What Makes A Person?
I’ve been in mental health treatment since August. I’m currently on my third psychopharmacological drug and am attending therapy. Therapy has mostly helped by making me understand how much I already know, which I had previously grossly underestimated, and by increasing consistency of application of that knowledge. It’s been slow but useful. Drugs have been a lot more interesting. Descartes determined his existence by asserting that he thought. His self was proven because he was capable of performing the action of thought himself. Meanwhile, I have watched chemicals I buy in a bottle change my thoughts. What force does a self have to think, when chemistry can change those thoughts more easily and completely, for good and ill alike, than I can through my will and choice alone? What self remains if chemistry has more impact upon the thoughts within my own mind than my own agency? According to modern understanding, the brain is the house of the mind, which emerges from the soupcon of chemical and electrical impulses that surge through our nervous system. It’s those impulses that allow our thoughts, feelings, and reactions alike. Beyond that is nothing. Dead, unconscious flesh that aims to organize its cells. Unthinking, unfeeling, mindless and selfless. It must be thus, or each cell would seek to preserve its own existence at the expense of the others, and the more complex organism would fail. Because there is no self, no person that minds the smallest parts of our body, we experience a sense of self, a sense of personhood. It is the self-sacrifice of the mindless, ignored by the mind, that allows the illusion of coherent identity in man. Without that systemic, constant march of death, we would not have a complex enough structure to support a brain evolved enough to Continue reading >>
11 Weird Body Odors That Might Be A Sign Of A Health Problem
If you wake up with bad breath, or get smelly armpits after working out, then consider yourself normal. These odors are nothing to worry about, and are usually cleared up with a quick toothbrushing or swipe of deodorant. But some body odors can be a sign of a health problem, and therefore shouldn't be passed off as "normal," or ignored. If you notice a smell that is stronger than usual, or seems to have come out of nowhere, it's a good idea to let your doctor know. "When the body is out of balance ... we lose our natural ability to fight odors," Dr. Harold Katz, the developer of TheraBreath, tells Bustle. "You are not supposed to stink." If you do, it could mean something in your body isn't right. I'm talking about infections, like some STDs, and even diseases that present themselves in the form of bad breath or body odor, like diabetes. Read on below for more prime examples, so you'll know just what to point out the next time visit your doctor. Because, while some odors are totally normal, others can be a sign of an underlying health problem — and possibly one that needs to be treated ASAP. 1. Fruity Odor On Your Breath Morning breath is one thing. But if your breath smells fruity or sweet, that could be a sign of a problem. "If you notice a fruity odor on your breath, this symptom cannot be ignored," attending physician Nesochi Okeke-Igbokwe, MD, of the NYU Langone Medical Center, tells Bustle. "It may be indicative of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), a metabolic condition that has the potential to be deadly and may arise as a complication of uncontrolled diabetes." 2. A "Fishy" Vaginal Odor While odor in your vaginal area is totally normal, you should be checked by a doctor if the smell becomes strong or fishy. "A 'fishy' odor coming from the vagina can be a sign of ba Continue reading >>
Bad breath, or halitosis, is a common complaint in the dental office. That rotten-egg smell that comes from your mouth – sometimes referred to as VSCs, or volatile sulfur compounds – can be caused by gum disease. Another culprit is bacteria, or plaque, which can grow on the surface of the tongue and teeth. Food debris mixes with bacteria and salivary salts, forming a cement-like substance called calculus, which can be embedded between the teeth. Other causes include dry mouth syndrome (xerostomia) as well as issues within the digestive tract that can send foul-smelling gases into the mouth. Let’s look at a few of these problems and their solutions. Brush (And Rinse) Away Bad Breath For most people, the best way to treat bad breath is through proper brushing, flossing and using a tongue scraper. Since most bad breath bacteria are anaerobic (without oxygen), they die in the presence of oxygen. Brushing your teeth with toothpaste, flossing and then scraping the film off of your tongue are all ways to scrub off bacteria and expose them to oxygen. Mouth rinses such as Listerine, chlorhexidine gluconate and chlorine dioxide are chemical ways to kill the germs that cause bad breath. Alcohols can kill bacteria, and the ingredients in mouth rinses that have eucalyptol, menthol and thymol are all effective ways to reduce bacterial levels. Foods can also cause bad breath. In fact, onion, garlic and certain vegetables contain oils that can remain on your tongue and between your teeth. You can even smell them through the pores in your skin. You can try a breath mint, but most do very little to get rid of these smells after you eat the food. How Else Can I Treat Bad Breath? Here is a rundown of the most common causes, along with steps you can take to kick your bad breath to the Continue reading >>
How Diet Can Cause (or Help Fix) Bad Breath
Bad breath isn’t a life-threatening problem, but it’s socially embarrassing and it can make life pretty rough, especially if your job has some kind of social component. And even though it sometimes comes from poor oral hygiene, even people with totally solid brush/floss/mouthwash/tongue scraper routines can get breath problems, because not all bad breath is caused by germs in your mouth. Here’s a look at the relationship between diet and breath, including the infamous “keto breath,” but also including other factors like the bacterial population of your mouth and how different foods you eat can affect odor-causing bacteria. Diet and Breath The obvious connection between diet and breath is smelly foods, like garlic, coffee, and fish. Obviously, these foods do have an effect, but it’s temporary: you can brush your teeth and get rid of it. A harder problem is bad breath that persists even if you aren’t eating anything particularly smelly – clearly there’s something else going on here. This study goes over some of the causes of bad breath. In 90% of cases, the problem has something to do with the bacterial population of the mouth. The human mouth naturally plays host to a lot of different bacteria, just like the gut. Just like healthy gut flora, healthy mouth bacteria don’t cause problems, but if something goes wrong, various species of mouth bacteria can produce several different compounds that make your breath smell bad. The study also goes over some other related problems. For example, the inflammation involved in gingivitis and other inflammatory diseases can make the problem worse. Another problem is saliva. Saliva basically “washes” the mouth at regular intervals If you’re not making enough saliva for some reason, bacterial populations in the Continue reading >>
7 Bad Breath Causes: The Mouth Conditions, Signs To Recognize
What’s that smell? Oh no, it’s my breath. But how can it be so stinky if I just brushed my teeth an hour ago? If you practice good oral hygiene and haven’t recently smoked a cigarette or bitten directly into an onion, your bad breath might be a sign of an underlying problem. Infections If you had a surgery in your mouth — to remove your wisdom teeth, for example — and the wound becomes infected, that could give you smelly breath in the same way tooth decay can. The Sepsis Alliance lists other symptoms of an infection in your mouth as pain, fever, swelling or a bitter taste. Read: Can You Diagnose Disease By Smelling Someone’s Breath? An infection in your nose, sinuses or throat may also lead to bad breath because they are connected to post-nasal drip, in which mucus goes from the back of your nose into your throat. Dieting The U.K.’s National Health Service warns that your eating habits could lead to bad breath, specifically if you fast or cut out carbs. These diets “cause the body to break down fat, which produces chemicals called ketones that can be smelled on your breath.” Diabetes In the same way dieting spurs your body to create those ketones, diabetes is linked to bad breath when it’s poorly managed. When people with diabetes are ill, don’t keep up with their insulin shots, or otherwise don’t have as much of that blood-sugar-regulating hormone as they need, the body is unable to use the sugar you’ve digested as a food source and starts to break down its fat. The ketones are released into the bloodstream in that process, and in large numbers are toxic. Diabetic ketoacidosis can cause fruity-smelling breath as well as rapid breathing, dry mouth, headache, nausea, stomach pain, muscle stiffness and aches. It could make fluid build up in the Continue reading >>
6 Diseases That Cause Bad Breath
Causes of halitosis are widely varied and include everything from dry mouth to eating onions. Patients may not realize that certain diseases are responsible for causing bad breath as well. From respiratory tract infections to diabetes, many well-known medical conditions also play a role in causing bad breath. Once you understand the ways that each of these ailments affect the body, it will be easy to pinpoint the cause of halitosis. 1. Pneumonia Often thought of as a more serious version of the flu, pneumonia is a potentially lethal disease. Caused by bacteria, viruses or fungi, pneumonia spans a vast range of severity. While it may just mean a few days home sick for a healthy adult, to young children or the elderly, pneumonia can be fatal. How Does It Cause Halitosis? Essentially, pneumonia involves air sacs in the lungs that become inflamed. The air sacs become filled up with phlegm or pus, both of which are odiferous when coughed up. The constant coughing up of phlegm or pus takes a toll on the patient’s breath, ultimately causing halitosis. Other respiratory tract infections that can cause bad breath include bronchitis, sinusitis and even a common cold. 2. Alcoholism Alcoholism is a disease characterized by an addition to alcohol, often to the point where it’s detrimental to the patient’s health. The negative effects of alcoholism on the body are many and widely varied. In addition to symptoms that affect every aspect of the sufferer’s life, alcoholism is a common cause of halitosis. How Does It Cause Halitosis? There are 3 primary ways that alcohol is known to cause halitosis. Each of these causes is summarized below. Drying Out The Mouth Excessive consumption of alcohol dries out the mouth and discourages the production of saliva. This creates a fertile br Continue reading >>
What Causes Bad Breath?
Most often, but not always, halitosis, commonly known as bad breath, is related to what you eat and your dental hygiene habits. If the problem is not chronic, it may simply be the result of something you ate during your last meal. Garlic, onions, curry, and peppers are examples of smells that cannot be easily disguised by sucking on a mint or chewing gum. Offensive odor is produced when gases such as hydrogen sulfide, skatole, etc., are released due to bacterial activity, mostly during food intake. Some of the bacteria cannot live where there is oxygen; these are called anaerobic. Are you wondering how they can survive in your mouth? They do so by hiding in the crevices in your tongue, between your teeth, and tucked into your gums. At night, if you sleep with your mouth closed, you provide less oxygen, and they thrive, resulting in "morning breath." Bacteria that live on the tongue cause 90% of all cases. The tongue is a relatively dry part of the mouth, and its surface is covered with grooves and ridges that trap food particles, dry epithelial cells, and sinus drip. As such, it is essential to brush your teeth and tongue every morning, and never skip this routine. Underlying Causes If you not eating pungent foods and still have halitosis, it may be that you are not adequately brushing and flossing your teeth. By not removing all of the food particles that stick to the tongue, teeth, and gums, you are providing a growth medium for anaerobic bacteria, which will then give you odorous breath. Because you actually inhale these strong odors into your lungs, these smells are detectable hours after they were eaten – even after you have brushed. However, brushing and flossing may not prevent the odor from returning until the cause has been identified and eliminated from your Continue reading >>
Diabetes And Bad Breath Causes, Symptoms And Treatment
When you develop unusual breath, it could be an indication of an underlying health problem. For example, a fruity smell is associated with diabetic ketoacidosis. If you have an odor that smells like ammonia, it could be a sign that you are suffering from kidney disease. Bad breath could also occur as a result of taking certain types of medications such as metformin. Even diabetes can cause bad breath. Bad breath, which is scientifically known as halitosis, can affect a sufferer’s self esteem. While there are many factors which can contribute to bad breath, brushing regularly and talking to your dentist or doctor can help prevent it. You want to ensure you eliminate plaque build up, gum disease, or bacteria growth, which can also contribute to bad breath, before you consider other treatment options. What is diabetes? Diabetes is a chronic medical condition where a patient is unable to produce enough insulin or their body becomes resistant to it. Insulin is a natural hormone that is made by the beta cells located in the pancreas. This hormone helps glucose enter the cells where it is stored or converted into energy. In people with diabetes, the body either produces too little insulin or none at all. This means that glucose remains in the bloodstream. Hence, they experience high levels of blood sugar. If left untreated, too much sugar in the blood can lead to serious long term problems, such as kidney problems, blindness, or nerve damage. Even though diabetes has no cure, it can be managed through a proper diet plan, regular exercise, and taking medication. Diabetes and bad breath If you have bad breath, it does not imply that you are diabetic. However, there is a relationship between diabetes and bad breath that you should know about. In patients with diabetes, high lev Continue reading >>
Bad Breath (halitosis)
Tweet Halitosis, better known as 'bad breath', is sometimes associated with diabetes. several dental and oral conditions can also cause halitosis. Having bad breath can have knock-on effects, such as loss of self-esteem and even contribute to depression. People with diabetes can lessen their risk of bad breath by avoiding sugary drinks and food and maintaining good oral health and blood sugar levels. What causes bad breath? The causes of bad breath are wide reaching but the condition is often linked to poor dental plaque removal. Plaque bacteria, which live in-between the teeth and on the surface of the tongue, digest glucose or food particles then release foul-smelling gasses. There are some medical conditions, including diabetes, which make people more susceptible to halitosis. In people with diabetes, high blood sugar levels increase glucose levels in saliva. This provides food for bacteria in the mouth and leads to the build-up of dental plaque. If plaque is not removed effectively tooth decay and gum disease may occur which also causes halitosis. Diabetes can cause ketoacidosis, which is where the body burns fat instead of glucose if there is too little insulin in the blood, or if insulin resistance is too high. Ketones then form as a waste product which cause an unusual smell on the breath sometimes compared to pear drops. If you notice you have bad breath, it could be a side effect of your regular medications. Some people report having bad breath as a result of taking metformin. If you take metformin and think it is causing you to have bad breath, contact your diabetes healthcare team for advice on alternative medications which may be available. Preventing bad breath The best way to prevent bad breath is to have a good plaque removal regime. Ensuring you brush an Continue reading >>
Bad Breath: Causes And Treatment
MORE Bad breath, or halitosis, is familiar to many people. Although precise epidemiological data are missing, some studies have suggested that bad breath may rank only behind dental cavities and gum disease as the most frequent reasons for visits to the dentist. Causes The root cause behind bad breath can range from banal — such as poor oral hygiene after meals — to potentially life-threatening complications from diabetes and kidney failure. The food you eat can affect your breath. If you eat foods with strong odors, such as garlic or onions, the smells will accompany your breath. As your digestive system breaks down food, it enters your bloodstream. Pungent oils in garlic and onions eventually enter your lungs and cause bad breath. Brushing your teeth, eating a mint or using mouthwash covers the smell, but it will not go away completely until the food has left your body. Food particles can also remain in your mouth if you do not brush or floss daily. These particles collect between the teeth and encourage the growth of bacteria, which builds up in the mouth and causes bad breath. Smoking and chewing tobacco can also lead to mouth odor and bad breath. In addition to their own smells, tobacco particles collect in your teeth and lead to bacteria growth in the same way that food does. Furthermore, smokers and chewers are more likely to develop gum disease, a symptom of which is bad breath. Saliva helps cleanse the mouth and wash away food particles and bacteria. However, everyone produces less saliva while asleep, which leads to dry mouth and the dreaded "morning breath." It is worse for those who sleep with their mouths open. In the condition called diabetic ketoacidosis, the body cannot properly break down and use glucose as an energy source, so it opts to break down Continue reading >>
What Causes Bad Breath And How Can It Be Avoided?
Bad breath can be very embarrassing, but it is a common condition and there are numerous ways to fight it. The main source of bad breath is the ‘’tongue’’. The Layers of bacteria get embedded on it, resulting in foul-smelling. CAUSES a) Dry mouth it occurs naturally during sleep, but can also be caused by a glandular condition, as well as certain foods, like onions or garlic, tobacco and alcohol. b) Post nasal drip can also cause bad breath because bacteria are attracted to the resulting mucus and phlegm. c) Poor dental hygiene: If you don't brush,the food particles remain in your mouth, causing bad breath. A colourless, sticky film of bacteria forms on your teeth. If not brushed away, plaque can irritate your gums and Your tongue also can trap bacteria that produce odours. d) Infections in your mouth. Bad breath can be caused by surgical wounds after oral surgery, such as tooth removal, or as a result of tooth decay, gum disease or mouth sores. How to cure Home Remedies: Following these tips can help you fight bad breath: a) Practice good oral hygiene and keep mouth, tongue, teeth and gums clean and healthy. Brush and floss your teeth regularly and clean your gums to remove bacterial buildup. b) Chew some leaves of parsley after eating , a green plant compound that kills bacteria causing odour, also chewing unripe guava or guava leaves is an excellent tonic for the teeth and gums. c) Use natural oils with your toothpaste such as tea tree or peppermint while brushing, cardamom seeds and fenugreek seeds can also help sweeten your breath. If you have chronic dry mouth or you taking some medications that causes bad odour then you should definitely consult a dentist. Future preventive measures: a) Keep sucking daily a piece of sugarless candy or chew sugarless gum t Continue reading >>
How To Cure Bad Breath With A High Protein Diet
A high-protein, low-carb diet can put your body into ketosis -- a state where your body is burning fat instead of glucose for energy. When you limit your carb intake, your body has to use stored fat for energy, which can be a short-term way to lose a few pounds. When your body burns fat, by-products called ketones are released. You'll expel most of them in urine and perspiration, but some will be expelled in your breath -- and ketones don't smell good. According to a survey by the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, 40 percent of people following a low-carb diet reported having bad breath. Video of the Day Don't try to cover bad breath with mints or gum. Instead, brush your teeth more often. Brush, floss and scrape your tongue to help clear the ketones from your mouth. Scraping the back of your tongue will help get rid of most of the problem. Practice good oral hygiene two to three times daily. Drink more water. Keeping your mouth moist may help dispel "keto breath." Drinking water will help restore the proper acid/alkaline balance in your mouth. If your mouth is dry in the winter, try a humidifier in your bedroom. Drinking lots of liquids will also help you pass more ketones in your urine, rather than through exhalation. Remember, exhalation is another means for your body to rid itself of waste. Eat carbs. The only way to truly stop the bad breath caused by ketosis is to take your body out of ketosis. You can choose to eat low-glycemic index carbs that have little effect on your blood sugar, or high-protein carbs such as legumes. Eat more vegetables and fruits for sweeter-smelling breath. If your body can't expel ketones quickly enough, too many may build up in your bloodstream. The buildup of ketones in your bloodstream can lead to a life-threatening coma, Continue reading >>
Bad Breath: The Causes And Solutions
Nothing can screw up a date, a business lunch or just a mundane social interaction like bad breath. It’s unpleasant enough to experience it from someone else, but sharing your own stinky breath with someone else is one of the worst faux pas you can commit. But what causes bad breath, and how do you get rid of it? Most people will simply say to take a breath mint and be done with it, but for many people, it’s not that easy. Chronic bad breath, or halitosis, can cause social problems for those who just can’t seem to rid of it. It can also be a sign of more serious health problems. In this article, we’ll explore what causes halitosis and similar conditions and how you can rid yourself of bad breath. What Are the Primary Causes of Bad Breath? This should be obvious. If you ate a big sandwich with sausage and peppers, you’re going to pay the price for it later. Even foods that are very healthy, like garlic, can produce bad breath. Other foods that can cause bad breath include onions and coffee. Dental hygiene (or lack thereof). If you do not brush your teeth and floss regularly, particles of food can become lodged between your teeth and in your gums. Over time, they will begin to decay and form plaque, a clear film of bacteria on your teeth, and produce a bad odor. Plaque also contributes to cavities. Bacteria can also accumulate on the tongue and cause bad breath. Infections and diseases of the mouth, nose and throat. Foul breath isn’t necessarily a disease per se, but it can be a symptom of a variety of illnesses. Chronic inflammation in the nasal passages, sinuses and throat can cause postnasal drip, which can contribute to bad breath. Gastroesophageal reflux disease can also be a factor. Other diseases and deficiencies. Certain types of cancers and metabolic Continue reading >>
Bad breath is usually related to poor dental hygiene. Not brushing and flossing regularly causes sulfur compounds to be released by bacteria in the mouth. Some disorders will produce distinct breath odors. Some examples are: A fruity odor to the breath is a sign of ketoacidosis, which may occur in diabetes. It is a potentially life-threatening condition. Breath that smells like feces can occur with prolonged vomiting, especially when there is a bowel obstruction. It may also occur temporarily if a person has a tube placed through the nose or mouth to drain their stomach. The breath may have an ammonia-like odor (also described as urine-like or "fishy") in people with chronic kidney failure. Continue reading >>
Why Does My Breath Smell Like Acetone?
People often associate strong smelling breath with the food someone has eaten or poor dental hygiene. But it may reveal much more than that. If a person's breath smells like acetone or nail polish remover, it could indicate health conditions, including diabetes. The way a person's breath smells can be an indicator of their overall health. This article explores why a person's breath might smell like acetone and what this might mean about their health. Contents of this article: How diabetes can affect breath Diabetes can affect the way a person's breath smells and can cause bad breath, or halitosis. In a 2009 study, researchers found that analyzing a person's breath helped to identify prediabetes when diabetes is in its early stages. There are two conditions associated with diabetes that can cause bad breath: gum disease and a high ketone level. The proper name for gum diseases in periodontal disease, and its forms include: Diabetes can be associated with an increased risk of gum disease, which may cause a person's breath to smell bad. However, gum disease does not cause a person's breath to smell like acetone. If a person has diabetes and their breath smells like acetone, this is usually caused by high levels of ketones in the blood. Diabetes and acetone breath When diabetes is not managed well, the body does not make enough insulin to break down glucose in the blood. This means that the body's cells do not receive enough glucose to use as energy. When the body cannot get its energy from sugar, it switches to burning fat for fuel instead. The process of breaking down fat to use as energy releases by-products called ketones. Ketone bodies include acetone. Acetone is the same substance that is used in nail varnish remover and is distinguished by its fruity smell. When a pe Continue reading >>