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Glucose Fat And Protein Metabolism

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Main Functions of the Liver For more information about the liver see http://www.moomoomath.com/functions-o... The liver is the largest internal organ in our body. It has many functions and we would not stay alive without our liver.The liver has many functions in the body. It aids in digestions, stores important nutrients, and is a manufacturing plant. The liver produces a green substance called bile. Bile is used in the large intestine to breakdown fats. Bile is stored in the gall bladder. The liver helps detoxify toxins. It detoxes alcohol, and converts ammonia into a less toxic urea During exercise it breakdown glucose that it stores into glycogen It stores vitamin B12 iron and copper It produces blood clotting proteins and many hormones. It also helps the immune system. Your organ is a superstar organ and works hard to keep us alive Keywords: Liver, liver function, blood Bile, liver (anatomical structure), function of the liver, Hepatic, intestine functions, health, lobule Digestion, alcohol, food Pancreas, functions of the liver , what are the functions of the liver, Anatomy, physiology (field of study) metabolism, gall bladder, liver anatomy, duodenum structure, stomach, liver physiology, liver function digestion liver, function cholesterol You may also enjoy, What does liver do?https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wbh3S... Liver explained clearly https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wbh3S... -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "Study Skills Teacher's Secret Guide to your Best Grades" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f3bsg... -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- * * For more Life Science videos and summaries see, http://www.moomoomath.com/Middle-Scho...

Metabolic Functions Of The Liver

Hepatocytes are metabolic overachievers in the body. They play critical roles in synthesizing molecules that are utilized elsewhere to support homeostasis, in converting molecules of one type to another, and in regulating energy balances. If you have taken a course in biochemistry, you probably spent most of that class studying metabolic pathways of the liver. At the risk of damning by faint praise, the major metabolic functions of the liver can be summarized into several major categories: Carbohydrate Metabolism It is critical for all animals to maintain concentrations of glucose in blood within a narrow, normal range. Maintainance of normal blood glucose levels over both short (hours) and long (days to weeks) periods of time is one particularly important function of the liver. Hepatocytes house many different metabolic pathways and employ dozens of enzymes that are alternatively turned on or off depending on whether blood levels of glucose are rising or falling out of the normal range. Two important examples of these abilities are: Excess glucose entering the blood after a meal is rapidly taken up by the liver and sequestered as the large polymer, glycogen (a process called glyco Continue reading >>

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  1. boobear

    Hi everyone, I've done keto/low carb on/off last few years. Got really keto serious three weeks ago. On the whole last week my husband pretty much wanted to puke every time I spoke near him as he said my breath was soooo bad. I drink tons of water, chew gum etc. It was making me so self conscious that I went off the next day. It's been two days off and Breath is better but I really hate the way I feel eating carbs. Is there any tips for the keto breath, will it pass, and if so after how long??? It is literally the only thing that stops me from going back! Thanks in advance!

  2. Jessica

    They say that burning fat can cause bad breath due to chemicals released in the process. It's metabolic and not hygiene related. It doesn't usually last forever! Don't let it discourage you! Keep drinking lots of water

  3. boobear

    I'm trying really hard not too! I'm going to get back on tomorrow and keep ketoing but I hate being paranoid about my breath :(.

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Saturated fats, unsaturated fats, and trans fats Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/science/b... Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/science/b... Biology on Khan Academy: Life is beautiful! From atoms to cells, from genes to proteins, from populations to ecosystems, biology is the study of the fascinating and intricate systems that make life possible. Dive in to learn more about the many branches of biology and why they are exciting and important. Covers topics seen in a high school or first-year college biology course. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy's Biology channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC82q... Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_...

How The Body Uses Carbohydrates, Proteins, And Fats

How the Body Uses Carbohydrates, Proteins, and Fats The human body is remarkably adept at making do with whatever type of food is available. Our ability to survive on a variety of diets has been a vital adaptation for a species that evolved under conditions where food sources were scarce and unpredictable. Imagine if you had to depend on successfully hunting a woolly mammoth or stumbling upon a berry bush for sustenance! Today, calories are mostly cheap and plentifulperhaps too much so. Understanding what the basic macronutrients have to offer can help us make better choices when it comes to our own diets. From the moment a bite of food enters the mouth, each morsel of nutrition within starts to be broken down for use by the body. So begins the process of metabolism, the series of chemical reactions that transform food into components that can be used for the body's basic processes. Proteins, carbohydrates , and fats move along intersecting sets of metabolic pathways that are unique to each major nutrient. Fundamentallyif all three nutrients are abundant in the dietcarbohydrates and fats will be used primarily for energy while proteins provide the raw materials for making hormones Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. pamb

    My, but life is full of little challenges. Our latest is the observation that our bedroom, where my CFS husband spends 20 hrs/day or so, is just plain stinky.
    This post is mostly a curious one, wondering if anyone else has ever noticed this?
    We've washed everything, change sheets and his clothes very often and still a stinky bedroom. I've even moved everything and taken every drawer out so see if we had a dead mouse somewhere. nope.
    All I can conclude is that is it from dear husband's breath. It definitely smells like he has ketosis, something I'm familar with from our past competitive athletic days when serious over-training would lead your body to start living off itself, resulting in very weird breath. And for sure the stinky part would be compounded by the fact he is always cold, so has the heat cranked up and is always closing the door to keep the heat in. When he is not in the room we open the door and windows, even just a bit if it is cold, and wide open if warm. That helps a bit but not for long. If we had two bedrooms I'd rotate him day to day, but alas, just one.
    So, is it just us, or has anyone else noticed something similar? Of course, if so, any and all suggestions to alleviate are welcome.

  2. George

    After my CFS became active I noticed a distinct body oder change. I smelled 'sour', my sweat, breath, urine everything it seemed had gone sour on me. (grins) I was watching Rocky and Bullwinkel (long story) when I saw a short on using chlorophyll to get rid of onion breath. I remembered something about this from middle school chemistry so I looked it up on the web. Sure enough it's suppose to help with body odor. So I order some and I've been drinking a teaspoon in water twice a day for just over three months now.
    It has worked for me like a charm. Plus my digestive process seems to be working better as well. Now my house is back to just smelling like dogs. (big grins)

  3. richvank

    Ketosis in CFS
    pamb said: ↑
    My, but life is full of little challenges. Our latest is the observation that our bedroom, where my CFS husband spends 20 hrs/day or so, is just plain stinky.
    This post is mostly a curious one, wondering if anyone else has ever noticed this?
    We've washed everything, change sheets and his clothes very often and still a stinky bedroom. I've even moved everything and taken every drawer out so see if we had a dead mouse somewhere. nope.
    All I can conclude is that is it from dear husband's breath. It definitely smells like he has ketosis, something I'm familar with from our past competitive athletic days when serious over-training would lead your body to start living off itself, resulting in very weird breath. And for sure the stinky part would be compounded by the fact he is always cold, so has the heat cranked up and is always closing the door to keep the heat in. When he is not in the room we open the door and windows, even just a bit if it is cold, and wide open if warm. That helps a bit but not for long. If we had two bedrooms I'd rotate him day to day, but alas, just one.
    So, is it just us, or has anyone else noticed something similar? Of course, if so, any and all suggestions to alleviate are welcome.
    Hi, pamd.
    As far as I know, this degree of ketosis is unusual in CFS. Most PWCs have some elevation of beta hydroxybutyrate in their urine organic acids tests, but I don't think that having such severe ketosis that acetone is exhaled in significant quantities is very common in CFS. Maybe others will correct me if I am wrong about this.
    I do have some concern about your husband, because if ketosis becomes too severe, it results in ketoacidosis, which can be life-threatening. In this situation, the levels of the ketones become high enough in the blood to overcome the body's ability to buffer their acidity, so that the blood pH drops too low. I think it would be a good idea to have the pH of his blood measured. If it is too low, a doctor could help to raise it up. That would not stop the generation of ketones, but it would protect your husband.
    I would be very interested to see the results of a urine organic acids test on your husband. I see that Genova Diagnostics serves France through [email protected] Their urine organic acids test is called the Metabolic Analysis Profile.
    Generally speaking, ketosis occurs when acetyl-CoA rises high compared to normal in the cells.
    This is usually a result of the cells not being able to get enough glucose. The usual causes of ketosis are diabetes, starvation, a very high-fat ("ketogenic") diet, or prolonged, severe exercise, as you mentioned. When the cells do not get enough glucose, they cannot make oxaloacetate fast enough, and thus there is not enough of it to react with acetyl-CoA, so acetyl-CoA rises. It then reacts with itself to produce ketones.
    In your husband's case, I doubt that any of the usual causes of ketosis are present. I think that it is more likely that he has a severe block in his Krebs cycle, causing a very high rise in citrate, and that for some reason (perhaps genetic), his body is not able to divert the high citrate into the synthesis of fat. The result is back-pressure on the citrate synthase reaction, which would cause acetyl CoA to rise, thus generating ketones. I'm guessing that your husband does not gain weight. Is that correct?
    I think that most PWCs, who also have a Krebs cycle block, are able to divert citrate into making stored fat, and that prevents them from developing severe ketosis. It also causes them to tend to gain weight.
    The fact that your husband always feels cold is evidence of mitochondrial dysfunction (note that the Krebs cycle is located in the mitochondria, so a block in the Krebs cycle would be consistent with this).
    You asked for suggestions of how to alleviate this problem. Elsewhere on this forum I have posted about the Simplified Treatment Approach for lifting the partial methylation cycle block in CFS. When this treatment is successful (as in about two-thirds of the PWCs who have tried it) it allows glutathione to come up to normal, and that should eventually correct the problems in the mitochondria. If this worked in your husband's case, I think it would stop the ketosis. If you want to look into this further, you could go to this website: http://www.cfsresearch.org Click on M.E./CFS, and then on my name. As I've noted elsewhere, my position is that a person needs to be monitored by a physician while on this treatment. I also favor running the methylation pathways panel to determine whether there is a partial methylation cycle block before trying the treatment. This panel is offered by the Vitamin Diagnostics lab in the U.S. and by the European Laboratory of Nutrients in the Netherlands.
    I hope this is helpful.
    Best regards,
    Rich

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SUMMARY: not under normal circumstances at least. when your body is in a surplus, it will store the fat as fat, and in some cases the excess carbs. but protein has WAY too many pathways of higher priority (muscle building, oxidation, tissue building, glucose conversion, urea excretion etc) for it to become fat. not saying its impossible, but in the average bodybuilder this will not happen, unless all you eat is just protein (like fucking 500g of protein a day on a protein only diet). so dont let people tell you your excess protein will become fat. no. it might MAKE you fat indirectly (by putting you at a super surplus, causing your body to store the other macros at fat), but the protein in itself won't turn into fat. in fact the best thing u can do to lose weight is to eat more protein (whole food sources). it will not only keep you full longer, but will prevent excessive protein breakdown that comes from dieting and training. copiche bitch? $$$$$$$ MY CONTACTS $$$$$$$ Facebook: Jonathan Migan Facebook Fan Page: lowbudgetleanmuscle Twitter: @Team3Darmy Instagram: Jonathanmigan Play Station Network: Jerubbaal89 YGOPRO: ragnarok34 DuelingNetwork: sucemapin Get a FREE Text message Each Time I Upload a Video (US only): http://motube.us/lowbudgetleanmuscle $$$$$$$ COMPANIES I FUCKS WITH $$$$$$ ~GORILLA WEAR Clothing: high quality alpha shit. give these guys a try. : http://www.facebook.com/gorillawearusa Click Here: http://www.gorillawear.com/choose ~BEASTSUPPS: cool supplements and original training gear from my boy Jack. Click Here: http://www.beastsupps.com ***Discount code 10%: TEAM3D ~PRIME NUTRITION: a shitload of high quality supplements. also a lot of Protein Synthesis type shit. Click Here: http://www.primenutrition.com ***Discount code 10% off: gym240 $$$$$$$ MY CHANNELS $$$$$$$ Wisdom Channel: http://www.youtube.com/team3dwisdom News Channel: http://www.youtube.com/team3dshocking... Math Channel: http://www.youtube.com/team3dmathematics Religion Channel: http://www.youtube.com/team3dletstalkgod $$$$$$$ Matt aka "Lazy Lion"'s Channel$$$$$$ http://www.youtube.com/truthseeker182 $$$$$$$ MUSIC $$$$$$$ Music By TrillLouie: http://www.youtube.com/user/ytlouietunez YouTube, you can Email him at: [email protected] for confirmation that i have permission to use his music. $$$$$$$ DISCLAIMERS $$$$$$$ Copyright: i have the permission to use all the music in the video. Email me if you need proof, or the people whose emails i have provided above. Disclaimer: The advice on my channel and all my videos MUST NOT be substituted under any circumstances for medical advice. It is mainly my opinion based on personal research and experiences. I am not a licensed professional. Contact your physician before starting any nutritional or training program. Im out bitches!!!

Do Fat And Protein Turn Into Glucose?

Sandi Busch received a Bachelor of Arts in psychology, then pursued training in nursing and nutrition. She taught families to plan and prepare special diets, worked as a therapeutic support specialist, and now writes about her favorite topics nutrition, food, families and parenting for hospitals and trade magazines. Glucose keeps you energized.Photo Credit: Ridofranz/iStock/Getty Images When blood glucose gets low, your energy plummets and you may find it hard to concentrate. Your body can temporarily fill the gap by drawing on glucose stored in your liver, but those supplies are limited. When they run out, your body can produce glucose from fats and proteins. Fats are good for backup energy, but your body doesnt like to divert protein into energy due to its other vital functions. The best way to keep your body fueled is to consume the right amount of fats, proteins and carbs. Carbohydrates consist of molecules of sugar, which your body digests into glucose and uses for energy. When youre short on carbs, glucose can be created from fat and protein in a process called gluconeogenesis. Gluconeogenesis takes place mostly in your liver, which also has the job of maintaining a steady a Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. Emacfarland

    I'm confused about what defines being in nutritional ketosis based on blood levels. The Diet Doctor website says 1.5 is considered ketosis while I've heard on Keto Talk from Doc Nally that fit and active people can be in ketosis at levels of .3 or .4 and that higher levels don't necessarily mean better. So I'm not sure what the heck I'm aiming for! If I get readings below 1.5 am I doing something wrong? I am fit and active and Doc Nally has said this can make blood ketone level readings lower because an active persons body is using the ketones more efficiently. Should I be aiming for higher levels?

  2. BillJay

    It seems that the longer someone is keto-adapted, the more their body produces just the right amount of ketones and what we measure in the blood is only what's not actually being used, therefore it seems not only possible, but likely that people are in ketosis even with lower betahydroxybutyrate (BHB) levels - the ketone in the blood that these meters measure.
    This is somewhat frustrating for me since I'd like for there to be an objective measurement of being in ketosis, but that seems to be elusive.
    Therefore, a better indication is your level of carbs since it is HIGHLY unlikely that anything over 50 carbs is in ketosis and more likely that keeping carbs under 20 grams is a safe bet. Another indication is keeping protein at moderate levels which is 1.0 to 1.5 grams per kilogram of lean body weight.
    Once the macro-nutrients are in the proper range, I think that signs of keto-adapation are more poignant and below is a post from Mark Sisson on Dr. Mercola's site that explains many of the signs of being keto-adapted.

    What Does It Mean to Be Fat Adapted?
    543

  3. richard

    Dr Phinney invented the term so he gets to define it.
    In his book "The art and science of low carbohydrate living" he gives the range from 0.5 to 3.0 mmol/l
    But recently he mentioned that some of Dr Volek's very athletic subjects were clearly in ketosis at 0.2 mmol/l.
    My personal range is from 0.2 to 0.8 mmol/l, and I have been in ketosis for almost 3 years. Prof Tim Noakes is also normally in the same range 0.2-0.8.
    I suspect when we first start we aren't good at using them so we make too many and use too little so we end up with a lot left in our blood. After we become better adapted we end up in whatever physiological range our bodys feel best ensures our survival. And people who are trained and good fat burners may be able to get away with less because they can make it easily.
    When I fast for 3 days and then do 3 hours of exercise my ketones can go as high as 3.5. But I know people who regularly get up to 7.
    It's worth pointing out that Dr Nally has mentioned in his most recent podcast that he eats exogenous ketones 3 times a day. And he sells them.

    Personally I wouldn't be worried. I think you are doing fine.

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