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Fatty Acids Cannot Be Used To Make Glucose Because Quizlet

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Nutrition Exam 3

1. Metabolism 1.Metabolism is the sum of these and all the other chemical reactions that go on in living cells; energy metabolism includes all the ways the body obtains and uses energy from food. The enzymes involved in Phase I reactions are primarily located in the endoplasmic reticulum of the liver cell, they are called microsomal enzymes. Phase II metabolism involves the introduction of a hydrophilic endogenous species, such as glucuronic acid or sulfate, to the drug molecule. Refer to evernote for more info. 2. Examples of anabolism and metabolism. 2.Anabolism refers to all the metabolic activity in the human body that builds biological molecules, and catabolism refers to all the metabolic processes that break down biological molecules. EXAMPLE'S Muscle tissue growth is an anabolic process, and digestion is a catabolic activity. Diagram in evernote. 4. Body's response to feasting and fasting: metabolism, storage, priority Study ch 7 notes. Diagram for feasting and fasting, excess of each macro and defecit of each, first day what happens, next day major source of glucose. Refer to evernote for diagram Feasting: metabolism favors fat formation, excess energy stored as fat. Excess Continue reading >>

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  1. holymolysoly

    I am on day 21 and my husband has remarked on several occasions that my breath is absolutely horrific and offensive. After some searching in this forum and online, it seems the most likely culprits are ketosis and acetone breath from the over-consumption of protein? I dont think either of these are possible culprits, but over the last few days, I have increased my starchy veggie consumption to two per day and my husband said it hasn't helped. I am a nursing mamma to an almost 2 year old, so I figured I could use the extra starchy veggie because he still nurses 4 to 6 times in a 24 hour period. I follow the meal template fairly strictly so I don't think I am lacking or overdoing it in terms of protein or plant based starches/carbs. I feel great and want to continue with a very slow reintroduction of just a few things but my husband said he can barely tolerate the next 9 days and he is looking forward to me eating "normally" and my bad breath issue resolving ASAP. Any suggestions ? I really would like to make this way of eating a lifestyle and the breath issue is the only impediment for me.

  2. ladyshanny

    On July 25, 2016 at 10:12 PM, holymolysoly said:



    I am on day 21 and my husband has remarked on several occasions that my breath is absolutely horrific and offensive. After some searching in this forum and online, it seems the most likely culprits are ketosis and acetone breath from the over-consumption of protein? I dont think either of these are possible culprits, but over the last few days, I have increased my starchy veggie consumption to two per day and my husband said it hasn't helped. I am a nursing mamma to an almost 2 year old, so I figured I could use the extra starchy veggie because he still nurses 4 to 6 times in a 24 hour period. I follow the meal template fairly strictly so I don't think I am lacking or overdoing it in terms of protein or plant based starches/carbs. I feel great and want to continue with a very slow reintroduction of just a few things but my husband said he can barely tolerate the next 9 days and he is looking forward to me eating "normally" and my bad breath issue resolving ASAP. Any suggestions ? I really would like to make this way of eating a lifestyle and the breath issue is the only impediment for me.
    Hi,
    The most common culprits is ketosis but could also be from dehydration causing dry mouth which allows bacteria to breed.
    If would be most helpful if you would outline your last few days of food including portion sizes, specific vegetables/fat types and quantities, fluids, exercise etc. We can take a look and see if anything stands out.

  3. holymolysoly

    Thanks so much for the response. I generally walk between 5-7 miles a day and sleep is disrupted with several night time wake-ups since my son does not sleep through the night yet.
    Here's what my days have looked like:
    M1 - 3 scrambled eggs cooked in ghee
    1/3 of a 6 inch in diameter acorn squash drizzled with some EVOO
    1 trader joe's bag of organic spinach, steamed to yield about a cup
    1/2 cup coconut milk in coffee
    M2 - 3 turkey meatballs (each a bit smaller than a tennis ball),
    1 cup home made complaint marinara
    2 cups green beans (steamed)
    2 tbsp ghee mixed into marinara after cooking
    M3 - 1 and a half boneless skinless chicken thighs cooked into a curry with
    1 cup broccoli, 1/2 cup red peppers
    Served atop cauli rice with 1-2 tbsp of ghee mixed in after cooking
    Yesterday
    M1 - Fritatta made with 2 eggs, 1/4 cup ground chicken, asparagus, zucchini, onions, spinach
    roasted potatoes with herbs
    1/2 cup coconut milk with coffee
    M2 - Buffalo chicken spaghetti squash bake (PaleoOMG recipe)
    Mixed greens with tomato and cucumber, EVOO and balsamic
    M3 - ground turkey with 2 cups of veggies (same as in morning fritatta) with 1-2 tbsp of ghee mixed in after cooking
    I practice good oral hygeine and brush and floss twice a day. I have been carrying around mouth wash and using that several times a day as well. I can't tell that my breath smells bad. Also, I never had this issue before W30, and do not have any underlying medical conditions that could be causing this. My husband mentioned bad breath to me the last time I did a W30 in October of 2013, but he doesn't recall it being as severe as it is now. About a week ago, I ate squash or potato at every meal for 2 or 3 days and my husband said it wasn't as rancid but that he could still smell it.

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What is METABOLISM? What does METABOLISM mean? METABOLISM meaning - METABOLISM definition - METABOLISM explanation - How to pronounce METABOLISM? Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... license.

Nutrition-energy Metabolism Chapter 7

the sum total of all the chemical reactions that go on in living cells. includes all the reactions by which the body obtains and expends the energy from food. small molecules are put together to build larger ones. require energy. one large molecule is broken down to smaller ones and releases energy. Adenosine Triphosphate. contains 3 phosphate groups. when bonds of these phosphate groups split, they release energy. The body uses ATP to transfer energy released during catabolic reactions to power anabolic reactions. enzymes are proteins that facilitate a chemical reaction without being changed, much like catalysts. Coenzymes help activate the enzymes. However, they are not proteins. Pyruvate can be used to make glucose. Acetyl CoA cannot be used to make glucose. Amino acids and glycerol can be converted to pyruvate and therefore can make glucose. Fatty acids are converted to Acetyl CoA, and therefore cannot make glucose. However, it can readily make fat. Without glucose, the body will break down its lean body tissue to get the amino acids so that it can make glucose. Acetyl CoA enters this cycle and energy is harnessed through the electron transport chain. Glycolysis-glucose splitt Continue reading >>

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  1. WhoAteMyPsyche

    I've been trying to find the science between how the body reacts in ketosis vs someone who just tries to keep their carbs low. I know some people can be in ketosis with 50 carbs or less, but I do not think that is the case for most people.
    When I first started losing weight I was keeping my carbs between 40-50, and lost between 80-90 lbs. doing that. I then started doing more research (I stalled for a long time) and switched to keto and keep my carbs below 20. However, I'm working on a blog post trying to explain keto and would like to be able to explain, intelligently, the difference in ketosis vs "lowish" carbs.

    Can anyone point me to good research on this? Thank you!

  2. Fiorella

    Honestly, I think the best data or research is testing your own body, as in n=1. Starting at 20 g carbs is a starter's template. From there, you may need to go lower, or get away with pushing it higher. Let's say someone comes up with a bell curve showing where people have there carbs set at. It will still be a snapshot in time, possibly skewed to men/women only, age groups, metabolic diseases, athletic/sedentary, etc. Also, some people noticed that with time, the carb level requirement changed as their bodies health modified, too.

  3. WhoAteMyPsyche

    I completely agree that everyone is different and that the carb levels can change over time. I know, at least in my experience, just because someone knows about low carb doesn't mean they know what ketosis is. When I first started I was going off a plan I had followed in the 90s (Protein Power Plan) and knew nothing about ketosis. I had heard the term "keto" thrown around by a few people but just thought it was a different way of saying the same thing - Protein Power, Atkins, etc. So I guess the key is telling people WHAT keto is and why lowering your carbs works. They can then take that info and learn for themselves what works for them.

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What is ENERGY BAR? What does ENERGY BAR mean?ENERGY BAR meaning - ENERGY BAR definition - ENERGY BAR explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/... license. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6Uu... Energy bars are supplemental bars containing cereals and other high energy foods targeted at people who require quick energy but do not have time for a meal. They are different from energy drinks, which contain caffeine, whereas bars provide food energy. Energy in food comes from three sources: fat, protein, and carbohydrates. A typical energy bar weighs between 45 and 80 g and is likely to supply about 200300 Cal (8401,300 kJ), 39 g of fat, 715 g of protein, and 2040 g of carbohydrates. In order to provide energy quickly, most of the carbohydrates are various types of sugars like fructose, glucose, maltodextrin, dextrose and others in various ratios. Use of complex carbohydrate sources like oats and barley is limited and such carbohydrate sources are mostly used in protein bars. Proteins come mostly in the form of fast digesting whey protein. Energy bars generally don't contain sugar alcohols, since these bars, due to type of carbohydrate content, don't require low calorie sweeteners to improve their taste. Fats in energy bars are kept to minimum and their main sources are often cocoa butter and dark chocolate. Energy bars are used as energy source during athletic events like marathon, triathlon and other events and outdoor activities, where energy expenditure is high, for longer period of time.

Nutrition 2 Exam Energy Metabolism

Our bodies take or convert chemical energy from food to chemical energy of ATP Summarize the main steps in the energy metabolism of the nutrients: glucose, glycerol, fatty acids, and amino acids Each nutrient molecule is made up of atoms of carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen. The body uses mostly carbohydrates and fats for its energy needs. Amino acids are used primarily to build proteins, but can be used as an energy source if there is a lack of CHO and lipid available. The more C-H bonds in a nutrient, the more energy it can provide the body. 16C FA yields 129 ATP when completely oxidized Step 1: Glycolysis= the process of breaking down glucose and turning it into pyruvate. Step 2: Intermediate Step = Pyruvate Acetyl CoA Step 3: TCA Cycle = A way to take small molecules like Acetyl CoA and tear H's off of them Step 4: Electron transport chain = A way to take all of the H's from steps 1,2 & 3 and use them to make ATP Glucose metabolism begins with glycolysis, in which glucose is converted to a 3-carbon molecule, pyruvate. Glycolysis takes place in cytosol of the cell; can function under anaerobic or aerobic conditions H atoms with their electrons are released & carried to ETC Continue reading >>

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  1. Tirth Patel

    Blood Sugar Control and Stabilization

    Infectious Diseases

    Health


    Medicine and Healthcare



    How does an infection affect blood sugar? I understand the disease process, however what is the true science behind it?




    1 Answer







    Any type of Infection causes a stress response in the body by increasing the amount of certain hormones such as cortisol and adrenaline. These hormones work against the action of insulin so production of glucose increases, which results in high blood sugar levels.
    In a person who does not have diabetes, extra insulin is produced to counter these effects, but this is not possible for someone with diabetes.
    When your blood sugar is high, the white blood cells in your body are unable to “mop up” bacteria because they cannot move around at their normal speed and do not reach the infection site quickly enough to engulf and kill the bacteria.

    So in a diabetic person, hyperglycemia persists and it can lead to ketoacidosis during infection or any other type of stress.

    221 Views · 2 Upvotes · Answer requested by Amy Boumaig








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