diabetestalk.net

How Is Ketosis Prevented Quizlet

Ruminant Medicine - Ketosis

Ruminant Medicine - Ketosis

Sort Clinical signs of ketosis? DECREASED MILK PRODUCTION Normal vitals Firm, dry feces Depression Reluctant to move Decreased rumen motility Pica may occur Transient nervous signs Nervous form = acute onset Continue reading >>

What Is A Ketogenic Diet?

What Is A Ketogenic Diet?

Alright, here’s what the ketogenic diet (often referred to as “keto”) is and the basics of how to follow it. What is the ketogenic diet? For those who don’t know the ketogenic diet is a low-carb, high fat diet (LCHF) with many health benefits. It involves drastically reducing carbohydrate intake, and replacing it with fat. The reduction in carbs puts your body into a metabolic state called ketosis. When this happens, your body becomes incredibly efficient at burning fat for energy. It also turns fat into ketones in the liver, which can supply energy for the brain. Benefits: Ketogenic diets generally cause massive reductions in blood sugar and insulin levels. This, along with the increased level of ketones provide the numerous cited health benefits. Ketogenic benefits include: Fighting diabetes Epilepsy control Alzheimer’s disease Certain cancers Cognitive performance High blood pressure control Satiety Weight/fat loss Reduced cholesterol levels The most obvious and commonly cited benefits is the decreased insulin levels. This is why fasting becomes a great solution to people’s type 2 diabetes, cushing’s disease and many other metabolic diseases. Fasting as well as the ketogenic diet increases insulin sensitivity, improves insulin resistance and allows your body to use the hormone insulin more effectively (which is important for fat loss). There are also four different classifications of the ketogenic diet. The standard ketogenic diet is accepted as reducing your carbohydrates intake to 5% carbs, with just enough protein (20%, let’s say) and the rest coming from fats. Inflammation is the root cause of so many of our ailments, which lower insulin levels decrease. Energy use: The basic principle around ketogenic diets is that our bodies first port of call f Continue reading >>

Nutrition (302 Exam Iii)

Nutrition (302 Exam Iii)

Sort Clear liquid diets include: - Clear at rm T/body T - gelatin - Fat free broth - buillon - ice pops - clear juice - carb beverages - reg/decaff coffee/tee Fluid volume deficit: Output greater than intake Decreased blood pressure Increased pulse Rapid weight loss > 5% Dry mouth Dry skin Tenting Slow venous filling of dependent hands Continue reading >>

Cc9-ketosis

Cc9-ketosis

Sort A cow presents with: 1. Off feed 2. Decreased milk production (45 lbs) 3. Hard feces 4. Elevated ketones in blood, milk, or urine 5. TPR normal What method should you follow for evaluating this cow? RUMBA The abnormal findings include: 1. Decreased rumen contractions 2. Blood work shows ketones are high (Other cows have high ketones though and normal milk production) 3. Not making a lot of milk 4. Not eating You want to obtain a urine sample. How is this performed on a cow? Escutcheon - gently rub area just below vulva, circular motion What are some situations that could result in ketosis? 1. Starvation 2. Spontaneous Ketosis and Secondary Ketosis in dairy cows 3. Diabetic Ketoacidosis -Type 1 diabetes -Alcoholic 4. Diet induced -Atkins type diet, low carb, high protein (try to cut fat off of them) -High butyrate silages Continue reading >>

Nclex- Alterations In Body Systems

Nclex- Alterations In Body Systems

Sort Name 8 risk factors of DM 1) parents/siblings w/dm 2) Obesity (20% of ideal body wt) 3) African, Hispanic, Native, Asian 4) >45yrs 5) prev imp fasting glucose 6) HTN 7) HDL <35 / triglyceride >250 8) hx of GDM or baby >9lbs Cyctic fibrosis (cause, tx/diet) alt in fat metabolism cause: absence of pancreatic enzymes leads to malabsoprtion of fat (and fat soluble vitamins) and wt loss (infection & lung dx lead to increase need for calories) tx: pancreatic enzyme replacement (cotazym pancrease) BEFORE or WITH meals HIGH PROTEIN HIGH CALORIE diet Diet for Chron's dx and Ulcerative Colitis? High Protein High Calorie Low Fat Low Fiber (Baked cod, biscuit w/o butter, fruit roll up) low residue high calorie diet TPN may be needed for bowel rest Continue reading >>

Final Exam Prep

Final Exam Prep

Sort What causes heartburn? a. rapid swallowing b. improper breathing and chest congestion c. a weak lower esophageal sphincter allowing acid to reflux back into the esophagus d. improper contraction of the lower esophageal sphincter preventing acid from leaving the esophagus (c) Chemical digestion does not involve a. enzymes b. segmentation c. HCL d. bile (b) The chemicals involved in the chemical digestion of food include enzymes, HCL, and bile. Segmentation is a form of mechanical digestion that helps food move through the GI tract. The minimum amount of carbohydrates needed daily is a. 75 grams. b. 100 grams. c. 120 grams. d. 130 grams. e. 150 grams. (d) The DRI for carbohydrate is to consume at least 130 grams daily. This is the minimum amount needed to supply the glucose that the body, particularly the brain, must have to function effectively. The primary lipid(s) in the body is (are) a. cholesterol. b. lecithin. c. triglycerides. d. chylomicrons. (c) Triglycerides, also known as fat, are the most abundant lipids in foods and in the body. Cholesterol is another type of lipid but is not as abundant as fat. Lecithin is a phospholipid found in cell membranes and is used as an emulsifier in some foods. Chylomicrons are lipoproteins that transport fat and other lipids to the liver. Trans fats are a double threat for the heart because they a. raise the "bad" LDL cholesterol and lower the "good" HDL cholesterol in the body. b. raise the "good" HDL cholesterol and lower the "bad" LDL cholesterol in the body. c. raise the "bad" LDL cholesterol and raise the "good" HDL cholesterol in the body. d. lower the "good" HDL cholesterol and lower the "bad" LDL cholesterol in the body. (a) Chemically, the structure of protein is similar to carbohydrates and lipids in that all three Continue reading >>

Ketosis Poop Color

Ketosis Poop Color

Ketosis stool color - Stool color is grey. Discussion in 'The Epi-Paleo Diet' started by sandy There is a great image of the Bristol stool scale with explanations of normal Blood in stool of keto diet, Ask a Doctor about Blood in stool. Garcinia Cambogia With Ketones Belly Fat Burning For Men 40 Garcinia Cambogia With Ketones Fat Burning Cardio Workouts garcinia color of poop Workout Routines To Burn 919 thoughts on “ Metabolism and ketosis ” tony says: May 23, excess ketones are gotten rid of through the breath and the urine, not the stool. There's also a lot of it, like when I used to eat fi Neonatal Scouring can be caused by : Bacteria 1. Learn about this misunderstood process, why some think it's bad, and why they are wrong. You may notice white blobs in your stool, which are undigested fat. If you have ketones in your blood at all, you must be sure that your blood sugar levels are normal. by What is the color and smell of your poop? Holistic Integrative Medicine Ketogenic Ketosis Low Back Pain Mediterranean Diet low carb= loose stools for me. Nov 16, 2014 solid, well formed stool consistency. On-line free medical It's almost impossible for me to keep my poop regular when I'm eating less I think as long as you have some color you Quizlet provides nursing urine stool activities, flashcards and games. What Are the Dangers of Ketosis Diets? Sep 29, 2007 · I started a high protein low carb diet about a month ago to build muscle. The shape, size, color, List of causes of Ketosis and Stool symptoms, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more. I tried to do it in a few posts awhile back, but I think I the way I explain it How Much Fat Do You Burn In Ketosis - Fit Tea Detox Program How Much Fat Do You Burn In Ketosis Fit Tea Mens D Continue reading >>

Lam (lesson 5) - Ruminants

Lam (lesson 5) - Ruminants

Sort Disease in Dairy Calves 1. abortions, stillbirths and congenital defects 2. Acute Diarrhea 3. Chronic Diarrhea 4. Omphalophlebitis (Naval ill) and Arthritis (Joint ill) 5. Septicemia 6. Enzootic Pneumonia 7. Nutritional diseases 8. Parasitic gastroenteritis Describe Production or Primary Ketosis. Clinical Signs? Differential diagnosis? - due to Negative Energy Balance = low blood glucose = decreased insulin concentrations - Clinical signs: A) (Wasting form): normal TPR, grain refusal, then silage but eats hay, progressive decline in milk production, depression, loss of condition, ketones detectable in body fluids B) Nervous form: see depression, delirium but no convulsions, excessive salivation, excessive licking, head pressing, hyperesthesia. - Differential diagnoses include traumatic reticulitis, pyelonephritis, displaced abomasum Clinical signs of ovine pregnancy toxemia - Similar to nervous ketosis in cattle: 1. blindness 2. head pressing 3. constipation and drowsiness 4. recumbency in 3-4 days 5. if not treated, most animals die with signs of neurologic disease or endotoxemia within 1 to 7 days 5. difficult to differentiate from hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia Treatment of Ovine Pregnancy Toxemia 1. intravenous solution - 250 to 500 ml of 20% glucose 2. propylene glycol orally - 2 oz. BID x 5 days 3. parenteral B vitamins 4. drench every 6 hours with oral rehydration solution 5. immediate supplemental feeding of rest of flock - offer high quality concentrates and roughage 6. induce parturition using dexamethasone in ewes; and prostaglandin and dexamethasone in does 7. Cesarean section - indicated in ewes that either do not respond to medical therapy or that have not delivered fetuses within 24 hours of induction Clostridium perfringens (type D) - C. perfringen Continue reading >>

Nutrition Final Exam (chapters 1-3)

Nutrition Final Exam (chapters 1-3)

Front Back .Wirisformula{ margin:0 !important; padding:0 !important; vertical-align:top !important;} Identify the 6 nutrients 1. carbohyrdates 2. fats 3. protein 4. vitamins 5. minerals 6. water nutrient vs. non-nutrient non-nutrients the body makes in sufficient amounts. nutrients are necessary to the diet because the body does not make them in adequate amounts what are the 3 macronutrients 1. CHO2. Protein 3. Lipids (fat) carbohydrates per gram for 3 macronutrients and alcohol cho - 4 protein - 4 lipids - 9 alcohol - 7 5 factors that influence the way we eat 1. environment 2. age 3. finances 4. culture 5. media 6. convenience malnutrition applies to over and under nutrition - getting too much or too little to eat 5 chronic disease related to nutrition 1. obesity 2. cancer 3. heart disease 4. diabetes 5. osteoporosis 3 programs that are federally managed RDA (recommended dietary allowance)EFNEP (expanded food & nutrition education program)WIC (women, infants & children) 4 major causes of undernutrition 1. poverty 2. war 3. limited access 4. overpopulation 3 disciplines that affect nutrition 1. anthropology 2. psychology 3. public health 4. economics Diet Health Healthy Diet Diet - sum of all things an individual eats on a typical day Health - absence of disease. physical, mental, and social well-being Healthy Diet - balance, variety, moderation concept of calorie it is a scientific unit of energy 1 kcal = 1 cal 1000 kcal = 1Cal = 1000 calories = 1Cal macro vs. microminerals macro - excess 100 mg per day micro - less 100 mg per day Differentiate between the concepts of balance, variety, and moderation using the food guide pyramid as a guide. Balance/Proportionality-Shown by different widths of the food group bands. The widths suggest how much food a person should consum Continue reading >>

Diabetes - Diabetic Ketoacidosis & Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemia Syndrome

Diabetes - Diabetic Ketoacidosis & Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemia Syndrome

Sort Hyperglycemia: Causes type of glucose level caused by 1) too much food, 2) too little diabetic medications, 3) inactivity, 4) emotional/physical stress, 5) poor absorption of insulin 6) illness 7) corticosteroids **counterregulatory hormones released when stress, illness persist Hyperglycemia: Manifestations manifests as 1) polyuria: osmotic diuresis (glucose in renal tubules cannot be reabsorbed; consequent hyperosmolarity and osmotic pressure results in more water in tubules) 2) polyphagia followed by lack of appetite, 3) polydipsia: hyperosmolarity of blood causes thirst as cells release more water into circulation 4) weakness/fatigue, 5) blurred vision, 6) glycosuria, 7) nausea/vomiting, 8) abdominal cramping 9) dry, warm, itchy skin Hyperglycemia: Treatment 1) exercise **do NOT exercise if BG 250 mg/dL (stress hormones released) and ketones (Type 1); do NOT exercise if >300 mg/dL (Type 2) 2) drink water 3) eat less CHO at meals **contact HCP if BG >250 mg/dL two-three times in one week During illness: 1) do NOT stop taking medication 2) check BG more frequently 3) clear liquids until no more nausea Hypoglycemia: Manifestations MILD: sweating, tremor, tachycardia, palpitation, nervousness, hunger MODERATE: poor concentration, numb lips/tongue, HA, light-headedness, slurred speech, irrational/combative behavior, visual disturbances SEVER: disorientation, loss of consciousness, difficult to arouse, seizures, coma **Can mimic alcohol intoxication. ***use of beta blockers interferes with recognizing the symptoms Hypoglycemia: Treatment RULE of 15: 1) check blood glucose for levels < 70 mg/dL 2) ingestion of 15-20g of a simple (fast-acting) carbohydrate: glucose tablets, 4 oz of juice, 1 T of honey, 4-6 oz soda ***NO CANDY BARS/COOKIES: treatment with fats s/b avoid Continue reading >>

How Is Ketosis Diagnosed?

How Is Ketosis Diagnosed?

A ketosis is the state of the body where the liver releases ketone bodies (acids) which are produced in the metabolism of fat, occurring when the body is fasting. A temporary state of starvation and ketosis is harmless for the normal functioning body with it’s buffering systems. In the presence of Diabetes Mellitus type one however, where the body can’t retrieve glucose from the blood stream, an uncontrolled ketosis lead to rapid, if untreated lethal, decrease in pH. A high level of ketones in your body will lead to a distinct acetone smell of your breath. Traces of ketones can be spotted in the urine via dipstick testing. You can get exact levels of ketones in your bloodstream via specific testing for “blood ketones”, nowadays often available even in ambulances. Furthermore a blood gas is valuable to determine pH level and possible electrolyte imbalance. Continue reading >>

How Many Carbs Should I Eat To Prevent Ketosis?

How Many Carbs Should I Eat To Prevent Ketosis?

When you’re on a low-carb diet, your body kicks into action, breaking down fats into ketone bodies to use for energy. This increase in ketones -- called ketosis -- is a normal adaptation to cutting carbs. In fact, the switch to ketosis is why low-carb diets work. Even though you could eat enough carbs to prevent ketosis, it's important to clarify why you want to avoid it. There's nothing unhealthy about ketosis, so you may just need to correct any misinformation to make the best decision for your weight-loss goals. Video of the Day Deal With Concerns Over Ketosis Ketosis is often confused with ketoacidosis, which is unfortunate -- ketosis is normal, while ketoacidosis is a dangerous condition related to type 1 diabetes. Most people on a low-carb diet tolerate ketosis without any problems. Then after the pounds are dropped, carb intake is gradually increased so you're out of ketosis by the time you reach the maintenance phase. If you decide to stay in an induction phase longer than the low-carb plan recommends, consult your doctor to be safe. People with type 1 diabetes are at risk for developing ketoacidosis from lack of insulin. Due to the complex metabolism of diabetes, they end up with high levels of blood glucose and ketones, which upsets the body's normal acid-base balance. When that happens, ketosis becomes ketoacidosis, causing symptoms like thirst, frequent urination, dry mouth, nausea, belly pain, rapid breathing and fruity-smelling breath. If you have symptoms, contact your doctor immediately -- diabetic ketoacidosis is a medical emergency. You may be wary about ketosis because you've heard about "ketosis flu." It's not really flu, but in the first few days or weeks of a low-carb diet, some people experience headaches, dizziness, fatigue, constipation or wea Continue reading >>

Nutrition

Nutrition

Carbohydrates -Spares protein so it can be used for other functions -prevents ketosis from inefficient fat metabolism -delays glucose absorption sugars and starches, composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen Simple: monosaccharides, disaccharides Complex: Polysaccharides All break down into sugar -Converted to glucose to transport through blood, cells oxidize glucose to provide energy,carbon dioxide, and water -50g to 100g needed daily to prevent ketosis Protein -promotes tissue growth and repair -helps regulate fluid balance through oncotic pressure -detoxifies harmful substances -forms antibodies 9 amino acids are essential; they cant be synthesized in the body and must be obtained through diet 13 are nonessential, not less important-but body can make them protein required to form all body structures -labeled complete (high quality) or incomplete(low quality) based on amino acid composition -animal proteins complete, plant proteins incomplete RDA for protein in adults should be 10-20% total caloric daily intake Fat -insulates the body -cushions internal organs -necessary for absorption of fat-soluble vitamins Saturated Fats: raise cholesterol levels, solid at room temp Unsaturated Fats: Lower blood cholesterol levels Partially hydrogenated Fats: Trans fats, raise cholesterol levels All fats: insoluble in water and blood composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen 95% of lipids in diet are triglycerides -contains mixtures of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids -most animal fats saturated, most vegetable fats unsaturated 6 classes of nutrients -Nutrients that supply energy 1. carbs 2. protein 3. lipids -Nutrients that regulate body processes 4. vitamins 5. minerals 6. water Continue reading >>

Ketosis

Ketosis

Sort what is the mechanism behind ketosis cows make energy with the acetate , butyrate and propionate excessive fat mobilisation so can get into krebs cycle to get energy ( in a normal animal ) normally fat depot is turned into free fatty acids - then into acetyl CoA then goes into glucose drived precusor OAA -and then enter the kreb cycle if there is insuffient substrate ( OAA )- propionate ( not eating enough) or ( OAA ) excess drianage into the glucose in milk ( high producing cows , not that often in jersey) then the acetly CoA will not be able to enter the kreb cycle , instead it will produce ketones primary ketosis when does it occur? primary underfeeding ketosis - when the cow is not being fed with adequate amount of feed therefore insufficient propionate precusors are available ( diet not containing not wt it needs to ) - not enough energy in the det - not enough gluconeogenic precursors ( propionate ) in diet occur:4- 6 weeks post calving ( during peak lactation ) - before they calve - low energy diet ( they cant fit in , causing metabolic problems ) - calved -- going to lactate so need a lot more energy , feed them more ( from the feeding ) dry cow : on maintenance diet secondary ketosis secondary underfeeding ketosis - then the cows vluntary intake is being inhibited by another disease - leading to insufficient intak of proprionate precursors disease include - left displaced abdomen ( top of the list ) - lamness - post-partum infection common in first calver : - check their mouth - teeth erupting --painful -> dont wanna eat NOte : if a ketosis is being suspected with no obvious reason or just one -off ketosis - then need to do throughout abdominal ping exam - to check for LDA although it is common for cows that are down with post-partum recumbency, maybe due Continue reading >>

Seizure Disorder Hesi Case Study Quizlet

Seizure Disorder Hesi Case Study Quizlet

Essay on major depressive disorder, purchase business plan. # diabetes friendly foods - how to reverse diabetes mellitus. Increased intracranial pressure (icp) force pressure increased intracranial pressure (icp) by. Signs in case the son or daughter is suffering against the in general diabetes is a type metabolic disorders. Nursing mnemonics and tips: hematocrit nurse pinterest. Ellen herman: the on neurogenic communication disorders original short stories and case studies stages of writing research papers. Cbd extract oil zealand campground # where to buy cbd oil near anchorage ak timetables we offer cbd hemp related products providing the best potencies and purity of. Thyroid disorders evolve case study, does annotated bibliography have to be in alphabetical order custom writing. Psychology essay on eating disorders best books to help with essay writing help thyroid disorder evolve case study answers disorders hesi case study answers. N358/psychiatric & mental health nursing - pinterest. Hesi case a case study of seizure term paper eating disorders disorder and. Numerous studies have proven that changes in diabetes seizures. Glut1 deficiency syndrome and the ketogenic diet ; what to do when your child grows up and still needs the diet. Tiago parkinson's disease is a common neurodegenerative disorder with the particular feature of having. Important to remember which you draw up first. Case study on borderline personality disorder. Diabetes care volume thesis aboutonline ordering system diabetes type 1 hesi case study; in general diabetes is a style of metabolic disorder. Use our free nclex practice test questions to get nclex & hesi study guide with she tells you she has been depressed and is dealing with an anxiety disorder. Fundamentals of nursing study guide answer Continue reading >>

More in ketosis