How Is Glucose Converted To Fat

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In this video I discuss the what are carbohydrates and the types of carbohydrates. The pros and cons to each type, and the best carbs to eat. Transcript Types of carbs So, what are the different types of carbohydrates? The answer to this question depends on who you ask. Some common classifications would be healthy and unhealthy, good and bad, slow and fast. In this video I am going to classify them as simple, complex and fibrous. Before we get into those classifications, we need to look at molecules. I know, fun stuff, but it will help you understand better. A monosaccharide is a single molecule, such as fructose, which is found in fruit. A disaccharide consists of 2 monosaccharide molecules, such as sucrose or table sugar. And a polysaccharide consists of many monosaccharide molecules, such as in whole grain pasta. Now that we have that out of the way, lets look at simple carbohydrates. Simple carbohydrates are made up of mono and disaccharides, 1 or 2 molecules. Some foods include, fruits, milk, and foods with high amounts of added sugars. Typically simple carbohydrates are easily absorbed into the bloodstream because of their simple molecular structure. However, when you obtain simple carbohydrates from whole foods, they are usually combined with vitamins, minerals and fiber, which slows down the digestive process. Now, lets look at complex carbohydrates. Complex carbohydrates are composed of polysaccharides, so, because of their more complex molecular structure, they can take longer for the body to break down and digest, like whole grains and vegetables. However, some complex carbohydrate foods have been processed, which strips them of some of their natural, high fiber content as well as vitamins and minerals, so they are digested faster and more easily. So, with both simple and complex carbohydrates I have mentioned fast and slow digestion. Why is that important? 3 reasons, #1 is it is going to make you feel fuller longer, rapid digestion means hunger returns quicker which leads to more consumption. #2, typically slower digested foods cause lower blood level spikes, and #3, slower, longer digestion means the body is using more energy over a longer period of time to break down the food, which is an increase or boost in metabolism. Next up is fiber. Fiber is parts of plants that cant be digested. I have a separate video that looks deeper into fiber that I will link in the little I in the upper right-hand corner of your screen. Bottom line. So, the question is what type of carbohydrates should you eat. That is actually very easy to answer. All 3 types. Don’t focus on the types, instead, focus on Carbohydrates that have been minimally processed, like whole grain pasta, and whole wheat bread, also Fruits and vegetables that contain fiber, vitamins and minerals. And of course anything from dairy queen. Ah, just joking with ya folks. Seriously though, minimize the consumption of the processed foods, if you can eliminated them great, if not, its about moderation. Its ok to eat the foods you love, you just have to do it in moderation. Other sources... http://www.builtlean.com/2012/05/17/c... http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/healt... http://www.livestrong.com/article/133...

The Conversion Of Carbohydrates To Triglycerides

Eating a diet high in simple carbohydrates can raise your level of triglycerides—fats carried in the blood and stored in fat cells. The body turns carbohydrates into glucose to use for fuel, but will store excess glucose as fat. High levels of triglycerides can increase your risk for heart disease. Triglycerides are fats. You eat triglycerides in the form of foods such as butters and oil, but your body also makes triglycerides from excess calories, especially from alcohol or from the simple carbohydrates found in sugar-rich foods. Triglycerides help transport cholesterol, which is essential for brain and nerve function, to your cells. Trigylcerides also carry glucose, or blood sugar, to your fat cells. Carbohydrates in the Diet Dietary carbohydrates fall into two categories: simple carbohydrates, or sugars, and complex carbohydrates, or starch and fiber. Most of the simple carbohydrates in the American diet come from sugar, or sucrose, and high-fructose corn syrup, used to sweeten a wide variety of foods. Fruit juices also contribute simple sugars. Whole fruit contains simple sugars, but also contains fiber, which helps slow down the digestion of glucose. All carbohydrates supply Continue reading >>

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  1. Heather

    I've been on the diet now for 7 days. Day 1 and 2 I dropped 2 kilos, and since that I haven't budged.
    I check my pee twice a day and am always in the top or second top keto reading...
    Is it possible to be in ketosis, but still doing something wrong ?

  2. Helen

    Ketosis just means that you are burning fat instead of carbs/glucose for energy. If you are having too many calories (or even not enough), you may find that you do not lose weight.
    Also, if you only have a few kgs to lose, then your weight loss will be slower than someone who has a lot of weight to lose. What is your BMI?
    Are you doing a lot of intensive exercise? Sometimes you may be losing fat, but building muscle, so the scales appear to not move.
    Regardless of what diet you follow, you will not lose weight each and every day. 2 kgs in 1 week is a pretty good loss, especially if you don't have a lot of weight to lose.
    Chances are that if you continue to follow the program properly and keep avoiding carbs, you will lose more weight in the next few days. Some call it the "whoosh" effect, lol. Some people lose weight slowly and steadily. Many more of us, lose it in stops and starts. We lose a bit, then a few days of nothing and then another "whoosh".
    Keep at, and you should get results.
    [ed. note: Helen (1169825) last edited this post 3 years, 7 months ago.]

  3. Heather

    My Bmi is 30.51. I've got about 15 kilos to lose, but on a bazillion diets I never seem to get past 6 or 7kg.
    I'm not currently exercising because I'm just too tired. I'm hoping to get back to the gym soon though.
    I'll stick it out in hopes for this whoosh hehe. Thanks Helen.

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You need to be able to identify these four molecules if they are presented to you. Recognize the amino acid by the presence of nitrogen and the 'R' (variable) group. The fatty acids can have multiple [CH2] groups so look for it written in this shorthand way, or with the CH2's written out in full. The ribose and glucose (both carbohydrate monomers, or monosaccharides) can be distinguished because the ribose only has 5 carbon atoms whereas the glucose has 6 carbon atoms.

We Really Can Make Glucose From Fatty Acids After All! O Textbook, How Thy Biochemistry Hast Deceived Me!

Biochemistry textbooks generally tell us that we can’t turn fatty acids into glucose. For example, on page 634 of the 2006 and 2008 editions of Biochemistry by Berg, Tymoczko, and Stryer, we find the following: Animals Cannot Convert Fatty Acids to Glucose It is important to note that animals are unable to effect the net synthesis of glucose from fatty acids. Specficially, acetyl CoA cannot be converted into pyruvate or oxaloacetate in animals. In fact this is so important that it should be written in italics and have its own bold heading! But it’s not quite right. Making glucose from fatty acids is low-paying work. It’s not the type of alchemy that would allow us to build imperial palaces out of sugar cubes or offer hourly sweet sacrifices upon the altar of the glorious god of glucose (God forbid!). But it can be done, and it’ll help pay the bills when times are tight. All Aboard the Acetyl CoA! When we’re running primarily on fatty acids, our livers break the bulk of these fatty acids down into two-carbon units called acetate. When acetate hangs out all by its lonesome like it does in a bottle of vinegar, it’s called acetic acid and it gives vinegar its characteristic Continue reading >>

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  1. sebastian16

    D-Ribose and Keto

    There is no shortage of advocates for D-Ribose in the alt. health community.
    It's good for sports man and women.
    It's good for circulatory and heart conditions.
    It seems to give extra energy and ummmpf to virtually everyone.
    But D-Ribose is a carb (not an amino acid, as some commentators have erroneously stated)
    My presumption is that D-Ribose should be treated as if it were any other carb.
    So.. for example, if you aim to keep carbs down to 50 grams per day and you
    take 5 grams of d-Ribose with your breakfast, then that leaves you with room
    for only 45 grams of carbs the rest of the day.
    BUT.... d-Ribose comes as a pure, refined powder.
    Probably... eating a gram of d-Ribose is going to pack more carbo punch
    than eating a gram of carrot or a gram of rice.
    Perhaps... eating a gram of d-Ribose is akin to eating a gram of sucrose,
    i.e. refined sugar.
    If d-Ribose is considered a refined sugar, then it would be regarded as
    off limits by many or most keto pundits.
    So what does d-Ribose do to blood sugar ?
    Is d-Ribose like refined sugar in terms of it's Glycemic Index ?
    Is it like a rice ? Is it like a carrot ?
    The answer is a surprise.
    d-Ribose *lowers* blood sugar. It's like un-sugar or anti-sugar.
    It is half as sweet as sugar, it gives you energy and focus, and it lowers blood sugar.
    For confirmation of this do a google search for
    "Effect of D-Ribose on Insulin and Blood Glucose: A Chronological Examination "
    I found this paper at:
    1. Prime Facie it's a better choice than stevia or xylitol etc.
    as a sweetener for keto cakes, pastries etc.
    2. Prime facie, d-Ribose might be a good choice as a
    supplement during the initial 3 or more weeks of keto
    adaptation .... since many report having problems with
    brain fog and energy levels. .
    But i wonder what the effect on ketosis would be if you
    had say, 100 grams of d-Ribose during the day ?
    Or say... 25 grams of d-Ribose with a given a meal ?
    Could d-Ribose kick you out of ketosis ?
    Does anyone know the answer to these questions ?

    Sebastian :)

  2. sebastian16

    Addendum... A question on d-ribose already exists:
    Supplements and recommendations → D-ribose, does it effect insulin or leptin?
    Hi Dr Rosedale, whats your opinion of D-ribose, does it effect insulin or leptin , if not why? and what is it made from

    It does not effect insulin or leptin directly. Taking D-ribose will not get into the cell. Benfotiamine, a fat soluble form of thiamine that converts glucose into ribose intracellularly, and then the ribose itself is a great substrate for RNA (and other important intracellular molecules, and is a much better option in my opinion. Benfotiamine helps to reduce intracellular glycation unlike D-ribose.
    Presumably, ribose must get into the cell.
    Or how else would ribose provide the energy and focus for which it is famous ?
    Nice to know about benfotiamine.

  3. Ken

    Great to see the Knowledge Base being used...
    It is a go to place for me ..

    Ken/ Rosedale Support Team

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In a global first, Australian scientists have figured out the way to reprogram adult bone or fats cells to form stem cells that could doubtlessly regenerate any damaged tissue within the frame. The researchers were stimulated by the manner salamanders are able to update lost limbs, and advanced a technique that gives grownup cells the capacity to lose their person characteristics, multiply and regenerate more than one cell types - what is called multipotency. which means the brand new stem cells can hypothetically repair any injury within the body, from severed spinal cords to joint and muscle degeneration. And its a pretty big deal, because there are currently no person stem cells that certainly regenerate a couple of tissue kinds. "This approach is a massive strengthen on most of the modern-day unproven stem mobile treatment options, that have shown little or no goal evidence they make contributions immediately to new tissue formation," stated lead researcher John Pimanda from the university of recent South Wales, faculty of medication (united states remedy). "we're presently assessing whether or not grownup human fat cells reprogrammed into [induced multipotent stem cells (iMS cells)] can accurately restore broken tissue in mice, with human trials anticipated to begin in past due 2017." proper now, even though its an exciting and plenty-hyped field of look at, stem mobile therapy still has some of boundaries, in general due to the fact the maximum beneficial cells are embryonic stem cells, which can be taken from growing embryos and have the potential to become any cell type within the frame. however in addition they have the tendency to shape tumours and can't be transplanted immediately to regenerate person cells. as a substitute, researchers are able to use tissue-unique person cells, that may simplest change into the cellular types in their vicinity of the body as an instance, lung stem cells can best differentiate into lung tissue, so that theyre now not as versatile as scientists want. Scientists have additionally labored out a way to reprogram ordinary grownup stem cells into caused pluripotent stem cells (iPS) a form of stem cell thats even extra bendy than multipotent stem cells, but requires the usage of viruses in order for the cells to be reset, which isnt perfect to help deal with patients. Thats why the new studies is so interesting. "Embryonic stem cells can't be used to deal with damaged tissues because of their tumour forming capacity," stated one of the researchers, Vashe Chandrakanthan. "the alternative hassle whilst generating stem cells is the requirement to use viruses to transform cells into stem cells, which is clinically unacceptable." "We accept as true with weve overcome these problems with this new method." To create the brand new type of stem cells, the researchers collected grownup human bone and fats cells and treated them with compounds: five-Azacytidine (AZA); and platelet-derived boom component-AB (PDGF-AB) for two days. This kick-started the method of dedifferentiation which basically way it started out to revert them to a multipotent stem cell nation. The cells were then kept in PDGF-AB for a few weeks while they slowly changed into stem cells, subsequently turning into tissue-regenerative iMS cells which basically method they could repair any form of tissue within the body. ; Source: https://www.sciencealert.com/

How Are Carbohydrates Converted Into Fat Deposits?

How are carbohydrates converted into fat deposits? There are two ways that carbohydrates and body fat interact. One is directly by turning into body fat, and the other is via insulin. Turning into body fat is like adding fat into the fat cells, whereas carbohydrates spiking insulin does not add anything to fat cells per se, but hinders the release. The former is like a + equation, where the latter is a double negative which results in something that seems positive. There is a process called de novo lipogenesis (literally: Creation of fat from non-fat sources) that can occur in the body. This process turns glucose into lipids, which are then stored as body fat. This process is normally quite inefficient in the body [1] , which suggests that carbohydrates cannot be stored as fat to a high degree. The process can be upregulated (enhanced) if dietary fat comprised almost none of the diet (lesser than 10%, as a rough estimate), if carbohydrate intake is excessively high for a period of a few days, or if one follows an obesogenic diet (diet that is likely to make you fat) for a prolonged period of time. [1] [2] [3] Carbohydrates spike insulin , which is a hormone that mediates glucose m Continue reading >>

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  1. Peter Clark

    As always a history is taken. Laboratory evaluation includes serum glucose, serum electrolytes (with calculation of the anion gap), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and plasma creatinine, urinalysis and urine ketones by dipstick, plasma osmolality, serum ketones (if urine ketones are present). That gives the needed information: diabetes with hyperosmolality and ketosis.

  2. Momina Makin

    If the person comes in with nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain(usually children), with a fruity breath, with dehydration and with increased urination and thierst we can suspect DKA

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