Dka Pathophysiology Made Simple

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Dka Vs Hhs (hhns) Nclex Review

Diabetic ketoacidosis vs hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome (HHNS or HHS): What are the differences between these two complications of diabetes mellitus? This NCLEX review will simplify the differences between DKA and HHNS and give you a video lecture that easily explains their differences. Many students get these two complications confused due to their similarities, but there are major differences between these two complications. After reviewing this NCLEX review, don’t forget to take the quiz on DKA vs HHNS. Lecture on DKA and HHS DKA vs HHNS Diabetic Ketoacidosis Affects mainly Type 1 diabetics Ketones and Acidosis present Hyperglycemia presents >300 mg/dL Variable osmolality Happens Suddenly Causes: no insulin present in the body or illness/infection Seen in young or undiagnosed diabetics Main problems are hyperglycemia, ketones, and acidosis (blood pH <7.35) Clinical signs/symptoms: Kussmaul breathing, fruity breath, abdominal pain Treatment is the same as in HHNS (fluids, electrolyte replacement, and insulin) Watch potassium levels closely when giving insulin and make sure the level is at least 3.3 before administrating. Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Nonketotic Syn Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. survivn

    Keto while nursing?

    Hey fitnessman, is it a good idea to try a keto diet while nursing?, I have a friend that just had a baby and she would like to try keto to lose the "baby" fat. thanks for your help

  2. fitforlife

    I am not fitnessman, and probably will get jumped on for this, but I would say DEFINETLY NOT!!!!! Keto is a GREAT fat loss program, but it does deny you of some vitamins and minerals, even if you do take multi-vitamins and eat vegis, that your baby MUST have. I would tell her just to eat healthy and reasonable proportions and to exercise. That baby is taking a LOT out of her that she doesnt realize. Shoot, nursing a baby burns about 500 calories extra a day for women. I learned a lot about breast feeding because my wife just had a baby and we went to all these pre-baby classes.

  3. fitnessman

    That I'd jump you on this one
    A quick story. Well over 5 years ago the first I even heard of a high fat diet was from my wife. Being a nutritionist, I thought the diet was just plain silly. Also being a diet researcher at jeart, I set out to prove that the crap she trying was wrong.
    Well guess who was wrong?....ME! 5 years later the rest is hisorty. I have become a ketogenic diet guru to many. Just a story for ya all.
    Now on with the meat. All of my children have been breast fed. So Survivn, kudos to your friend for breasting! That is how babies were designed to eat. There still are 100's of componetes in breast milk that researchers cant even identify.
    My wife loves the Ketogenic lifestlye. While pregnant she does not do the diet due to such really odd cravings(nor would I stand in her way). Our last two children had been fed from her while being on the diet. She has found that the milk production is greater and has less trouble expressing milk than with the older ones, when she was on a carb based diet.
    The big key here while breast feeding(with any diet) is to take into account that more calories are needed for the milk production. How many really depends on metabolism. For my wife it works out to 13 or so per pound of TOTAL bodyweight.
    She will get plently of nutrients from the green veggies and low GI fruits in the diet.
    So yes, it is fine to breast feed on a ketogenic diet. You MUST eat greens and some low GI fruits.
    Also keep in mind that the female body will not release fat very well while breast feeding. HOWEVER the over all health and well being of the mother and baby will be much better. Not to fret the slow fat loss, because after the baby is weened(about 18 months) her metabolism will be already amped and ready to go!
    I have #6 coming in Dec. I can guarantee you my wife will be on a ketogenic diet. She is already looking forward to it!
    Have her pick up Protein Powers Lifesplan by the Eades doctors, this is a perfect diet for a lactating female.

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