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Dka Vs Hhs Chart

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Dka And Hhs Flashcards | Quizlet

Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Nonketotic Syndrome: Gradual onset of hyperglycemia and What are the expected BG levels for DKA and HHS? HHS because the super high BG levels increase risk for CVA, infection, MI One of the means by which the liver regulates BG by synthesizing glucose. Breakdown of glycogen for glucose formation in the liver Synthesis of glucose from amino acids in the liver. How much energy is provided per gram from: Where is insulin produced? What does it do? In the beta cells of the pancreas. Moves glucose from the blood into the cell, lowering BG Where is glucagon produced? What does it do? In the alpha cells of the pancreas. Increases BG by releasing more glucose from the liver. Inhibits insulin during times of stress to keep the BG levels high, and promotes release of glucose from the liver As GH increases, so does BG. When BG is low, the GH is also low. Critical during fasting and starvation, stimulates gluconeogenesis. (production of glucose from amino acids in the liver) pH = <7.3 (7.35-7.45 is norm). Metabolic acidosis 3 main electrolyte imbalances associated with DKA DKA vs HHS clinical manifestations chart: What kind of fluid therapy would you expect to see f Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. RedhairedNurse

    Your nursing text should point out the difference. I would tell you, but I'd just have to look it up and my books are in storage. I could also google it, but something you can also do as well. Sorry.

  2. RedhairedNurse

    http://books.google.com/books?id=aLt...um=9&ct=result

  3. Ilithya

    In HHNS, blood sugar levels rise, and your body tries to get rid of the excess sugar by passing it into your urine, your body tries to compensate. This usually happens to type 2s
    In DKA there is little to no circulating insulin. DKA occurs mainly, but not exclusively, in Type 1 diabetes because Type 1 diabetes is characterized by a lack of insulin production in the pancreas. It is much less common in Type 2 diabetes because the latter is closely related to cell insensitivity to insulin, not -- at least initially -- to a shortage or absence of insulin. Some Type 2 diabetics have lost their own insulin production and must take external insulin; they have some susceptibility to DKA. You get acidosis in DKA because ketones lower the bloods pH.
    Does that help?

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Diabetic Ketoacidosis And Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic State.

Med Klin (Munich). 2006 Mar 22;101 Suppl 1:100-5. Diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state. Clinic II and Polyclinic for Internal Medicine, University of Cologne, Germany. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS) are the two most serious metabolic complications of diabetes mellitus (DM). These disorders can occur in both type 1 and type 2 DM. DKA is characterized by hyperglycemia, ketone body formation and metabolic acidosis. Precipitating causes are usually infection or insulin omission. Over the past 20 years, there has been no reduction in the DKA mortality rates, which remain between 3.4% and 4.6%. HHS is manifested by marked elevation of blood glucose, hyperosmolality and little or no ketosis. Precipitating causes of HHS are infection, undiagnosed diabetes and substance abuse. The mortality rates of the HHS remain high at approximately 15%. Basic common pathophysiological mechanisms in both conditions, which differ only in the magnitude of dehydration and degree of ketoacidosis, are the reduction in the effective insulin action combined with increased counterregulatory hormones (glucagon, catecholamines, cortisol, and growth hor Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. RedhairedNurse

    Your nursing text should point out the difference. I would tell you, but I'd just have to look it up and my books are in storage. I could also google it, but something you can also do as well. Sorry.

  2. RedhairedNurse

    http://books.google.com/books?id=aLt...um=9&ct=result

  3. Ilithya

    In HHNS, blood sugar levels rise, and your body tries to get rid of the excess sugar by passing it into your urine, your body tries to compensate. This usually happens to type 2s
    In DKA there is little to no circulating insulin. DKA occurs mainly, but not exclusively, in Type 1 diabetes because Type 1 diabetes is characterized by a lack of insulin production in the pancreas. It is much less common in Type 2 diabetes because the latter is closely related to cell insensitivity to insulin, not -- at least initially -- to a shortage or absence of insulin. Some Type 2 diabetics have lost their own insulin production and must take external insulin; they have some susceptibility to DKA. You get acidosis in DKA because ketones lower the bloods pH.
    Does that help?

  4. -> Continue reading
read more
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W3l Para204 Dka, Hhs, Aka

Poorly managed/undiagnosed diabetes (Type I Diabetes is first presentation of SKA fast or slow how can a DKA patient technically be hypoglycaemic A decrease in the circulating insulin level forces the body to source glucose from the break down of fat/protein at an how does a DKA patient become dehydrated and hypovolaemic (A decrease in the circulating insulin level forces the body to source glucose from the break down of fat/protein at an increased rate to fuel the body > Lysis (break down) of protein and lipids produces ketones as a by product ) The increased ketone production and hyperglycaemia produces osmotic diuresis and as a result a concentration gradient occurs. Fluid moves out of cells into the blood resulting in cellular how does a DKA patient become hyperkalaemic Metabolic acidosis occurs due to the increase in acid The hyperosmolality and acidic state cause potassium to what does hyperkalaemic patient present as on ECG what is the risk of moving a DKA patient which has been lying down for an extended period of time and how should this be managed If a Pt has been lying down for an extended period, K will have been accumulating in blood stream. Once you stand them up the Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. RedhairedNurse

    Your nursing text should point out the difference. I would tell you, but I'd just have to look it up and my books are in storage. I could also google it, but something you can also do as well. Sorry.

  2. RedhairedNurse

    http://books.google.com/books?id=aLt...um=9&ct=result

  3. Ilithya

    In HHNS, blood sugar levels rise, and your body tries to get rid of the excess sugar by passing it into your urine, your body tries to compensate. This usually happens to type 2s
    In DKA there is little to no circulating insulin. DKA occurs mainly, but not exclusively, in Type 1 diabetes because Type 1 diabetes is characterized by a lack of insulin production in the pancreas. It is much less common in Type 2 diabetes because the latter is closely related to cell insensitivity to insulin, not -- at least initially -- to a shortage or absence of insulin. Some Type 2 diabetics have lost their own insulin production and must take external insulin; they have some susceptibility to DKA. You get acidosis in DKA because ketones lower the bloods pH.
    Does that help?

  4. -> Continue reading
read more

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