that are federally managed RDA (recommended dietary allowance)EFNEP (expanded food & nutrition education program)WIC (women, infants & children) 4 major causes of undernutrition 1. poverty 2. war 3. limited access 4. overpopulation 3 disciplines that affect nutrition 1. anthropology 2. psychology 3. public health 4. economics Diet Health Healthy Diet Diet - sum of all things an individual eats on a typical day Health - absence of disease. physical, mental, and social well-being Healthy Diet - balance, variety, moderation concept of calorie it is a scientific unit of energy 1 kcal = 1 cal 1000 kcal = 1Cal = 1000 calories = 1Cal macro vs. microminerals macro - excess 100 mg per day micro - less 100 mg per day Differentiate between the concepts of balance, variety, and moderation using the food guide pyramid as a guide. Balance/Proportionality-Shown by different widths of the food group bands. The widths suggest how much food a person should consum Continue reading >>

Nutrition 2

Nutrition 2

Sort Explain DATE of carbohydrate (which organs of the digestive system do what) Ingestion: salivary amylase is activated Digestion: stomach is acidic, salivary is inactivated, peristalsis, pancreatic amylase (produces mono & disaccharides) in small intestine Absorption: glucose and galactose are absorbed, fructose takes longer to facilitated absorption (not energy) Transportation: portal vein to the liver, fructose and galactose--> glucose into the liver, liver can release glycogen back into the bloodstream (& stored) Excretion: promotes colon health Continue reading >>

Ns 125 Quiz 4 Practice Questions

Ns 125 Quiz 4 Practice Questions

Sort A patient is admitted to the hospital with a history of liver dysfunction associated with hepatitis. The nurse anticipates that this patient may have problems with: a. Emulsifying fats b. digesting carbohydrates c. manufacturing red blood cells d. Reabsorbing water a. Emulsifying fats A nurse is assessing a patient who is admitted to the hospital with withdrawal from alcohol. The nurse anticipates that excessive alcohol intake will directly contribute to health problems because it: a. lengthens passage time of stool through the intestinal tract b. decreases the absorption of many important nutrients c. accelerates the absorption of medications d. interferes with the absorption of glucose b. decreases the absorption of many important nutrients An obese resident of a nursing home who is receiving a 1500-calorie weight reduction diet has not lost weight in the past two weeks. What should the nurse do? a. inform the primary care practitioner of the patient's lack of progress b. instruct the patient to limit intake to 1000 calories per day c. schedule a multidisciplinary team conference d. keep a log or the oral intake for 3 days d. keep a log or the oral intake for 3 days a patient of Latino heritage is to eat a low-fat diet. The patient tells the nurse, "I am going to have a hard time giving up my favorite family recipes." Which food should the nurse recommend that is low in fat and generally is included in the Latino culture? a. salsa b. pasta c. steamed fish d. refried beans a. salsa a patient is diagnosed with a Vitamin A deficiency. Which type of pie should the nurse encourage the patient to ingest? a. blueberry b. pumpkin c. cherry d. peacan b. pumpkin a patient is anorexic because of stomatitis related to chemotherapy. What should the nurse be most concerned abo Continue reading >>

Fam - Gilsenan Endocrine

Fam - Gilsenan Endocrine

Sort What are CS of stage 2 milk fever? sternal recumbency flaccid paralysis mm fasciculations tachycardia decreased intensity of heart sounds cold extremities mild bloat GI stasis urine retention slow PLR Continue reading >>

Final Exam Prep

Final Exam Prep

Sort What causes heartburn? a. rapid swallowing b. improper breathing and chest congestion c. a weak lower esophageal sphincter allowing acid to reflux back into the esophagus d. improper contraction of the lower esophageal sphincter preventing acid from leaving the esophagus (c) Chemical digestion does not involve a. enzymes b. segmentation c. HCL d. bile (b) The chemicals involved in the chemical digestion of food include enzymes, HCL, and bile. Segmentation is a form of mechanical digestion that helps food move through the GI tract. The minimum amount of carbohydrates needed daily is a. 75 grams. b. 100 grams. c. 120 grams. d. 130 grams. e. 150 grams. (d) The DRI for carbohydrate is to consume at least 130 grams daily. This is the minimum amount needed to supply the glucose that the body, particularly the brain, must have to function effectively. The primary lipid(s) in the body is (are) a. cholesterol. b. lecithin. c. triglycerides. d. chylomicrons. (c) Triglycerides, also known as fat, are the most abundant lipids in foods and in the body. Cholesterol is another type of lipid but is not as abundant as fat. Lecithin is a phospholipid found in cell membranes and is used as an emulsifier in some foods. Chylomicrons are lipoproteins that transport fat and other lipids to the liver. Trans fats are a double threat for the heart because they a. raise the "bad" LDL cholesterol and lower the "good" HDL cholesterol in the body. b. raise the "good" HDL cholesterol and lower the "bad" LDL cholesterol in the body. c. raise the "bad" LDL cholesterol and raise the "good" HDL cholesterol in the body. d. lower the "good" HDL cholesterol and lower the "bad" LDL cholesterol in the body. (a) Chemically, the structure of protein is similar to carbohydrates and lipids in that all three Continue reading >>

Diabetes - Diabetic Ketoacidosis & Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemia Syndrome

Diabetes - Diabetic Ketoacidosis & Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemia Syndrome

Sort Hyperglycemia: Causes type of glucose level caused by 1) too much food, 2) too little diabetic medications, 3) inactivity, 4) emotional/physical stress, 5) poor absorption of insulin 6) illness 7) corticosteroids **counterregulatory hormones released when stress, illness persist Hyperglycemia: Manifestations manifests as 1) polyuria: osmotic diuresis (glucose in renal tubules cannot be reabsorbed; consequent hyperosmolarity and osmotic pressure results in more water in tubules) 2) polyphagia followed by lack of appetite, 3) polydipsia: hyperosmolarity of blood causes thirst as cells release more water into circulation 4) weakness/fatigue, 5) blurred vision, 6) glycosuria, 7) nausea/vomiting, 8) abdominal cramping 9) dry, warm, itchy skin Hyperglycemia: Treatment 1) exercise **do NOT exercise if BG 250 mg/dL (stress hormones released) and ketones (Type 1); do NOT exercise if >300 mg/dL (Type 2) 2) drink water 3) eat less CHO at meals **contact HCP if BG >250 mg/dL two-three times in one week During illness: 1) do NOT stop taking medication 2) check BG more frequently 3) clear liquids until no more nausea Hypoglycemia: Manifestations MILD: sweating, tremor, tachycardia, palpitation, nervousness, hunger MODERATE: poor concentration, numb lips/tongue, HA, light-headedness, slurred speech, irrational/combative behavior, visual disturbances SEVER: disorientation, loss of consciousness, difficult to arouse, seizures, coma **Can mimic alcohol intoxication. ***use of beta blockers interferes with recognizing the symptoms Hypoglycemia: Treatment RULE of 15: 1) check blood glucose for levels < 70 mg/dL 2) ingestion of 15-20g of a simple (fast-acting) carbohydrate: glucose tablets, 4 oz of juice, 1 T of honey, 4-6 oz soda ***NO CANDY BARS/COOKIES: treatment with fats s/b avoid Continue reading >>

Ch. 16 A&p

Ch. 16 A&p

1. Chemical substances secreted by cells into the extracellular fluids and that regulate the metabolic function of other cells in the body are called ________. 4. Which of the following is not a change that may be caused by hormonal stimulus? a change in membrane potential direct control of the nervous system the stimulation of a genetic event resulting in protein synthesis an increase in enzymatic activity direct control of the nervous system 5. The ability of a specific tissue or organ to respond to the presence of a hormone is dependent on ________. the presence of the appropriate receptors on the cells of the target tissue or organ 6. Thyroid hormone (a small iodinated amine) enters target cells in a manner similar to ________. steroid hormones, because both diffuse easily into target cells 7. What ion is sometimes used as a second messenger of amino acid–based hormones? 8. Both "turn on" factors (hormonal, humoral, and neural stimuli) and "turn off" factors (feedback inhibition and others) may be modulated by the activity of the nervous system. 9. Virtually all of the protein or amino acid-based hormones exert their effects through intracellular ________. 10. Which of the following is not a type of hormone interaction? synergism feedback antagonism permissiveness 11. Which of the following is not a change typically produced by a hormonal stimulus? induces secretory activity stimulates production of an action potential activates or deactivates enzymes alters plasma membrane permeability stimulates production of an action potential 12. The second-messenger mechanism of hormone action operates by ________. binding to specific receptors and employing the services of G proteins and cAMP 13. Cells that respond to peptide hormones usually do so through a sequence of bio Continue reading >>

Ketosis Poop Color

Ketosis Poop Color

Ketosis stool color - Stool color is grey. Discussion in 'The Epi-Paleo Diet' started by sandy There is a great image of the Bristol stool scale with explanations of normal Blood in stool of keto diet, Ask a Doctor about Blood in stool. Garcinia Cambogia With Ketones Belly Fat Burning For Men 40 Garcinia Cambogia With Ketones Fat Burning Cardio Workouts garcinia color of poop Workout Routines To Burn 919 thoughts on “ Metabolism and ketosis ” tony says: May 23, excess ketones are gotten rid of through the breath and the urine, not the stool. There's also a lot of it, like when I used to eat fi Neonatal Scouring can be caused by : Bacteria 1. Learn about this misunderstood process, why some think it's bad, and why they are wrong. You may notice white blobs in your stool, which are undigested fat. If you have ketones in your blood at all, you must be sure that your blood sugar levels are normal. by What is the color and smell of your poop? Holistic Integrative Medicine Ketogenic Ketosis Low Back Pain Mediterranean Diet low carb= loose stools for me. Nov 16, 2014 solid, well formed stool consistency. On-line free medical It's almost impossible for me to keep my poop regular when I'm eating less I think as long as you have some color you Quizlet provides nursing urine stool activities, flashcards and games. What Are the Dangers of Ketosis Diets? Sep 29, 2007 · I started a high protein low carb diet about a month ago to build muscle. The shape, size, color, List of causes of Ketosis and Stool symptoms, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more. I tried to do it in a few posts awhile back, but I think I the way I explain it How Much Fat Do You Burn In Ketosis - Fit Tea Detox Program How Much Fat Do You Burn In Ketosis Fit Tea Mens D Continue reading >>

Ruminant- Metabolic Diseases- Ketosis

Ruminant- Metabolic Diseases- Ketosis

Sort Which type of ketosis is this: accounts for the majority of disease due to neg energy balance in early lactation, reduced glucose in blood and liver, inc fat mobiliztion, producing inc ketone body concentrations. Occurs 3-6 weeks post calving Type I primary or spontaneous ketosis aka underfeeding ketosis Clinical signs of ketosis DEC MILK PRODUCTION normal vital signs firm dry feces depression reluctant to move dec rumen motility pica may occur transient nervous signs nervous form- acute onset How do you treat primary ketosis? most common: IV glucose + oral propylene glycol + getting cow to eat on her own 50% glucose IV mixtures of dextrose/fructose to prolong hyperglycemic effect continuous IV glucose oral glucose precursors- propylene glycol, glycerol, oetzel etc Glucocorticoids- not recommended Insulin w/ glucose and glucocorticoid therapy lipotrophic agents to mobilize liver fat Vit B12/cobalt niacin monensin nursing care Continue reading >>

How Is Ketosis Diagnosed?

How Is Ketosis Diagnosed?

A ketosis is the state of the body where the liver releases ketone bodies (acids) which are produced in the metabolism of fat, occurring when the body is fasting. A temporary state of starvation and ketosis is harmless for the normal functioning body with it’s buffering systems. In the presence of Diabetes Mellitus type one however, where the body can’t retrieve glucose from the blood stream, an uncontrolled ketosis lead to rapid, if untreated lethal, decrease in pH. A high level of ketones in your body will lead to a distinct acetone smell of your breath. Traces of ketones can be spotted in the urine via dipstick testing. You can get exact levels of ketones in your bloodstream via specific testing for “blood ketones”, nowadays often available even in ambulances. Furthermore a blood gas is valuable to determine pH level and possible electrolyte imbalance. Continue reading >>

How Many Carbs Should I Eat To Prevent Ketosis?

How Many Carbs Should I Eat To Prevent Ketosis?

When you’re on a low-carb diet, your body kicks into action, breaking down fats into ketone bodies to use for energy. This increase in ketones -- called ketosis -- is a normal adaptation to cutting carbs. In fact, the switch to ketosis is why low-carb diets work. Even though you could eat enough carbs to prevent ketosis, it's important to clarify why you want to avoid it. There's nothing unhealthy about ketosis, so you may just need to correct any misinformation to make the best decision for your weight-loss goals. Video of the Day Deal With Concerns Over Ketosis Ketosis is often confused with ketoacidosis, which is unfortunate -- ketosis is normal, while ketoacidosis is a dangerous condition related to type 1 diabetes. Most people on a low-carb diet tolerate ketosis without any problems. Then after the pounds are dropped, carb intake is gradually increased so you're out of ketosis by the time you reach the maintenance phase. If you decide to stay in an induction phase longer than the low-carb plan recommends, consult your doctor to be safe. People with type 1 diabetes are at risk for developing ketoacidosis from lack of insulin. Due to the complex metabolism of diabetes, they end up with high levels of blood glucose and ketones, which upsets the body's normal acid-base balance. When that happens, ketosis becomes ketoacidosis, causing symptoms like thirst, frequent urination, dry mouth, nausea, belly pain, rapid breathing and fruity-smelling breath. If you have symptoms, contact your doctor immediately -- diabetic ketoacidosis is a medical emergency. You may be wary about ketosis because you've heard about "ketosis flu." It's not really flu, but in the first few days or weeks of a low-carb diet, some people experience headaches, dizziness, fatigue, constipation or wea Continue reading >>

Ketosis

Ketosis

Sort what is the mechanism behind ketosis cows make energy with the acetate , butyrate and propionate excessive fat mobilisation so can get into krebs cycle to get energy ( in a normal animal ) normally fat depot is turned into free fatty acids - then into acetyl CoA then goes into glucose drived precusor OAA -and then enter the kreb cycle if there is insuffient substrate ( OAA )- propionate ( not eating enough) or ( OAA ) excess drianage into the glucose in milk ( high producing cows , not that often in jersey) then the acetly CoA will not be able to enter the kreb cycle , instead it will produce ketones primary ketosis when does it occur? primary underfeeding ketosis - when the cow is not being fed with adequate amount of feed therefore insufficient propionate precusors are available ( diet not containing not wt it needs to ) - not enough energy in the det - not enough gluconeogenic precursors ( propionate ) in diet occur:4- 6 weeks post calving ( during peak lactation ) - before they calve - low energy diet ( they cant fit in , causing metabolic problems ) - calved -- going to lactate so need a lot more energy , feed them more ( from the feeding ) dry cow : on maintenance diet secondary ketosis secondary underfeeding ketosis - then the cows vluntary intake is being inhibited by another disease - leading to insufficient intak of proprionate precursors disease include - left displaced abdomen ( top of the list ) - lamness - post-partum infection common in first calver : - check their mouth - teeth erupting --painful -> dont wanna eat NOte : if a ketosis is being suspected with no obvious reason or just one -off ketosis - then need to do throughout abdominal ping exam - to check for LDA although it is common for cows that are down with post-partum recumbency, maybe due Continue reading >>

Ruminant Medicine - Ketosis

Ruminant Medicine - Ketosis

Sort Clinical signs of ketosis? DECREASED MILK PRODUCTION Normal vitals Firm, dry feces Depression Reluctant to move Decreased rumen motility Pica may occur Transient nervous signs Nervous form = acute onset Continue reading >>

Exam 2: Ketosis

Exam 2: Ketosis

Sort Which of the choices below is a diagnostic aid for a subclinical disease in dairy cows? a) a murmur heard while auscultating the mitral valve b) A score of 3 in the California Mastitis Test in the presence of garget in milk. c) A positive Rothera test(Nitroprussic acid) for ketone bodies in urine d) Harsh lung sounds e) A ping heard over the left paralumbar fossa c) A positive Rothera test(Nitroprussic acid) for ketone bodies in urine Which of the followingg statements is true regarding urine and milk ketone body testing with nitroprusside (ketostix)? a) In urine it measures acetoacetate with a high sensitivity and low specificity b) In both urine and milk it measures acetoacetate with a high positive predictive value c) Nitroprusside cannot be used in milk because it reacts with galactose d) In comparisson to milk, the concentration of ketone bodies in urine is very small e) In urine nitroprusside can only be used when the pH is acidic a) In urine it measures acetoacetate with a high sensitivity and low specificity You treat a ketotic cow with 500 mL 50% dextrose. What would you expect to find in a blood sample within 2 hours post treatment? a) Low glucose, high NEFA's with reduced blood ketone levels and triglycerides b) High glucose and insulin with a reduction in blood ketone bodies c) Low glucose, a reduction in blood ketone bodies and insulin d) High glucose and ketone bodies but low insulin e) Minimal effect because dextrose is rapidly metabolized and excreted in urine b) High glucose and insulin with a reduction in blood ketone bodies Continue reading >>

Seizure Disorder Hesi Case Study Quizlet

Seizure Disorder Hesi Case Study Quizlet

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