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Glycerol To Glucose

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In this video, we explore: - Simple Diffusion - Facilitated Diffusion - Active Transport How do they work? What sort of molecules are transported? What is Fick's law? Made for AQA A Level Biology students studying Unit 1: Biology & Disease. Enjoy!

Glycerol Diffusion In Skin At Glucose Impact On Tissue

Glycerol diffusion in skin at glucose impact on tissue Abstract: In this paper we present results of experimental study of glucose impact on skin tissue by testing tissue structure alteration at glycerol diffusivity. The measurements have been performed using Ocean Optics spectrometer USB4000 in transmittance mode. In the in vitro experiments twenty samples of intact rat skin were used. Transmittance of ten samples was measured immediately after obtaining the samples concurrently with administration of 58% aqueous glycerol solution in the spectral range 400-1000 nm. The second group of the rat skin samples (ten samples) was incubated during 24 hours in 40%-glucose solution and during 24 hours in physiological solution. After that transmittance of the ten samples was measured concurrently with administration of the 58%- glycerol solution. Special computer program has been developed for processing of the experimental data and estimation of the glycerol diffusion rate. Degree of optical clearing of intact skin samples and skin samples previously immersed in glucose solution were estimated and compared. As a result we found that the optical clearing of intact skin increases about 3 ti Continue reading >>

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  1. tarek

    So, for the past few nights, I've had quite a bit of trouble falling asleep. My body is very tired, but I've just been unable to sleep as soundly as I normally do. At first, I thought it might have been the dairy I was including in my diet, so I cut that out. The sleeping troubles persisted. I just realized that I've been eating fewer carbohydrates than ever (I don't really keep count, but I believe it's been around 100 grams or less each day for the past two weeks or so), so I think my body might have entered ketosis. I do have some of the other "symptoms" -- I have a funny taste in the back of my mouth, I'm thirsty more often than usual (I still drink plenty of water), I feel fatigued often, etc.
    I won't mind dealing with this as long as it eventually subsides, but I would like to know how long it will last, given that I continue to eat the same amount of carbohydrates. If you think I need to eat more or less, go for it; any advice will help. As a side note, I do some form of exercise every day, usually in the form of a light bike ride or a walk, and I do some heavy lifting two to three times per week.
    Any help is appreciated! Thanks.

  2. lmyers04

    if youre lifting you need more carbs thats why you feel tired. experiment with eating more of them.

  3. Canarygirl

    From what I gather, some people get over the sleep issues when they get fully acclimated to burning fatty acids for fuel. However, not everyone goes back to their former sleep habits...as long as they are on a low carb diet. You can try taking a tryptophan supplement before bedtime. It helps me. Also, magnesium (chelated for easy absorption).

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How and why do we get fat in the first place? How metabolism affects your fat loss? How to reverse slow metabolism? What is the most efficient weight loss plan for long term? We are going to answer these questions scientifically in this video. If you are confused and frustrated as well because no fat loss tip works for you, Or even if it does, it is very short term, stick around. It is time to put everything in place. In these series of videos, we will dig out the truth about how to finally lose weight for good. This particular video will be about how and why we get fat in the first place. We try to understand an intricate fat storing mechanism of your body. By doing that we can figure out what really causes you to get fat in the first place. So that you can avoid a lot of fad information on the internet. So, how is the food you eat changed into fat? What are the mechanisms that control that? When you eat food, it goes through a complex procedure in your digestive system. Food and drink must be changed into smaller molecules of nutrients before the blood absorbs them and carries them to cells throughout the body. The body breaks down nutrients from food and drink into carbohydrates

Effects Of Insulin, Glucose And Glycerol On Fat Metabolism In Alloxan-diabetic Sheep

EFFECTS OF INSULIN, GLUCOSE AND GLYCEROL ON FAT METABOLISM IN ALLOXAN-DIABETIC SHEEP The effects of insulin, glucose injection and oral glycerol on blood or plasma levels of glucose, free fatty acids (FFA), acetic acid and ketone bodies have been studied in alloxan-diabetic sheep. Insulin (05 i.u./kg.) lowered glucose levels only slightly, but induced a prompt and marked fall in FFA and acetate levels; ketones declined steadily after the first hour. The rate of utilization of injected glucose was considerably slower in diabetic than in non-diabetic sheep. FFA levels did not decline after glucose injection, while acetate levels declined slowly. Ketone levels were not affected significantly. Glycerol (180 ml.) per os reduced acetate and ketone levels, while tending to increase FFA values. Blood glucose also increased considerably. These data are consistent with present knowledge of the metabolic lesions in severe diabetes. However, it is concluded that there is impairment of acetate and, probably, ketone oxidation in severe diabetic ketosis. Finally, the metabolic changes recorded are compared with those which occur after insulin, glucose or glycerol administration to ewes showing c Continue reading >>

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  1. iamthewheat

    someone struck up a conversation with me just now when they saw my bag of Isopure, about the dangers of drinking it on non-work out days. I always only have 1 scoop with 1 cup of almond milk, on work out / non work out days alike but hadn't had any problems with it as of yet.
    Some quick research showed that when you take protein supplements (such as whey isolates) with a high protein diet it can raise the acidity of your urine which will lead to kidney stones and the like. But I couldn't find any other information that shows it's downsides.
    what are your thoughts/facts?
    Also, what is your general opinion on protein shakes on non-workout days in general?
    Trying to jump back on the keto train at full speed and want to make sure i'm not hurting my self in the process!

  2. ashsimmonds

    Plenty of stuff to sift through here:
    http://highsteaks.com/forum/health-nutrition-and-science/kidneys-and-high-dietary-protein-409.0.html
    http://highsteaks.com/forum/health-nutrition-and-science/uric-acid-gout-and-kidney-stones-111.0.html

  3. DrMcSir

    A lot of people like to talk about things they've heard and feel are true without doing any actual research. As long as you stick to your macros, you'll be fine.

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Moof's Medical Biochemistry Video Course: http://moof-university.thinkific.com/...

A Method For The Measurement Of Lactate, Glycerol And Fatty Acid Production From 14c-glucose In Primary Cultures Of Rat Epididymal Adipocytes

A method for the measurement of lactate, glycerol and fatty acid production from C-glucose in primary cultures of rat epididymal adipocytes A. C. Ho-Palma, F. Rotondo, M. D. M. Romero, S. Memmolo, X. Remesar, J. A. Fernndez-Lpez and M. Alemany, Anal. Methods, 2016,8, 7873 If you are not the author of this article and you wish to reproduce material from it in a third party non-RSC publication you must formally request permission using RightsLink. Go to our Instructions for using RightsLink page for details. Authors contributing to RSC publications (journal articles, books or book chapters) do not need to formally request permission to reproduce material contained in this article provided that the correct acknowledgement is given with the reproduced material. Reproduced material should be attributed as follows: Reproduced from Ref. XX with permission from the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and The Royal Society of Chemistry. Reproduced from Ref. XX with permission from the PCCP Owner Societies. Reproduced from Ref. XX with permission from the European Society for Photobiology, the European Photochemistry Association, and The Royal Society of Chemistry. For repro Continue reading >>

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  1. keto-account

    Hi r/keto, I started keto last week. Today I noticed a dull pain on my sides and figured it is my kidneys reacting to the diet. Im surprised i've already begun feeling discomfort from it.I suppose it's because i've been eating lots of meats and having fairly low vegetable intake.Is there any way to ensure I have healthy kidneys and avoid kidney stones.Im an 18 year old male by the way and any tips and advice helps. Thanks.

  2. gogge

    Drinking enough water helps dilute your urine and keep the pH normal, typical recommendations are 2-4 liters but just aiming for clear urine most of the time might be a good idea too:
    While there are many generalized water intake equations (such as 8 glasses per day), these may not be correct for everyone. To poach another guideline from my mentor, a good rule of thumb is 5 clear urinations per day, and 2 of those should come after your workout. Yes, that means looking in the toilet when you pee.
    Lyle McDonald, "The Baseline Diet 2009: Part 1".
    Eating vegetables also helps raise the urine pH which helps avoid kidney stone formation (longer post). If you're worried you could get some urine pH test strips and see if you can try and maintain the pH around 6-7 to avoid, or potentially dissolve, stones:
    On the contrary after 6 weeks of potassium citrate/bicarbonate treatment, complete stone dissolution was found in three of the patients. In the other five cases a partial dissolution was observed and in two of them complete dissolution of the stone was achieved after prolongation of the treatment for 4 and 6 month respectively.
    Trinchieri A, et al. "Dissolution of radiolucent renal stones by oral alkalinization with potassium citrate/potassium bicarbonate" Arch Ital Urol Androl. 2009 Sep;81(3):188-91.
    As for kidney function studies show no negative impact with keto.
    I posted this in another thread:
    In general it doesn't look like kidney/liver function changes, so studies usually don't report them.
    Here's the result of a one year study, no difference:
    The subjects were subjected to liver and renal function tests, complete blood count, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL; directly measured), triglycerides (TG), urea and creatinine in the beginning after 8, 16, 24, 32, 40, 48 and 56 weeks.
    ...
    Administering ketogenic diet for a relatively longer period did not produce any significant side effects in subjects with high level of total cholesterol.
    Dashti HM, et al. "Long term effects of ketogenic diet in obese subjects with high cholesterol level" Mol Cell Biochem. 2006 Jun;286(1-2):1-9. Epub 2006 Apr 21.
    Renal function, one 24 week study mentioning, in type 2 diabetics, no difference:
    Eighty-four community volunteers with obesity and type 2 diabetes were randomized to either a low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet (<20 g of carbohydrate daily; LCKD) or a low-glycemic, reduced-calorie diet (500 kcal/day deficit from weight maintenance diet; LGID).
    ...
    In terms of renal function, serum creatinine and calculated GFR did not change significantly over the 24 weeks for either group.
    Westman EC, et al. "The effect of a low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet versus a low-glycemic index diet on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus". Nutr Metab (Lond). 2008 Dec 19;5:36. doi: 10.1186/1743-7075-5-36.
    Liver function (only ALT reported, AST measured but not mentioned), a six week study in cancer patients (only 11 subjects), showed improvement:
    Analyzing all patients...
    ...
    ALT as parameter for liver function declined to the better from 29.9 ± 22.2 SD to 25.9 ± 11.9 SD (p < 0.01).
    Schmidt M, et al. "Effects of a ketogenic diet on the quality of life in 16 patients with advanced cancer: A pilot trial" Nutr Metab (Lond). 2011 Jul 27;8(1):54. doi: 10.1186/1743-7075-8-54.
    A six week study, GGT/ALT/AST for liver function, BUN/creatinine for kidney function:
    The study group consisted of 106 Rome council employees with a body mass index of ≥ 25, age between 18 and 65 years (19 male and 87 female; mean age 48.49 ± 10.3).
    ...
    There were no significant changes in BUN, ALT, AST, GGT and blood creatinine.
    Paoli A, et al. "Effect of ketogenic Mediterranean diet with phytoextracts and low carbohydrates/high-protein meals on weight, cardiovascular risk factors, body composition and diet compliance in Italian council employees" Nutr J. 2011 Oct 12;10:112. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-10-112.
    Edit:
    Added some links.

  3. keto-account

    Thanks man. Say, about how much water do you drink daily?

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