In this video, Dr. Michael Agus discusses the risk factors, signs, symptoms, and treatment of cerebral edema in diabetic ketoacidosis. Please visit: www.openpediatrics.org OPENPediatrics is an interactive digital learning platform for healthcare clinicians sponsored by Boston Children's Hospital and in collaboration with the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies. It is designed to promote the exchange of knowledge between healthcare providers around the world caring for critically ill children in all resource settings. The content includes internationally recognized experts teaching the full range of topics on the care of critically ill children. All content is peer-reviewed and open access-and thus at no expense to the user. For further information on how to enroll, please email: [email protected] Please note: OPENPediatrics does not support nor control any related videos in the sidebar, these are placed by Youtube. We apologize for any inconvenience this may cause.
How Can Cerebral Edema During Treatment Of Diabetic Ketoacidosis Be Avoided?
Abstract Cerebral edema during diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a rare complication but it can be devastating, with significant mortality and long-term morbidity. Certain risk factors have been teased out with some large case-control studies, but more research needs to be done to make management guidelines safer. This article will discuss how DKA might be prevented from occurring in the first instance, known risk factors for cerebral edema, fluid and insulin management, the importance of careful monitoring during DKA treatment, and the importance of recognizing and acting on the earliest symptoms to prevent long-term harm.
What is CHROMIUM DEFICIENCY? What does CHROMIUM DEFICIENCY mean? CHROMIUM DEFICIENCY meaning - CHROMIUM DEFICIENCY definition - CHROMIUM DEFICIENCY explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... license. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6Uu... Chromium deficiency is a disorder that results from an insufficient dietary intake of chromium. It is an uncommon condition. Clear cases of deficiency have been observed in hospital patients who were fed defined liquid diets intravenously for long periods of time. The US dietary guidelines for adequate daily chromium intake were lowered in 2001 from 50200 g for an adult to 3035 g (adult male) and to 2025 g (adult female). These amounts were set to be the same as the average amounts consumed by healthy individuals. Consequently, it is thought that few Americans are chromium deficient. Approximately 2% of ingested chromium(III) is absorbed, with the remainder being excreted in the feces. Amino acids, vitamin C and niacin may enhance the uptake of chromium from the intestinal tract. After absorption, this metal accumulates in the liver, bone, and
Dka: How To Avoid A Severe Complication Of Insulin Deficiency
To understand DKA, it is first necessary to understand how our body uses glucose for energy and the role that insulin plays in that process. When we eat, food gets broken down into glucose (commonly called sugar), which is then released into the bloodstream. Insulin that is produced by the pancreas in healthy individuals then helps transport the glucose into our cells, where it is used as an energy source. DKA occurs when the body lacks enough insulin to help the glucose enter the cells, resulting in the glucose getting stuck in the circulatory system. Consequently, the body eliminates the glucose via urine, along with much-needed water and electrolytes such as salt and potassium, ultimately causing dehydration. As a result, the person with DKA is thirsty, urinates frequently and is at risk for severe complications resulting from electrolyte imbalances. At the same time, the body’s glucose-starved cells resort to burning body fat for fuel. And when that fat is broken down, the chemical byproducts of the fat-burning process – ketones – build up in the blood and urine, which can make the blood more acidic, cause organ dysfunction and ultimately lead to life-threatening complica
DKA diabetic ketoacidosis nursing management pathophysiology & treatment. DKA is a complication of diabetes mellitus and mainly affects type 1 diabetics. DKA management includes controlling hyperglycemia, ketosis, and acdidosis. Signs & Symptoms include polyuria, polydipsia, hyperglycemia greater than 300 mg/dL, Kussmaul breathing, acetone breath, and ketones in the urine. Typically DKA treatment includes: intravenous fluids, insulin therapy (IV regular insulin), and electrolyte replacement. This video details what the nurse needs to know for the NCLEX exam about diabetic ketoacidosis. I also touch on DKA vs HHS (diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome (please see the other video for more details). Quiz on DKA: http://www.registerednursern.com/diab... Lecture Notes for this video: http://www.registerednursern.com/diab... Diabetes NCLEX Review Videos: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Subscribe: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_c... Nursing School Supplies: http://www.registerednursern.com/the-... Nursing Job Search: http://www.registerednursern.com/nurs... Visit our website RegisteredNurseRN.com for free quizzes, nursing care plans, salary
How To Avoid Diabetic Ketoacidosis (dka)
It might have been a really long time since you’ve been in diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), or maybe you’ve never had it. But if you have Type 1 diabetes, you are at risk. Sometimes when you haven’t recently experienced a situation, you kind of forget about what you were told to do for prevention or treatment. That’s why a refresher might be a great idea! Signs you are experiencing diabetic ketoacidosis: If you are in DKA, it’s likely that you are nauseous or vomiting. Your breath may have a fruity or acetone odor as your body tries to offload ketones through your breathing. It’s likely that you will be dehydrated with very high BG levels and excessive urination. You might have aches and pains, and perhaps blurred vision. Not fun. DKA is serious, and can be life-threatening. Because of dehydration and excessive ketone production, the blood becomes acidic. This is caused by a lack of working insulin. Most cells preferentially burn glucose for fuel. Many cells can also burn fat in small amounts. While glucose burns “cleanly,” fat produces waste products called ketones. Ketones are acid and upset the pH balance, essentially polluting the atmosphere in our bodies. We don’
Your food choices matter a lot when you've got diabetes. Some are better than others. Nothing is completely off limits. Even items that you might think of as “the worst" could be occasional treats -- in tiny amounts. But they won’t help you nutrition-wise, and it’s easiest to manage your diabetes if you mainly stick to the “best” options. Starches Your body needs carbs. But you want to choose wisely. Use this list as a guide. Best Choic ...
Around three in five cases of Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed. However you’ve found out you’re at risk – and knowing is a big first step – the important thing to do now is take action to lower your risk. Evidence shows the best way to reduce your risk of Type 2 diabetes is by: eating better moving more reducing your weight if you’re overweight Where do I start? The key is to find what works for you, fits in with your day and ...
Eating fruit is a delicious way to satisfy hunger and meet daily nutritional needs. However, most fruits contain sugar, which raises questions about whether they are healthy for people who have diabetes. Is fruit unhealthy for people with diabetes? This article will look at what you need to know about fruit and diabetes. Contents of this article: What is fruit? Most people can probably name several fruits such as oranges and apples, but not know ...
My father was recently diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependent diabetes). He has always loved grapes, but my mother, who is in charge of his diet, now claims he can't eat them. Is this correct? Are they bad for his diabetes? Everyone with diabetes should follow a low-fat, high-fibre diet including plenty of green vegetables. Until fairly recently, sugar was banned altogether, and fruit was also forbidden because it contains a lot of ...
To understand DKA, it is first necessary to understand how our body uses glucose for energy and the role that insulin plays in that process. When we eat, food gets broken down into glucose (commonly called sugar), which is then released into the bloodstream. Insulin that is produced by the pancreas in healthy individuals then helps transport the glucose into our cells, where it is used as an energy source. DKA occurs when the body lacks enough in ...