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How Does Ketoacidosis Cause Hyperventilation

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Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus.[1] Signs and symptoms may include vomiting, abdominal pain, deep gasping breathing, increased urination, weakness, confusion, and occasionally loss of consciousness.[1] A person's breath may develop a specific smell.[1] Onset of symptoms is usually rapid.[1] In some cases people may not realize they previously had diabetes.[1] DKA happens most often in those with type 1 diabetes, but can also occur in those with other types of diabetes under certain circumstances.[1] Triggers may include infection, not taking insulin correctly, stroke, and certain medications such as steroids.[1] DKA results from a shortage of insulin; in response the body switches to burning fatty acids which produces acidic ketone bodies.[3] DKA is typically diagnosed when testing finds high blood sugar, low blood pH, and ketoacids in either the blood or urine.[1] The primary treatment of DKA is with intravenous fluids and insulin.[1] Depending on the severity, insulin may be given intravenously or by injection under the skin.[3] Usually potassium is also needed to prevent the development of low blood potassium.[1] Th Continue reading >>

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  1. White Wolf

    Hypocalcemia

    Hyperventilation

    Medical Conditions and Diseases


    Medicine and Healthcare



    How does hyperventilation cause hypocalcemia?




    1 Answer







    Hyperventilation will wash out the carbon dioxide from the blood, which results in respiratory alkalosis.
    If the kidney can regulate the pH by altering H+ and bicarbonate transfer across the tubules, the pH will return to normal.

    If not, then the increased pH will increase binding of free calcium to protein, hence reducing the concentration of calcium ion in blood manifested by tetanic spasms, etc.

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