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Fatty Acids Cannot Be Used To Make Glucose Because Quizlet

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Chapter 4 Carbs Flashcards | Quizlet

- can be refined through grinding, cooking, extruding, and drying to end up with cereal - includes the entire Colonel of the green including the term, the bran, and the endosperm - the bran and germ are discarded along with some fiber, vitamins, and minerals - to make up for some of these losses refined grains sold in the US are required to be enriched - thiamin, niacin, riboflavin, and iron that are lost when grains are milled or later added back to levels that are equal to or higher than originally present - since 1998 folic acid has been added to enriched grains - vitamins B & E are removed by Milling but are not added back - the amounts of many nutrients are much lower than the amount originally present in whole grain - thiamin, riboflavin, niacin , iron and folate have been added back in amounts equal to or that exceed the original level - over 13% of calories consumed in American diet - nutritionally and chemically identical to sugars that naturally occur in foods - when separated from their plant sources they no longer contain the fiber, vitamins, minerals and other substances found in the original plant - a proposed change is to add the amount of added sugars on the nutrit Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. megan

    I recently got the flu and was feeling awful with a temperature and all the fun that comes with it!. I knew I had to keep eating and taking in fluids though. I could barely get out of bed but I did what I had to. On the 3rd day in the night I checked and found I had high levels of ketones in my urine but in my blood it was 0.9. I checked again a little while later and it was 1.1 in my blood. Then 1.4. My sugars weren't too bad. As the ketones were rising and it was getting later I was worried at what point I would need help. The rule of thumb being getting advice at 1.5 and above and if higher and vomiting then going to A & E.
    I rang 111 as I didn't have anywhere else I could ring at that time. Then a paramedic phoned back to chat. She felt a dr was needed. A dr came round and said Id done the right thing. He found I had a UTI so prescribed antibiotics straight away.
    I was in a state but he said the ketones didn't concern him at this point particularly as they'd come down a bit since he arrived. Down to 1.1.
    He was very kind.
    I have since been in touch with my diabetic nurse during work hours and we have an appointment soon. She told me to check my pump Manual for sick days. I did and can't find any mention of ketones with normal blood sugars.
    She told me the treatment is the same. Go to hospital, get put on a glucose drip and double the insulin.
    We are 3 weeks on and I still have the tail end if this horrible flu virus thing. I live with ME and fibromyalgia too.
    I would rather avoid hospital at all costs. Last time I went in years ago for unrelated reasons I had to get my own blankets and meds back to deal with myself. I prefer to feel in some semblance of control in my own home than relying on others.
    What I'd like to know is others experiences and knowledge. Thanks

  2. ME_Valentijn

    megan said: ↑
    My sugars weren't too bad. What's not too bad? Hyperglycemia can result in excess ketone production starting at 13.3.
    There can be a fairly big delay between hyperglycemia and urine ketones ... maybe there's a similar delay with blood ketones? I had an 18.5 spike during the afternoon while at the GP's office with only "small" amounts of ketones in my urine, but measured "large" amounts of ketones in the evening when my blood sugar was already down to 10-11.
    Maybe you missed a spike in your blood sugar, but caught the after-effects in your ketones?
    megan said: ↑
    We are 3 weeks on and I still have the tail end if this horrible flu virus thing. I live with ME and fibromyalgia too.
    I would rather avoid hospital at all costs. Last time I went in years ago for unrelated reasons I had to get my own blankets and meds back to deal with myself. I prefer to feel in some semblance of control in my own home than relying on others. I have ME/CFS too, and totally understand where you're coming from. I stayed home with a likely case of lactic acidosis induced by metformin, because I felt way too sick to deal with calling anyone or going anywhere, much less a hospital. Probably wasn't thinking too clearly either, due to the severe acid-frying-my-brain headache that came with it
    But the noise, the lights, the food, uncomfortable beds ... it would be torture.

  3. megan

    My bloods were between 5 and 11... got to 13 at one point but I also didn't want to go hypo when I was sick at one point. I got very shaky and weak and hot.... I always got told that blood ketone testing was what was going on currently so more correct where as urine test was hours behind .
    There doesn't seem to be much information about this

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