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How Glucose Is Stored?

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Processes involved in storing glucose as glycogen and subsequent retrieval

Glucose Storage In People

Now, all you wiseacres out there probably said on the shelf, or in a jar - and I guess that could answer the question! But how does your BODY (or Monomer Mouse's little body) store glucose so that it can get to it fast and easy for quick energy? We make a polymer called glycogen, which is a lot like starch. It's made out of repeating glucose units put together just like starch, and it has a lot of branches - (more than starch does). Like starch, glycogen curls around and forms a big globby structure. Because it's branched and globby, glycogen has ends sticking out all over. Enzymes can attach onto those ends and break the glycogen down fast into glucose units, that can be broken down further (by a bunch of other enzymes) to make ENERGY! So, where would you expect glycogen to be? Where you need it the most - in your muscles so you can run fast with a burst of energy. (Glycogen is also in your liver.) Glycogen is really short-term storage. For long-term storage of energy, your body turns that glucose into fat. Fat is a pretty big molecule, but it's not a polymer. Fat can be stored compactly in special cells (called adipose) because it doesn't dissolve in water - it forms droplets in Continue reading >>

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  1. hippygirl325

    I saw a link to this article on Facebook and these claims seem very bold and adamant about ketosis being unnatural and very dangerous (and another claim is boring but I highly disagree with that one). Basically saying that it prevents you from "properly" burning fat, that you will have so little energy that you will always feel miserable, not be able to get through workouts, etc. Well all I have experienced so far on this diet counters all those claims. What I am still a bit curious about is why these claims can still be spread on a weightloss website like Sparkpeople, saying no one should ever eat low carb cuz it's so horrible for you and "extremely dangerous."
    Here is the full article. What are your responses to this based on experience and research?
    http://www.sparkpeople.com/resource/nutrition_articles.asp?id=590

  2. hippygirl325

    Also curious even more so about long term effects?

  3. radiii

    The biggest problem with many of the statements in that article is that they seem to assume that you go to a low carb diet by jacking up your protein intake. They keep referencing "high protein" diets. Keto is not a high protein diet. Its a moderate protein, high fat diet.
    and above all—boring
    Well, we know that's not true, right?
    With no glucose available for energy, the body starts using protein from food for energy. Therefore this protein is no longer available for more important functions, such as making new cells, tissues, enzymes, hormones, and antibodies and the regulation of fluid balance.
    Also not true for us if doing it right. If protein is required for energy, its converted into glucose. That will prevent ketosis. If you're in ketosis, you're using fat for energy. This is the concern you'll sometimes see mentioned on keto boards about "too much protein".
    These ketones accumulate in the blood and in the urine causing ketosis, which is an abnormal state.
    This seems like its probably pulling from the fear of ketoacidosis? Dunno.
    Due to the lack of energy and the accumulation of ketones, low-carb diets are often accompanied by nausea, headaches, dizziness, fatigue, bad breath, and dehydration.
    bad breath aside, we know that these things are not caused by "the accumulation of ketones", but by a lack of key electrolytes and is something that we all manage.
    Exercise and fitness performance is reduced on a low-carb diet. Do not be surprised if your energy level is so low that you cannot make it through your normal workout routine.
    Exercise performance is initially reduced on a low carb diet, while the body adjusts to its new source of energy. This is part of what you hear when you hear the phrase "keto adapted". Exercise performance typically returns to normal levels for almost everyone after a month or so of being on a ketogenic diet.
    http://www.reddit.com/r/ketogains/wiki/index
    The ketogains FAQ, and sub in general, is a great resource for this. They do discuss some options for performance involving carbs, but they also stress heavily that those options are really only necessary for intense activity. The "TKD" method there gives you a small carb boost before a workout but you burn it all right away and never leave ketosis.
    Kidney stones are more likely to form on high protein, ketosis-producing diets.
    Drink lots of water to keep things running cleanly!
    The risk of heart disease is greatly increased on a low-carb diet that is high in protein, cholesterol, fat, and saturated fat. A temporary reduction in cholesterol levels may be experienced, but this is common with any weight loss.
    This goes along with the "eating fat makes you fat" and "eating cholesterol raises your cholesterol" schtick that we now know isn't true (eggs are bad remember?!).
    The reddit user "darthluiggi" has been on keto since 2001. He's a mod of the ketogains sub:
    http://www.reddit.com/r/ketogains/comments/1dheo4/darthluiggi_man_moderator_legend/
    There is part of his story, I always enjoy his posts and advice given the great experience he has.
    http://www.reddit.com/r/ketogains/comments/2dq865/a_big_shoutout_to_uanbeav_super_ketogainer_of/
    reddit user anbeav is extremely active on the keto subreddit and has been on keto for a decade. I believe there are some other longer term keto folks there but those are the two I'm most familier with.
    I'm not the best at pulling tons of studies to refute things, but I guarentee if you spend some time on the "ketoscience" subreddit searching through these things you'll feel better

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You Gotta Check This Website Out! http://healingideas.org/ Link to the Study - https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/comp... Recommended Supplements - Jarrow Formulas L-Carnitine, Supports Brain, Memory, Energy, Cardiovascular Health, 500 mg, 50 Caps http://amzn.to/2DzC13P L-Carnitine is an amino acid found in high concentrations in heart and liver tissues where; inside the cells (mitochondria); L-Carnitine helps transform fats into energy. L-Carnitine also facilitates the metabolism of carbohydrates and enhances ATP (i.e.; energy) production. L-Carnitine works synergistically with Co-Q10; an antioxidant and energy cofactor that is found in the inner membrane of the mitochondria.Keep out of the reach of children. Carnitine Fat Metabolism, Mitochondria, Muscles, Heart, Energy, Liver, Brain, Blood Cells, Membranes, Lungs, Pancreas, Gastrointestinal Carnitine is a popular amino acid with fitness enthusiasts and helps maintain lean body mass However, carnitine is actually more closely related to the family of B vitamins than amino acids Carnitine is also an alcohol. Thus, carnitine is an unusual amino acid and has different functions than most other amino acids, which are most usually emplo

Glucose - Storage Of Energy In Muscles Vs Fat Depos - Biology Stack Exchange

The regulation of metabolites and signals in general (glucose (Glc) or FFA in this case) and their selective uptake by cells, depends on the number (from few hundreds to many thousands) of receptors expressed and displayed to the surrounding environment, the type of receptors (what they can bind, and do as a result) and their properties. The regulation of glucose storage and use in muscle cells is determined largely by the dynamic energy state of the cell, which is can be described (to first approx at least) as the cellular equilibrium between ATP<-->ADP<-->AMP. The key here is to be aware that nothing is happening in isolation and the whole metabolism of the cell is one giant equilibrium. You make a change at one place that will result in proportional changes elsewhere to compensate. If you start exercising, that is using ATP rapidsly, suddenly AMP spikes, the increase in [AMP] results in the upregulation of key enzymes in Glycolytic and TCA pathways, which causes and increase in ATP producting. How much is made? Whenever possible always just enough enough to meet the demand (assuming cell has resources to supply it and manufacture it). Absolutely, in the same way, the energy sta Continue reading >>

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  1. jimbob72

    Hi I was wondering if anyone gets a weird smell like urine, that only they can smell. Its driving me mental and keep thinking its coming off me when I know it isnt.
    Type 2 diagnosed 5th october 2011 diet controlled

  2. noblehead

    How strange, is it there all the time :?

  3. jimbob72

    No. i think its when my levels are high :?

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Watch this video to get an answer to your question! Ask a question in the comments and see your question answered. Intro by MacLobuzz www.maclobuzz.com https://www.youtube.com/maclobuzz Original video : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=18uzY... zero-project presents "The ISS HD Earth Viewing Experiment" by "Zero project" 17 okt. 2014 Song title: "Silence" Album title: "e-world: The ultimate edition" Release date: February 1st 2015 Download page: http://www.zero-project.gr/music/albu... Official website: http://www.zero-project.gr/ -------------------------------------- Volatile Reaction Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/b...

Absorbing And Storing Energy: How The Body Controls Glucose

Absorbing and Storing Energy: How the Body Controls Glucose Editors note: Physicians have a special place among the thinkers who have elaborated the argument for intelligent design. Perhaps thats because, more than evolutionary biologists, they are familiar with the challenges of maintaining a functioning complex system, the human body. With that in mind, Evolution News is delighted to offer this series, The Designed Body. For the complete series, see here . Dr. Glicksman practices palliative medicine for a hospice organization. Just like a car needs the energy, in the form of gasoline, to run properly, the body needs the energy in glucose to survive. When we havent eaten for a while, our blood glucose level drops and our stomach is empty, causing the hunger center in our brain to tell us to eat or drink something with calories. As I have explained in my last couple of articles, the complex molecules that are in what we eat and drink enter the gastrointestinal system, where digestive enzymes break them down into simpler molecules so the body can absorb them. Carbohydrates are broken down into simple sugars, like glucose, which are then absorbed into the blood. Tissues, such as the Continue reading >>

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  1. mindhunter88

    Just received a blood glucose meter! What are the proper protocols for testing fasted blood sugar and what range is considered to be healthy? Additonally, what is the best method for using this meter to test my reaction to artificial sweeteners, which may be the culprits of my current 7 week stall?

  2. richard

    In general a fasting value of 3.9 - 5.5 mmol/l (70-100 mg/dl) is a normal result.
    Officially the ADA recommends for someone with diabetes: 4.5–7.2 mmol/L (80–130 mg/dl )
    2 hours after a meal a normal result is less than 7.8 mmol/L (140 mg/dl).
    For a diabetic managed with drugs by the ADA the expected values are less than 10.0 mmol/L (180 mg/dl).
    I vehemently disagree with the ADA on both the fasting and the pp numbers. We have a right to normal glucose and on a keto diet we can have just that.
    So glucose jumps around like a cat on a hot tin roof and is affected by a lot of things. But there are specific times to test that are less subject to external influence.
    You can test first thing in the morning. That will not be affected by food, and that value day to day will tell you how your overall glucose control is going. If you do that and then try an intervention and your numbers start going a little lower, then the intervention is improving your glucose control. However it's worth noting that that morning fasted test is still subject to influence - for example @tdseest found that whenever he had a nightmare that his glucose was significantly elevated ... so you really need to smooth other the day to day changes and look at the long term trend.
    Another common place to test is 2 hours AFTER eating. That post-prandial (after digesting) measurement should return to normal ranges 90-100 mg/dl in normal people within 2 hours of eating a meal, in a type 2 diabetic it could stay high for 4-5 hours.
    I wrote an article on my blog on how to chart a glucose curve to test foods
    easylocarb.com
    571
    Charting a glucose curve - Easy Lo-Carb
    How to use a diabetic glucose meter to test how your body will respond to specific foods by plotting a Glucose Curve in response to a food challenge.

  3. mindhunter88

    Exactly and succinctly what I was searching for. Thank you!

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