Describe The Respiratory Response To Metabolic Acidosis

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Acid Base Disorders

Acid base disorders 1. What is normal pH? Normal Values pH = 7.38 - 7.42 [H+] = 40 nM/L for a pH of 7.4 PaCO2 = 40 mm Hg [HCO3] = 24 meq/L 2. What is the definition for acid base disorder? Acid base disorder is considered present when there is abnormality in HCO3 or PaCO2 or pH. 3. What does acidosis or alkalosis refer to? Acidosis and alkalosis refer to in-vivo derangement's and not to any change in pH. 4. What does acidemia or alkalemia refer to? Acidemia (pH < 7.38) and Alkalemia (pH >7.42) refer to derangement's of blood pH. 5. Which organs are key players in maintaining acid base balance? Kidney, Respiratory system and Central nervous system play a key roles in maintaining the acid base status. 6. What are the primary acid base disorders? Primary acid base disorders Metabolic acidosis Metabolic alkalosis Respiratory acidosis Respiratory alkalosis 7. When would you consider metabolic acidosis? Metabolic acidosis: loss of [HCO3] 0r addition of [H+] 8. When would you consider metabolic alkalosis? Metabolic alkalosis: loss of [H+] or addition of [HCO3] 9. When would you consider respiratory acidosis? Respiratory acidosis: increase in pCO2 10. When would you consider respiratory al Continue reading >>

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  1. Drix_the_Pill

    I got into an argument with my mother about my diet. I recently took a blood test to reaffirm that my LCHF diet is making positive improvements on my health. I don't have the full results of the report yet, but the doctor says my HDL is 57 and LDL is 159, so LDL is elevated (normal = <130). He also mentioned my blood sugar is 102. Doc thinks exercise will help with my health, and says regarding my low-carb diet "keep doing what you're doing." I must admit I was on and off keto for the last month during the month before finals so that may have affected results. So I told my parents about these results and they are concerned that my usual 3-4 eggs in the morning have an impact on "cholesterol" overall.
    Dad's argument: I have never seen anyone eat that many eggs on their diet. I know you use internet to research these things, but please don't cherry pick facts that prove your case. Have you SEEN anyone to eat 3-4 eggs a day?
    Mom's argument: My doctor tells me that eggs are bad, and I stopped eating them and I improved my cholesterol. I also knew some co-workers who used to have bad cholesterol and when they stopped eating eggs, they improved their levels.
    Really? Is conventional wisdom this stupid? They conveniently ignore the fact that LCHF has made me lose nearly 50 pounds and my protests that the diet really makes me feel more healthy and energetic. My mom still supports buying my eggs, but she treats it with such disgust, when she still buys junk food like soda and cookies happily and thinks these are necessary. I was hoping to have good results on my blood test to sway my parents to converting to LCHF, but I guess my intermittent cheat month didn't help too much (even if I only gained like 3 lb).
    Good thing they don't say anything about meat. Because I'm going to suggest buying red meat next time we go shopping for my breakfast. Yes, big bad red meat. Please stop with the conventional wisdom.

  2. Azurenightsky

    Since no one has said this yet. You've lost 50lbs mate. That's going to increase your cholesterol numbers because part of the adipose tissue you've lost was composed of cholesterol, as is all fat. Tell them to wait patiently, in 6 months after you've reached your goal weight, get your blood checked again, it should be normalized and stable by then.

  3. CanuckLoonieGurl

    Exactly what I was going to say. Recheck at your goal weight so you can show them better numbers :)

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Respiratory acidosis #sign and symptoms of Respiratory acidosis Respiratory acidosis ABGs Analyse https://youtu.be/L5MWy1iHacI Plz share n subscribe my chanel is a condition that occurs when the lungs cant remove enough of the Suctioning https://youtu.be/hMJGkxvXTW0 carbon dioxide (CO2) produced by the body. Excess CO2 causes the pH of blood and other bodily fluids to decrease, making them too acidic. Normally, the body is able to balance the ions that control acidity. This balance is measured on a pH scale from 0 to 14. Acidosis occurs when the pH of the blood falls below 7.35 (normal blood pH is between 7.35 and 7.45).Rinku Chaudhary NSG officer AMU ALIGARH https://www.facebook.com/rinkutch/ Respiratory acidosis is typically caused by an underlying disease or condition. This is also called respiratory failure or ventilatory failure. Suctioning https://youtu.be/hMJGkxvXTW0 Normally, the lungs take in oxygen and exhale CO2. Oxygen passes from the lungs into the blood. CO2 passes from the blood into the lungs. However, sometimes the lungs cant remove enough CO2. This may be due to a decrease in respiratory rate or decrease in air movement due to an underlying condition such as: asthma COPD pneumonia sleep apnea TYPES Forms of respiratory acidosis There are two forms of respiratory acidosis: acute and chronic. Acute respiratory acidosis occurs quickly. Its a medical emergency. Left untreated, symptoms will get progressively worse. It can become life-threatening. Chronic respiratory acidosis develops over time. It doesnt cause symptoms. Instead, the body adapts to the increased acidity. For example, the kidneys produce more bicarbonate to help maintain balance. Chronic respiratory acidosis may not cause symptoms. Developing another illness may cause chronic respiratory acidosis to worsen and become acute respiratory acidosis. SYMPTOMS Symptoms of respiratory acidosis Initial signs of acute respiratory acidosis include: headache anxiety blurred vision restlessness confusion Without treatment, other symptoms may occur. These include: https://www.healthline.com/health/res... sleepiness or fatigue lethargy delirium or confusion shortness of breath coma The chronic form of respiratory acidosis doesnt typically cause any noticeable symptoms. Signs are subtle and nonspecific and may include: memory loss sleep disturbances personality changes CAUSES Common causes of respiratory acidosis The lungs and the kidneys are the major organs that help regulate your bloods pH. The lungs remove acid by exhaling CO2, and the kidneys excrete acids through the urine. The kidneys also regulate your bloods concentration of bicarbonate (a base). Respiratory acidosis is usually caused by a lung disease or condition that affects normal breathing or impairs the lungs ability to remove CO2. Some common causes of the chronic form are: asthma chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) acute pulmonary edema severe obesity (which can interfere with expansion of the lungs) neuromuscular disorders (such as multiple sclerosis or muscular dystrophy) scoliosis Some common causes of the acute form are: lung disorders (COPD, emphysema, asthma, pneumonia) conditions that affect the rate of breathing muscle weakness that affects breathing or taking a deep breath obstructed airways (due to choking or other causes) sedative overdose cardiac arrest DIAGNOSIS How is respiratory acidosis diagnosed? The goal of diagnostic tests for respiratory acidosis is to look for any pH imbalance, to determine the severity of the imbalance, and to determine the condition causing the imbalance. Several tools can help doctors diagnose respiratory acidosis. Blood gas measurement Blood gas is a series of tests used to measure oxygen and CO2 in the blood. A healthcare provider will take a sample of blood from your artery. High levels of CO2 can indicate acidosis.

Respiratory Compensation

Publisher Summary This chapter elaborates the bicarbonate buffer system and respiratory compensation. The plasma pH is defined as –log [H+], and when [H+] increases, the pH decreases. The condition of high plasma pH is called alkalosis and low plasma pH is acidosis. The body has three lines of defense against departures from normal plasma pH—the chemical buffers, the respiratory system, and the renal system. The chemical buffers passively resist changes in pH by absorbing excess H+ when pH falls or by releasing H+ ions when pH rises. Chemical buffers include proteins, phosphate, and bicarbonate buffers. All of these equilibrate with a single [H+], and so the buffer systems are linked. This is the isohydric principle, and because of this link, adjustment of the bicarbonate buffer system controls all buffer systems. The bicarbonate buffer system has two components that include plasma [CO2] and [HCO3−]. The respiratory system controls plasma pH by adjusting the [CO2]. The equilibrium between dissolved CO2 and H2CO3 is accelerated by carbonic anhydrase. Respiratory alkalosis results from hyperventilation as the primary disturbance. Hyperventilation also forms the respiratory comp Continue reading >>

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  1. wfx1

    Since obviously it's impossible to measure properly because if you had enough visceral fat for it to be showing in the first place you'd be dead, I'm wondering if anybody knows how far in ketosis one has to go before visceral fat is burned or if there's any good resources/links/etc related to this topic.
    Coming to the end of my cut atm (from 127kg -> 80kg atm) and just want to know if it's likely that most of my visceral fat is gone or if it's worth remaining on keto long after I see the effects of it aesthetically, simply to reduce the volume of visceral fat internally.

  2. abdada

    Read up on Lyle McDonald's many stubborn fat articles. In my many years of body sculpting (nowhere close to where I'd like to be), I've found that I put on stubborn fat immediately but it never comes off until I'm very lean.
    For me, stubborn fat sticks until I am at about 9-10% body fat. It won't budge at all until that point.
    I have been playing with cold thermogenesis and it appears to help (plus brown fat is awesome!), but the fat on my waist and back won't budge fully until I get to 9%.

  3. wfx1

    I'll check him out, thanks a lot!

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Made during my first semester at medical school and in response to an online request, this video walks you through the basics of understanding the compensation of acids and bases in the body. ABG Cards for Quick Reference: https://amzn.to/2MGvjfU EKG Cards for Quick Reference: https://amzn.to/2Krefht Acid-base, Fluids and Electrolytes Made Ridiculously Simple: https://amzn.to/2KB3bug

Explain How The Respiratory System Compensates For Metabolic Acidosis And Alkalosis.?

Explain how the respiratory system compensates for metabolic acidosis and alkalosis.? Are you sure you want to delete this answer? Best Answer: The respiratory system cam compensate for acidosis by increasing the rate of respiration which lowers the carbon dioxide dissolved in the blood. Similarly, alkalosis can be compensated for by decreasing the rate of respiration, increasing the carbon dioxide dissolved in the blood. The driving mechanism is controlled by neurons in the floor of the fourth ventricle of the brain. They sense the pH of the cerebrospinal fluid which mirrors the pH of the blood and modulate the respiration rate. If the pH is low, they increase the respiration rate, and if the pH is high, they decrease the respiration rate. This mechanism is the fundamental determinant of the rate of respiration. That is, the need for oxygen is not the primary determinant of the respiration rate. Upload failed. Please upload a file larger than 100x100 pixels We are experiencing some problems, please try again. You can only upload files of type PNG, JPG, or JPEG. You can only upload files of type 3GP, 3GPP, MP4, MOV, AVI, MPG, MPEG, or RM. You can only upload photos smaller than 5 Continue reading >>

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  1. Jen100

    > Bladder Pain and Ketosis

    I dont know if I am imagining this or not but, but everytime I go into Ketosis, my bladder seems to hurt. Does anyone know if bladder pain can be a symptom of ketosis?? I have bladder pain and some burning sensations when I pee (I know this is a symptom of bladder infection too, but it seems to come and go with ketosis)

  2. mj's page

    Is it possible that you're reading a strong positive for ketosis partially because you're not drinking enough?

  3. Deezil

    Well, I googled 'bladder pain and ketosis' and came across this blurb..
    Ketosis is a metabolic state in which the body produces ketones to be used as fuel by some organs so that glycogen can be reserved for organs that depend on it. It is important when looking for information on ketosis that it is not confused for ketoacidosis - a very unhealthy state of being. It is unfortunately all too common for information sources to conflate these two and thus pronounce ketosis as bad.
    Because glucose is commonly accepted as the body's primary fuel source, putting the body into a state where burning something other than glucose for fuel is subsequently regarded as a form of starvation. Yet, the human body has a well-defined mechanism for literally burning fat for fuel (I think it's important to realize that even in the presence of glucose, some tissues in the human body still prefer to use fat for fuel. Ironically, the heart is one of those, despite the fact that the intended purpose of low-fat diets is to save your heart). When the body uses fat as energy, it's in a state of ketosis.
    When you stop eating glucose (ie: carbohydrates), your body begins the process of ketosis. In ketosis, the liver starts unpacking fat cells so that your body can use the fatty acids for fuel. It also produces ketone bodies, which the body also uses for fuel - especially the brain. The benefits of ketosis are numerous - lowered blood pressure, lower cholesterol, low triglycerides, improved insulin sensitivity, and weight loss without regard to calorie count. Other reported benefits are common - lack of hunger, lack of cravings, improved mood, lessened anxiety, and greater mental concentration. Variations on ketogenic diets are used to control various medical conditions including acne, heartburn and acid reflux, thyroid problems, epilepsy, and type 2 diabetes.
    Negative side effects of a ketogenic diet include light-headedness, headache, lethargy, weakness, feeling cold, diarrhea, and nausea. These side effects are only temporary and go away once the body has fully made the switch from burning glucose to burning fat (within the first week). They are almost universally acknowleged as symptoms of withdrawal from sugar.
    The body is very capable of regulating ketone bodies, so unless there is a major problem (Alcoholics and type 1 diabetics often have problems with ketone regulation), you should be just fine. For those people who do have a major problem, however, they can develop ketoacidosis. Essentially, their bodies no longer regulate the ketones in their blood, and they start building up. The more they build up, the more they change the acidity of the blood in your body, and that's very dangerous. The complications of ketoacidosis include halitosis, extreme thirst, frequent urination, contant fatigue, dry skin, abdominal pain, difficulty breathing, and mental confusion.
    If you're looking to lose weight without eating less, improve your mood and mental acuity, or even to solve some common health issues like acne or acid reflux, a ketogenic diet (also called a homeostatic diet) may be exactly the right tool for you. Just keep an eye out for the symptoms of ketoacidosis, and you should have no problems at all once you get past those nasty withdrawal symptoms.

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