How Does Diabetes Cause Hyperkalemia?
Potassium and Hyperkalemia Potassium is a mineral in your body cells that performs several important body functions. Hyperkalemia is the condition when your blood has too much potassium in it. Adrenal glands are tiny structures that sit on the top parts of your kidneys. They secrete (hide and release) a chemical called “aldosterone”. Aldosterone signals the kidneys to release potassium along with urine. By doing so, the body is able to keep up a constant level of potassium in the blood. However, if your adrenals are not working properly, the levels of aldosterone start to fall and your kidneys are no longer able to release the potassium in your urine. When aldosterone starts to fall and the kidneys are no longer able to release potassium in the urine, the potassium starts to accumulate in the blood causing hyperkalemia- high blood potassium. Why Diabetes Causes Hyperkalemia? If you have diabetes, your body is unable to produce insulin- the chemical that regulates sugar levels in your blood. This triggers the fat cells to break down and release ketones. Ketones are chemicals that increase the acidity of your blood. High blood acidity, combined with high blood sugar, acts to forc Continue reading >>