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Etiology Of Diabetic Ketoacidosis

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Diabetic Ketoacidosis (dka)

Diabetic ketoacidosis is an acute metabolic complication of diabetes characterized by hyperglycemia, hyperketonemia, and metabolic acidosis. Hyperglycemia causes an osmotic diuresis with significant fluid and electrolyte loss. DKA occurs mostly in type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM). It causes nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain and can progress to cerebral edema, coma, and death. DKA is diagnosed by detection of hyperketonemia and anion gap metabolic acidosis in the presence of hyperglycemia. Treatment involves volume expansion, insulin replacement, and prevention of hypokalemia. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is most common among patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus and develops when insulin levels are insufficient to meet the body’s basic metabolic requirements. DKA is the first manifestation of type 1 DM in a minority of patients. Insulin deficiency can be absolute (eg, during lapses in the administration of exogenous insulin) or relative (eg, when usual insulin doses do not meet metabolic needs during physiologic stress). Common physiologic stresses that can trigger DKA include Some drugs implicated in causing DKA include DKA is less common in type 2 diabetes mellitus, but it may Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. Fwatuheard

    Sorry if this question has been asked a million times, but the search didn't get me what I was looking for.
    I've been on a TKD for 2 days now, and I'm not quite sure if I'm doing all of this correctly. I can't really monitor my diet down to the calorie due to my job, but I'm using common knowledge to steer clear of carbs (bread, rice, beans, fruit, etc, etc). I'm estimating that I've been consuming around 40-50 carbs a day with the bulk of it coming from my post-workout shake.
    From you keto pros out there, do you think I can achieve ketosis with my current carb intake, or should I restrict carbs even further? I'm starting to feel like I should restrict carbs totally save for my carb up day at the end of the week ala the CKD.
    All I all I got the basics down, but I think I need a little more guidance. Any help would be much appreciated.

  2. timmymayes

    I was into ketosis within 3 days...but i did a 3 day fast to get into it. I think it can take up to 10 days depending....I think thats the duration of induction on atkins.

  3. �STFU!ˇN�LIFT!

    how the HELL do you not eat for 3 days ?
    one day even omg

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